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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Multiple Molecular Mechanisms Rescue Mtdna Disease In C. Elegans, Suraiya Haroon, Annie Li, Jaye L. Weinert, Clark Fritsch, Nolan G. Ericson, Jasmine Alexander-Floyd, Bart P. Braeckman, Cole M. Haynes, Jason H. Bielas, Tali Gidalevitz, Marc Vermulst Mar 2018

Multiple Molecular Mechanisms Rescue Mtdna Disease In C. Elegans, Suraiya Haroon, Annie Li, Jaye L. Weinert, Clark Fritsch, Nolan G. Ericson, Jasmine Alexander-Floyd, Bart P. Braeckman, Cole M. Haynes, Jason H. Bielas, Tali Gidalevitz, Marc Vermulst

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Genetic instability of the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) plays an important role in human aging and disease. Thus far, it has proven difficult to develop successful treatment strategies for diseases that are caused by mtDNA instability. To address this issue, we developed a model of mtDNA disease in the nematode C. elegans, an animal model that can rapidly be screened for genes and biological pathways that reduce mitochondrial pathology. These worms recapitulate all the major hallmarks of mtDNA disease in humans, including increased mtDNA instability, loss of respiration, reduced neuromuscular function, and a shortened lifespan. We found that these phenotypes could ...


Gene Mapping Of Monogenic Disorders And Complex Diseases Via Genome Wide Association Studies, Xia Zhao Jan 2012

Gene Mapping Of Monogenic Disorders And Complex Diseases Via Genome Wide Association Studies, Xia Zhao

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Inherited rickets, lower motor neuron disease and chondrodysplasia were recently reported genetic disorders that had been identified on sheep farms in New Zealand. Animals with rickets showed softening and weakening bone, and were characterized by decreased growth rate, thoracic lordosis and angular limb deformities. Sheep diagnosed with lower motor neuron disease were characterized by poor muscle tone and progressive weakness from about one week of age, leading to severe tetraparesis, recumbency and muscle atrophy. Chondrodysplasia in Texel sheep was characterized by dwarfism and angular deformities of the forelimbs. These three disorders were determined likely simple autosomal recessive by backcross breeding ...