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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

The Identification Of Effectors Of Retinal Cell Fate Determination Through Single Cell Transcriptomics, Jillian Joanne Goetz Jan 2015

The Identification Of Effectors Of Retinal Cell Fate Determination Through Single Cell Transcriptomics, Jillian Joanne Goetz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The vertebrate retina is an exquisite model for neurogenesis, with its common pool of retinal progenitors differentiating into six neuronal cell types and one glial variety, each of which interconnects to form a simply organized yet complexly functioning sensory tissue. Our long-term aim is to determine the cell-autonomous genetic programs that drive retinogenesis, but identifying these signals is complicated by many factors. First, retinal progenitor cells generate the various retinal cell types at distinct but overlapping time points, potentially obscuring the progression of cell-intrinsic signals over time. Second, signals that drive the development of rare, but functionally critical, neuronal subtypes ...


Dopamine Regulation Of Cone-Cone Gap Junctions In Ground Squirrel Retina, Xiaoyu Li '12, Steven Devries Oct 2011

Dopamine Regulation Of Cone-Cone Gap Junctions In Ground Squirrel Retina, Xiaoyu Li '12, Steven Devries

Student Publications & Research

Cone photoreceptors are electrically coupled such that when the electrical potential in one cell changes, it also changes in adjacent, coupled cells. Phosphorylation of the cone gap junction protein, connexin 36 (Cx36), determines whether a coupling channel is “open” or “closed”. Cx36- containing gap junctions are phosphorylated in the open state and dephosphorylated in the closed state. Cone-cone gap junction modulation has not been extensively studied, however, the presence of rod-cone gap junction modulation raises the possibility that the same is true for cone pairs. Pieces of thirteen-lined ground squirrel retina were removed from the eye and the tissue was ...