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Theses/Dissertations

Bacteria

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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Functional Similarity Of Prd-Containing Virulence Regulators In Bacillus Anthracis, Malik Raynor May 2018

Functional Similarity Of Prd-Containing Virulence Regulators In Bacillus Anthracis, Malik Raynor

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Bacillus anthracis produces three regulators, AtxA, AcpA, and AcpB, that control virulence gene expression and are members of an emerging class of regulators termed “PCVRs” (Phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase regulation Domain-Containing Virulence Regulators). AtxA controls expression of the toxin genes; lef, cya, and pag, and is the master virulence regulator and archetype PCVR. AcpA and AcpB are less well studied. AcpA and AcpB independently positively control transcription of the capsule biosynthetic operon capBCADE, and culture conditions that enhance AtxA activity result in capBCADE transcription in strains lacking acpA and acpB. RNA-Seq was used to assess the regulons of the paralogs in strains ...


Emergence Of New Metabolic Pathways In Escherichia Coli, Michael Kristofich Jan 2018

Emergence Of New Metabolic Pathways In Escherichia Coli, Michael Kristofich

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Catalytic promiscuity provides a starting point for the evolution of new enzymes. Taking this concept further, a series of promiscuous enzymes may assemble to form the basis of a new metabolic pathway (termed “serendipitous pathway”) that may emerge and become more efficient in adapting bacterial cells that require it to grow. The Copley lab at the University of Colorado at Boulder has been observing genetic changes that improve growth of Escherichia coli cells that lack the essential gene pdxB. These genetic changes are believed to improve the flux of metabolites through one or more serendipitous pathways that make up for ...


Pore Forming Protein Assembly And The Use In Nanopore Sensing: A Study On E. Coli Proteins Clya And Ompg, Monifa Fahie Jan 2017

Pore Forming Protein Assembly And The Use In Nanopore Sensing: A Study On E. Coli Proteins Clya And Ompg, Monifa Fahie

Doctoral Dissertations

Pore forming proteins are typically the proteins that form channels in membranes. They have several roles ranging from molecule transport to triggering the death of a cell. This work focuses on two E. coli pore forming proteins that have vastly differing roles in nature. Outer membrane protein G (OmpG) is an innocuous β-barrel porin while Cytolysin A (ClyA) is an α-helical pore forming toxin. For OmpG we probed its potential to be a nanopore sensor for protein detection and quantification. A small high affinity ligand, biotin, was covalently attached to loop 6 of OmpG and used to capture biotin-binding proteins ...


Rumen Microbial Ecology And Rumen-Derived Fatty Acids: Determinants Of And Relationship To Dairy Cow Production Performance, Laura Marie Cersosimo Jan 2017

Rumen Microbial Ecology And Rumen-Derived Fatty Acids: Determinants Of And Relationship To Dairy Cow Production Performance, Laura Marie Cersosimo

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Rumen microbiota enable dairy cattle to breakdown fiber into useable energy for milk production. Rumen bacteria, protozoa, and fungi ferment feedstuff into volatile fatty acids (VFA), the main energy source, while methanogens utilize fermentation by-products to produce methane. Milk fat contains several bioactive rumen-derived fatty acids (FA), including odd-chain FA (OCFA) and branched-chain FA (BCFA), important for maintenance of human health. The overarching dissertation goal was to determine which factors affect rumen methanogen and protozoal community structures and their metabolism products, while defining relationships between rumen microbiota and animal performance. Results presented contribute to the goals of providing new knowledge ...


Efficiency Of The Targetron Gene Knockout System As A Transformative Protocol For The Mutagenesis Of Listeria Monocytogenes, Hilaree Noele Frazier Jan 2016

Efficiency Of The Targetron Gene Knockout System As A Transformative Protocol For The Mutagenesis Of Listeria Monocytogenes, Hilaree Noele Frazier

Online Theses and Dissertations

The process of using electroporation to introduce plasmid DNA into host cells is a valuable molecular technique that is increasingly employed in labs worldwide. Electroporators are generally small and relatively inexpensive, making them attractive systems to use for a variety of purposes. Electroporation protocols are numerous in the published literature and encompass all cell types, from prokaryotic bacterial cells to eukaryotic human cells. The TargeTron Gene Knockout System by Sigma-Aldrich is an affordable option for the electroporation of numerous bacterial species. However, its use in Listeria monocytogenes has not been extensively characterized. Here we sought to discuss the effectiveness of ...


Identification Of Bacterial Species Using Colony Pcr, Kaiti Walker Apr 2015

Identification Of Bacterial Species Using Colony Pcr, Kaiti Walker

Honors Theses

My research consisted of two separate parts, both involving the PCR methods. In part one I was trying to identify bacteria isolated from a chicken coop. In part two I was trying to identify bacteria isolated from the bluff. In both parts, I used a technique called colony PCR. This concept uses a single colony of bacteria to complete the PCR reaction. One pipet tip from a single colony is selected from the plate and mixed into a tube containing ultrapure water. A small amount of this bacterial mixture is then added into the PCR reaction. In the first part ...


Purification And Characterization Of Bcsc; An Integral Component Of Bacterial Cellulose Export, Emily D. Wilson Ms Jan 2015

Purification And Characterization Of Bcsc; An Integral Component Of Bacterial Cellulose Export, Emily D. Wilson Ms

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Biofilms are a growing concern in the medical field due to their increased resistance to antibiotics. When found in a biofilm, bacteria can have antibiotic resistance 10-1000 times that of their planktonic counterparts. Therefore, it is important to study the formation of biofilms. Cellulose biofilms are formed by Enterobacteriaceae, such as many Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. strains. Biofilms provide these species with benefits including antimicrobial protection, development of bacterial communities, promotion of DNA exchange, uptake of nutrients, and, in the case of cellulose biofilms, immune system evasion. Cellulose biofilms are controlled by the Bacterial cellulose synthesis (Bcs) complex located ...


The Effect Of O Antigen Loss On The Protein Composition And Inflammatory Response Elicited By Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Bethaney Cahill Jan 2015

The Effect Of O Antigen Loss On The Protein Composition And Inflammatory Response Elicited By Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Bethaney Cahill

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative pathogen associated with numerous infections. Like all Gram-negative bacteria, K. pneumoniae naturally release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) during all stages of cellular growth. OMVs are composed of the outer membrane components such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and outer membrane proteins and contain cytosolic and periplasmic proteins in the lumen. K. pneumoniae is often found to lack an O antigen. The absence of the O antigen has been reported to alter the protein content of the membrane which may further alter the immune response elicited by K. pneumoniae. Therefore the purpose of this study was to analyze ...


Ecology Of The Amphibian Skin Associated Microbiome And Its Role In Pathogen Defense, Jordan Gehb Kueneman Jan 2015

Ecology Of The Amphibian Skin Associated Microbiome And Its Role In Pathogen Defense, Jordan Gehb Kueneman

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Ecologists have long been challenged to understand the role of host-­‐associated microbial communities in host health and pathogen defense. Recent technological advances in high throughput sequencing have allowed scientists to observe the immense microbial diversity of host-­‐associated habitats. However, we are only beginning to appreciate evolutionary interactions of the host and its microbiome. The ability to mitigate diseases of host organisms through biological manipulations of the host’s biotic community is a new research area for wildlife disease managers. One understudied area is how amphibian skin-­‐ associated microbial communities interact with a known fungal pathogen and how they ...


Purine Riboswitches: A Model System For The Study Of Rna Structural Biology And A Platform For The Advancement Of Synthetic Rna Technologies, Joan Gabriel Marcano-Velázquez Jan 2015

Purine Riboswitches: A Model System For The Study Of Rna Structural Biology And A Platform For The Advancement Of Synthetic Rna Technologies, Joan Gabriel Marcano-Velázquez

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

The scientific discipline known as synthetic biology aims to develop a set of tools and engineering principles to design artificial biological systems for the production of commodity chemicals like biofuels and therapeutics. A variety of bacterial non-coding RNAs named riboswitches, are particularly attractive for the field of synthetic biology for their ability to create intricate tertiary structures capable of binding a small molecule metabolite and translating this event into the regulation of gene expression. Riboswitches have been studied with a variety of biophysical and biochemical techniques that have provided a wealth of information useful in the rational design of synthetic ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Moose Rumen Microbiota And The Pursuit Of Improving Fibrolytic Systems., Suzanne Ishaq Pellegrini Jan 2015

A Comparative Analysis Of The Moose Rumen Microbiota And The Pursuit Of Improving Fibrolytic Systems., Suzanne Ishaq Pellegrini

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The goal of the work presented herein was to further our understanding of the rumen microbiota and microbiome of wild moose, and to use that understanding to improve other processes. The moose has adapted to eating a diet of woody browse, which is very high in fiber, but low in digestibility due to the complexity of the plant polysaccharides, and the presence of tannins, lignin, and other plant-secondary compounds. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the moose would host novel microorganisms that would be capable of a wide variety of enzymatic functions, such as improved fiber breakdown, metabolism of digestibility-reducing or ...


Microbial Landscapes Of Corals And Ctenophores, Camille Arian Daniels Jan 2011

Microbial Landscapes Of Corals And Ctenophores, Camille Arian Daniels

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As technology and engineering allow mankind to survey nature at finer scales, the importance of bacteria has been elucidated in their metabolic diversity, ability to transfer genetic information, involvement in biogeochemical cycling, and sheer abundance. With an individual domain of life unto themselves, this diverse group of microorganisms plays an integral role in facilitating life on land and in the oceans, and is second only to viruses in abundance on Earth. They carve niches in a wide range of environments, including those inhospitable to other life forms, and reside in concert or to the detriment of other microbes and/or ...