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Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Oat Phya Containing Transgenic Tobacco: An Examination Of Oat Phya Mrna Stability And The Role Of Oat Phya In Germination Of Tobacco Seed , Linda Joanne Barnes Jan 1994

Oat Phya Containing Transgenic Tobacco: An Examination Of Oat Phya Mrna Stability And The Role Of Oat Phya In Germination Of Tobacco Seed , Linda Joanne Barnes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The regulation of oat phytochrome A (phyA) mRNA stability and the photoregulation of germination of tobacco seeds containing the oat phyA gene was examined using oat phyA containing transgenic tobacco. Oat phyA mRNA has been previously shown to be a relatively unstable mRNA. The intent of this research was to identify elements within the phyA mRNA responsible for rendering the message unstable. The approach taken was to use tobacco transformed with either the full-length or truncated versions of the oat phyA gene and examine the half-lives of the resulting oat phyA mRNAs in transgenic tobacco. RNA blot analysis of oat ...


Purification, Characterization And Cloning Of A Periplasmic Catalase From B Abortus And The Role It Plays In The Pathogenesis Of Brucella , Zheng Yu Sha Jan 1994

Purification, Characterization And Cloning Of A Periplasmic Catalase From B Abortus And The Role It Plays In The Pathogenesis Of Brucella , Zheng Yu Sha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A periplasmic catalase has been identified and purified from Brucella abortus using a procedure which fractionates periplasmic B. abortus proteins from other cellular components while retaining biological activity. The biochemical characteristics of the purified enzyme were studied and the gene encoding the enzyme cloned and sequenced. SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme revealed only a single subunit with a molecular weight of 59,000. Gel filtration indicates the native protein is a tetramer. The native protein has a visible absorption spectrum with maxima at 407, 501, and 628 nm which is typical of mammalian, but not some bacterial ...


Characterization And Immunogenicity Of The Heat Shock Protein, Hsp60 Of Brucella Abortus , Dennis Gor Jan 1994

Characterization And Immunogenicity Of The Heat Shock Protein, Hsp60 Of Brucella Abortus , Dennis Gor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Brucella abortus is the causative agent of bovine brucellosis, a disease that causes spontaneous abortion in cows. The most effective form of protection against this pathogen is immunization; however, Brucella abortus strain 19 (the standard vaccine against Brucella abortus) is not completely protective. The vaccination of laboratory mice with the heat shock protein, hsp60 derived from Brucella abortus, using live attenuated recombinant Salmonella typhimurium expressing this protein (hsp60) as a delivery system, and the characterization of the immune response to Brucella abortus hsp60 over a 12 week time course following vaccination is described;Infection of BALB/c strain of laboratory ...


G-Wires: The Growth And Characterization Of A G4-Dna Nanostructure , Thomas Cosgrove Marsh Jan 1994

G-Wires: The Growth And Characterization Of A G4-Dna Nanostructure , Thomas Cosgrove Marsh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Guanine-rich sequences are vital components in the genomes of many organisms. For example, G-rich sequences are found in telomeres, fragile X locus, promoters, IgG switch regions, recombinational hot spots and the HIV RNA dimerization domain. The functions of these G-rich sequences rely in part on guanine self-recognition. G-rich sequences can adopt a quadruple helical conformation in the presence of specific monovalent and divalent metal cations which are also required for maintaining the quadruplex stability. The structural basis of the quadruplex is a cyclic Hoogsteen hydrogen bonded guanine tetrad known as the G-quartet. Sequences capable of forming G-quartets are classified as ...


Identification Of Potential Oat Phytochrome A Mrna Degradation Mechanisms , David Charles Higgs Jan 1994

Identification Of Potential Oat Phytochrome A Mrna Degradation Mechanisms , David Charles Higgs

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The phytochrome plant photoreceptor is important for perceiving the light environment and initiating plant developmental and environmental responses. When dark-grown oat seedlings are treated with light the phytochrome A (PHYA) mRNA abundance rapidly declines due, in part, to the inherent instability of the PHYA mRNA. Messenger RNA stability is an important process in regulating eukaryotic gene expression. My primary goal was to investigate both the mechanism of oat PHYA mRNA degradation and cis-acting sequences involved in regulating oat PHYA mRNA degradation. An oat protoplast system was established to investigate its use as a quick and reliable system to study plant ...


Telomeric Nucleic Acids: C-Strand Structure And A Telomerase Rna Mutant , Shawn Cameron Ahmed Jan 1994

Telomeric Nucleic Acids: C-Strand Structure And A Telomerase Rna Mutant , Shawn Cameron Ahmed

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Telomeres, the ends of linear chromosomes, are composed of simple tandem repeats which are usually G·C rich. Telomeres are essential for chromosome stability, organizing the nuclear architecture and ensuring complete replication of the chromosomal terminus. To understand how telomeres carry out these fundamental cellular roles, one must understand the structural and dynamic properties of telomeric repeat sequences. Structural and genetic approaches were taken to learn more about telomeric nucleic acids;The structural portion of my research concerned an unusual DNA structure formed by the C-rich strand of telomeric DNA. Telomeric C-strand sequences form non-Watson-Crick structures in supercoiled plasmids at ...


Regulation Of Mitogen Regulated Protein/Proliferin Gene Expression In 3t3 Cells By Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor , Manzoor Ali P. K. Mohideen Jan 1994

Regulation Of Mitogen Regulated Protein/Proliferin Gene Expression In 3t3 Cells By Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor , Manzoor Ali P. K. Mohideen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Mitogen regulated protein/proliferin (MRP/PLF) is a murine uterine growth factor belonging to the prolactin/growth hormone gene superfamily. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) regulates its expression in 3T3 cells and is speculated to be among its regulators in vivo. In order to gain insights into its regulation, experiments were performed to elucidate the mechanisms by which bFGF regulates mrp/plf gene expression in 3T3 cells. RT-PCR analyses demonstrated that of the three different forms of MRP/PLF proteins only one, PLF1, is expressed in these cells in response to bFGF. PLF1 could be the product of either plf42 ...


Genetic Analysis Of Pseudohyphal Growth In The Budding Yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae , Melissa Jo Blacketer Jan 1994

Genetic Analysis Of Pseudohyphal Growth In The Budding Yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae , Melissa Jo Blacketer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a dimorphic organism that can assume either a yeast-like or pseudohyphal form. Nitrogen limitation induces pseudohyphal growth, which is characterized by branched chains of elongated cells. Pseudohyphal cells can grow invasively in agar medium, whereas yeast-like cells do not. To identify factors involved in morphologic differentiation, S. cerevisiae mutants exhibiting a constitutive cell elongation morphology were isolated. Genetic analysis identified 28 recessive and 2 semi-dominant mutations that cause abnormal morphology, and placed these in 14 distinct gene loci, termed ELM, for ELongated Morphology. Many elm mutations cause multiple aspects of pseudohyphal growth, and thus ...