Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Molecular Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Host Target Genes Of The Xanthomonas Oryzae Pv. Oryzae Type Iii Effectors For Bacterial Blight In Rice, Junhui Zhou Jan 2015

Host Target Genes Of The Xanthomonas Oryzae Pv. Oryzae Type Iii Effectors For Bacterial Blight In Rice, Junhui Zhou

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae is the causal agent of the bacterial blight in rice, which invades the host rice plant through injecting a myriad of effector proteins through a structure called type Ⅲ secretion system, thereafter, these effectors are also called type Ⅲ effectors. There are two groups of type Ⅲ effectors: TAL (Transcription Activator-Like) effectors that specifically bind to the promoter region of particular host genes and regulate host gene transcription and Non-TAL effectors that bind to host gene products and manipulate the host immune system.

In this thesis, I present the work of three projects. First, I, and ...


The Molecular Mechanisms Of Brassinosteroid-Regulated Drought Stress Response In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Buyun Tang Jan 2015

The Molecular Mechanisms Of Brassinosteroid-Regulated Drought Stress Response In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Buyun Tang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are involved in diverse developmental processes such as cell elongation, vascular differentiation, senescence and stress response. The mechanisms and regulatory networks of BR-regulated plant growth and development have been well described for the past decade with the identification of receptors, kinases and central transcription factors involved in BR signaling. Recent studies revealed BRs also extensively participated in plant response to environmental stresses, although the mechanisms of BR-regulated stress response is largely unknown. Coordination of plant growth and stress response requires integration of multiple signaling output through hormonal crosstalk. Studies of BR signaling pathway and BR-mediated physiological responses indicate ...


Ribosomal Frameshifting Directed By A Potyvirid Sequence Motif In Diverse Translation Systems, Alice Y. Hui Jan 2015

Ribosomal Frameshifting Directed By A Potyvirid Sequence Motif In Diverse Translation Systems, Alice Y. Hui

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The family, Potyviridae, contains a third of all known plant viruses within eight genera. The genome is translated as one large polyprotein from which ten mature proteins are proteolytically cleaved. Recently, discovery of a protein translated from an overlapping reading frame (pipo) proved essential in systemic plant infection. It is hypothesized to translate via a ribosomal frameshift, change in reading frame during the elongation phase of translation. The cryptic programmed ribosomal frameshift signal had been undetected until now because it lacks the canonical characteristics: slippery sequence, spacer sequence, and RNA secondary structure, in that order. Only one of the three ...