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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Immature Myeloid Cells Promote Tumor Formation Via Non-Suppressive Mechanism, Myrna Lillian Ortiz May 2014

Immature Myeloid Cells Promote Tumor Formation Via Non-Suppressive Mechanism, Myrna Lillian Ortiz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Although there is ample evidence linking chronic inflammation with cancer, the cellular mechanisms involved in early events leading to tumor development remain unclear. Myeloid cells are an intricate part of inflammation. They consist of mature cells represented by macrophages, dendritic cells and granulocytes and a population of Immature Myeloid Cells (IMC), which in healthy individuals are cells in transition to mature cells. There is a substantial expansion of IMC in cancer and many other pathological conditions which is associated with pathologic activation of these cells. As a result, these cells acquire the ability to suppress immune responses and are ...


The Interrelationship Of Brca1 185delag, Interleukin-1Β, And Ovarian Oncogenesis, Kamisha Woolery Jan 2014

The Interrelationship Of Brca1 185delag, Interleukin-1Β, And Ovarian Oncogenesis, Kamisha Woolery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While the etiology of ovarian cancer (OC) is not completely understood, evidence suggests that chronic inflammation may promote malignant transformation. However, familial history remains the strongest risk factor for developing OC and is associated with germline BRCA1 mutations, such as the 185delAG mutation. Normal human ovarian surface epithelial cells expressing the 185delAG mutant, BRAT, exhibit molecular and pathological changes that may contribute to OC oncogenesis. In the current study, I sought to determine whether BRAT could promote an inflammatory phenotype by investigating BRAT's impact on the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine, Interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Using a culture model system of ...


The Effects Of Heat Stress In Redox Balance And Inflammatory Signaling In Porcine Skeletal Muscle, Sandra Isabel Rosado Montilla Jan 2013

The Effects Of Heat Stress In Redox Balance And Inflammatory Signaling In Porcine Skeletal Muscle, Sandra Isabel Rosado Montilla

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Heat stress (HS) is a major concern for human health as well as for the swine industry. In 2012, HS resulted in the largest number of weather related human fatalities in the US. Animal production is also compromised as HS leads to poor sow performance, decreased carcass value and increased veterinary costs. However, the molecular effects of HS on skeletal muscle are still unclear. This study aimed to determine the extent to which HS disrupted redox balance and initiated an inflammatory response in oxidative and glycolytic porcine skeletal muscle. Moreover, we quantified the contribution of reduced feed intake to the ...