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Theses/Dissertations

University of Vermont

Engineering

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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Regulation Of Β-Casein Gene Expression By Octamer Transcription Factors And Utilization Of Β-Casein Gene Promoter To Produce Recombinant Human Proinsulin In The Transgenic Milk, Xi Qian Jan 2014

Regulation Of Β-Casein Gene Expression By Octamer Transcription Factors And Utilization Of Β-Casein Gene Promoter To Produce Recombinant Human Proinsulin In The Transgenic Milk, Xi Qian

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

β-Casein is a major milk protein, which is synthesized in mammary alveolar secretory epithelial cells (MECs) upon the stimulation of lactogenic hormones, mainly prolactin and glucocorticoids (HP). Previous studies revealed that the proximal promoter (-258 bp to +7 bp) of the β-casein gene is sufficient for induction of the promoter activity by HP. This proximal region contains the binding sites for the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and octamer transcription factors (Oct). STAT5 and GR are essential downstream mediators of prolactin and glucocorticoid signaling, respectively. This study investigated the functions of Oct-1 and Oct-2 ...