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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Regulation Of The Transmembrane Mucin Muc4 By Wnt/Β-Catenin In Gastrointestinal Cancers, Priya Pai Dec 2015

Regulation Of The Transmembrane Mucin Muc4 By Wnt/Β-Catenin In Gastrointestinal Cancers, Priya Pai

Theses & Dissertations

The transmembrane mucin MUC4 is a high molecular weight glycoprotein that is expressed de novo in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MUC4 has been shown to play a tumor-promoting role in malignancies such as PDAC, ovarian cancer and breast cancer. Unlike the normal pancreas, MUC4 is ordinarily expressed by goblet and absorptive cells in the normal colonic epithelium. However, its expression/role in colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well studied.

In this dissertation, the goal was to identify factor(s) that may differentially regulate MUC4 in these two disparate malignancies. Furthermore, in light of its pro-tumorigenic role in other malignancies, we ...


Control Of The Basal Recycling And Surface Expression Of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor By The Endocytic Recycling Regulator Ehd1 Utilizing A Pathway Shared By Rusc2, Eric Tom Dec 2015

Control Of The Basal Recycling And Surface Expression Of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor By The Endocytic Recycling Regulator Ehd1 Utilizing A Pathway Shared By Rusc2, Eric Tom

Theses & Dissertations

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a prototype receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and oncogene aberrantly expressed or mutated in solid tumors. Its surface expression is dynamically regulated. Display of an activation-competent pool is essential for response to ligands. Internalization and degradation of EGFR following stimulation has received the most attention, fewer studies have characterized the recycling arm of EGFR transit, basal traffic and surface display are poorly understood. Thus, we evaluated the endocytic recycling of EGFR for its therapeutic potential in EGFR driven cancers. The C-Terminal Eps15 homology (EH) domain-containing proteins have emerged as regulators of surface receptor recycling ...


Transcriptional And Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Hepcidin And Iron Metabolism By Lipid Signaling In The Liver, Sizhao Lu Aug 2015

Transcriptional And Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Hepcidin And Iron Metabolism By Lipid Signaling In The Liver, Sizhao Lu

Theses & Dissertations

Although iron is required for essential biological processes, excess iron is detrimental due to oxidative damage induced by iron-mediated Fenton reactions, which promote tissue injury. Cellular iron uptake, transport and storage must therefore be tightly regulated. This task is accomplished mainly through hepcidin, the key iron-regulatory hormone. Hepcidin is synthesized primarily in hepatocytes as a circulatory antimicrobial peptide. It controls iron metabolism by inhibiting iron absorption from the duodenum and iron release from reticuloendothelial macrophages. Besides synthesizing hepcidin, the liver plays an important role in maintaining iron homeostasis by serving as the main storage organ for excess iron. Patients with ...