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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Advancements In The Synthesis And Application Of Near-Infrared Imaging Reagents: A Dissertation, Steven M. Pauff Jan 2015

Advancements In The Synthesis And Application Of Near-Infrared Imaging Reagents: A Dissertation, Steven M. Pauff

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Fluorescence-based imaging techniques provide a simple, highly sensitive method of studying live cells and whole organisms in real time. Without question, fluorophores such as GFP, fluorescein, and rhodamines have contributed vastly to our understanding of both cell biology and biochemistry. However, most of the fluorescent molecules currently utilized suffer from one major drawback, the use of visible light. Due to cellular autofluorescence and the absorbance of incident light by cellular components, fluorescence imaging with visible wavelength fluorophores often results in high background noise and thus a low signal-to-noise ratio. Fortunately, this situation can be ameliorated by altering the wavelength of ...


Identification Of Molecular Determinants That Shift Co- And Post-Translational N-Glycosylation Kinetics In Type I Transmembrane Peptides: A Dissertation, Heidi L. H. Malaby Apr 2014

Identification Of Molecular Determinants That Shift Co- And Post-Translational N-Glycosylation Kinetics In Type I Transmembrane Peptides: A Dissertation, Heidi L. H. Malaby

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation occurs on 90% of membrane and secretory proteins and drives folding and trafficking along the secretory pathway. The N-glycan can be attached to an N-X-T/S-Y (X,Y ≠ P) consensus site by one of two oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) STT3 enzymatic isoforms either during protein translation (co-translational) or after protein translation has completed (post-translational). While co-translational N-glycosylation is both rapid and efficient, post-translational N-glycosylation occurs on a much slower time scale and, due to competition with protein degradation and forward trafficking, could be detrimental to the success of a peptide heavily reliant on post-translational N-glycosylation. In evidence, mutations ...