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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Cargo Transport By Myosin Va Molecular Motors Within Three-Dimensional In Vitro Models Of The Intracellular Actin Cytoskeletal Network, Andrew Thomas Lombardo Jan 2018

Cargo Transport By Myosin Va Molecular Motors Within Three-Dimensional In Vitro Models Of The Intracellular Actin Cytoskeletal Network, Andrew Thomas Lombardo

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Intracellular cargo transport involves the movement of critical cellular components (e.g. vesicles, organelles, mRNA, chromosomes) along cytoskeletal tracks by tiny molecular motors. Myosin Va motors have been demonstrated to play a vital role in the transport of cargos destined for the cell membrane by navigating their cargos through the three-dimensional actin networks of the cell. Transport of cargo through these networks presents many challenges, including directional and physical obstacles which teams of myosin Va-bound to a single cargo must overcome. Specifically, myosin Va motors are presented with numerous actin-actin intersections and dense networks of filaments which can act as ...


Silica Nanoparticles For The Delivery Of Dna And Rnai In Cancer Treatment, Michael Aaron Vrolijk Jan 2017

Silica Nanoparticles For The Delivery Of Dna And Rnai In Cancer Treatment, Michael Aaron Vrolijk

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

DNA and interfering RNA (RNAi) – short interfering RNA (siRNA) and micro RNA (miRNA) – are promising new cancer therapies, especially for drug resistant lines. However, they require a delivery system in vivo to prevent degradation and off target effects. Silica based nanoparticles, both solid and mesoporous, are a promising option due to their biocompatibility, ease of preparation and morphology control, reproducibility, and facile addition of functional groups including targeting ligands.

After a brief introduction to cancer treatment and review of the current nanoparticle treatments undergoing clinical trials, this thesis details the many methods explored over the past ten years to fine-tune ...