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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

The Drosophila Interactions Database: Integrating The Interactome And Transcriptome, Thilakam Murali Jan 2013

The Drosophila Interactions Database: Integrating The Interactome And Transcriptome, Thilakam Murali

Wayne State University Dissertations

In this thesis I describe the integration of heterogeneous interaction data for Drosophila into DroID, the Drosophilainteractions database, making it a one-stop public resource for interaction data. I have also made it possible to filter the interaction data using gene expression data to generate context-relevant networks making DroID a one-of-a kind resource for biologists. In the two years since the upgraded DroID has been available, several studies have used the heterogeneous interaction data in DroID to advance our understanding of Drosophila biology thus validating the need for such a resource for biologists. In addition to this, I have identified ...


Roles Of Neuregulin1 In Neuromuscular Junction Development, Jiajing Wang Jan 2013

Roles Of Neuregulin1 In Neuromuscular Junction Development, Jiajing Wang

Wayne State University Dissertations

Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) development is a multistep process mediated by coordinated interactions between nerve terminals, target muscles, and peri-synaptic glial cells, and thus requires reciprocal signals derived from every cell type. Neuregulin1s (NRG1s) are a family of predominantly neuronal growth and differentiation factors that are important for many aspects of nervous system development. In this thesis, both the effects of NRG1 on NMJ development and reciprocal effects of neurotrophic factors on NRG1 expression were studied as a means to define the complex regulatory communication at the NMJ. Using the chicken embryo as a model, methods were developed to study the ...


Acidic Pericellular Ph: Effects On Proteolysis And Gene Expression As Determined In 3d Models Of Breast Carcinoma, Jennifer M. Rothberg Jan 2013

Acidic Pericellular Ph: Effects On Proteolysis And Gene Expression As Determined In 3d Models Of Breast Carcinoma, Jennifer M. Rothberg

Wayne State University Dissertations

Among the non-cellular microenvironmental factors that contribute to malignancy of solid tumors is an acidic peritumoral pH. The first objective was to determine if an acidic extracellular pH observed in vivo (i.e., pHe 6.8) affects the activity of proteases, such as cathepsin B, that contribute to degradation of collagen IV by tumor cells when grown in biologically relevant three-dimensional cultures. At pHe 6.8 there were increases in pericellular active cysteine cathepsins and in degradation of DQ-collagen IV, which was partially blocked by a cathepsin B inhibitor. Imaging probes for active cysteine cathepsins localized to tumors in vivo ...


The Transcriptional Regulation Of Flagellin-Induced Innate Protection Of The Cornea: Role Of Irf1 And Atf3, Gi Sang Yoon Jan 2013

The Transcriptional Regulation Of Flagellin-Induced Innate Protection Of The Cornea: Role Of Irf1 And Atf3, Gi Sang Yoon

Wayne State University Dissertations

Pre-exposure of the cornea to TLR5 ligand flagellin induces profound mucosal innate protection against infections by reprogramming gene expression. This study explored the flagellin-induced modifications of transcription factor expression and function, specifically of IRF1 and ATF3 in corneal epithelial cells to elucidate the transcriptional mechanisms underlying the protective function of flagellin on the cornea.

Initially we used Superarray to screen for transcription factors and identified Interferon Regulatory Factor (IRF) 1 and Activating Transcription Factor (ATF) 3 as the most drastically affected genes by flagellin pretreatment in P. aeruginosa challenged human corneal epithelial cells (CEC). However, flagellin pretreatment had opposite effects ...


Biochemical, Structural, And Drug Design Studies Of Multi-Drug Resistant Hiv-1 Therapeutic Targets, Tamaria Grace Dewdney Jan 2013

Biochemical, Structural, And Drug Design Studies Of Multi-Drug Resistant Hiv-1 Therapeutic Targets, Tamaria Grace Dewdney

Wayne State University Dissertations

Protein point mutations acquired as a mechanism of survival against therapeutics cause structural changes that effect protein function and inhibitor binding. This work investigates the structural mechanisms that lead to multi-drug resistance to HIV-1 protease and integrase inhibitors.

Proper proteolytic processing of the HIV-1 Gag/Pol polyprotein is required for HIV infection and viral replication. This feature has made HIV-1 protease an attractive target for antiretroviral drug design for the treatment of HIV-1 infected patients, thus the development of drug resistance has arisen as a major therapeutic and drug design challenge. To understand the molecular mechanisms leading to drug resistance ...


Investigation Of X Chromosome Recognition: The Role Of Small Rna In Drosophila Dosage Compensation, Debashish Unnikrishnan Menon Jan 2013

Investigation Of X Chromosome Recognition: The Role Of Small Rna In Drosophila Dosage Compensation, Debashish Unnikrishnan Menon

Wayne State University Dissertations

In humans and flies, females have two X chromosomes but males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. This leads to a fatal imbalance in X-linked gene expression in one sex. In mammals and in the fruit fly Drosophila, modulation of X chromosome expression is critical for survival. This process is termed dosage compensation. Flies increase expression from the male X chromosome two-fold. This is achieved by the Male Specific Lethal (MSL) complex, which consists of two large, non-coding RNA on the X transcripts (roX1 and roX2) and five proteins. The roX RNAs have a critical role in complex ...


The Role Of Cardiolipin In Iron Homeostasis And Glutathione Metabolism, Vinay A. Patil Jan 2013

The Role Of Cardiolipin In Iron Homeostasis And Glutathione Metabolism, Vinay A. Patil

Wayne State University Dissertations

Cardiolipin (CL) is the signature phospholipid of mitochondrial membranes, where it is synthesized locally and plays a critical role in mitochondrial bioenergetic functions. Inside the mitochondria, CL is a critical target of mitochondrial generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and regulates signaling events related to apoptosis and aging. CL deficiency causes perturbation of signaling pathways outside the mitochondria, including the PKC-Slt2 cell integrity pathway and the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway, and is a key player in the cross-talk between the mitochondria and the vacuole. The importance of CL in human health is underscored by the observation that perturbation of CL ...


Polymeric Nanocarriers And Their Oral Inhalation Formulations For The Regional Delivery Of Nucleic Acids To The Lungs, Denise Santos Conti Jan 2013

Polymeric Nanocarriers And Their Oral Inhalation Formulations For The Regional Delivery Of Nucleic Acids To The Lungs, Denise Santos Conti

Wayne State University Dissertations

Gene therapy has attracted attention in the fields of medicine, pharmacy, and bionanotechnology due to the potential for treating a large number of medically relevant diseases. Oral inhalation (OI) is a promising route for the administration of therapeutics, including small molecules and biomacromolecules, such as nucleotides, peptides, and proteins, to (locally) and through (systemically) the lungs. The use of OI is especially attractive for the delivery of nucleic acids as it provides a direct and non-invasive route for targeting the lungs. Pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs), are the most commonly used OI in treatment of lung diseases and are thus promising ...