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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Primate Immunodeficiency Virus Vpx And Vpr Counteract Transcriptional Repression Of Proviruses By The Hush Complex, Leonid Yurkovetskiy, Mehmet Hakan Guney, Kyusik Kim, Shih Lin Goh, Sean M. Mccauley, Ann Dauphin, William E. Diehl, Jeremy Luban Apr 2018

Primate Immunodeficiency Virus Vpx And Vpr Counteract Transcriptional Repression Of Proviruses By The Hush Complex, Leonid Yurkovetskiy, Mehmet Hakan Guney, Kyusik Kim, Shih Lin Goh, Sean M. Mccauley, Ann Dauphin, William E. Diehl, Jeremy Luban

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Drugs that inhibit HIV-1 replication and prevent progression to AIDS do not eliminate HIV-1 proviruses from the chromosomes of long-lived CD4+ memory T cells. To escape eradication by these antiviral drugs, or by the host immune system, HIV-1 exploits poorly defined host factors that silence provirus transcription. These same factors, though, must be overcome by all retroviruses, including HIV-1 and other primate immunodeficiency viruses, in order to activate provirus transcription and produce new virus. Here we show that Vpx and Vpr, proteins from a wide range of primate immunodeficiency viruses, activate provirus transcription in human CD4+ T cells. Provirus activation ...


Herpes Icp8 Protein Stimulates Homologous Recombination In Human Cells, Melvys Valledor, Richard S. Myers, Paul C. Schiller Feb 2018

Herpes Icp8 Protein Stimulates Homologous Recombination In Human Cells, Melvys Valledor, Richard S. Myers, Paul C. Schiller

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Recombineering has transformed functional genomic analysis. Genome modification by recombineering using the phage lambda Red SynExo homologous recombination proteins Beta in Escherichia coli has approached 100% efficiency. While highly efficient in E. coli, recombineering using the Red SynExo in other organisms declines in efficiency roughly correlating with phylogenetic distance from E. coli. SynExo recombinases are common to double-stranded DNA viruses infecting a variety of organisms, including humans. Human Herpes virus Type 1 (HHV1) encodes a SynExo comprised of ICP8 synaptase and UL12 exonuclease. In a previous study, the Herpes SynExo was reconstituted in vitro and shown to catalyze a model ...


Individual N-Glycans Added At Intervals Along The Stalk Of The Nipah Virus G Protein Prevent Fusion But Do Not Block The Interaction With The Homologous F Protein, Qiyun Zhu, Scott B. Biering, Anne M. Mirza, Brittany Grasseschi, Paul J. Mahon, Benhur Lee, Hector C. Aguilar, Ronald M. Iorio Mar 2013

Individual N-Glycans Added At Intervals Along The Stalk Of The Nipah Virus G Protein Prevent Fusion But Do Not Block The Interaction With The Homologous F Protein, Qiyun Zhu, Scott B. Biering, Anne M. Mirza, Brittany Grasseschi, Paul J. Mahon, Benhur Lee, Hector C. Aguilar, Ronald M. Iorio

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The promotion of membrane fusion by most paramyxoviruses requires an interaction between the viral attachment and fusion (F) proteins to enable receptor binding by the former to trigger the activation of the latter for fusion. Numerous studies demonstrate that the F-interactive sites on the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and measles virus (MV) hemagglutinin (H) proteins reside entirely within the stalk regions of those proteins. Indeed, stalk residues of NDV HN and MV H that likely mediate the F interaction have been identified. However, despite extensive efforts, the F-interactive site(s) on the Nipah virus (NiV) G attachment glycoprotein ...