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UMass Metabolic Network Publications

Biochemistry

Mitochondria

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Mitochondrial Stress Restores The Heat Shock Response And Prevents Proteostasis Collapse During Aging, Johnathan Labbadia, Renee M. Brielmann, Mario F. Neto, Yi-Fan Lin, Cole M. Haynes, Richard I. Morimoto Nov 2017

Mitochondrial Stress Restores The Heat Shock Response And Prevents Proteostasis Collapse During Aging, Johnathan Labbadia, Renee M. Brielmann, Mario F. Neto, Yi-Fan Lin, Cole M. Haynes, Richard I. Morimoto

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

In Caenorhabditis elegans, the programmed repression of the heat shock response (HSR) accompanies the transition to reproductive maturity, leaving cells vulnerable to environmental stress and protein aggregation with age. To identify the factors driving this event, we performed an unbiased genetic screen for suppressors of stress resistance and identified the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) as a central regulator of the age-related decline of the HSR and cytosolic proteostasis. Mild downregulation of ETC activity, either by genetic modulation or exposure to mitochondria-targeted xenobiotics, maintained the HSR in adulthood by increasing HSF-1 binding and RNA polymerase II recruitment at HSF-1 target ...


The Mitochondrial Unfolded Protein Response: Signaling From The Powerhouse, Mohammed A. Qureshi, Cole M. Haynes, Mark W. Pellegrino Aug 2017

The Mitochondrial Unfolded Protein Response: Signaling From The Powerhouse, Mohammed A. Qureshi, Cole M. Haynes, Mark W. Pellegrino

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

Mitochondria are multifaceted and indispensable organelles required for cell performance. Accordingly, dysfunction to mitochondria can result in cellular decline and possibly the onset of disease. Cells use a variety of means to recover mitochondria and restore homeostasis, including the activation of retrograde pathways such as the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt). In this Minireview, we will discuss how cells adapt to mitochondrial stress through UPRmt regulation. Furthermore, we will explore the current repertoire of biological functions that are associated with this essential stress-response pathway.