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Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

2013

Beta cell proliferation

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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Regulators Of Mouse And Human Beta Cell Proliferation, Yang Jiao Jan 2013

Regulators Of Mouse And Human Beta Cell Proliferation, Yang Jiao

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Diabetes mellitus is an increasingly prevalent metabolic disorder that is estimated to affect over 300 million people by 2025. Common to either type 1 or type 2 diabetes is a progressive inadequacy of functional beta-cell mass. Recent studies have shown that during times of prolonged metabolic demand for insulin, the endocrine pancreas can respond by increasing beta-cell mass by beta-cell proliferation. Advances that further our knowledge of the molecular factors that control beta-cell proliferation will be crucial for understanding the homeostasis of beta-cell mass during adulthood, and are pivotal for any attempt to use instructive cues to induce the proliferation ...