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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Microrna-34a Modulates Mdm4 Expression Via A Target Site In The Open Reading Frame, Pooja Mandke, Nicholas Wyatt, Jillian Fraser, Benjamin Bates, Steven J. Berberich, Michael P. Markey Aug 2012

Microrna-34a Modulates Mdm4 Expression Via A Target Site In The Open Reading Frame, Pooja Mandke, Nicholas Wyatt, Jillian Fraser, Benjamin Bates, Steven J. Berberich, Michael P. Markey

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Background

MDM4, also called MDMX or HDMX in humans, is an important negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor. MDM4 is overexpressed in about 17% of all cancers and more frequently in some types, such as colon cancer or retinoblastoma. MDM4 is known to be post-translationally regulated by MDM2-mediated ubiquitination to decrease its protein levels in response to genotoxic stress, resulting in accumulation and activation of p53. At the transcriptional level, MDM4 gene regulation has been less clearly understood. We have reported that DNA damage triggers loss of MDM4 mRNA and a concurrent increase in p53 activity. These experiments attempt ...


Exploration Of Ypel3 Response To Hormones And Ability To Induce Senescence, Joseph E. Rotsinger Jan 2012

Exploration Of Ypel3 Response To Hormones And Ability To Induce Senescence, Joseph E. Rotsinger

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

p53 activation through different cellular senescence pathways can trigger cell cycle arrest via regulation of p53 target genes. One such target gene is YPEL3 which is expressed upon binding of tumor suppressor protein p53 at its p53 binding sites (Kelley, 2010). The ability of p53 to induce YPEL3 gene expression led to the discovery that YPEL3 is one of several p53 target genes which induce cellular senescence (Kelley, 2010). Additionally YPEL3 can be regulated independently of p53 by estrogen signaling through estrogen receptor α (Tuttle, 2011). The loss of estrogen receptor α or removal of estrogen induces YPEL3 gene expression ...


Study Of Microrna-34a Mediated Post Transcriptional Regulation Of Mdm4, Pooja P. Mandke Jan 2012

Study Of Microrna-34a Mediated Post Transcriptional Regulation Of Mdm4, Pooja P. Mandke

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

MDM4 is an important negative regulator of the tumor suppressor p53. In normal unstressed cells the activity of p53 is kept under control by MDM4 and its homologue MDM2. MDM4 is said to possess oncogenic potential based on the evidence of its overexpression in many cancers. Until recently it was believed MDM4 is constitutively transcribed; however a decrease in full length MDM4 in response to genotoxic stress was observed paving way for exploring the mechanism responsible for this.

It was observed miR-34a a member of the miR34 family which is a direct transcriptional targets of p53 could have a potential ...


Lipase-Kinase Associations Involving Pld2, Jak3 And Fes That Underlie Cancer Cell Proliferation And Invasion, Qing Ye Jan 2012

Lipase-Kinase Associations Involving Pld2, Jak3 And Fes That Underlie Cancer Cell Proliferation And Invasion, Qing Ye

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Phospholipase D (PLD) is an enzyme that breaks down phospholipids in the cell membrane. It has been suggested that PLD may play a role during cell proliferation and cell invasion of cancer cells. The objective of this thesis was to define new molecular signaling pathways in which PLD2 might be involved in terms of cell proliferation (first part) and cell invasion (second part). To this, I compared molecular and biochemical aspects between untransformed cell lines with highly invasive, transformed breast cancer cells. In the first part, I investigated the interaction of two tyrosine kinases with PLD2 and the effect of ...