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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich Jan 2009

Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

While half of all human tumors possess p53 mutations, inactivation of wild-type p53 can also occur through a variety of mechanisms that do not involve p53 gene mutation or deletion. Our laboratory has been interested in tumor cells possessing wild-type p53 protein and elevated levels of HdmX and/or Hdm2, two critical negative regulators of p53 function. In this study we utilized RNAi to knockdown HdmX or Hdm2 in MCF7 human breast cancer cells, which harbor wild-type p53 and elevated levels of HdmX and Hdm2 then examined gene expression changes and effects on cell growth. Cell cycle and growth assays ...


Dose-Dependent Effects Of Oxygen On Metabolism In Rat Cortico-Hippocampal Brain Tissue Slices, Jennifer Lynne Hollyfield Jan 2009

Dose-Dependent Effects Of Oxygen On Metabolism In Rat Cortico-Hippocampal Brain Tissue Slices, Jennifer Lynne Hollyfield

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Studies have shown that 95% oxygen increases neuronal excitability and ROS production. We wanted to investigate the dose-dependent effects of oxygen on brain slice metabolism. We exposed rat brain cortico-hippocampal tissue slices to 0.40, 0.95, and 4.50 ATA O2 for 60 minutes, made dual-phase tissue extracts, and used multi-nuclear NMR experiments to elucidate the slice metabolism. We found that low doses of oxygen may shift metabolism toward anaerobic glycolysis. Elevated lactate suggests this shift, along with elevated ratios of NAD+/NADH which may drive the reactions toward the production of lactate. The results also suggest that high ...


Due-B, A New Human Dna Replication Protein, Is The Functional Homolog Of S. Cerevisiae Sld3, Jianhong Yao Jan 2009

Due-B, A New Human Dna Replication Protein, Is The Functional Homolog Of S. Cerevisiae Sld3, Jianhong Yao

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DNA unwinding elements (DUEs) are commonly found at DNA replication origins. The DUE binding protein (DUE-B) is crucial for the initiation of DNA replication in eukaryotes. The unique 59 amino acid C-terminal part of DUE-B shares nearly 50% similarity with yeast the C-terminus of Sld3. DUE-B plays a key role in eukaryotic DNA replication because it is required for the loading of Cdc45, the MCM helicase activator, on chromatin. Here we show that DUE-B, just like yeast Sld3, binds to Cdc45 and TopBP1 through its C-terminus in Sf9 cells and in vitro. We also show that DUE-B, Cdc45 and TopBP1 ...