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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Inhibition Of Cell Invasion By Targeting Pld, Terry C. Farkaly Jan 2010

Inhibition Of Cell Invasion By Targeting Pld, Terry C. Farkaly

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Phospholipase D (PLD) is a crucial signaling enzyme involved in many cellular processes. The catalytic activity of PLD is essential for the production of Phosphatidic Acid (PA), a critical second messenger in cell signaling cascades downstream. Using the highly invasive rat mammary adenocarcinoma cell line mTLn3 as a metastatic model, we investigated the proficiency of these cells to invade using matrigels that mimic the basement membrane of the extracellular matrix (ECM), their activity through PLD enzymatic assays, as well as the potency of our potential inhibitors to inhibit PLD-mediated cell invasion and lipase activity. This study reveals that PLD-mediated cell ...


Genetic Studies Of Genes Involved In The Initiation Of Dna Replication In The Fission Yeast Schizosaccharomyces Pombe, Zhuo Wang Jan 2010

Genetic Studies Of Genes Involved In The Initiation Of Dna Replication In The Fission Yeast Schizosaccharomyces Pombe, Zhuo Wang

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The initiation of DNA replication is a highly conserved process in all eukaryotes. However, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Genetic studies in the fission yeast S. pombe have contributed greatly to and will continue to provide insights to our understanding of this important biological process.

In the first chapter, we have used a complementary method to test three recently identified human replication proteins DUE-B, Ticrr/Treslin, and GEMC1 as the candidate functional homologue of Sld3 in S. pombe. Sld3 is an essential replication initiation protein discovered in yeasts. Since no apparent sequence similarity can be found, its homologue ...


Characterization Of Three Mutations In Conserved Domain Of Subunit Iii Of Cytochrome C Oxidase From Rhodobacter Sphaeroides, Rachel Omolewu Jan 2010

Characterization Of Three Mutations In Conserved Domain Of Subunit Iii Of Cytochrome C Oxidase From Rhodobacter Sphaeroides, Rachel Omolewu

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Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is the final electron acceptor in mitochondrial respiratory chain and in many bacterial species including Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Electron transfer is coupled with the pumping of protons across the membrane. Previous work has shown that reaction of beef COX with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD) resulted in an inhibition of proton translocation by covalently binding to the conserved amino acid residue E90 located in a nonpolar region of subunit III (SIII). E90 is involved in a bonding pair with another conserved residue H212, possibly connected by a salt bridge or a hydrogen bond in the three dimensional structure of SIII ...


P63 And Vdr Are Regulated By Vitamin D (Vd3) And Uv Signaling, Andrew J. Whitlatch Jan 2010

P63 And Vdr Are Regulated By Vitamin D (Vd3) And Uv Signaling, Andrew J. Whitlatch

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Skin cancers, such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), develop from accumulated mutations as a result of excessive exposure to Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Intriguingly, UVB also catalyzes the synthesis of 1alpha, 25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3 (VD3), the hormonally active form of Vitamin D. Downstream VD3 signaling has been associated with promoting the inhibition of cell cycle progression, regulating calcium homeostasis, and inducing differentiation and apoptosis. VD3 mediates these processes via genomic mechanisms through interaction with its cognate receptor, the Vitamin D Receptor, (VDR). In addition, it was recently discovered that VD3 reduces UVB-mediated phosphorylation of the SAPK/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK ...