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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Identification Of Novel Δnp63Α-Regulated Mirnas Using An Optimized Small Rna-Seq Analysis Pipeline, Suraj Sakaram, Michael P. Craig, Natasha T. Hill, Amjad Aljiagthmi, Christian Garrido, Oleg Paliy, Michael Bottomley, Michael L. Raymer, Madhavi Kadakia Jul 2018

Identification Of Novel Δnp63Α-Regulated Mirnas Using An Optimized Small Rna-Seq Analysis Pipeline, Suraj Sakaram, Michael P. Craig, Natasha T. Hill, Amjad Aljiagthmi, Christian Garrido, Oleg Paliy, Michael Bottomley, Michael L. Raymer, Madhavi Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Advances in high-throughput sequencing have enabled profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs), however, a consensus pipeline for sequencing of small RNAs has not been established. We built and optimized an analysis pipeline using Partek Flow, circumventing the need for analyzing data via scripting languages. Our analysis assessed the effect of alignment reference, normalization method, and statistical model choice on biological data. The pipeline was evaluated using sequencing data from HaCaT cells transfected with either a non-silencing control or siRNA against ΔNp63α, a p53 family member protein which is highly expressed in non-melanoma skin cancer and shown to regulate a number of miRNAs ...


Microrna Involvement In The Onset And Progression Of Barrett’S Esophagus: A Systematic Review, Reilly J. Clark, Michael P. Craig, Sangeeta Agrawal, Madhavi Kadakia Jan 2018

Microrna Involvement In The Onset And Progression Of Barrett’S Esophagus: A Systematic Review, Reilly J. Clark, Michael P. Craig, Sangeeta Agrawal, Madhavi Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy that develops from Barrett's esophagus (BE), an intestinal metaplasia of the distal esophagus. microRNAs (miRNAs), short non-coding regulatory RNAs, are frequently dysregulated in BE and are thought to play key roles in the onset of BE and its progression to EAC. miRNAs thus have potential diagnostic and prognostic value and are increasingly being used as cancer biomarkers. This review summarizes the current literature related to miRNAs that are dysregulated in BE within the context of Hedgehog, Notch, MAPK, NF kappa-B, Wnt and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling which are thought to drive ...


Δnp63Α And Microrna: Leveraging The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Andrew J. Stacy, Michael P. Craig, Suraj Sakaram, Madhavi Kadakia Jan 2017

Δnp63Α And Microrna: Leveraging The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Andrew J. Stacy, Michael P. Craig, Suraj Sakaram, Madhavi Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular reprogramming mechanism that is an underlying cause of cancer metastasis. Recent investigations have uncovered an intricate network of regulation involving the TGFβ Wnt, and Notch signaling pathways and small regulatory RNA species called microRNAs (miRNAs). The activity of a transcription factor vital to the maintenance of epithelial stemness, ?Np63a, has been shown to modulate the activity of these EMT pathways to either repress or promote EMT. Furthermore, ?Np63a is a known regulator of miRNA, including those directly involved in EMT. This review discusses the evidence of ?Np63a as a master regulator of EMT ...


Alignment Of Mitotic Chromosomes In Human Cells Involves Sr-Like Splicing Factors Btf And Trap150, Sapna Varia, Divya Cheedu, Michael P. Markey, Keshia Torres-Shafer, Vishnu P. Battini, Athanasios Bubulya, Paula A. Bubulya Jan 2017

Alignment Of Mitotic Chromosomes In Human Cells Involves Sr-Like Splicing Factors Btf And Trap150, Sapna Varia, Divya Cheedu, Michael P. Markey, Keshia Torres-Shafer, Vishnu P. Battini, Athanasios Bubulya, Paula A. Bubulya

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Serine-arginine-rich (SR) or SR-like splicing factors interact with exon junction complex proteins during pre-mRNA processing to promote mRNA packaging into mature messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) and to dictate mRNA stability, nuclear export, and translation. The SR protein family is complex, and while many classical SR proteins have well-defined mRNA processing functions, those of other SR-like proteins is unclear. Here, we show that depletion of the homologous non-classical serine-arginine-rich (SR) splicing factors Bcl2-associated transcription factor (Btf or BCLAF) and thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein of 150 kDa (TRAP150) causes mitotic defects. We hypothesized that the depletion of these SR-like factors affects mitosis indirectly ...


Pld-Specific Small-Molecule Inhibitors Decrease Tumor-Associated Macrophages And Neutrophils Infiltration In Breast Tumors And Lung And Liver Metastases, Karen M. Henkels, Naveen Reddy Muppani, Julian Gomez-Cambronero Nov 2016

Pld-Specific Small-Molecule Inhibitors Decrease Tumor-Associated Macrophages And Neutrophils Infiltration In Breast Tumors And Lung And Liver Metastases, Karen M. Henkels, Naveen Reddy Muppani, Julian Gomez-Cambronero

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Phospholipase D-2 (PLD2) has a key role in breast cancer formation and metastasis formation with PLD small inhibitors reducing primary tumor growth. This study aimed to evaluate the importance of targeting PLD on the tumor microenvironment. We provide evidence about the beneficial effect of PLD inhibitors [FIPI (dual PLD1/PLD2) or VU0155072-2 (PLD2 inhibitor)] on avoiding infiltration of tumor-helping macrophages and neutrophils. Tumor growth and metastasis within the primary tumors had low (<20% over controls) PLD enzyme activity. Unexpectedly, we found that the inhibitors also affected PLD2 gene expression and protein albeit at a lesser extent. The later could indicate that targeting both the actual PLD enzyme and its activity could be beneficial for potential cancer treatments in vivo. F4/80 and Ly6G staining of macrophages and neutrophils, respectively, and Arg1 staining data were consistent with M2 and N2 polarization. NOS2 staining increased in xenotransplants ...


Copy Number Variation In Archival Melanoma Biopsies Versus Benign Melanocytic Lesions, Ahmed Mahas, Keerti Potluri, Michael N. Kent, Sameep Naik, Michael P. Markey Jan 2016

Copy Number Variation In Archival Melanoma Biopsies Versus Benign Melanocytic Lesions, Ahmed Mahas, Keerti Potluri, Michael N. Kent, Sameep Naik, Michael P. Markey

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Skin melanocytes can give rise to benign and malignant neoplasms. Discrimination of an early melanoma from an unusual/atypical benign nevus can represent a significant challenge. However, previous studies have shown that in contrast to benign nevi, melanoma demonstrates pervasive chromosomal aberrations. OBJECTIVE: This substantial difference between melanoma and benign nevi can be exploited to discriminate between melanoma and benign nevi. METHODS: Array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is an approach that can be used on DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues to assess the entire genome for the presence of changes in DNA copy number. In this study, high ...


Myocardium And Bmp Signaling Are Required For Endocardial Differentiation, Sharina Palencia-Desai, Megan S. Rost, Jennifer A. Schumancher, Quynh V. Ton, Michael P. Craig, Kristina Baltrunaite, Andrew L. Koenig, Jinhu Wang, Kenneth D. Poss, Neil C. Chi, Didier Y.R. Stainier Jan 2015

Myocardium And Bmp Signaling Are Required For Endocardial Differentiation, Sharina Palencia-Desai, Megan S. Rost, Jennifer A. Schumancher, Quynh V. Ton, Michael P. Craig, Kristina Baltrunaite, Andrew L. Koenig, Jinhu Wang, Kenneth D. Poss, Neil C. Chi, Didier Y.R. Stainier

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Endocardial and myocardial progenitors originate in distinct regions of the anterior lateral plate mesoderm and migrate to the midline where they coalesce to form the cardiac tube. Endocardial progenitors acquire a molecular identity distinct from other vascular endothelial cells and initiate expression of specific genes such as nfatc1. Yet the molecular pathways and tissue interactions involved in establishing endocardial identity are poorly understood. The endocardium develops in tight association with cardiomyocytes. To test for a potential role of the myocardium in endocardial morphogenesis, we used two different zebrafish models deficient in cardiomyocytes: the hand2 mutant and a myocardial-specific genetic ablation ...


Role Of Vitamin D3 In Modulation Of Δnp63Α Expression During Uvb Induced Tumor Formation In Skh-1 Mice, Natasha Tremayne Hill, Gabriel H. Gracia-Maldondo, Mary K. Leonard, Amanda R. Harper, Kathleen L. Tober, Tatiana M. Oberyszyn, Madhavi P. Kadakia Sep 2014

Role Of Vitamin D3 In Modulation Of Δnp63Α Expression During Uvb Induced Tumor Formation In Skh-1 Mice, Natasha Tremayne Hill, Gabriel H. Gracia-Maldondo, Mary K. Leonard, Amanda R. Harper, Kathleen L. Tober, Tatiana M. Oberyszyn, Madhavi P. Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

ΔNp63α, a proto-oncogene, is up-regulated in non-melanoma skin cancers and directly regulates the expression of both Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN). Since ΔNp63α has been shown to inhibit cell invasion via regulation of VDR, we wanted to determine whether dietary Vitamin D3 protected against UVB induced tumor formation in SKH-1 mice, a model for squamous cell carcinoma development. We examined whether there was a correlation between dietary Vitamin D3 and ΔNp63α, VDR or PTEN expression in vivo in SKH-1 mice chronically exposed to UVB radiation and fed chow containing ...


Serdemetan Antagonizes The Mdm2-Hif1Α Axis Leading To Decreased Levels Of Glycolytic Enzymes, Jason Alexander Lehman, Paula M. Hauck, Jaimie M. Gendron, Christopher N. Batuello, Jacob A. Eitel, Allan Albig, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Lindsey D. Mayo Sep 2013

Serdemetan Antagonizes The Mdm2-Hif1Α Axis Leading To Decreased Levels Of Glycolytic Enzymes, Jason Alexander Lehman, Paula M. Hauck, Jaimie M. Gendron, Christopher N. Batuello, Jacob A. Eitel, Allan Albig, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Lindsey D. Mayo

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Serdemetan (JNJ-26854165), an antagonist to Mdm2, was anticipated to promote the activation of p53. While regulation of p53 by Mdm2 is important, Mdm2 also regulates numerous proteins involved in diverse cellular functions. We investigated if Serdemetan would alter the Mdm2-HIF1α axis and affect cell survival in human glioblastoma cells independently of p53. Treatment of cells with Serdemetan under hypoxia resulted in a decrease in HIF1α levels. HIF1α downstream targets, VEGF and the glycolytic enzymes (enolase, phosphoglycerate kinase1/2, and glucose transporter 1), were all decreased in response to Serdemetan. The involvement of Mdm2 in regulating gene expression of glycolytic enzymes ...


Sarcoptes Scabiei Mites Modulate Gene Expression In Human Skin Equivalents, Marjorie S. Morgan, Larry G. Arlian, Michael P. Markey Aug 2013

Sarcoptes Scabiei Mites Modulate Gene Expression In Human Skin Equivalents, Marjorie S. Morgan, Larry G. Arlian, Michael P. Markey

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

The ectoparasitic mite, Sarcoptes scabiei that burrows in the epidermis of mammalian skin has a long co-evolution with its hosts. Phenotypic studies show that the mites have the ability to modulate cytokine secretion and expression of cell adhesion molecules in cells of the skin and other cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems that may assist the mites to survive in the skin. The purpose of this study was to identify genes in keratinocytes and fibroblasts in human skin equivalents (HSEs) that changed expression in response to the burrowing of live scabies mites. Overall, of the more than 25 ...


Microrna-34a Modulates Mdm4 Expression Via A Target Site In The Open Reading Frame, Pooja Mandke, Nicholas Wyatt, Jillian Fraser, Benjamin Bates, Steven J. Berberich, Michael P. Markey Aug 2012

Microrna-34a Modulates Mdm4 Expression Via A Target Site In The Open Reading Frame, Pooja Mandke, Nicholas Wyatt, Jillian Fraser, Benjamin Bates, Steven J. Berberich, Michael P. Markey

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Background

MDM4, also called MDMX or HDMX in humans, is an important negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor. MDM4 is overexpressed in about 17% of all cancers and more frequently in some types, such as colon cancer or retinoblastoma. MDM4 is known to be post-translationally regulated by MDM2-mediated ubiquitination to decrease its protein levels in response to genotoxic stress, resulting in accumulation and activation of p53. At the transcriptional level, MDM4 gene regulation has been less clearly understood. We have reported that DNA damage triggers loss of MDM4 mRNA and a concurrent increase in p53 activity. These experiments attempt ...


Son Maintains Accurate Splicing For A Subset Of Human Pre-Mrnas, Alok Sharma, Michael P. Markey, Keshia Torres-Munoz, Sapna Varia, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Athanasios Bubulya, Paula A. Bubulya Dec 2011

Son Maintains Accurate Splicing For A Subset Of Human Pre-Mrnas, Alok Sharma, Michael P. Markey, Keshia Torres-Munoz, Sapna Varia, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Athanasios Bubulya, Paula A. Bubulya

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Serine-arginine-rich (SR) proteins play a key role in alternative pre-mRNA splicing in eukaryotes. We recently showed that a large SR protein called Son has unique repeat motifs that are essential for maintaining the subnuclear organization of pre-mRNA processing factors in nuclear speckles. Motif analysis of Son highlights putative RNA interaction domains that suggest a direct role for Son in pre-mRNA splicing. Here, we used in situ approaches to show that Son localizes to a reporter minigene transcription site, and that RNAi-mediated Son depletion causes exon skipping on reporter transcripts at this transcription site. A genome-wide exon microarray analysis was performed ...


Unsupplemented Artemia Diet Results In Reduced Growth And Jaw Dysmorphogenesis In Zebrafish, Michael P. Craig, Mitul B. Desai, Kate E. Olukalns, Scott E. Afton, Joseph A. Caruso, Jay R. Hove Jan 2011

Unsupplemented Artemia Diet Results In Reduced Growth And Jaw Dysmorphogenesis In Zebrafish, Michael P. Craig, Mitul B. Desai, Kate E. Olukalns, Scott E. Afton, Joseph A. Caruso, Jay R. Hove

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

The number of laboratories using zebrafish as an experimental animal model has risen tremendously over the past two decades (Craig et al., 2006). As a result, the number of zebrafish facilities around the world has dramatically increased to meet the elevated demand for proper animal care and maintenance. In order to meet this demand, aquaculture facilities must employ husbandry protocols designed to produce a constant supply of healthy, viable eggs. Surprisingly, many husbandry strategies, particularly feeding protocols, are frequently passed down from members of one lab to another in a colloquial fashion without rigorous experimental validation. An ideal diet should ...


Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich Jan 2009

Alterations In Gene Expression And Sensitivity To Genotoxic Stress Following Hdmx Or Hdm2 Knockdown In Human Tumor Cells Harboring Wild-Type P53, Katherine Heminger, Michael P. Markey, Meldrick Mpagi, Steven J. Berberich

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

While half of all human tumors possess p53 mutations, inactivation of wild-type p53 can also occur through a variety of mechanisms that do not involve p53 gene mutation or deletion. Our laboratory has been interested in tumor cells possessing wild-type p53 protein and elevated levels of HdmX and/or Hdm2, two critical negative regulators of p53 function. In this study we utilized RNAi to knockdown HdmX or Hdm2 in MCF7 human breast cancer cells, which harbor wild-type p53 and elevated levels of HdmX and Hdm2 then examined gene expression changes and effects on cell growth. Cell cycle and growth assays ...