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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Agronomic And Chemical Performance Of Field-Grown Tobacco Engineered For Triterpene And Methylated Triterpene Metabolism, Zuodong Jiang, Chase Kempinski, Santosh Kumar, Scott Kinison, Kristin Linscott, Eric Nybo, Sarah Janze, Constance Wood, Joseph Chappell Jun 2018

Agronomic And Chemical Performance Of Field-Grown Tobacco Engineered For Triterpene And Methylated Triterpene Metabolism, Zuodong Jiang, Chase Kempinski, Santosh Kumar, Scott Kinison, Kristin Linscott, Eric Nybo, Sarah Janze, Constance Wood, Joseph Chappell

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Squalene is a linear intermediate to nearly all classes of triterpenes and sterols and is itself highly valued for its use in wide range of industrial applications. Another unique linear triterpene is botryococcene and its methylated derivatives generated by the alga Botryococcus braunii race B, which are progenitors to fossil fuel deposits. Production of these linear triterpenes was previously engineered into transgenic tobacco by introducing the key steps of triterpene metabolism into the particular subcellular compartments. In this study, the agronomic characteristics (height, biomass accumulation, leaf area), the photosynthetic capacity (photosynthesis rate, conductance, internal CO2 levels) and triterpene content ...


Abcg5 And Abcg8: More Than A Defense Against Xenosterols, Shailendra B. Patel, Gregory A. Graf, Ryan E. Temel May 2018

Abcg5 And Abcg8: More Than A Defense Against Xenosterols, Shailendra B. Patel, Gregory A. Graf, Ryan E. Temel

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The elucidation of the molecular basis of the rare disease, sitosterolemia, has revolutionized our mechanistic understanding of how dietary sterols are excreted and how cholesterol is eliminated from the body. Two proteins, ABCG5 and ABCG8, encoded by the sitosterolemia locus, work as obligate dimers to pump sterols out of hepatocytes and enterocytes. ABCG5/ABCG8 are key in regulating whole-body sterol trafficking, by eliminating sterols via the biliary tree as well as the intestinal tract. Importantly, these transporters keep xenosterols from accumulating in the body. The sitosterolemia locus has been genetically associated with lipid levels and downstream atherosclerotic disease, as well ...


Structural Basis For Earp-Mediated Arginine Glycosylation Of Translation Elongation Factor Ef-P, Ralph Krafczyk, Jakub Macošek, Pravin Kumar Ankush Jagtap, Daniel Gast, Swetlana Wunder, Prithiba Mitra, Amit Kumar Jha, Jürgen Rohr, Anja Hoffmann-Röder, Kirsten Jung, Janosch Hennig, Jürgen Lassak Sep 2017

Structural Basis For Earp-Mediated Arginine Glycosylation Of Translation Elongation Factor Ef-P, Ralph Krafczyk, Jakub Macošek, Pravin Kumar Ankush Jagtap, Daniel Gast, Swetlana Wunder, Prithiba Mitra, Amit Kumar Jha, Jürgen Rohr, Anja Hoffmann-Röder, Kirsten Jung, Janosch Hennig, Jürgen Lassak

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Glycosylation is a universal strategy to posttranslationally modify proteins. The recently discovered arginine rhamnosylation activates the polyproline-specific bacterial translation elongation factor EF-P. EF-P is rhamnosylated on arginine 32 by the glycosyltransferase EarP. However, the enzymatic mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we solved the crystal structure of EarP from Pseudomonas putida. The enzyme is composed of two opposing domains with Rossmann folds, thus constituting a B pattern-type glycosyltransferase (GT-B). While dTDP-β-L-rhamnose is located within a highly conserved pocket of the C-domain, EarP recognizes the KOW-like N-domain of EF-P. Based on our data, we propose a structural model for arginine ...


Discovery Of A Diaminopyrimidine Flt3 Inhibitor Active Against Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Jamie A. Jarusiewicz, Jae Yoon Jeon, Michele C. Connelly, Yizhe Chen, Lei Yang, Sharyn D. Baker, R. Kiplin Guy May 2017

Discovery Of A Diaminopyrimidine Flt3 Inhibitor Active Against Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Jamie A. Jarusiewicz, Jae Yoon Jeon, Michele C. Connelly, Yizhe Chen, Lei Yang, Sharyn D. Baker, R. Kiplin Guy

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Profiling of the kinase-binding capabilities of an aminopyrimidine analogue detected in a cellular screen of the St. Jude small-molecule collection led to the identification of a novel series of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitors. Structure–activity relationship studies led to the development of compounds exhibiting good potency against MV4-11 and MOLM13 acute myelogenous leukemia cells driven by FLT3, regardless of their FLT3 mutation status. In vitro pharmacological profiling demonstrated that compound 5e shows characteristics suitable for further preclinical development.


An Arginine Finger Regulates The Sequential Action Of Asymmetrical Hexameric Atpase In The Double-Stranded Dna Translocation Motor, Zhengyi Zhao, Gian Marco De-Donatis, Chad T. Schwartz, Huaming Fang, Jingyuan Li, Peixuan Guo Oct 2016

An Arginine Finger Regulates The Sequential Action Of Asymmetrical Hexameric Atpase In The Double-Stranded Dna Translocation Motor, Zhengyi Zhao, Gian Marco De-Donatis, Chad T. Schwartz, Huaming Fang, Jingyuan Li, Peixuan Guo

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Biological motors are ubiquitous in living systems. Currently, how the motor components coordinate the unidirectional motion is elusive in most cases. Here, we report that the sequential action of the ATPase ring in the DNA packaging motor of bacteriophage ϕ29 is regulated by an arginine finger that extends from one ATPase subunit to the adjacent unit to promote noncovalent dimer formation. Mutation of the arginine finger resulted in the interruption of ATPase oligomerization, ATP binding/hydrolysis, and DNA translocation. Dimer formation reappeared when arginine mutants were mixed with other ATPase subunits that can offer the arginine to promote their interaction ...