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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

High-Throughput Single-Molecule Telomere Characterization, Jennifer Mccaffrey, Eleanor Young, Katy Lassahn, Justin Sibert, Steven Pastor, Harold Riethman, Ming Xiao Nov 2017

High-Throughput Single-Molecule Telomere Characterization, Jennifer Mccaffrey, Eleanor Young, Katy Lassahn, Justin Sibert, Steven Pastor, Harold Riethman, Ming Xiao

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

We have developed a novel method that enables global subtelomere and haplotype-resolved analysis of telomere lengths at the single-molecule level. An in vitro CRISPR/Cas9 RNA-directed nickase system directs the specific labeling of human (TTAGGG) n DNA tracts in genomes that have also been barcoded using a separate nickase enzyme that recognizes a 7bp motif genome-wide. High-throughput imaging and analysis of large DNA single molecules from genomes labeled in this fashion using a nanochannel array system permits mapping through subtelomere repeat element (SRE) regions to unique chromosomal DNA while simultaneously measuring the (TTAGGG) n tract length at the end of ...


The Characterization Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Chromatin From Physarum Polycephalum, Sally A. Amero, Vicky L. Montoya, Wendy L. Murdoch, Roy C. Ogle, John L. Keating, Robert M. Grainger Aug 1988

The Characterization Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Chromatin From Physarum Polycephalum, Sally A. Amero, Vicky L. Montoya, Wendy L. Murdoch, Roy C. Ogle, John L. Keating, Robert M. Grainger

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

We have isolated ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) chromatin from Physarum polycephalum using a nucleolar isolation procedure that minimizes protein loss from chromatin and, subsequently, either agarose gel electrophoresis or metrizamide gradient centrifugation to purify this chromatin fraction (Amero, S. A., Ogle, R. C., Keating, J. L., Montoya, V. L., Murdoch, W. L., and Grainger, R. M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 10725-10733). Metrizamide-purified rDNA chromatin obtained from nucleoli isolated according to the new procedure has a core histone/DNA ratio of 0.77:1. The major core histone classes comigrate electrophoretically with their nuclear counterparts on Triton-acid-urea/sodium dodecyl sulfate ...


The Purification Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Chromatin From Physarum Polycephalum, Sally A. Amero, Roy C. Ogle, John L. Keating, Vicky L. Montoya, Wendy L. Murdoch, Robert M. Grainger Jan 1988

The Purification Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Chromatin From Physarum Polycephalum, Sally A. Amero, Roy C. Ogle, John L. Keating, Vicky L. Montoya, Wendy L. Murdoch, Robert M. Grainger

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

We have undertaken the purification of ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) chromatin from the slime mold Physarum polycephalum, in order to study its chromatin structure. In this organism rDNA exists in nucleoli as highly repeated minichromosomes, and one can obtain crude chromatin fractions highly enriched in rDNA from isolated nucleoli. We first developed a nucleolar isolation method utilizing polyamines as stabilization agents that results in a chromatin fraction containing far more protein than is obtained by the more commonly used divalent cation isolation methods. The latter method appears to result in extensive histone loss during chromatin isolations. Two methods were then ...