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Developmental Biology

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Articles 151 - 180 of 183

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Developmental Deregulation And Tumorigenesis Inhibition In 14-3-3zeta Knockout Mouse, Jun Yang Aug 2011

Developmental Deregulation And Tumorigenesis Inhibition In 14-3-3zeta Knockout Mouse, Jun Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer is second leading cause of death in the United States. Improving cancer care through patient care, research, education and prevention not only saves lives, but reduces health care cost as well. Breast cancer is the most leading cause of cancer incidence and cancer related death in women of the United States. 14-3-3s are a family of conserved proteins ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic organisms. They form complexes with hundreds of proteins by binding to specific phospho-serine/threonine containing motifs. In this way they regulate a variety of cellular processes and are involved in many human diseases especially cancer to ...


The Role And Mechanism Of The Homeobox Gene Dlx4 In Transforming Growth Factor-B Resistance In Cancer, Bon Q. Trinh May 2011

The Role And Mechanism Of The Homeobox Gene Dlx4 In Transforming Growth Factor-B Resistance In Cancer, Bon Q. Trinh

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b) is a cytokine that plays essential roles in regulating embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. In normal cells, TGF-b exerts an anti-proliferative effect. TGF-b inhibits cell growth by controlling a cytostatic program that includes activation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p15Ink4B and p21WAF1/Cip1 and repression of c-myc. In contrast to normal cells, many tumors are resistant to the anti-proliferative effect of TGF-b. In several types of tumors, particularly those of gastrointestinal origin, resistance to the anti-proliferative effect of TGF-b has been attributed to TGF-b receptor or Smad mutations. However, these mutations are absent from ...


Arctic Mustard Flower Color Polymorphism Controlled By Petal-Specific Downregulation At The Threshold Of The Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Pathway, Cynthia A. Dick, Jason Buenrostro, Timothy Butler, Matthew L. Carlson, Daniel J. Kliebenstein, Justen B. Whittall Apr 2011

Arctic Mustard Flower Color Polymorphism Controlled By Petal-Specific Downregulation At The Threshold Of The Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Pathway, Cynthia A. Dick, Jason Buenrostro, Timothy Butler, Matthew L. Carlson, Daniel J. Kliebenstein, Justen B. Whittall

Biology

Intra- and interspecific variation in flower color is a hallmark of angiosperm diversity. The evolutionary forces underlying the variety of flower colors can be nearly as diverse as the colors themselves. In addition to pollinator preferences, non-pollinator agents of selection can have a major influence on the evolution of flower color polymorphisms, especially when the pigments in question are also expressed in vegetative tissues. In such cases, identifying the target(s) of selection starts with determining the biochemical and molecular basis for the flower color variation and examining any pleiotropic effects manifested in vegetative tissues. Herein, we describe a widespread ...


Effect Of Life History On Microrna Expression During C. Elegans Development, Xantha Karp, Molly Hammell, Maria C. Ow, Victor R. Ambros Apr 2011

Effect Of Life History On Microrna Expression During C. Elegans Development, Xantha Karp, Molly Hammell, Maria C. Ow, Victor R. Ambros

Program in Molecular Medicine Publications and Presentations

Animals have evolved mechanisms to ensure the robustness of developmental outcomes to changing environments. MicroRNA expression may contribute to developmental robustness because microRNAs are key post-transcriptional regulators of developmental gene expression and can affect the expression of multiple target genes. Caenorhabditis elegans provides an excellent model to study developmental responses to environmental conditions. In favorable environments, C. elegans larvae develop rapidly and continuously through four larval stages. In contrast, in unfavorable conditions, larval development may be interrupted at either of two diapause stages: The L1 diapause occurs when embryos hatch in the absence of food, and the dauer diapause occurs ...


The Role Of Jnk In The Development Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Madhumita Das, David S. Garlick, Dale Greiner, Roger J. Davis Mar 2011

The Role Of Jnk In The Development Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Madhumita Das, David S. Garlick, Dale Greiner, Roger J. Davis

Davis Lab Publications

The cJun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway has been implicated in the growth of carcinogen-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanism that accounts for JNK-regulated tumor growth is unclear. Here we demonstrate that compound deficiency of the two ubiquitously expressed JNK isoforms (JNK1 and JNK2) in hepatocytes does not prevent hepatocellular carcinoma development. Indeed, JNK deficiency in hepatocytes increased the tumor burden. In contrast, compound JNK deficiency in hepatocytes and nonparenchymal cells reduced both hepatic inflammation and tumorigenesis. These data indicate that JNK plays a dual role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. JNK promotes an inflammatory hepatic ...


Establishment Of Clonal Myogenic Cell Lines From Severely Affected Dystrophic Muscles - Cdk4 Maintains The Myogenic Population, Guido Stadler, Jennifer Cj Chen, Kathryn Wagner, Jerome D. Robin, Jerry W. Shay, Charles P. Emerson, Jr., Woodring E. Wright Mar 2011

Establishment Of Clonal Myogenic Cell Lines From Severely Affected Dystrophic Muscles - Cdk4 Maintains The Myogenic Population, Guido Stadler, Jennifer Cj Chen, Kathryn Wagner, Jerome D. Robin, Jerry W. Shay, Charles P. Emerson, Jr., Woodring E. Wright

Wellstone Center for FSHD Publications

BACKGROUND: A hallmark of muscular dystrophies is the replacement of muscle by connective tissue. Muscle biopsies from patients severely affected with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) may contain few myogenic cells. Because the chromosomal contraction at 4q35 linked to FSHD is thought to cause a defect within myogenic cells, it is important to study this particular cell type, rather than the fibroblasts and adipocytes of the endomysial fibrosis, to understand the mechanism leading to myopathy.

RESULTS: We present a protocol to establish clonal myogenic cell lines from even severely dystrophic muscle that has been replaced mostly by fat, using overexpression of ...


Jnk Regulates Foxo-Dependent Autophagy In Neurons, Ping Xu, Madhumita Das, Judith Reilly, Roger J. Davis Feb 2011

Jnk Regulates Foxo-Dependent Autophagy In Neurons, Ping Xu, Madhumita Das, Judith Reilly, Roger J. Davis

Davis Lab Publications

The cJun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway is implicated in the regulation of neuronal function. JNK is encoded by three genes that play partially redundant roles. Here we report the creation of mice with targeted ablation of all three Jnk genes in neurons. Compound JNK-deficient neurons are dependent on autophagy for survival. This autophagic response is caused by FoxO-induced expression of Bnip3 that displaces the autophagic effector Beclin-1 from inactive Bcl-XL complexes. These data identify JNK as a potent negative regulator of FoxO-dependent autophagy in neurons.


Dynamic Glucoregulation And Mammalian-Like Responses To Metabolic And Developmental Disruption In Zebrafish, Agata Jurczyk, Nicole M. Roy, Rabia Bajwa, Philipp Gut, Kathryn Lipson, Chaoxing Yang, Laurence Covassin, Waldemar J. Racki, Aldo A. Rossini, Nancy Phillips, Didier Y. R. Stainier, Dale L. Greiner, Michael A. Brehm, Rita Bortell, Philip Diiorio Jan 2011

Dynamic Glucoregulation And Mammalian-Like Responses To Metabolic And Developmental Disruption In Zebrafish, Agata Jurczyk, Nicole M. Roy, Rabia Bajwa, Philipp Gut, Kathryn Lipson, Chaoxing Yang, Laurence Covassin, Waldemar J. Racki, Aldo A. Rossini, Nancy Phillips, Didier Y. R. Stainier, Dale L. Greiner, Michael A. Brehm, Rita Bortell, Philip Diiorio

Biology Faculty Publications

Zebrafish embryos are emerging as models of glucose metabolism. However, patterns of endogenous glucose levels, and the role of the islet in glucoregulation, are unknown. We measured absolute glucose levels in zebrafish and mouse embryos, and demonstrate similar, dynamic glucose fluctuations in both species. Further, we show that chemical and genetic perturbations elicit mammalian-like glycemic responses in zebrafish embryos. We show that glucose is undetectable in early zebrafish and mouse embryos, but increases in parallel with pancreatic islet formation in both species. In zebrafish, increasing glucose is associated with activation of gluconeogenic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase1 (pck1) transcription. Non-hepatic Pck1 protein is ...


From Dna To Protein: A Study Of Genomic Instability Candidate Genes During Zebrafish Development, Kristine Griffett Jan 2011

From Dna To Protein: A Study Of Genomic Instability Candidate Genes During Zebrafish Development, Kristine Griffett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The zebrafish, Danio rerio, is a type of freshwater minnow often used to model human diseases including cancer, anxiety and aging diseases. The overall biology of zebrafish is strikingly similar to that of humans, allowing these fish to be used for drug discovery and toxicology studies for preclinical trials. In this study, zebrafish embryos were used to identify and characterize several candidate genes within two known regions of genomic instability on chromosome 18 and chromosome 4. This fish that were used in this study had been previously classified as genomic instability (gin) mutants due to increased incidence of somatic mutation ...


Understanding The Origins, Dispersal, And Evolution Of Bonamia Species (Phylum Haplosporidia) Based On Genetic Analyses Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Regions, Kristina M. Hill Jan 2011

Understanding The Origins, Dispersal, And Evolution Of Bonamia Species (Phylum Haplosporidia) Based On Genetic Analyses Of Ribosomal Rna Gene Regions, Kristina M. Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The P38 Mapk Pathway Is Essential For Skeletogenesis And Bone Homeostasis In Mice, Matthew B. Greenblatt, Jae-Hyuck Shim, Weiguo Zou, Despina Sitara, Michelle Schweitzer, Dorothy Hu, Sutada Lotinun, Yasuyo Sano, Roland Baron, Jin Mo Park, Simon Arthur, Min Xie, Michael D. Schneider, Bo Zhai, Steven Gygi, Roger J. Davis, Laurie H. Glimcher Jul 2010

The P38 Mapk Pathway Is Essential For Skeletogenesis And Bone Homeostasis In Mice, Matthew B. Greenblatt, Jae-Hyuck Shim, Weiguo Zou, Despina Sitara, Michelle Schweitzer, Dorothy Hu, Sutada Lotinun, Yasuyo Sano, Roland Baron, Jin Mo Park, Simon Arthur, Min Xie, Michael D. Schneider, Bo Zhai, Steven Gygi, Roger J. Davis, Laurie H. Glimcher

Davis Lab Publications

Nearly every extracellular ligand that has been found to play a role in regulating bone biology acts, at least in part, through MAPK pathways. Nevertheless, much remains to be learned about the contribution of MAPKs to osteoblast biology in vivo. Here we report that the p38 MAPK pathway is required for normal skeletogenesis in mice, as mice with deletion of any of the MAPK pathway member-encoding genes MAPK kinase 3 (Mkk3), Mkk6, p38a, or p38b displayed profoundly reduced bone mass secondary to defective osteoblast differentiation. Among the MAPK kinase kinase (MAP3K) family, we identified TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1; also known ...


Determination Of The Myogenic Potential Of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Rory Coleman May 2010

Determination Of The Myogenic Potential Of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Rory Coleman

Honors Scholar Theses

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the potential to

differentiate to all adult somatic cells. This property makes hESCs a very promising area of research for the treatment of disorders in which specific cell populations need to be restored. Despite this potential, research that focuses on producing mesodermally derived cell populations from hESCs is decidedly limited, notwithstanding the prevalence of disorders involving mesodermal tissues for which treatment options are limited. Skeletal muscle myoblasts are derivatives of mesodermal cells and are characterized by the expression of the MyoD gene. These cells are difficult to obtain from hESCs in a reproducible and ...


Xenoestrogen-Specific Mechanisms Of Developmental Reprogramming Correlate With Gene Expression And Tumor Development, Kristen L. Greathouse May 2010

Xenoestrogen-Specific Mechanisms Of Developmental Reprogramming Correlate With Gene Expression And Tumor Development, Kristen L. Greathouse

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Environmental exposures during sensitive windows of development can reprogram normal physiological responses and alter disease susceptibility later in life in a process known as developmental reprogramming. We have shown that neonatal exposure to the xenoestrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) can developmentally reprogram the reproductive tract in genetically susceptible Eker rats giving rise to complete penetrance of uterine leiomyoma. Based on this, we hypothesized that xenoestrogens, including genistein (GEN) and bisphenol A (BPA), reprogram estrogen-responsive gene expression in the myometrium and promote the development of uterine leiomyoma. We proposed the mechanism that is responsible for the developmental reprogramming of gene expression was through ...


Reverse Genetic And Cell Biological Approaches To The Study Of Developmental Functions Of Class Xi Myosin In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Eunsook Park Mar 2010

Reverse Genetic And Cell Biological Approaches To The Study Of Developmental Functions Of Class Xi Myosin In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Eunsook Park

Doctoral Dissertations

Myosin proteins function as molecular motors that drive the ATP-dependent movement of cellular components along actin filaments. Vascular plants encode two different types of myosin, referred to as class VIII and class XI. Although class XI myosins have been suggested to function in organelle movement and cytoplasmic streaming, little is known about their cellular function in detail.

The Arabidopsis genome encodes 13 class XI myosin genes. The reasons for the relatively large number of myosin XI isoforms present within a single plant species are unknown. To investigate the function of these gene products in the cell, we determined the spatial ...


A Feedback Circuit Involving Let-7-Family Mirnas And Daf-12 Integrates Environmental Signals And Developmental Timing In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher M. Hammell, Xantha Karp, Victor R. Ambros Nov 2009

A Feedback Circuit Involving Let-7-Family Mirnas And Daf-12 Integrates Environmental Signals And Developmental Timing In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher M. Hammell, Xantha Karp, Victor R. Ambros

Program in Molecular Medicine Publications and Presentations

Animal development is remarkably robust; cell fates are specified with spatial and temporal precision despite physiological and environmental contingencies. Favorable conditions cause Caenorhabditis elegans to develop rapidly through four larval stages (L1-L4) to the reproductive adult. In unfavorable conditions, L2 larvae can enter the developmentally quiescent, stress-resistant dauer larva stage, enabling them to survive for prolonged periods before completing development. A specific progression of cell division and differentiation events occurs with fidelity during the larval stages, regardless of whether an animal undergoes continuous or dauer-interrupted development. The temporal patterning of developmental events is controlled by the heterochronic genes, whose products ...


A Feedback Circuit Involving Let-7-Family Mirnas And Daf-12 Integrates Environmental Signals And Developmental Timing In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher M. Hammell, Xantha Karp, Victor R. Ambros Nov 2009

A Feedback Circuit Involving Let-7-Family Mirnas And Daf-12 Integrates Environmental Signals And Developmental Timing In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher M. Hammell, Xantha Karp, Victor R. Ambros

Victor R. Ambros

Animal development is remarkably robust; cell fates are specified with spatial and temporal precision despite physiological and environmental contingencies. Favorable conditions cause Caenorhabditis elegans to develop rapidly through four larval stages (L1-L4) to the reproductive adult. In unfavorable conditions, L2 larvae can enter the developmentally quiescent, stress-resistant dauer larva stage, enabling them to survive for prolonged periods before completing development. A specific progression of cell division and differentiation events occurs with fidelity during the larval stages, regardless of whether an animal undergoes continuous or dauer-interrupted development. The temporal patterning of developmental events is controlled by the heterochronic genes, whose products ...


Fshd Region Gene 1 (Frg1) Is Crucial For Angiogenesis Linking Frg1 To Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy-Associated Vasculopathy, Ryan Wuebbles, Meredith L. Hanel, Peter L. Jones May 2009

Fshd Region Gene 1 (Frg1) Is Crucial For Angiogenesis Linking Frg1 To Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy-Associated Vasculopathy, Ryan Wuebbles, Meredith L. Hanel, Peter L. Jones

Peter Jones Lab Publications

The genetic lesion that is diagnostic for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) results in an epigenetic misregulation of gene expression, which ultimately leads to the disease pathology. FRG1 (FSHD region gene 1) is a leading candidate for a gene whose misexpression might lead to FSHD. Because FSHD pathology is most prominent in the musculature, most research and therapy efforts focus on muscle cells. Previously, using Xenopus development as a model, we showed that altering frg1 expression levels systemically leads to aberrant muscle development, illustrating the potential for aberrant FRG1 levels to disrupt the musculature. However, 50-75% of FSHD patients also exhibit ...


Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen Apr 2009

Materials And Methods For The Alteration Of Enzyme And Acetyl Coa Levels In Plants, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, David J. Oliver, Patrick S. Schnable, Tsui-Jung Wen

Iowa State University Patents

The present invention provides nucleic acid and amino acid sequences of acetyl CoA synthetase (ACS), plastidic pyruvate dehydrogenase (pPDH), ATP citrate lyase (ACL),Arabidopsis pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC), and Arabidopsis aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), specifically ALDH-2 and ALDH-4. The present invention also provides a recombinant vector comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding one of the aforementioned enzymes, an antisense sequence thereto or a ribozyme therefor, a cell transformed with such a vector, antibodies to the enzymes, a plant cell, a plant tissue, a plant organ or a plant in which the level of an enzyme has been altered, and a method of ...


Transcriptional Regulation Differs In Affected Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Patients Compared To Asymptomatic Related Carriers, Patricia Arashiro, Iris Eisenberg, Alvin T. Kho, Antonia M. P. Cerqueira, Marta Canovas, Helga C. A. Silva, Rita C. M. Pavanello, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Louis M. Kunkel, Mayana Zatz Apr 2009

Transcriptional Regulation Differs In Affected Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Patients Compared To Asymptomatic Related Carriers, Patricia Arashiro, Iris Eisenberg, Alvin T. Kho, Antonia M. P. Cerqueira, Marta Canovas, Helga C. A. Silva, Rita C. M. Pavanello, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Louis M. Kunkel, Mayana Zatz

Wellstone Center for FSHD Publications

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive muscle disorder that has been associated with a contraction of 3.3-kb repeats on chromosome 4q35. FSHD is characterized by a wide clinical inter- and intrafamilial variability, ranging from wheelchair-bound patients to asymptomatic carriers. Our study is unique in comparing the gene expression profiles from related affected, asymptomatic carrier, and control individuals. Our results suggest that the expression of genes on chromosome 4q is altered in affected and asymptomatic individuals. Remarkably, the changes seen in asymptomatic samples are largely in products of genes encoding several chemokines, whereas the changes seen in affected samples ...


Transient High Glucose Causes Persistent Epigenetic Changes And Altered Gene Expression During Subsequent Normoglycemia, Assam El-Osta, Daniella Brasacchio, Dachun Yao, Alessandro Pocai, Peter L. Jones, Robert G. Roeder, Mark E. Cooper, Michael Brownlee Sep 2008

Transient High Glucose Causes Persistent Epigenetic Changes And Altered Gene Expression During Subsequent Normoglycemia, Assam El-Osta, Daniella Brasacchio, Dachun Yao, Alessandro Pocai, Peter L. Jones, Robert G. Roeder, Mark E. Cooper, Michael Brownlee

Peter Jones Lab Publications

The current goal of diabetes therapy is to reduce time-averaged mean levels of glycemia, measured as HbA1c, to prevent diabetic complications. However, HbA1c only explains <25% of the variation in risk of developing complications. Because HbA1c does not correlate with glycemic variability when adjusted for mean blood glucose, we hypothesized that transient spikes of hyperglycemia may be an HbA1c-independent risk factor for diabetic complications. We show that transient hyperglycemia induces long-lasting activating epigenetic changes in the promoter of the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) subunit p65 in aortic endothelial cells both in vitro and in nondiabetic mice, which cause increased p65 gene expression. Both the epigenetic changes and the gene expression changes persist for at least 6 d of subsequent normal glycemia, as do NF-kappaB-induced increases in monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 expression. Hyperglycemia-induced epigenetic changes and increased p65 expression are prevented by reducing mitochondrial superoxide production or superoxide-induced alpha-oxoaldehydes. These results highlight the dramatic and long-lasting effects that short-term hyperglycemic spikes can have on vascular cells and suggest that transient spikes of hyperglycemia may be an HbA1c-independent risk factor for diabetic complications.


Drosophila Let-7 Microrna Is Required For Remodeling Of The Neuromusculature During Metamorphosis, Nicholas S. Sokol, Peizhang Xu, Yuh-Nung Jan, Victor R. Ambros Jun 2008

Drosophila Let-7 Microrna Is Required For Remodeling Of The Neuromusculature During Metamorphosis, Nicholas S. Sokol, Peizhang Xu, Yuh-Nung Jan, Victor R. Ambros

Program in Molecular Medicine Publications and Presentations

The Drosophila let-7-Complex (let-7-C) is a polycistronic locus encoding three ancient microRNAs: let-7, miR-100, and fly lin-4 (miR-125). We find that the let-7-C locus is principally expressed in the pupal and adult neuromusculature. let-7-C knockout flies appear normal externally but display defects in adult behaviors (e.g., flight, motility, and fertility) as well as clear juvenile features in their neuromusculature. We find that the function of let-7-C to ensure the appropriate remodeling of the abdominal neuromusculature during the larval-to-adult transition is carried out predominantly by let-7 alone. This heterochronic role of let-7 is likely just one of the ways in ...


Bmp Signaling Goes Posttranscriptional In A Microrna Sort Of Way, Catherine A. Reinke, Richard W. Carthew Jan 2008

Bmp Signaling Goes Posttranscriptional In A Microrna Sort Of Way, Catherine A. Reinke, Richard W. Carthew

Faculty Publications

Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression correlates with human diseases such as cardiac disorders and cancer. Treatment of such disorders using miRNA-targeted therapeutics requires a thorough understanding of miRNA regulation in vivo. A recent paper in Nature by Davis et al. expands our understanding of miRNA biogenesis and maturation, elucidating a mechanism by which extracellular signaling directs cell differentiation via posttranscriptional regulation of miRNA expression.


A Molecular Phylogeny Of The Genus Bonamia Based On Sequence Data Of The Ribosomal Rna (Rrna) Gene Complex, Delonna M. White Jan 2008

A Molecular Phylogeny Of The Genus Bonamia Based On Sequence Data Of The Ribosomal Rna (Rrna) Gene Complex, Delonna M. White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Requirement Of Jip Scaffold Proteins For Nmda-Mediated Signal Transduction, Norman J. Kennedy, Gilles Martin, Anka G. Ehrhardt, Julie Cavanagh-Kyros, Chia-Yi Kuan, Pasko Rakic, Richard A. Flavell, Steven N. Treistman, Roger J. Davis Sep 2007

Requirement Of Jip Scaffold Proteins For Nmda-Mediated Signal Transduction, Norman J. Kennedy, Gilles Martin, Anka G. Ehrhardt, Julie Cavanagh-Kyros, Chia-Yi Kuan, Pasko Rakic, Richard A. Flavell, Steven N. Treistman, Roger J. Davis

Davis Lab Publications

JIP scaffold proteins are implicated in the regulation of protein kinase signal transduction pathways. To test the physiological role of these scaffold proteins, we examined the phenotype of compound mutant mice that lack expression of JIP proteins. These mice were found to exhibit severe defects in N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor function, including decreased NMDA-evoked current amplitude, cytoplasmic Ca(++), and gene expression. The decreased NMDA receptor activity in JIP-deficient neurons is associated with reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2 subunits of the NMDA receptor. JIP complexes interact with the SH2 domain of cFyn and may therefore promote tyrosine phosphorylation and activity of ...


The Tripartite Motif (Trim) Of Nuclear Factor 7 Is Required For Its Association With Transcription Units, Brent Beenders, Peter L. Jones, Michel Bellini Apr 2007

The Tripartite Motif (Trim) Of Nuclear Factor 7 Is Required For Its Association With Transcription Units, Brent Beenders, Peter L. Jones, Michel Bellini

Peter Jones Lab Publications

In amphibian oocytes, the maternal nuclear factor NF7 associates with the elongating pre-mRNAs present on the numerous lateral loops of the lampbrush chromosomes. Here, we have purified NF7 from an oocyte extract by using a combination of ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography and demonstrated for the first time that nucleoplasmic NF7 exists primarily as free homotrimers. We confirmed the in vivo homotrimerization of NF7 by using a glutaraldehyde cross-linking assay, and we further showed that it only requires the coiled-coil domain of the NF7 tripartite motif/RBCC motif. Interestingly, we also obtained evidence that NF7 is recruited to the ...


Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Lif): Murine Preimplantation Embryo Development, Implantation Rates, And Skeletal Development, Michael Hayes Mitchell Jul 1998

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Lif): Murine Preimplantation Embryo Development, Implantation Rates, And Skeletal Development, Michael Hayes Mitchell

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine which demonstrates perplexing physiological effects. It has been demonstrated that LIF is essential for implantation in mice. Little is known relating to the manner by which LIF effects pre-implantation and post-implantation development. The objectives of this project were to determine the effects LIF on pre-implantation development, to determine the effects that it may have on implantation rates, successful pregnancy rates, and resorption rates, and to determine the effects that LIF has on the skeletal development of mice. For the embryo transfer experiments, embryos were exposed to test compounds in the transfer medium ...


A Novel, Mitogen-Activated Nuclear Kinase Is Related To A Drosophila Developmental Regulator, Gerald V. Denis, Michael R. Green Feb 1996

A Novel, Mitogen-Activated Nuclear Kinase Is Related To A Drosophila Developmental Regulator, Gerald V. Denis, Michael R. Green

Open Access Articles

Although the ultimate targets of many signal transduction pathways are nuclear transcription factors, the vast majority of known protein kinases are cytosolic. Here, we report on a novel human kinase that is present exclusively in the nucleus. Kinase activity is increased upon cellular proliferation and is markedly elevated in patients with acute and chronic lymphocytic leukemias. We have identified a human gene that encodes this nuclear kinase and find that it is closely related to Drosophila female sterile homeotic (fsh), a developmental regulator with no known biochemical activity. Collectively, these results suggest that this nuclear kinase is a component of ...


Phylogeny Of The Haplosporidia (Eukaryota: Alveolata) Based On Small Subunit Ribosomal Rna Gene Sequence, Brenda Sandy Flores Jan 1996

Phylogeny Of The Haplosporidia (Eukaryota: Alveolata) Based On Small Subunit Ribosomal Rna Gene Sequence, Brenda Sandy Flores

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cell Surface-Binding Sites For Progesterone Mediate Calcium Uptake In Human Sperm, Peter F. Blackmore, Joseph Neulan, Frank Lattanzio, Stephen J. Beebe Jan 1991

Cell Surface-Binding Sites For Progesterone Mediate Calcium Uptake In Human Sperm, Peter F. Blackmore, Joseph Neulan, Frank Lattanzio, Stephen J. Beebe

Bioelectrics Publications

Recent studies (e.g. Blackmore, P. F., Beebe, S. J., Danforth, D. R., and Alexander, N.) (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 1376-1380) have shown that in human sperm, progesterone produces a rapid increase in intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and an induction of the acrosome reaction (e.g. Osman, R. A., Andria, M. L., Jones, A. D., and Meizel, S. (1989) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 160, 828-833). In this study, the location of progesterone receptors on the cell surface of human sperm was identified using progesterone immobilized on bovine serum albumin (BSA) (progesterone 3-(O-carboxymethyl)oxime:BSA) as well as ...


Laminin Potentiates Differentiation Of Pcc4uva Embryonal Carcinoma Into Neurons, T. M. Sweeney, Roy C. Ogle, C. D. Little Sep 1990

Laminin Potentiates Differentiation Of Pcc4uva Embryonal Carcinoma Into Neurons, T. M. Sweeney, Roy C. Ogle, C. D. Little

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

The embryonal carcinoma PCC4uva differentiates into neurons in response to treatment with retinoic acid and dbcAMP. We used this in vitro model system to study the effects of laminin on early neural differentiation. Laminin substrata markedly potentiate neural differentiation of retinoic acid and dbcAMP-treated cultures. Only laminin induced more rapid neural cell body clustering, neurite growth and neurite fasciculation as compared to type IV collagen, type I collagen, and fibronectin substrata. Exogenous laminin substrata promoted greater cell attachment, cellular spreading and growth to confluence than type IV collagen, type I collagen, fibronectin and glass substrata. Laminin-induced effects were inhibited by ...