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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Brief Embryonic Strychnine Exposure In Zebrafish Causes Long-Term Adult Behavioral Impairment With Indications Of Embyronic Synaptic Changes, Nicole Roy, Brianna Arpie, Joseph Lugo, Elwood Linney, Edward D. Levin, Daniel Cerutti Nov 2012

Brief Embryonic Strychnine Exposure In Zebrafish Causes Long-Term Adult Behavioral Impairment With Indications Of Embyronic Synaptic Changes, Nicole Roy, Brianna Arpie, Joseph Lugo, Elwood Linney, Edward D. Levin, Daniel Cerutti

Biology Faculty Publications

Zebrafish provide a powerful model of the impacts of embryonic toxicant exposure on neural development that may result in long-term behavioral dysfunction. In this study, zebrafish embryos were treated with 1.5mM strychnine for short embryonic time windows to induce transient changes in inhibitory neural signaling, and were subsequently raised in untreated water until adulthood. PCR analysis showed indications that strychnine exposure altered expression of some genes related to glycinergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic neuronal synapses during embryonic development. In adulthood, treated fish showed significant changes in swimming speed and tank diving behavior compared to controls. Taken together, these data show ...


Dynamic Glucoregulation And Mammalian-Like Responses To Metabolic And Developmental Disruption In Zebrafish, Agata Jurczyk, Nicole M. Roy, Rabia Bajwa, Philipp Gut, Kathryn Lipson, Chaoxing Yang, Laurence Covassin, Waldemar J. Racki, Aldo A. Rossini, Nancy Phillips, Didier Y. R. Stainier, Dale L. Greiner, Michael A. Brehm, Rita Bortell, Philip Diiorio Jan 2011

Dynamic Glucoregulation And Mammalian-Like Responses To Metabolic And Developmental Disruption In Zebrafish, Agata Jurczyk, Nicole M. Roy, Rabia Bajwa, Philipp Gut, Kathryn Lipson, Chaoxing Yang, Laurence Covassin, Waldemar J. Racki, Aldo A. Rossini, Nancy Phillips, Didier Y. R. Stainier, Dale L. Greiner, Michael A. Brehm, Rita Bortell, Philip Diiorio

Biology Faculty Publications

Zebrafish embryos are emerging as models of glucose metabolism. However, patterns of endogenous glucose levels, and the role of the islet in glucoregulation, are unknown. We measured absolute glucose levels in zebrafish and mouse embryos, and demonstrate similar, dynamic glucose fluctuations in both species. Further, we show that chemical and genetic perturbations elicit mammalian-like glycemic responses in zebrafish embryos. We show that glucose is undetectable in early zebrafish and mouse embryos, but increases in parallel with pancreatic islet formation in both species. In zebrafish, increasing glucose is associated with activation of gluconeogenic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase1 (pck1) transcription. Non-hepatic Pck1 protein is ...