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Articles 151 - 161 of 161

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

A Kinetic Model For Growth And Biosynthesis Of Medium-Chain-Length Poly-(3-Hydroxyalkanoates) In Pseudomonas Putida, Irene Tan Kit Ping Jan 2008

A Kinetic Model For Growth And Biosynthesis Of Medium-Chain-Length Poly-(3-Hydroxyalkanoates) In Pseudomonas Putida, Irene Tan Kit Ping

Irene Tan Kit Ping

A kinetic model is presented giving a mathematical description of batch culture of Pseudomonas putida PGA1 grown using saponified palm kernel oil as carbon source and ammonium as the limiting nutrient. The growth of the micro-organism is well-described using. Tessier-type model which takes into account the inhibitory effect of ammonium at high concentrations. The ammonium consumption rate by the cells is related ill proportion to the rate of growth. The intracellular production of medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHA(MCL)) by P. putida PGA1 cells is reasonably modeled by the modified Luedeking-Piret kinetics, which incorporate a function of product Synthesis inhibition (or ...


Regulated Expression Of Adenoviral Vectors-Based Gene Therapies: Therapeutic Expression Of Toxins And Immune-Modulators, James Curtin, Marianela Candolfi, Mariana Puntel, Weidong Xiong, Akm Ghulam Muhammad, Kurt Kroeger, Sonali Mondkar, Chunyan Liu, Niyati Bondale, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro Jan 2008

Regulated Expression Of Adenoviral Vectors-Based Gene Therapies: Therapeutic Expression Of Toxins And Immune-Modulators, James Curtin, Marianela Candolfi, Mariana Puntel, Weidong Xiong, Akm Ghulam Muhammad, Kurt Kroeger, Sonali Mondkar, Chunyan Liu, Niyati Bondale, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro

Articles

Regulatable promoter systems allow gene expression to be tightly controlled in vivo. This is highly desirable for the development of safe, efficacious adenoviral vectors that can be used to treat human diseases in the clinic. Ideally, regulatable cassettes should have minimal gene expression in the "OFF" state, and expression should quickly reach therapeutic levels in the "ON" state. In addition, the components of regulatable cassettes should be non-toxic at physiological concentrations and should not be immunogenic, especially when treating chronic illness that requires long-lasting gene expression. In this chapter, we will describe in detail protocols to develop and validate first ...


Micropropagation Of Field-Grown Perennial Teosinte From Node Culture, J. Zale, L. Ohnoutková, D. West, C. Sams, John Biggerstaff, M. Le Puil Dec 2007

Micropropagation Of Field-Grown Perennial Teosinte From Node Culture, J. Zale, L. Ohnoutková, D. West, C. Sams, John Biggerstaff, M. Le Puil

John Biggerstaff

Propagation of perennial diploid teosinte, Zea diploperennis Iltis, Doebley and Guzmán (2n = 2x = 20), and tetraploid teosinte, Z. perennis (Hitchc.) Reeves and Magelsdorf (2n = 4x = 40), is limited by seed availability. For plants grown in the field, a photoperiod response delays flowering until fall, and seeds may not reach maturity. The objective of this study was to develop an in vitro micropropagation protocol for field grown teosinte. Shoot proliferation was induced from nodes split longitudinally and plated on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with 5 μM 6-benzyl amino purine and 3% (w/v) sucrose. Both species possess a ...


Optimization Of Cutaneous Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery Using Novel Electrode, L. C. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, A. N. Mccray, J. Hickey, R. Heller Feb 2007

Optimization Of Cutaneous Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery Using Novel Electrode, L. C. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, A. N. Mccray, J. Hickey, R. Heller

Bioelectrics Publications

The easy accessibility of skin makes it an excellent target for gene transfer protocols. To take advantage of skin as a target for gene transfer, it is important to establish an efficient and reproducible delivery system. Electroporation is an established technique for enhancing plasmid delivery to many tissues in vivo. A critical component of this technique is the electrode configuration. Electroporation parameters were optimized for transgene expression with minimal tissue damage with a novel electrode. The highest transgene expression and efficiency of individual cell transformation with minimal damage was produced with eight 150 ms pulses at field strength of 100 ...


Evaluation Of Toxicity Following Electrically Mediated Interleukin-12 Gene Delivery In A B16 Mouse Melanoma Model, Loree Heller, Kathleen Merkler, Jeffrey Westover, Yolmari Cruz, Domenico Coppola, Kaaron Benson, Adil Daud, Richard Heller May 2006

Evaluation Of Toxicity Following Electrically Mediated Interleukin-12 Gene Delivery In A B16 Mouse Melanoma Model, Loree Heller, Kathleen Merkler, Jeffrey Westover, Yolmari Cruz, Domenico Coppola, Kaaron Benson, Adil Daud, Richard Heller

Bioelectrics Publications

PURPOSE: Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has potential as an immunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of cancer but is unfortunately associated with toxicity. Delivery of a plasmid encoding IL-12 with electroporation induces an antitumor effect in the B16 mouse melanoma model without serious side effects. To translate this observation to the clinic, an evaluation of toxicity was done in the mouse model.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Weight change, tumor response, blood chemistry and hematology values, and serum IL-12 levels were evaluated. Multiple tissues were analyzed histopathologically.

RESULTS: A pronounced reduction in tumor volume, including a large percentage of complete regressions, was observed after electrically mediated ...


Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel Jan 2006

Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology

Background Soluble fibrin (sFn) is a marker for disseminated intravascular coagulation and may have prognostic significance, especially in metastasis. However, a role for sFn in the etiology of metastatic cancer growth has not been extensively studied. We have reported that sFn cross-linked platelet binding to tumor cells via the major platelet fibrin receptor αIIbβ3, and tumor cell CD54 (ICAM-1), which is the receptor for two of the leukocyte β2 integrins (αLβ2 and aMβ2). We hypothesized that sFn may also affect leukocyte adherence, recognition, and killing of tumor cells. Furthermore, in a rat experimental metastasis model sFn pre-treatment of tumor cells ...


Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel Dec 2005

Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel

John Biggerstaff

Background Soluble fibrin (sFn) is a marker for disseminated intravascular coagulation and may have prognostic significance, especially in metastasis. However, a role for sFn in the etiology of metastatic cancer growth has not been extensively studied. We have reported that sFn cross-linked platelet binding to tumor cells via the major platelet fibrin receptor αIIbβ3, and tumor cell CD54 (ICAM-1), which is the receptor for two of the leukocyte β2 integrins (αLβ2 and aMβ2). We hypothesized that sFn may also affect leukocyte adherence, recognition, and killing of tumor cells. Furthermore, in a rat experimental metastasis model sFn pre-treatment of tumor cells ...


Computational Protein Biomarker Prediction: A Case Study For Prostate Cancer, Michael Wagner, Dayanand N. Naik, Alex Pothen, Srinivas Kasukurti, Raghu Ram Devineni, Bao-Ling Adam, O. John Semmes, George L. Wright Jr. Jan 2004

Computational Protein Biomarker Prediction: A Case Study For Prostate Cancer, Michael Wagner, Dayanand N. Naik, Alex Pothen, Srinivas Kasukurti, Raghu Ram Devineni, Bao-Ling Adam, O. John Semmes, George L. Wright Jr.

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

Background: Recent technological advances in mass spectrometry pose challenges in computational mathematics and statistics to process the mass spectral data into predictive models with clinical and biological significance. We discuss several classification-based approaches to finding protein biomarker candidates using protein profiles obtained via mass spectrometry, and we assess their statistical significance. Our overall goal is to implicate peaks that have a high likelihood of being biologically linked to a given disease state, and thus to narrow the search for biomarker candidates.

Results: Thorough cross-validation studies and randomization tests are performed on a prostate cancer dataset with over 300 patients, obtained ...


Electrically Mediated Delivery Of Vector Plasmid Dna Elicits An Antitumor Effect, L. Heller, D. Coppola Oct 2002

Electrically Mediated Delivery Of Vector Plasmid Dna Elicits An Antitumor Effect, L. Heller, D. Coppola

Bioelectrics Publications

In vivo electroporation is an efficient means of increasing plasmid DNA delivery to normal tissues, such as skin and muscle, as well as directly to tumors. In the experiments described here, plasmid DNA was delivered by in vivo electroporation to B16 mouse melanomas using two very different pulsing protocols. Reporter expression increased 21- or 42-fold, respectively with electroporation over injection alone. The growth of experimental melanomas with an approximate diameter of 4 mm on the day of treatment was monitored after electroporation delivery of reporter plasmid DNA. Remarkably, short-term complete regressions using one of these pulsing protocols occurred in up ...


Bioinformatics Support Of Genome Sequencing Projects, Xiaoqiu Huang Jan 2002

Bioinformatics Support Of Genome Sequencing Projects, Xiaoqiu Huang

Computer Science Publications

The genome of an organism is the "book of life". It encodes the complete set of genetic instructions for the development of the organism. The structure of a genome is a linear sequence of nucleotides. Determination of the sequence of a genome lays the foundation for understanding biology at the molecular level. With the current biotechnology, it is a challenging task to determine the sequence of a genome. A sequencing machine can read the sequence of a piece of DNA for up to 1000 bp (base pairs). However, genomes are very huge. For example, the genome of the bacterium E ...


Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery To Hepatocellular Carcinomas In Vivo, L. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, C. Pottinger, R. Gilbert, Richard Heller May 2000

Electrically Mediated Plasmid Dna Delivery To Hepatocellular Carcinomas In Vivo, L. Heller, M. J. Jaroszeski, D. Coppola, C. Pottinger, R. Gilbert, Richard Heller

Bioelectrics Publications

Gene therapy by direct delivery of plasmid DNA has several advantages over viral gene transfer, but plasmid delivery is less efficient. In vivo electroporation has been used to enhance delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to tumors in both animal and human studies. Recently, this delivery technique has been extended to large molecules such as plasmid DNA. Here, the successful delivery of plasmids encoding reporter genes to rat hepatocellular carcinomas by in vivo electroporation is demonstrated.