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1996

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Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Fishery Independent Standing Stock Surveys Of Oyster Populations In Virginia 1996, Roger Mann, James Wesson Dec 1996

Fishery Independent Standing Stock Surveys Of Oyster Populations In Virginia 1996, Roger Mann, James Wesson

Reports

Extensive description of the Virginia oyster resource and history of its utilization has been given by Haven, Hargis and Kendall (1981), and more recently reviewed by Hargis and Haven (1988). These contributions, among many others, describe a state of continuing decline. The James River, Virginia has served as the focal point for the Virginia oyster industry for over a century, being the source of the majority of seed oysters that were transplanted for grow-out to locations within the Virginia portion of the Chesapeake Bay and much further afield in the Middle Atlantic states (Haven et al, 1981 ). The Rappahannock River ...


Juvenile Fish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Volume 1995, Patrick J. Geer, Herbert M. Austin Dec 1996

Juvenile Fish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Volume 1995, Patrick J. Geer, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has conducted a trawl survey dating back to 1955. Over the years methods and objectives have varied according to funding sources and state and/or federal mandates. The present thrust of the program is to provide juvenile indices of relative abundance for recreationally, commercially, and ecologically· important fish and invertebrates. These measures of juvenile abundance are widely used as a key element in the management of the Atlantic States' coastal fishery resources. Estimates of juveniles (age-0) have proven to be a reliable and early indicator of future year-class strength. A review of previously ...


Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program York River Random Stratified Bottom Trawl Survey Data Summary Report Volume R1989-1990, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin Oct 1996

Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program York River Random Stratified Bottom Trawl Survey Data Summary Report Volume R1989-1990, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has conducted a bottom trawl survey of some fashion since 1955. Historically, sampling has occurred as mid-channel transects at fixed locations spaced at approximately five mile intervals. In the early 1970's, work was performed on the Mobjack Bay and Piankatank River using the standard 30 ft. fishing gear from a large research platform, with a 16 ft. gear towed from an outboard skiff or Chesapeake deadrise at shallow stations (:$; 12 ft.). Linda Pushee Mercer initiated the first random survey of the York River in 1971-72, as part of the results of a ...


Density-Dependent Settler-Recruit-Juvenile Relationships In Blue Crabs, Aj Pile, Rn Lipcius, J Van Montfrans, Rj Orth Aug 1996

Density-Dependent Settler-Recruit-Juvenile Relationships In Blue Crabs, Aj Pile, Rn Lipcius, J Van Montfrans, Rj Orth

VIMS Articles

Current theory on the population dynamics of marine species with complex life history patterns posits that a suite of physical and biotic forces (e.g., habitat structure and density-dependent predation or emigration) control survival and abundance in early life history, particularly after settlement. We have conducted a long-term sampling effort accompanied by a series of field and laboratory experiments examining the joint effects of habitat type, body size, and population density upon abundance and survival of early juveniles of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. In addition, the chance occurrence of a tropical storm during one set of experiments provided an ...


Rare And Endangered Plants At Gateway National Recreation Area: A Case For Protection Of Urban Natural Areas, John T. Tanacredi Ph.D., Richard Stalter, Michael D. Byer Jul 1996

Rare And Endangered Plants At Gateway National Recreation Area: A Case For Protection Of Urban Natural Areas, John T. Tanacredi Ph.D., Richard Stalter, Michael D. Byer

Faculty Works: CERCOM

The diversity of native plant species in urban environments is usually overlooked when biodiversity levels are considered. Inventories of native plants reveal many to be rare species surviving the harsh conditions encountered in urban ecosystems. Knowledge of their existence and an inventory of their distribution will assist in maintaining these populations. Protection strategies for rare plant species are outlined for urban National Parks.


Marine Resource Bulletin Vol. 28, No. 2 & 3, Virginia Sea Grant, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Jul 1996

Marine Resource Bulletin Vol. 28, No. 2 & 3, Virginia Sea Grant, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Virginia Marine Resource Bulletin

Contents

The Experiment

Virginia's Native Oyster: Its Complicated Demise Oyster Shell Use

Oyster Biology

In Some Sort of Regard

The Geographical Distribution of C. virginica, C. gigas and C. rivularis

Change, Change, Change

Crassostrea gigas, Under Scrutiny

Mosaics

The Plan

Introductions

Recent Publication


Histopathology Of The Thymus Of Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus Kisutch Experimentally Infected With Renibacterium Salmoninarum, E Flano, Sl Kaattari, B Razquin, Aj Villena Jul 1996

Histopathology Of The Thymus Of Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus Kisutch Experimentally Infected With Renibacterium Salmoninarum, E Flano, Sl Kaattari, B Razquin, Aj Villena

VIMS Articles

We report on the histopathological changes occurring in the thymus of coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch experimentally infected with Renibacterium salmoninarum. Coho salmon were intraperitoneally infected, and the thymi were collected weekly from 1 to 7 wk post-infection, and processed for ultrastructural study. The thymus appeared to be infected only in fish collected at 6 and 7 wk post-infection. The first stage of the infection was characterized by the presence of a low number of bacteria scattered in the connective tissue of the capsule. Further progression of the thymic infection was characterized by the rupture of the capsular-thymic barrier, and by ...


Reform Of The Endangered Species Act: Overview Of Administrative Reforms [Congressional Hearing Material Submitted By Bruce E. Babbitt, Secretary, Department Of Interior], Dinah Bear Jun 1996

Reform Of The Endangered Species Act: Overview Of Administrative Reforms [Congressional Hearing Material Submitted By Bruce E. Babbitt, Secretary, Department Of Interior], Dinah Bear

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

31 pages.


How The Regulated Community Views Regulation To Protect Living Resources: The Endangered Species Act, Biological Diversity, And Ecosystem Management, Steven P. Quarles Jun 1996

How The Regulated Community Views Regulation To Protect Living Resources: The Endangered Species Act, Biological Diversity, And Ecosystem Management, Steven P. Quarles

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

21 pages.

Contains footnotes.


The Endangered Species: The Urban Water Utility Perspective, Chips Barry Jun 1996

The Endangered Species: The Urban Water Utility Perspective, Chips Barry

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

24 pages.


A Tribal Perspective On Esa Reform, Ted Strong Jun 1996

A Tribal Perspective On Esa Reform, Ted Strong

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

4 pages.


Habitat Based, Multi-Species Hcps: Lessons From The Northwest, James A. Kraft Jun 1996

Habitat Based, Multi-Species Hcps: Lessons From The Northwest, James A. Kraft

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

9 pages.


Columbia River Salmon: Are Any Of The Esa Tools Adequate For The Job?, John M. Volkman Jun 1996

Columbia River Salmon: Are Any Of The Esa Tools Adequate For The Job?, John M. Volkman

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

32 pages.

Contains footnotes.


Upper Colorado River Fish: A Recovery Program That Is Working – Myth Or Reality?, James S. Lochhead Jun 1996

Upper Colorado River Fish: A Recovery Program That Is Working – Myth Or Reality?, James S. Lochhead

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

24 pages (includes 1 map).

Contains 2 pages of references.


A Comparison: Lessons From The Columbia Basin And The Upper Colorado Basin Fish Recovery Efforts, Mary Christina Wood Jun 1996

A Comparison: Lessons From The Columbia Basin And The Upper Colorado Basin Fish Recovery Efforts, Mary Christina Wood

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

47 pages.

Contains 5 pages of references.


The Enigma Of The Blind Salamander And Groundwater Pumping: Lessons From The Edwards Aquifer, Texas, Charles R. Shockey Jun 1996

The Enigma Of The Blind Salamander And Groundwater Pumping: Lessons From The Edwards Aquifer, Texas, Charles R. Shockey

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

39 pages (includes illustrations and maps).

Contains footnotes.


The Esa, Water Rights, And Regulatory Takings, Barton H. Thompson, Jr. Jun 1996

The Esa, Water Rights, And Regulatory Takings, Barton H. Thompson, Jr.

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

28 pages.

Contains 2 pages of references.


The Endangered Species Act: Tramping On Tribal Rights?, Robert S. Pelcyger Jun 1996

The Endangered Species Act: Tramping On Tribal Rights?, Robert S. Pelcyger

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

32 pages.

Contains footnotes.


The Endangered Species Act—Economic Impacts: The Perception And The Numbers, Jon A. Souder Jun 1996

The Endangered Species Act—Economic Impacts: The Perception And The Numbers, Jon A. Souder

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

13 pages (includes illustrations).

Contains 2 pages of references.


Water Rights, Contract Rights, And The Endangered Species Act, Brian E. Gray Jun 1996

Water Rights, Contract Rights, And The Endangered Species Act, Brian E. Gray

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

12 pages.

Contains references.


An Overview Of The Endangered Species Act, Michael J. Brennan Jun 1996

An Overview Of The Endangered Species Act, Michael J. Brennan

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

25 pages.


Landscape Scale Habitat Conservation Plans: The California Experience, Lindell L. Marsh Jun 1996

Landscape Scale Habitat Conservation Plans: The California Experience, Lindell L. Marsh

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

24 pages.

Contains 3 pages of references.


Agenda: Biodiversity Protection: Implementation And Reform Of The Endangered Species Act, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Jun 1996

Agenda: Biodiversity Protection: Implementation And Reform Of The Endangered Species Act, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Biodiversity Protection: Implementation and Reform of the Endangered Species Act (Summer Conference, June 9-12)

Conference organizers and/or faculty included University of Colorado School of Law professors Betsy Rieke, David H. Getches, Michael A. Gheleta and Charles F. Wilkinson.

All across the country--in Congress, in state legislatures and in urban and rural communities--people are discussing why we should or should not protect biodiversity and how best to do so. Since the Endangered Species Act is up for reauthorization, a variety of reform proposals are being debated. Speakers--including natural resource scholars, experts from the private and nonprofit sectors, and government officials--will examine the rationale for biodiversity protection, the legal framework of the Endangered Species Act ...


Irrigation, Power, And Salmon: The Case For Voluntary Water Transfers In The Columbia Basin, Eric Kuhner Jun 1996

Irrigation, Power, And Salmon: The Case For Voluntary Water Transfers In The Columbia Basin, Eric Kuhner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper begins with a brief history of water law in the west, illustrating the roots of conflict over water allocation. A more detailed examination of activities in the Columbia Basin follows, describing the many parties affected by issues of water use and the overlapping institutional structures that govern the river and its water.

Sources of pressure to change the current pattern of water use are then considered. These include requirements to protect endangered salmon runs and the change over time in the relative values of water for power production and irrigation. This section demonstrates how changes in the value ...


Site Selection For Shellfish Aquaculture, Michael J. Oesterling Jun 1996

Site Selection For Shellfish Aquaculture, Michael J. Oesterling

Reports

No abstract provided.


An Unidentified Haplosporidian Parasite Of Bay Scallop Argopecten Irradians Cultured In The Shandong And Liaoning Provinces Of China, Fle Chu, Em Burreson, F Zhang, K Chew May 1996

An Unidentified Haplosporidian Parasite Of Bay Scallop Argopecten Irradians Cultured In The Shandong And Liaoning Provinces Of China, Fle Chu, Em Burreson, F Zhang, K Chew

VIMS Articles

Since 1988 growers of bay scallop Argopecten irradians in China have been experiencing mortality in their cultured stocks. Although poorly documented, mortality apparently began near Qingdao and has since spread to other areas of Shandong and Liaoning provinces. Samples of cultured scallops were collected from several growing areas in these provinces and analyzed by histological methods for pathogens. An unidentified haplosporidian parasite was observed in a high proportion of scallops from two of the stocks examined. Most infections were of low intensity, but one heavy infection was also observed. Only plasmodia stages were observed; they occurred intercellularly in connective tissues ...


Physical Factors Influencing Survival To Emergence And Time Of Emergence Of Shoreslope-Spawned Kokanee Salmon In Flaming Gorge Reservoir, Utah-Wyoming, Randall J. Jeric May 1996

Physical Factors Influencing Survival To Emergence And Time Of Emergence Of Shoreslope-Spawned Kokanee Salmon In Flaming Gorge Reservoir, Utah-Wyoming, Randall J. Jeric

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

I used incubation baskets containing viable eggs and spawning substrate to estimate the survival to emergence and time of emergence of kokanee salmon Oncorhynchus nerka at depths to 20 m in Flaming Gorge Reservoir, Utah-Wyoming. Traps on the incubation baskets captured fry emerging from a known quantity of eggs. Water drawn into a syringe from an intragravel pipe buried near each incubation basket was used to determine intragravel dissolved oxygen concentrations throughout the intragravel period. Water from control baskets without eggs did not have significantly greater dissolved oxygen concentrations than adjacent water. A jar associated with each incubation basket collected ...


Habitat Selection And Movement Of A Stream-Resident Salmonid In A Regulated River And Tests Of Four Bioenergetic Optimization Models, Mark D. Bowen May 1996

Habitat Selection And Movement Of A Stream-Resident Salmonid In A Regulated River And Tests Of Four Bioenergetic Optimization Models, Mark D. Bowen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A bioenergetics model was constructed for stream-resident drift-feeding salmonids. Model predictions of surplus power (energy available per unit time for lll growth and reproduction) were not statistically distinguishable from observations of surplus power in three laboratory studies. Of 40 experimental trials in these three studies, the model correctly predicted surplus power in 39 cases (p < 0.05).

I collected observations of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) focal velocity and physical habitat availability in the Green River of northeastern Utah, USA (1988-1990). In the winter of 1988, Flaming Gorge Dam generated hydropower and delivered an lJDStable discharge regime with a higher mean discharge to ...


Natural And Ex-Vessel Moisture Content Of Sea Scallops (Placopecten Magellanicus), William D. Dupaul, Robert A. Fisher, James E. Kirkley Apr 1996

Natural And Ex-Vessel Moisture Content Of Sea Scallops (Placopecten Magellanicus), William D. Dupaul, Robert A. Fisher, James E. Kirkley

Reports

No abstract provided.


Enhanced Immunogenicity Of Renibacterium Salmoninarum In Chinook Salmon After Removal Of The Bacterial Cell Surface-Associated 57 Kda Protein, Pa Wood, Sl Kaattari Apr 1996

Enhanced Immunogenicity Of Renibacterium Salmoninarum In Chinook Salmon After Removal Of The Bacterial Cell Surface-Associated 57 Kda Protein, Pa Wood, Sl Kaattari

VIMS Articles

A study was conducted to determine the effect of endogenous serine protease activity on the immunogenicity of Renibacterium salmoninarum cells in chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Salmon were immunized with either R. salmoninarum cells possessing p57 (p57(+)) or substantially depleted of p57 (p57(-)). The resultant antisera were examined by whole cell ELISA and immunoblot procedures using p57(+), p57(-), proteinase-K-treated, and periodate-treated whole cells. These analyses revealed that the removal of p57 by the endogenous serine protease significantly enhanced the immunogenicity of the cell, resulting in a 20-fold increase in detectable antibody titers. The bulk of this antibody activity was directed at ...