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1994

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Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Annual Progress Report, North Central Regional Aquaculture Center Dec 1994

Annual Progress Report, North Central Regional Aquaculture Center

NCRAC Annual Progress Reports

No abstract provided.


Cage Culture Of Fish In The North Central Region, Ladon Swann, Joseph E. Morris, Dan Selock, Jean Rosscup Riepe Dec 1994

Cage Culture Of Fish In The North Central Region, Ladon Swann, Joseph E. Morris, Dan Selock, Jean Rosscup Riepe

NCRAC Technical Bulletins

The commercial production of fish is most commonly performed in open ponds, raceways, water reuse systems, and cages. Cage culture of fish is an intensive production method that allows the farmer to utilize existing farm ponds, borrow pits, or strip pits normally unsuitable for open pond culture, by enclosing fish in cages or pens. Generally, yields (pounds/acre) are greater in open pond culture. However, there are times when existing bodies of water do not lend themselves to open pond culture and cage culture may be the best alternative.


Comments On Proposed Modifications Of The Fisheries Management Plan For Sharks Of The Atlantic Ocean, J. A. Musick Nov 1994

Comments On Proposed Modifications Of The Fisheries Management Plan For Sharks Of The Atlantic Ocean, J. A. Musick

Reports

No abstract provided.


Fishery Independent Standing Stock Surveys Of Oyster Populations In The Virginia Sub Estuaries Of The Chesapeake Bay And A Comparison With Continuing Estimates Obtained From Fishery Dependent Data, Roger Mann, James Wesson Nov 1994

Fishery Independent Standing Stock Surveys Of Oyster Populations In The Virginia Sub Estuaries Of The Chesapeake Bay And A Comparison With Continuing Estimates Obtained From Fishery Dependent Data, Roger Mann, James Wesson

Reports

Extensive description of the Virginia oyster resource and history of its utilization has been given by Haven, Hargis and Kendall (1981), and more recently reviewed by Hargis and Haven (1988). These contributions, among many others, describe a state of continuing decline. To facilitate resource management a fishery independent survey was proposed to and subsequently supported by the Chesapeake Bay Stock Assessment Committee in 1993. This report covers activity on that program for the period October of 1993 through September of 1994.

Spatial variability in distribution of oysters within an oyster reef system, and distribution of reefs in the intertidal and ...


Vims/W&M Blue Crab Fishery Statement, Romuald N. Lipcius, Jacques Van Montfrans Oct 1994

Vims/W&M Blue Crab Fishery Statement, Romuald N. Lipcius, Jacques Van Montfrans

Reports

No abstract provided.


Perkinsus-Marinus (Apicomplexa) As A Potential Source Of Oyster Crassostrea-Virginica Mortality In Coastal Lagoons Of Tabasco, Mexico, Em Burreson, Rs Alvarez, W Martinez, La Macedo Oct 1994

Perkinsus-Marinus (Apicomplexa) As A Potential Source Of Oyster Crassostrea-Virginica Mortality In Coastal Lagoons Of Tabasco, Mexico, Em Burreson, Rs Alvarez, W Martinez, La Macedo

VIMS Articles

Poorly documented, but apparently sporadic oyster Crassostrea virginica mortality in the coastal lagoons Carmen, Machona and Mecoacan at the southern extreme of the Gulf of Mexico in Tabasco, Mexico, has been attributed by local oystermen to pollution resulting from oil refinery operations. In September 1992 we sampled oysters in these lagoons to investigate the potential for disease-induced mortality from the oyster pathogen Perkinsus marinus. Prevalence of P. marinus was 100% at Lodazal, a high salinity (31 ppt) site in Carmen lagoon and 60% at Rio San Felipe, a low salinity (15 ppt) site. At Los Jimenez, a high salinity (32 ...


Description Of A New Blood-Fluke, Cruoricola Lates N. G., N. Sp. (Digenea: Sanguinicolidae), From Sea-Bass Lates Calcarifer (Bloch, 1790) (Centropomidae), Brett W. Herbert, Faizah M. Shaharom-Harrison, Robin M. Overstreet Sep 1994

Description Of A New Blood-Fluke, Cruoricola Lates N. G., N. Sp. (Digenea: Sanguinicolidae), From Sea-Bass Lates Calcarifer (Bloch, 1790) (Centropomidae), Brett W. Herbert, Faizah M. Shaharom-Harrison, Robin M. Overstreet

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

A new blood-fluke, Cruoricola lates n. g., n. sp., is described from sea-bass Lates calcarifer cultured in Malaysia. It is also found in Thailand and Australia. All fish examined over 15 cm in length were infected in the type-locality. This sanguinicolid is differentiated from other genera by the spherical seminal vesicle; the large, single testis extending beyond the intestinal caeca; the medial, bi-lobed ovary; and the single column of submarginal, laterally directed, evenly spaced spines. It has separate genital pores which are close together. Adults are found predominantly in the mesenteric venules of the venous circulation. Juveniles are commonest in ...


Status Of The Major Oyster Diseases In Virginia 1993 A Summary Of The Annual Monitoring Program, Eugene M. Burreson, Lisa M. Ragone Calvo Aug 1994

Status Of The Major Oyster Diseases In Virginia 1993 A Summary Of The Annual Monitoring Program, Eugene M. Burreson, Lisa M. Ragone Calvo

Reports

No abstract provided.


Hematodinium-Australis N-Sp, A Parasitic Dinoflagellate Of The Sand Crab Portunus-Pelagicus From Moreton Bay, Australia, Da Hudson, Jd Shields Jul 1994

Hematodinium-Australis N-Sp, A Parasitic Dinoflagellate Of The Sand Crab Portunus-Pelagicus From Moreton Bay, Australia, Da Hudson, Jd Shields

VIMS Articles

A new species of parasitic dinoflagellate is described from the portunid crab Portunus pelagicus. The dinoflagellate is a member of the genus Hematodinium which formerly consisted of a single species, H. perezi. Members of the genus have been reported in crabs and lobsters from Europe and North America, where in some circumstances they cause significant mortalities to host populations. The new species is the first member of the family Syndinidae to be fully described from Australia. The new species differs from other forms of Hematodinium primarily by the size of the trophont (vegetative stage), the ovoid plasmodium, and the small ...


Harvest Efficiency And Size Selectivity Of 3.00 And 3.25-Lnch Sea Scallop Dredge Rings, William D. Dupaul, James E. Kirkley Jul 1994

Harvest Efficiency And Size Selectivity Of 3.00 And 3.25-Lnch Sea Scallop Dredge Rings, William D. Dupaul, James E. Kirkley

Reports

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Tournaments As A Fishery Management Tool Data Collection, Herbert M. Austin Jun 1994

The Role Of Tournaments As A Fishery Management Tool Data Collection, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

No abstract provided.


Length Frequency Observations Of Lophius Americanus Taken During One Trip Aboard A Commercial Scalloper, Ryan B. Carnegie May 1994

Length Frequency Observations Of Lophius Americanus Taken During One Trip Aboard A Commercial Scalloper, Ryan B. Carnegie

Reports

No abstract provided.


Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1988, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin May 1994

Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1988, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has conducted a trawl survey of the Virginia tributaries to the Chesapeake Bay dating back to 1955. Over these forty years, methods and objectives have varied according to funding sources and state and/ or federal mandates. The present thrust of the program is to provide juvenile indices of relative abundance of recreationally, commercially, and ecologically important finfish and invertebrates. In 1988, the main area of focus was as a monitoring device of the resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, as well as a way to create juvenile indices of key target ...


Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1993, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin Apr 1994

Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1993, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has conducted a trawl survey dating back to 1955. Over these forty years methods and objectives have varied according to funding sources and state and/or federal mandates. The present thrust of the program is to provide juvenile indices of relative abundance for recreationally, commercially, and ecologically important finfish and invertebrates. These measures of juvenile abundance are widely used as a key element in the management of the Atlantic States' coastal fishery resources. Estimates of juveniles (age-0) have been found to provide a reliable and early indicator of future year class strength. A ...


Thoughts On Flounder Management And The Need For Action In Virginia, Herbert M. Austin Mar 1994

Thoughts On Flounder Management And The Need For Action In Virginia, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

No abstract provided.


Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1987, Joy C. Dameron, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin Mar 1994

Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1987, Joy C. Dameron, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has conducted a trawl survey dating back to 1955. Over these forty years methods and objectives have varied according to funding sources and state and/or federal mandates. The present thrust of the program is to provide juvenile indices of relative abundance for recreationally, commercially, and ecologically important finfish and invertebrates. These measures of juvenile abundance are widely used as a key element in the management of the Atlantic States' coastal fishery resources and serve as an early indicator of future year class strength. The most abundant species captured in 1987 continued to ...


Liver Lesions In Winter Flounder (Pseudopleuronectes Americanus) From Jamaica Bay, New York: Indications Of Environmental Degradation, John T. Tanacredi Ph.D., Thomas P. Augspurger, Roger L. Herman, Jeff S. Hatfield Mar 1994

Liver Lesions In Winter Flounder (Pseudopleuronectes Americanus) From Jamaica Bay, New York: Indications Of Environmental Degradation, John T. Tanacredi Ph.D., Thomas P. Augspurger, Roger L. Herman, Jeff S. Hatfield

Faculty Works: CERCOM

Liver sections of winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) collected from Jamaica Bay and Shinnecock Bay, New York, in 1989, were examined microscopically to determine the pervasiveness of liver lesions observed previously in Jamaica Bay winter flounder. Neoplastic lesions were not detected in fish from Jamaica Bay or the Shinnecock Bay reference site. Twenty-two percent of Jamaica Bay winter flounder examined (n=103) had unusual vacuolization of hepatocytes and biliary pre-ductal and ductal cells (referred to hereafter as the vacuolated cell lesion). The lesion, identical to that found in 25% of Jamaica Bay winter flounder examined in 1988, has previously been identified ...


Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1986, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin Mar 1994

Juvenile Finfish And Blue Crab Stock Assessment Program Bottom Trawl Survey Annual Data Summary Report Series Volume 1986, Michael F. Land, Patrick J. Geer, Christopher F. Bonzek, Herbert M. Austin

Reports

This report summarizes data collected by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) monthly trawl survey cruises for January-December 1986. The trawl survey is a long term, broad scope monitoring program. Its present primary goal is to produce annual indices of juvenile (young-of-year) abundance of commercially, recreationally and ecologically important marine and estuarine finfish and crustaceans. The objective is to provide indices of sufficient accuracy and precision for both immediate resource management needs and long-term understanding of environmental influences of fishery resources. A second important product of this effort is the documentation and monitoring of habitat utilization by juveniles and ...


A Report To The Sea Scallop Plan Development Team: Preliminary Assessment Of 3.25" Ring Dredge, William Dupaul, James Kirkley Feb 1994

A Report To The Sea Scallop Plan Development Team: Preliminary Assessment Of 3.25" Ring Dredge, William Dupaul, James Kirkley

Reports

No abstract provided.


A Profile Of The Oyster Industry Northeastern United States, Douglas Lipton, James Kirkley Feb 1994

A Profile Of The Oyster Industry Northeastern United States, Douglas Lipton, James Kirkley

Reports

This is a critical period for the future of the east coast oyster industry. This report documents the dramatic decline in industry output which has been the impetus for a publicly funded program to "revtalize" the industry. Oyster biologists argue over the severityy of the decline and the cause, and also the potential remedies. Should non-native oysters, specifically Crassostrea gigas, be introduced into the region to replace the native oyster production? Are there ways to manage around the devastating oyster diseases MSX and Dermo? Will large populations of oysters significantly improve the water quality in currentiy degraded areas?

While these ...


Guide To The Common Fishes Of South Dakota, Robert M. Neumann, David W. Willis Jan 1994

Guide To The Common Fishes Of South Dakota, Robert M. Neumann, David W. Willis

SDSU Extension Circulars

South Dakota is home to more than 100 fish species. This guide is a reference to the most common 50 species. Included are tips for identification, distribution maps and brief life histories. Also included is a comprehensive listing of the known fish species in South Dakota.


Observations Of Red-Tailed Hawks Capturing Wild Ducks In North Dakota, Robert K. Murphy Jan 1994

Observations Of Red-Tailed Hawks Capturing Wild Ducks In North Dakota, Robert K. Murphy

US Fish & Wildlife Publications

Ducks (Anserifonnes; Anatinae) are preyed on by red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis) in the northern Great Plains of North America, yet I found no published, direct observations of captures of wild ducks by red-tailed hawks in the region. I made the following observations in south central Burke County, northwestern North Dakota.


H. Albert Hochbaum: A Man Not Forgotten, Jerome R. Serie Jan 1994

H. Albert Hochbaum: A Man Not Forgotten, Jerome R. Serie

US Fish & Wildlife Publications

This book is a posthumous collection of essays by Al Hochbaum, compiled and edited by his son George, and is a unique blend of classic literary pose and artistry. It is colorfully illustrated with brilliant photographs by two of the best waterfowl photographers, Jack A. Barrie and Glen D. Chambers. Hochbaum's painting of a canvasback flight over Delta Marsh graces the frontispiece and several of his pen-and-ink sketches are scattered throughout. Both the foreword, by Gene Bossenmaier, and the introduction, by George Hochbaum, pay tribute to Hochbaum' s dedication to waterfowl, his immense talents, and a lifetime of accomplishment ...


Out-Of-Season Births Of Elk Calves In Wyoming, Bruce L. Smith Jan 1994

Out-Of-Season Births Of Elk Calves In Wyoming, Bruce L. Smith

US Fish & Wildlife Publications

ive out-of-season births of Rocky Mountain elk were documented over a 24-month period at the National Elk Refuge, Wyoming. One of four November neonates was radio-instrumented and subsequently died seven days later due to hypothermia. An April-born calf was killed by a coyote. Supplemental winter feeding of elk at the Refuge may increase the frequency of asynchronous reproduction.


Identification Of Tire Leachate Toxicants And A Risk Assessment Of Water Quality Effects Using Tire Reefs In Canals, S. M. Nelson, G. Mueller, D. C. Hemphill, U.S. Bureau Of Reclamation Jan 1994

Identification Of Tire Leachate Toxicants And A Risk Assessment Of Water Quality Effects Using Tire Reefs In Canals, S. M. Nelson, G. Mueller, D. C. Hemphill, U.S. Bureau Of Reclamation

Publications (WR)

Cover is an important component of aquatic habitat and fisheries management. Fisheries biologists often try to improve habitats through the addition of natural and artificial material to improve cover diversity and complexity. Habitat-improvement programs range from submerging used Christmas trees to more complex programs using sophisticated artificial habitat modules. Used automobile tires have been employed in the large scale construction of reefs and fish attractors in marine environments and to a lesser extent in freshwater and have been recognized as a durable, inexpensive and long-lasting material which benefits fishery communities.

Recent studies by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation have ...


Niche Marketing Your Aquaculture Products, Ladon Swann, Jean Rosscup Riepe Jan 1994

Niche Marketing Your Aquaculture Products, Ladon Swann, Jean Rosscup Riepe

NCRAC Technical Bulletins

Producers who are ready to harvest their first crop of fish, often ask, “Where will I sell them?” It is surprising how many producers ask this question so late in the production cycle. To avoid certain failure of an aquaculture enterprise, producers must seriously investigate the marketplace as an initial step before investing in production. Midwestern farmers in traditional farming enterprises, such as corn, soybeans, beef, swine, and poultry, use well-established markets that have been highly refined over the last few decades. For example, go to any rural town, regardless of its size, and you’ll likely find a grain ...


A Contaminants Evaluation Of The Big Blue River In Southeastern Nebraska, Brent J. Esmoil, Kirk D. Schroeder, Timothy E. Fannin Jan 1994

A Contaminants Evaluation Of The Big Blue River In Southeastern Nebraska, Brent J. Esmoil, Kirk D. Schroeder, Timothy E. Fannin

US Fish & Wildlife Publications

We collected three composite fish and three composite sediment samples from the Big Blue River in southeastern Nebraska to determine the presence of agricultural chemicals or other contaminants. Inorganic analyses consisted of individual analyses for arsenic, selenium, and mercury, as well as an ICP scan for other elements. Organic analyses included organochlorines, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, and chlorphenoxy acid herbicides.

Arsenic was detected in the sediment samples, but not in the fish samples.

Selenium was detected in one of three sediment samples and in all fish samples.

Mercury was not detected in sediment samples, but was detected ...


Summer Habitat Use Of Littoral-Zone Fishes In Lake Tahoe And The Effects Of Shoreline Structures, D. Beauchamp, E. Byron, Wayne A. Wurtsbaugh Jan 1994

Summer Habitat Use Of Littoral-Zone Fishes In Lake Tahoe And The Effects Of Shoreline Structures, D. Beauchamp, E. Byron, Wayne A. Wurtsbaugh

Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications

We used scuba observations to determine summer habitat use and the effects of piers on the littoral-zone fish community in Lake Tahoe, California–Nevada. Habitat complexity declined with depth. Over 50% of the littoral zone less than 2 m deep was composed of complex boulder substrates, but this substrate represented less than 10% of the habitat between 10 and 18 m deep. A severe drought lowered the surface elevation of the lake 2 m and reduced the wetted complex rocky habitat by 20% between the 0- and l0-m isobaths (referenced to the mean lake level of 1,899 m above ...


Estimation Of Juvenile Striped Bass Relative Abundance In The Virginia Portion Of Chesapeake Bay, January 1993-December 1993 : Annual Progress Report, Hebert M. Austin, A. Dean Estes, Donald M. Seaver Jan 1994

Estimation Of Juvenile Striped Bass Relative Abundance In The Virginia Portion Of Chesapeake Bay, January 1993-December 1993 : Annual Progress Report, Hebert M. Austin, A. Dean Estes, Donald M. Seaver

Reports

No abstract provided.


Maturity, Spawning, And Ovarian Cycle Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias-Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay And Adjacent Coastal Waters, Luiz R. Barbieri, Mark E. Chittenden, Susan K. Lowerre-Barbieri Jan 1994

Maturity, Spawning, And Ovarian Cycle Of Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias-Undulatus, In The Chesapeake Bay And Adjacent Coastal Waters, Luiz R. Barbieri, Mark E. Chittenden, Susan K. Lowerre-Barbieri

VIMS Articles

The reproductive biology of Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus, collected during 1990-91 from commercial catches in Chesapeake Bay and in Virginia and North Carolina coastal waters (n=3,091), was studied by using macroscopic and microscopic gonad staging, the gonadosomatic index, oocyte diameter distributions, and histological analysis. Atlantic croaker are multiple spawners with asynchronous oocyte development and indeterminate fecundity. Mean length at first maturity for males and females was 182 and 173 mm TL, respectively. More than 85% of both sexes were mature by the end of their first year and all were mature by age 2. Spawning extends over a ...