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Theses/Dissertations

2001

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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Genomic Organization Of Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus, Trent Rector Dec 2001

Genomic Organization Of Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus, Trent Rector

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an emerging pathogen of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The development of an effective ISA virus vaccine is a high priority for salmon producers in the U.S. and elsewhere. The process of developing a recombinant vaccine requires complete genetic characterization of the virus. Toward this end we have cloned, sequenced and determined the organization of the eight segments of single-stranded RNA from ISA virus isolate CCBB. The virus was grown in cell culture and purified by density gradient ultracentrifugation. Viral RNA was isolated from purified ISAV and used in the construction of two ...


Gametogenic Cycles Of Marine Mussels, Mytilus Edulis And Mytilus Trossulus, In Cobscook Bay, Maine, Aaron P. Maloy Dec 2001

Gametogenic Cycles Of Marine Mussels, Mytilus Edulis And Mytilus Trossulus, In Cobscook Bay, Maine, Aaron P. Maloy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Mytilus edulis species complex includes three smooth-shelled blue mussels, M. edulis (Linnaeus 1 75 8), M trossulus (Gould 1 850), and M galloprovincialis (Lamarck 18 19). When any two of theses species occur sympatrically, hybridization and backcrossing of hybrid and parental genotypes is evident. Despite introgression of genes between taxa their genetic integrity is maintained. To test the hypothesis that a temporal variation in species-specific spawning times is the mechanism limiting hybridization and maintaining genetic integrity in a M edulis and M. trossulus hybrid zone in eastern Maine, mussels were sampled on monthly to semi-monthly intervals throughout 2000 from ...


An Armington Model Of The U.S. Demand For Scallops, Fuzhi Cheng Aug 2001

An Armington Model Of The U.S. Demand For Scallops, Fuzhi Cheng

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The supply of scallops in the United States in recent years has remained relatively stable and the supply source has shifted noticeably from domestic production to imports, especially from China and Japan, where aquaculture production of scallops has been successful. During the past decade, the market share of imported scallops has increased drastically. The scallop fishery in the U.S. is now facing potential competitions from imports. Continuing efforts to provide information on the effect of increasing imports on the U.S. scallop market is warranted. In addition, the impacts of supply increases on domestic scallop prices, either through wild ...


Chemosensory-Mediated Deposit Feeding In The Spionid Polychaete Dipolydora Quadrilobata., Timothy J. Riordan Jr. Aug 2001

Chemosensory-Mediated Deposit Feeding In The Spionid Polychaete Dipolydora Quadrilobata., Timothy J. Riordan Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Deposit feeding organisms live and feed in marine soft-sediment habitats. This sediment makes up a majority of the material ingested by deposit feeders and contains a variety of edible material that may constitute their principal nutrient source. However, the specific components that are assimilated by these organisms, and the strategies they employ to efficiently collect those components, remain unclear. Sensory interactions between an organism and its surrounding environment typically play an important role in helping the organism detect and locate potential food. Accordingly, chemical sensing by deposit feeders is most likely involved in feeding, yet few specifics about this role ...


Policy Analysis For Optimizing Native Fisheries On The Mckenzie River, Mary Ray May 2001

Policy Analysis For Optimizing Native Fisheries On The Mckenzie River, Mary Ray

Master of Environmental Management Project Reports

The impact of hatchery fish on native populations has been extensively studies, especially as environmental management has generally moved toward a conservation focus. In Oregon, the McKenzie River native rainbow trout population has been the focus of recent interest groups attempting to induce a change in management practices to support native fisheries. The McKenzie River Chapter of Trout Unlimited is interested in learning more about the impacts that hatchery stocked rainbow trout have on native river populations. It is the group's intent to seek a rule change to management by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. A review ...


Ecological Implications Of Rockweed, Ascophyllum Nodosum (L.) Le Jolis, Harvesting, Jill C. Fegley May 2001

Ecological Implications Of Rockweed, Ascophyllum Nodosum (L.) Le Jolis, Harvesting, Jill C. Fegley

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Harvesting of natural resources usually entails substantial removal of the target species. Where such species are dominant members of natural communities, their removal can have important consequences for their own regeneration as well as for the species assemblages associated with them. Rockweed is an ecologically and commercially important intertidal alga in the North Atlantic, and is increasingly being harvested in Maine. The effects of harvesting on regrowth are well known but little is known about its effects on the species that use this alga as habitat. This research focused on the ecological implications of A. nodosum harvesting on the associated ...


In Support Of A Rationally Managed Fishery: Age And Growth In Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus Eleginoides), Julian R. Ashford Apr 2001

In Support Of A Rationally Managed Fishery: Age And Growth In Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus Eleginoides), Julian R. Ashford

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) occur on the continental shelves and shelf breaks of southern South America and the Southern Ocean. Stock structure, critical to good fisheries management, can be inferred from growth differences between areas, but available growth data are compromised by inconsistencies in age estimation methods, sampling and sample sizes, and techniques used to derive estimates. I asked the scientific question: how is growth in Patagonian toothfish structured spatially within the Southern Ocean? I developed a multi-stage randomized design to sample fish caught by commercial longline, and an age estimation methodology. Because toothfish are difficult to age, I developed ...


An Evaluation Of Integrated Coastal And Ocean Management As A Means For Sustainable Development : A Case Study : The Environmental And Socio-Economic Impact Of Shrimp Farming In Bangladesh, Ali Yusuf Muhammad Sultan Noor Jan 2001

An Evaluation Of Integrated Coastal And Ocean Management As A Means For Sustainable Development : A Case Study : The Environmental And Socio-Economic Impact Of Shrimp Farming In Bangladesh, Ali Yusuf Muhammad Sultan Noor

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Distribution, Morphometries, And Tooth Morphology Of The Genus Desmognathus In West Virginia, Jessica Ann Wooten Jan 2001

Distribution, Morphometries, And Tooth Morphology Of The Genus Desmognathus In West Virginia, Jessica Ann Wooten

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Very few genera of vertebrates demonstrate variation in body size, color, pattern, and life history traits to the extreme that is demonstrated in the genus Desmognathus. Exact distribution of Desmognathus, as well as other genera of salamanders, is very difficult to outline because of hybridization between certain desmognathine species. Tooth morphology, tail keeling, head and body shape, and geographic location are factors used in the separation among species in this genus. There are five desmognathine salamanders, including D. monticola, D. fuscus, D. ochrophaeus, D. quadramaculatus, and 0. welteri in West Virginia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the ...


A Natural History Study Of Desmognathus Welteri In West Virginia, Zachary Ira Felix Jan 2001

A Natural History Study Of Desmognathus Welteri In West Virginia, Zachary Ira Felix

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The Black Mountain salamander, Desmognathus welteri, is a relatively large brownish-green salamander that possesses morphological characters associated with a semi-aquatic lifestyle. The history of this species in the state of West Virginia is an interesting one. Due to taxonomic confusion and the lack of a thorough investigation of the species in the state, little was known about the species until recently. Surveys for Desmognathus welteri in southern West Virginia revealed five new populations. This makes 17 localities for the species in the state. It appears D. welteri is restricted to relatively high elevation, high gradient, forested streams in the Cumberland ...


Assessment Of Diet And Consumption Dynamics Of The Adult Piscivorous Fish Community In Spirit Lake, Iowa , Hongsheng Liao Jan 2001

Assessment Of Diet And Consumption Dynamics Of The Adult Piscivorous Fish Community In Spirit Lake, Iowa , Hongsheng Liao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We explored differences among four well-known indices (%W, %O, %N, and %IRI), plus a modified %IRI (%MIRI), examined diet and consumption dynamics of black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), northern pike (Esox lucius ), smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui), walleye (Stizostedion vitreum), and yellow perch (Perca flavescens ) in Spirit Lake, Iowa, in 1995--1997. %W and %MIRI emphasizes importance of large prey taxa, even when relatively rare in diets, whereas %O and %N emphasize small prey common in diets. %IRI yielded intermediate results. Using %IRI, we found that the most important prey taxa overall were yellow perch, Decapoda, and Amphipoda. Largemouth ...


Invertebrate Egg And Plant Seed Banks In Natural, Resorted, And Drained Wetlands In The Prairie Pothole Region (Usa) And Potential Effects Of Sedimentation On Recolonization Of Hydrophytes And Aquatic Invertebrates, Robert Andrew Gleason Jan 2001

Invertebrate Egg And Plant Seed Banks In Natural, Resorted, And Drained Wetlands In The Prairie Pothole Region (Usa) And Potential Effects Of Sedimentation On Recolonization Of Hydrophytes And Aquatic Invertebrates, Robert Andrew Gleason

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sediment is the major pollutant of wetlands, lakes, rivers, and estuaries in the United States and it poses unique threats to wetlands of the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR). Sediment may impact the success of wetland restorations because burial of invertebrate and plant propagules may impact hatching and germination success, and hence, may hamper successional changes throughout interannual climate cycles. Sedimentation also reduces the pool depth and volume, further exacerbating the recovery of hydrophyte communities in restored wetlands. I evaluated the potential impacts of sedimentation on prairie wetlands from several perspectives. First, I evaluated the effects of sedimentation on loss of ...


The Effect Of The Moon Phase On The Daily Catch Rate Of King, Tiger And Endeavour Prawns In The Shark Bay And Exmouth Gulf Fisheries, Tenniel Harman Jan 2001

The Effect Of The Moon Phase On The Daily Catch Rate Of King, Tiger And Endeavour Prawns In The Shark Bay And Exmouth Gulf Fisheries, Tenniel Harman

Theses : Honours

Two of the major commercial prawn fisheries in Western Australia arc located in Exmouth Gulf and Shark Bay. Prawn fishing is the third most valuable fishing industry in WA, producing an annual income of $62 million. These two fishing regions are considered fully exploited (Fisheries WA Home Page) and careful management is needed to produce and maintain them as sustainable fisheries. The Western Australian Marine Research Laboratories have developed detailed computer models which estimate the stock abundance of the prawn fisheries. This provides information on what sort of restrictions should be made to maintain a stainable fishery. The impact of ...