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Continuing Improvements Of The Sharkduino Animal Tag System, William Laney Dec 2017

Continuing Improvements Of The Sharkduino Animal Tag System, William Laney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Much about the movement and habits of marine animals is still unknown. This information can be found for terrestrial animals through direct observation or video surveillance; however, these optical methods are not effective in aquatic environments. To circumvent this problem, researchers “tag” aquatic animals with small sensor systems that record data about the animals movements. The researchers then recover the tag and use signal analysis to draw conclusions about the habits of the animal. Unfortunately, commercially available tags are expensive and most can only be used once. We created an inexpensive and reusable tag to be used on sandbar sharks ...


Physical Modeling Of Vortical Cross-Step Filtration In The Oral Cavity Of American Paddlefish (Polyodon Spathula), Hannah Brooks May 2016

Physical Modeling Of Vortical Cross-Step Filtration In The Oral Cavity Of American Paddlefish (Polyodon Spathula), Hannah Brooks

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the filter-feeding mechanisms of the American paddlefish, Polyodon spathula. The data indicate that paddlefish use a filtration method termed cross-step filtration, which utilizes vortices formed behind the branchial arches by the incoming water flow. Videos of these vortices were obtained and quantified for the first time inside the oral cavities of preserved paddlefish. Since the paddlefish can move the branchial arches within the oral cavity, the effects of changing branchial arch angle on vortex characteristics were studied in 3D models. The vortices in three models with different arch angles were quantified. The data demonstrated that a change ...


Association Between Invasive Lionfish And Native Fish Species In The Western Atlantic And Caribbean, Erin T. Spencer May 2014

Association Between Invasive Lionfish And Native Fish Species In The Western Atlantic And Caribbean, Erin T. Spencer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Lionfish (genus Pterois) are a carnivorous, venomous fish native to the Indo-Pacific that are now invasive in the Western Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico. They are extremely adaptable, eat a wide variety of native fish species, and are prolific breeders. The rapid infiltration of lionfish into native reef ecosystems have caused the invasion to be recognized as one of the world’s top conservation issues.

Since 1990, the Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) has employed widespread fish count program that educates divers about fish identification and collects citizen data in an extensive database. I utilized this data to illustrate ...


Smooth Hammerhead Target Fishing And By-Catch In Puerto López, Ecuador: Trends In Catch And Recommendations For Mitigation, Lauren E. Degeorge Jan 2014

Smooth Hammerhead Target Fishing And By-Catch In Puerto López, Ecuador: Trends In Catch And Recommendations For Mitigation, Lauren E. Degeorge

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Sharks have not historically been considered a valuable resource but, with the increase in demand for their fins, shark catch numbers have risen dramatically and many shark populations are suffering. It is difficult to know the extent of the problem because there is a lack of information about sharks and shark catch is vastly under-reported. The smooth hammerhead shark (Sphyrna zygaena) is valuable in the shark fin market for its eight, large fins and is frequently landed at the Puerto López fish market in Ecuador. EquililbrioAzul is a marine conservation organization that has been keeping track of shark catch in ...