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Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Feeding The Future Meat Doesn’T Come Cheap, Lukas C. Southard Dec 2019

Feeding The Future Meat Doesn’T Come Cheap, Lukas C. Southard

Capstones

Cultured – or as it is referred to by companies innovating the technology clean – meat is expected to be the next innovation to change the way the world gets its animal protein. Meat from animal cells grown in a lab seems like science fiction but it is around the corner from hitting your supermarket shelves. The technology has been developed but how these companies intend on scaling up their production to meet retail demands remains a mystery. So far companies have relied on seed and early stage investment from venture capital companies and private sources to fund research. Predictions of the ...


Feasibility Of Custom Aquaponics For Home Use, Jesse Blanchard May 2019

Feasibility Of Custom Aquaponics For Home Use, Jesse Blanchard

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Undergraduate Honors Theses

The primary goal of this research is to access the feasibility of implementing and operating small scale aquaponic systems in a home setting to serve as a means of producing high quality fresh produce and fish protein to supplement similar store-bought products. Factors such as system cost, skill level and management requirements will be addressed alongside customizable, educational and sustainable aspects of aquaponic systems to determine whether home aquaponic systems are a feasible option for the home grower. To elaborate, feasibility in this research will refer to both economic costs relative to costs of the system. Outlined in this short ...


Eating Some Invasive Species Could Help To Mitigate The Impacts Of Climate Change-Related Invasions, And May Increase Future Food Security, Jesse Bull Saffeir Apr 2019

Eating Some Invasive Species Could Help To Mitigate The Impacts Of Climate Change-Related Invasions, And May Increase Future Food Security, Jesse Bull Saffeir

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Climate change is predicted to increase the spread and abundance of invasive species and to erode global food security. I hypothesized that by incorporating edible invasive species into local food sheds, these two problems could help to mitigate each other. I set out to answer two questions: could eating invasive species reduce their spread and abundance? And could eating invasive species minimize the impacts of climate-change related food shocks? To answer these questions, I surveyed the existing literature on human consumption of invasive species, created a list of criteria that make an invasive species suitable for management through human consumption ...


Comparing The Effects Of Swimming Exercise And Dissolved Oxygen On Important Performance Parameters Of Early-Rearing Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar And Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus Mykiss., Thomas B. Waldrop Jan 2019

Comparing The Effects Of Swimming Exercise And Dissolved Oxygen On Important Performance Parameters Of Early-Rearing Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar And Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus Mykiss., Thomas B. Waldrop

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Swimming exercise (bodylenghts/sec), and dissolved oxygen (DO), are important environmental variables in aquaculture. While there is an obvious physiological association between these two parameters, their interaction has not been adequately studied in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar and Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Since both variables can be easily manipulated in modern aquaculture systems, we sought to assess the impact of these parameters, alone and in combination, on the performance, health, and welfare parameters of the two species. Atlantic salmon and Rainbow trout were stocked into twelve circular 0.5 m3 tanks and exposed to either high (1.5-2 BL ...


Floods, Drying, Habitat Connectivity, And Fish Occupancy Dynamics In Restored And Unrestored Oxbows Of West Central Iowa, Usa, Jesse R. Fischer, Bryan D. Bakevich, Colin P. Shea, Clay L. Pierce, Michael C. Quist Apr 2018

Floods, Drying, Habitat Connectivity, And Fish Occupancy Dynamics In Restored And Unrestored Oxbows Of West Central Iowa, Usa, Jesse R. Fischer, Bryan D. Bakevich, Colin P. Shea, Clay L. Pierce, Michael C. Quist

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

1. In the agricultural landscape of the Midwestern USA, waterways are highly altered. Oxbows are among the few remaining off‐channel habitats associated with streams, supporting fish assemblages that include the endangered Topeka shiners Notropis topeka in portions of their remaining range. Oxbow restorations seek to increase the number and quality of oxbows for Topeka shiners. For oxbows to provide optimal habitat, periods of isolation from streams and connection with streams during floods are necessary.

2. Water levels and patterns of drying and hydrological connectivity between 12 oxbows and their neighboring streams in West Central Iowa were continuously monitored from ...


The Shellfish Corner: Cap And Trade Systems With Shellfish May Be Good For The Economic Bottom Line, Michael A. Rice Dec 2017

The Shellfish Corner: Cap And Trade Systems With Shellfish May Be Good For The Economic Bottom Line, Michael A. Rice

Michael A Rice

The development of a traditional form of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) in the Dagupan City Estuary system in the Philippines is based upon different producers each focusing on individual species rather than individual producers producing multiple species with very different market values. The long-term success of such a system requires attention to local marine spatial planning and enforcement of caps on forms of feed-based (net pen or fish cage) aquaculture systems.


Rice Hull Bioreactor For Recirculating Aquaculture, Marlon A. Greensword Aug 2017

Rice Hull Bioreactor For Recirculating Aquaculture, Marlon A. Greensword

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The engineering of floating media biofilters has been optimized over the years. The backwashing process has made them more energy and water efficient. Likewise, moving bed bioreactors (MBBR) are gaining interest and popularity because they are relatively affordable to build. Yet, developing countries’ aquaculture production remains largely excluded from the advances made in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). This discrepancy is partially driven by the high costs of media such plastic beads and Kaldnes (KMT) media, commonly used in MBBR.

This dissertation evaluates the usability and profitability of rice hulls (RH), an abundant by-product in many developing nations, as a sinking ...


An Overview Of Aquaponic Systems: Hydroponic Components, D. Allen Pattillo Mar 2017

An Overview Of Aquaponic Systems: Hydroponic Components, D. Allen Pattillo

NCRAC Technical Bulletins

Aquaponics is the union of hydroponics (growing plants without soil) and aquaculture (farming fish or other aquatic organisms) for a fast, efficient method of producing both plant and fish crops. Fish waste from the aquaculture portion of the system, is broken down by bacteria into dissolved nutrients (e.g., nitrogen and phosphorus compounds) that plants utilize to grow in a hydroponic unit. This nutrient removal not only improves water quality for the fish but also decreases overall water consumption by limiting the amount released as effluent.


Technological Modernization And Its Impact On Agriculture, Fisheries And Fossil Fuel Utilization In The Asia Pacific Countries With Emphasis On Sustainability Perspective, Rajee Olaganathan, Kathleen Quigley Jan 2017

Technological Modernization And Its Impact On Agriculture, Fisheries And Fossil Fuel Utilization In The Asia Pacific Countries With Emphasis On Sustainability Perspective, Rajee Olaganathan, Kathleen Quigley

Publications

Modernization is a process that moves towards efficiency. This affects most of the fields such as agriculture, fisheries, forestry, urban planning, policy, fossil fuel usage, manufacturing, technology, economic growth etc. This process plays a major role in moving forward making things faster, better and basically more efficient. The effects of modernization on all these fields bring about the major changes to aspects such as social, economic and the environment. The level of operation has increased from a domestic level; small family scale business to large commercial levels. As the level of operation increased, the utilization of natural resources increased gradually ...


Economic Impact Of Recreational Fishing In Alabama, Gbenga Ojumu, Diane Hite, Deacue Fields Apr 2016

Economic Impact Of Recreational Fishing In Alabama, Gbenga Ojumu, Diane Hite, Deacue Fields

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Anglers’ direct mail survey data were used with IMPLAN (Impact Analysis for Planning), input-output system, to estimate the economic impact of recreational fishing in Alabama and the Alabama Black Belt. Separate economic impacts are analyzed for the Black Belt and the State; and direct, indirect, and induced economic impacts were estimated for government revenues, income, and employment. Possible increases in these impacts were also estimated for hypothetically improved recreational fishing sites, using the ‘ideal’ hypothetical site characteristics. The results showed a direct total value added impact of $102.5m; indirect impact of $24.7m, and an induced impact of ...


Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry And Aquaculture Apr 2016

Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry And Aquaculture

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of the Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture Section for the 94th Annual Virginia Academy of Science Meeting, May 18-20, 2016, at University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, VA.


Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) And Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Extruded Aquafeed, Chinwendu F. Ozoh, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jul 2015

Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) And Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Extruded Aquafeed, Chinwendu F. Ozoh, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The increasing world population has led to higher demand for protein source; Fish is a very good source of protein for humans. Hence, the need for more farmed fish. The aquaculture industry has been recognized as the fastest growing food production system globally, with a 10% increase in production every year. It is also one of the sustainable and reliable growth market for manufactured feed. This study was carried out to optimize cost and environmental performance in the production of aquaculture feed for small scale producers. Techno-economic analysis (TEA) and Life-cycle assessment (LCA) were tools for the analysis. In this ...


Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) And Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Tilapia-Basil Aquaponics, Kun Xie, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jul 2015

Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) And Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Tilapia-Basil Aquaponics, Kun Xie, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Aquaponics is the system combining hydroponic and aquaculture, in which fish and plants are raised together, and they can be beneficial from each other as well as to each other. When the system is maintained properly and is in a balance status, aquaponics will mimic the natural ecosystem, use much less water than traditional aquaculture, and have almost no effluent. As a result, it is thought more environmentally friendly and sustainable. In this study, both Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Techno-Economic Analysis (TEA) of a tilapia and basil aquaponic system were conducted. Three scales, including a truly running system, pilot ...


Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry And Aquaculture May 2015

Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry And Aquaculture

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of the Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture Section for the 93rd Annual Virginia Academy of Science Meeting, May 2015, at James Madison University


Taming The Teesta: Exploring The Holistic Effects Of Hydroelectric Dam Development On The Teesta River Through Documentary Film, Taylor Graham Apr 2015

Taming The Teesta: Exploring The Holistic Effects Of Hydroelectric Dam Development On The Teesta River Through Documentary Film, Taylor Graham

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Since time immemorial, the Lepcha people have called the Himalayan region that makes up the modern state of Sikkim their home and have held sacred the rivers, mountains, and forests that make up the biologically diverse region. Over the past two decades, India’s rapid development has generated a powerful thirst for electricity, and the country has increasingly looked to the cold, powerful rivers thundering from the Himalayas to supply that desired power. Hydroelectric projects have been proposed and implemented throughout the Himalayan region. Nowhere, however, are the dams as numerous or their effects as acutely felt as in India ...


Navigating A Pathway Toward Colorado's Water Future: A Review And Recommendations On Colorado's Draft Water Plan, Lawrence J. Macdonnell, Colorado Water Working Group Jan 2015

Navigating A Pathway Toward Colorado's Water Future: A Review And Recommendations On Colorado's Draft Water Plan, Lawrence J. Macdonnell, Colorado Water Working Group

Books, Reports, and Studies

40 pages (includes color illustrations).


Urban Fisheries Investigation: Development Of A Site Selection Method For Central Iowa's Urban Ponds, Steven J. Konrady Jan 2015

Urban Fisheries Investigation: Development Of A Site Selection Method For Central Iowa's Urban Ponds, Steven J. Konrady

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Waning fishing license sales over several decades has provided an impetus for reconnecting with Iowa's 64% urban majority and a modern angler unable or unwilling to travel great distances to fish. One result has been the recent urban fisheries assessments and improvements in Iowa, active in some form for nearly a decade. The goal of the current state project is to establish sustainable fishery resources for Iowa's urban areas. A cooperative effort between the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and Iowa State University focused on assessing a nine-county area in central Iowa from 2010 to 2014. The study ...


Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) And Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Various Biosystems, Kun Xie Jan 2015

Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) And Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Various Biosystems, Kun Xie

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The fast-growing world population prompts researchers to evaluate both environmental and economic impacts during manufacture and service processing. Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) fractionation and aquaponics are two bioprocesses aiming to make full use of materials and resources. This study conducted Life cycle assessment (LCA) and Techno-economic analysis (TEA) for DDGS fractionation and tilapia-basil aquaponics.

DDGS mainly contains protein, oil, fiber, and ash. DDGS could have more economic value and wider use if it could be separated into higher protein fraction and higher fiber fraction. In our work, the optimization of three parameters of a gravity separator (side slope ...


The Effect Of A Mycotoxin Deactivation Product On Growth Of Juvenile Rainbow Trout Fed Distillers Dried Grains, Wendy M. Sealey, Christopher G. Hooley, Kurt A. Rosentrater, T. Gibson Gaylord, Frederic T. Barrows Jan 2015

The Effect Of A Mycotoxin Deactivation Product On Growth Of Juvenile Rainbow Trout Fed Distillers Dried Grains, Wendy M. Sealey, Christopher G. Hooley, Kurt A. Rosentrater, T. Gibson Gaylord, Frederic T. Barrows

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Distillers dried grains (DDG) with solubles (DDGS) is a product that has shown potential as a protein source for some fish species, but high inclusion rates of DDGS have not always been successfully achieved for Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Our objective was to determine whether inclusion of a mycotoxin deactivation product (Biofix Plus) could improve the ability of high-protein DDG (HPDDG) to replace a portion of the fish meal in diets for Rainbow Trout. The 2 × 2 factorial feeding trial examined protein source (menhaden fish meal [MFM] or HPDDG) with or without Biofix Plus. A control diet (42% digestible protein ...


Sequencing A Shrimp Diversity Panel, Emily Kawaler, Max F. Rothschild, Zhiqiang Du Jan 2015

Sequencing A Shrimp Diversity Panel, Emily Kawaler, Max F. Rothschild, Zhiqiang Du

Animal Industry Report

Eighty-six shrimp (eighty Pacific White, six Tiger shrimp) from ten different geographic regions were sequenced with a twofold goal: first, to better understand and document the genetic makeup of the species, and second, to discover genetic differences between shrimp lines that may facilitate the breeding of shrimp with better performance traits


Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra Aug 2014

Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Assam is endowed with copious aquatic wealth in the form of beels, swamps, ponds and rivers. The floodplain wetlands (beels) extending over one lakh hectare, constitute the most important fishery resource of the state. The beels are considered as one of the most productive ecosystems owing to their characteristic interactions between land and water system. These wetlands are the common property resource and under different management regimes. These wetlands are under various management regimes, i.e., private management (individuals and groups), fishermen cooperative management, Community-based fisheries management (decentralized management, Government works as facilitator) and open access. Most of the unregistered ...


Aquaponics And Basil Plant Density, Danika L. Macmaster, Brook Murphy, Dudley Burton Aug 2014

Aquaponics And Basil Plant Density, Danika L. Macmaster, Brook Murphy, Dudley Burton

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Aquaponics is the use of water from a fish tank to provide nutrients to plants in a soil-less environment. The rocks cultivate the bacteria that turns the ammonia into nitrates that the plants need, and the plant bed functions as a filter for the fish tank. In this study, with the guidance of Doctor Dudley Burton, Doctor Brook Murphy, we researched the optimal plant density for basil in an Aquaponics system. We attempted to control or measure all the other variables to consider, as to isolate the variable of distance between plants. The water flow was spread through the plant ...


Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Extruded Aquafeeds, Rashid A. Suleiman, Chenxu Yu, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jul 2014

Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Extruded Aquafeeds, Rashid A. Suleiman, Chenxu Yu, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The worldwide decline and overexploitation of ocean fisheries stocks had provided incentive for rapid growth of aquaculture. The aquaculture industry has been recognized as the fastest-growing food production system globally, with a 10% increases in production per year, and is one of the most reliable and sustainable growth markets for manufactured feeds. Extrusion technology has been extensively used in the modern aquatic feed manufacturing, due to nutritional, physical properties improvements and cost effectiveness of feeds. Cost related to aquatic feed remains the biggest challenge, especially for small-scale producers. In this study a single screw extruders and three different scenarios (i ...


Extension Programming In Support Of Public Policy For The Management Of Aquaculture In Common Water Bodies, Michael A. Rice Jun 2014

Extension Programming In Support Of Public Policy For The Management Of Aquaculture In Common Water Bodies, Michael A. Rice

Michael A Rice

Many countries of Asia, including Indonesia, have experienced the problem of hypoxic fish kills among fish in netpens and fish corrals in various publicly-held water bodies. Fish farming in enclosures in public water bodies attractive because of low overhead costs in comparison to farming the identical species in constructed ponds. But aerobic bacterial degradation of feed and fish feces in common waters can lead to oxygen depletion, thus causing fish kills. Mass-balance and ecological carrying capacity models and education through and extension programming can be used to inform policy makers as to the maximum biomass of farmed fish allowable before ...


Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry, And Aquaculture Apr 2014

Section Abstracts: Agriculture, Forestry, And Aquaculture

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of the Agriculture, Forestry, and Aquaculture Section for the 92nd Annual Virginia Academy of Science Meeting, May 2014, at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia


Effect Of Aquafeed On Productivity Of Red Amaranth And On Water Quality Under Aquaponic Cultivation, Miles D. Medina Mar 2014

Effect Of Aquafeed On Productivity Of Red Amaranth And On Water Quality Under Aquaponic Cultivation, Miles D. Medina

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Aquaponics, the integrated production of fish and hydroponic crops in a recirculating system, is an intensive cultivation method in which metabolic fish wastes fertilize plants. This study compares the effects of two aquafeeds on Red amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) productivity and on water quality under cultivation of Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus), with three aquaponic units (n=3) per treatment over a 60-day trial. The fishmeal-based control feed contains higher crude protein (40%) and phosphorus (1.12%) than the plant-based alternative feed (32% and 0.40%). The alternative feed resulted in a significantly higher amaranth crop yield (p


The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman Jan 2014

The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman

Honors Projects

Lake Erie has experienced harmful algal blooms with increased frequency since the mid-1990s due to excess nutrients from Rivers, such as the Maumee River, and largely agricultural watersheds. Nonpoint source pollution from agriculture contributes to eutrophication, algal blooms, and the degradation of water quality. This creates stress on aquatic fauna, reduced aesthetic quality, odor, and limits of the water for usage of drinking, recreation, and industry. This research paper asks what the contributions of having access to manure application records, soil records, and information about antibiotics have on what is known about manure management and antibiotic resistance, which has been ...


The Centennial Of The Smith-Lever Act And Aquaculture Extension, Michael A. Rice Dec 2013

The Centennial Of The Smith-Lever Act And Aquaculture Extension, Michael A. Rice

Michael A Rice

May 8, 2014 marked the centennial of the landmark Smith-Lever Act in the United States that created the Cooperative Extension service at Land Grant Universities nationwide. Major contributors to the 1914 Act were Seaman A. Knapp and Kenyon L. Butterfield. A half century later the Sea Grant College Program was proposed by Athelstan F. Spilhaus expanding Extension programming to the sea. Together these two programs have been a major force in promoting the growth of the aquaculture industry in America.


Physical Properties Of Extruded Corn Coproducts, Jordan J. Foley, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jul 2013

Physical Properties Of Extruded Corn Coproducts, Jordan J. Foley, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

As the world population continues to grow, the demand for human food and animal feed grows exponentially. Aquaculture is the food sector, which has been growing at the greatest rate for several years. Because of the expense of fishmeal in aquaculture fees, an inexpensive protein source could be corn-based proteins. Although many studies have focused on the effects of extruding corn-based blends along with other supplement ingredients, few studies have focused on the extrusion of individual corn-based ingredients. This study examined physical effects of extrusion on distillers dried grains with soluble (DDGS) and corn. Specific objectives included determining moisture content ...


Preliminary Evaluation Of Rainbow Trout Diets Containing Pepsoygen, A Fermented Soybean Meal Product, And Additional Amino Acids, Michael E. Barnes, Michael L. Brown, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Jason R. Sewell Mar 2013

Preliminary Evaluation Of Rainbow Trout Diets Containing Pepsoygen, A Fermented Soybean Meal Product, And Additional Amino Acids, Michael E. Barnes, Michael L. Brown, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Jason R. Sewell

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss diets containing PepSoyGen, a commercially-available fermented soybean meal product, were supplemented with methionine and other amino acids. A fish meal-based control and four experimental diets were used in a 36-day feeding trial; two diets contained 40% PepSoyGen and 10% fish meal, and two diets contained 50% PepSoyGen and no fish meal. Each of these diets was supplemented with either methionine, or methionine and additional amino acids. One mortality was observed during the trial. Overall weight gain, percent gain, and feed conversion ratio were significantly greater for the fish meal control than for any of the ...