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Oysters

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Articles 61 - 81 of 81

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effects Of Perkinsus Marinus Infection In The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea Virginica: I. Susceptibility Of Native And Msx-Resistant Stocks, Eugene Burreson Jan 1991

Effects Of Perkinsus Marinus Infection In The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea Virginica: I. Susceptibility Of Native And Msx-Resistant Stocks, Eugene Burreson

VIMS Articles

A selective breeding program was implemented to attempt to decrease the disease susceptibility of the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, to Perkinsus marinus. Six oyster strains were spawned and the progeny exposed to Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) and P. marinus in the lower Chesapeake Bay. Three strains, a Delaware Bay MSX-resistant strain, a Delaware Bay native strain, and a Mobjack Bay native strain (lower Chesapeake Bay) were exposed for three years (1988-90); three other strains, a separate Delaware Bay MSX-resistant strain, a lower James River native strain (lower Chesapeake Bay) and a susceptible control strain, were exposed for two years (1989-90). During ...


Estimation Of Standing Stock Of Oysters In The James River, Virginia,Using Commercial Fishing Records, Bruce J. Barber, Roger L. Mann Jan 1991

Estimation Of Standing Stock Of Oysters In The James River, Virginia,Using Commercial Fishing Records, Bruce J. Barber, Roger L. Mann

Reports

No abstract provided.


Recruitment And Growth Of Oysters On Shell Clutch Planted At Monthly Intervals (May-August 1986) At Jones Shore Basin The Lower Potomac River, Maryland, Reinaldo Morales-Alamo, Roger L. Mann Feb 1990

Recruitment And Growth Of Oysters On Shell Clutch Planted At Monthly Intervals (May-August 1986) At Jones Shore Basin The Lower Potomac River, Maryland, Reinaldo Morales-Alamo, Roger L. Mann

Reports

No abstract provided.


Recruitment And Growth Of Oysters On Shell Planted At Four Monthly Intervals In The Lower Potomac River, Maryland, Reinaldo Morales-Alamo, Roger L. Mann Jan 1990

Recruitment And Growth Of Oysters On Shell Planted At Four Monthly Intervals In The Lower Potomac River, Maryland, Reinaldo Morales-Alamo, Roger L. Mann

VIMS Articles

Oyster shells were planted on four successive months (May to August 1986) in contiguous plots at Jones Shore Bar in the Potomac River, Maryland, to study the effect of differences in time of cultch planting on settlement and survival of oyster spat. The plots were usually sampled at two-week intervals from time of planting through November, 1986, and once in June, 1987. A massive concentration of the tunicate Molgula manhattensis covered the bottom in all plots within four to six or eight weeks following shell planting. A commercially acceptable number of spat per shell, between 1.8 and 2.2 ...


Effects Of Resident Species On Recruitment Into A Community: Larval Settlement Versus Post-Settlement Mortality In The Oyster Crassostrea Virginica, Roman Zajac, Richard W. Osman, Robert B. Whitlatch Jun 1989

Effects Of Resident Species On Recruitment Into A Community: Larval Settlement Versus Post-Settlement Mortality In The Oyster Crassostrea Virginica, Roman Zajac, Richard W. Osman, Robert B. Whitlatch

Biology and Environmental Science Faculty Publications

Laboratory and field experiments revealed that a variety of species of common, sessile invertebrates, including barnacles, ascidians, and bryozoans, affected the settlement and post-settlement abundance of the oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin). While the nature of the effects varied, most species both reduced oyster settlement by covering and removing substrate available for attachment, and increased settlement on adjacent surfaces. The solitary ascidians Ciona intestinalis (L.) and Styela clava (Herdman), were found to be predators of oyster larvae. Post-settlement survivorship and growth were also strongly affected by the presence of sessile species. In most cases the effects were negative and correlated with ...


Seed Oysters Stressed By Low Spring Salinities In Virginia, Dexter Haven, Jay Andrews May 1984

Seed Oysters Stressed By Low Spring Salinities In Virginia, Dexter Haven, Jay Andrews

Reports

No abstract provided.


Epizootiology Of Late Summer And Fall Infections Of Oysters By Haplosporidium Nelsoni, And Comparisons To Annual Life Cycle Of Haplosporidium Costalis, A Typical Haplosporidan, J. D. Andrews Jan 1982

Epizootiology Of Late Summer And Fall Infections Of Oysters By Haplosporidium Nelsoni, And Comparisons To Annual Life Cycle Of Haplosporidium Costalis, A Typical Haplosporidan, J. D. Andrews

VIMS Articles

The two haplosporidan parasites that cause diseases of oysters along the middle North Atlantic coast of North America differ in their habitats, in timing of oyster mortalities, and in their adaptations to the host. Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) kills oysters throughout the year over a wide range of salinities (about 15 to 30 ppt). It has a long infective period of nearly 6 months. This pathogen rarely completes sporulation in its life cycle in oysters. It is highly pathogenic and exhibits irregular activity suggesting that it is poorly adapted to the host species. In contrast, Haplosporidium costalis (SSO) has a short ...


The James River Public Seed Oyster Area In Virginia (A Review Of 22 Years Of Setting And Population Studies, 1946 To 1967 And Changes Caused By Minchinia Nelsoni (Msx) After 1960), Jay D. Andrews Jan 1982

The James River Public Seed Oyster Area In Virginia (A Review Of 22 Years Of Setting And Population Studies, 1946 To 1967 And Changes Caused By Minchinia Nelsoni (Msx) After 1960), Jay D. Andrews

Reports

The seed-oyster area is located in a low-salinity sector of the James River where seasonal riverflows and resulting salinities vary widely. Low spring salinities, usually below 10 °/oo in April or May, eliminate most predators and diseases. Prior to 1960, spatfalls were regular and moderate in intensity each year. High quality seed oysters 2 to 3 inches in size were produced with 1000 to 2000 thick-shelled oysters per bushel for use by private-ground planterH. Following the advent of M. nelsoni (MSX) in Chesapeake Bay in 1959:, setting declined to about one-tenth previous levels and there were spatfall failures in many ...


Potential Effects Of The 1980-81 Drought On Oyster Diseases And Predators, J. D. Andrews Apr 1981

Potential Effects Of The 1980-81 Drought On Oyster Diseases And Predators, J. D. Andrews

Reports

No abstract provided.


Enterovirus And Bacterial Evaluation Of Mississippi Oysters, R.D. Ellender, D.W. Cook, V.L. Sheladia, R.A. Johnson Jan 1980

Enterovirus And Bacterial Evaluation Of Mississippi Oysters, R.D. Ellender, D.W. Cook, V.L. Sheladia, R.A. Johnson

Gulf and Caribbean Research

The numbers of enteric viruses and fecal coliform bacteria in oysters and water samples collected along the Mississippi Gulf coast during 1979 were determined. Ten viral isolates, representing members of the poliovirus group, were identified from an approved oyster harvesting site. The number of virus isolations increased to 51 when oysters were collected from a prohibited harvesting location. The majority of isolates were identified as poliovirus type 1 or 2, coxsackievirus B3 and B4, and echovirus type 24. Fecal coliforms in water samples collected at approved and prohibited locations confirmed the classification assigned to each area by the Mississippi State ...


Occurrence And Seasonality Of Perkinsus Marinus (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) In Mississippi Oysters, John Ogle, Katherine Flurry Jan 1980

Occurrence And Seasonality Of Perkinsus Marinus (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) In Mississippi Oysters, John Ogle, Katherine Flurry

Gulf and Caribbean Research

Oysters from four reefs in Mississippi Sound, sampled over a period of 25 months, were found to have a low prevalence of the protozoan parasite Perkinsus marinus. The greatest values were 80% prevalence, and 0.88 weighted incidence recorded for oysters from Biloxi Bay, Mississippi.


Perkinsus Marinus = Dermocystidium Marinum ("Dermo") In Virginia, 1950-1980 : A Record Of Fluid Thioglycollate Tests For Dermo In Oysters From Public And Private Oyster Beds, And From Trays Of Disease-Free Oysters Transplanted To Areas Where Msx And Dermo Are Endemic, Jay D. Andrews Jan 1980

Perkinsus Marinus = Dermocystidium Marinum ("Dermo") In Virginia, 1950-1980 : A Record Of Fluid Thioglycollate Tests For Dermo In Oysters From Public And Private Oyster Beds, And From Trays Of Disease-Free Oysters Transplanted To Areas Where Msx And Dermo Are Endemic, Jay D. Andrews

Reports

No abstract provided.


A Report To The Oyster Industry Of Virginia On The Biology And Management Of The Cownose Ray (Rhinoptera Bonasus, Mitchill) In Lower Chesapeake Bay, John V. Merriner, Joseph W. Smith Aug 1979

A Report To The Oyster Industry Of Virginia On The Biology And Management Of The Cownose Ray (Rhinoptera Bonasus, Mitchill) In Lower Chesapeake Bay, John V. Merriner, Joseph W. Smith

Reports

The purpose of this report is to: (1) suggest reasons for the recently observed cownose ray predation on Rappahannock River oyster beds and the apparent increased abundance of the ray, and (2) recommend short- and long-term methods to control and/or manage cownose ray predation on commercially important sh1ellfish beds.


The Oyster Industry Of Virginia: It's Status, Problems, And Promise, Dexter Stearns Haven, William J. Hargis Jr., Paul Charles Kendall Jan 1978

The Oyster Industry Of Virginia: It's Status, Problems, And Promise, Dexter Stearns Haven, William J. Hargis Jr., Paul Charles Kendall

Reports

A short presentation of an exhaustive, multi-volume work on the history and current condition of the oyster industry of the Commonwealth' by the same authors.


Manual For Design And Operation Of An Oyster Seed Hatchery, John L. Dupuy, Nancy T. Windsor, Charles E. Sutton Jun 1977

Manual For Design And Operation Of An Oyster Seed Hatchery, John L. Dupuy, Nancy T. Windsor, Charles E. Sutton

Reports

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Depth On Survival And Growth Of Oysters In Suspension Culture From A Petroleum Platform Off The Texas Coast, John Ogle, Sammy M. Ray, W.J. Wardle Jan 1977

The Effect Of Depth On Survival And Growth Of Oysters In Suspension Culture From A Petroleum Platform Off The Texas Coast, John Ogle, Sammy M. Ray, W.J. Wardle

Gulf and Caribbean Research

The effect of depth on oysters in suspension culture from a petroleum platform off the Texas coast was monitored for 20 months. Growth and condition was similar for adult oysters cultured at five levels down to 8 m. Oysters had a growth rate of 1.2 mm (level 3) to 1.4 mm (level 1) per month,representing an increase in length of 94% to 150% for the 20 months. The condition was best in June 1973 after five months placement offshore (condition index of 14.8, 15.5, 14.7, 13.5 and 13.2 for levels 1 through ...


Shell Bags For Catching Oyster Spat, Dexter Haven, David Garten Apr 1972

Shell Bags For Catching Oyster Spat, Dexter Haven, David Garten

Reports

No abstract provided.


Cultchless Seed Oysters, J. D. Andrews, Lawrence W. Mason Mar 1969

Cultchless Seed Oysters, J. D. Andrews, Lawrence W. Mason

Reports

No abstract provided.


The Adventures Of Little Oyster, Revised Edition, Robert S. Bailey, Fred C. Biggs Jan 1968

The Adventures Of Little Oyster, Revised Edition, Robert S. Bailey, Fred C. Biggs

Reports

First published in 1955.


Effects Of River Flow Regulation By Salem Church Dam On Marine Organisms, J. D. Andrews Nov 1964

Effects Of River Flow Regulation By Salem Church Dam On Marine Organisms, J. D. Andrews

Reports

This report is concernen primarily with the effects on oysters and some of their associates of hydrographic changes that would be caused by the dam. Other marine organisms are certain to be affected in ways only vaguely preceived at present. The distribution and activity of oyster drills and certain diseases of oysters, such as those caused by MSX and Dermocystidium, are regulated annually or at intervals of several years by low spring salinities and high summer and fall salinities.


The Adventures Of Little Oyster, Robert S. Bailey Jan 1955

The Adventures Of Little Oyster, Robert S. Bailey

Reports

No abstract provided.