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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Microtopoclimatic Effects On A Climate-Sensitive Habitat Specialist, The American Pika (Ochotona Princeps), Aidan Taylor Beers Jan 2016

Microtopoclimatic Effects On A Climate-Sensitive Habitat Specialist, The American Pika (Ochotona Princeps), Aidan Taylor Beers

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

There has been increasing acknowledgement that refugia at different scales facilitate the long-term survival of species and populations through climate oscillations. Species distributions and persistence are already affected by current climate change, and many taxa will become more spatially limited and less connected under further warming scenarios. Identifying likely microrefugia will improve our predictions of how species, communities, and ecosystems are likely to respond to climate change by providing a clearer understanding of likely demographic processes and connectivity. In this thesis, I considered suitable microhabitat in the face of current changing climates in the context of the persistence or development ...


Multi-Proxy Reconstructions Of Holocene Environmental Change And Catchment Biogeochemistry Using Algal Pigments And Stable Isotopes Preserved In Lake Sediment From Baffin Island And Iceland, Christopher Roth Florian Jan 2016

Multi-Proxy Reconstructions Of Holocene Environmental Change And Catchment Biogeochemistry Using Algal Pigments And Stable Isotopes Preserved In Lake Sediment From Baffin Island And Iceland, Christopher Roth Florian

Geological Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Lake sediments provide a continuous record of environmental change, integrating information about multiple biogeochemical processes occurring within the lake and catchment. Much of this is recorded by the chemical characteristics of sedimentary organic matter, which can be used as a proxy for past conditions. This dissertation examines Holocene lake sediment records from Baffin Island and Iceland, which, as a result of Arctic amplification feedbacks, are particularly sensitive to changes in climate. We integrated sedimentary algal pigments with more commonly used proxies such as stable isotopes, C:N ratio, and biogenic silica in order to derive a more complete understanding of ...


Re-Evaluating Climate As The Best Predictor Of Pika (Ochotona Princeps) Surface Activity, Maxwell C. Plichta Jan 2016

Re-Evaluating Climate As The Best Predictor Of Pika (Ochotona Princeps) Surface Activity, Maxwell C. Plichta

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Alpine and subalpine ecosystems are expected to experience a disproportionate amount of warming in the coming decades. Rising temperatures in these ecosystems threatens biodiversity and water resources globally. The American pika (Ochotona princeps) is a small mammal restricted to talus and rocky slopes often found above treeline. O. princeps has an acute sensitivity to high temperatures and utilizes microhabitats present in the talus to regulate body temperature. These attributes make pikas a bioindicator candidate for warming in the alpine. Monitoring and predicting pika persistence represents a potentially powerful tool to asses the current and future health of alpine ecosystems. Here ...