Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Animals

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1989

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Translational Approaches To Understanding Resilience To Alzheimer's Disease., Sarah M Neuner, Maria Telpoukhovskaia, Vilas Menon, Kristen M S O'Connell, Timothy J Hohman, Catherine Kaczorowski May 2022

Translational Approaches To Understanding Resilience To Alzheimer's Disease., Sarah M Neuner, Maria Telpoukhovskaia, Vilas Menon, Kristen M S O'Connell, Timothy J Hohman, Catherine Kaczorowski

Faculty Research 2022

Individuals who maintain cognitive function despite high levels of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated pathology are said to be 'resilient' to AD. Identifying mechanisms underlying resilience represents an exciting therapeutic opportunity. Human studies have identified a number of molecular and genetic factors associated with resilience, but the complexity of these cohorts prohibits a complete understanding of which factors are causal or simply correlated with resilience. Genetically and phenotypically diverse mouse models of AD provide new and translationally relevant opportunities to identify and prioritize new resilience mechanisms for further cross-species investigation. This review will discuss insights into resilience gained from both ...


Genetic Interaction Between Mfrp And Adipor1 Mutations Affect Retinal Disease Phenotypes, Navdeep Gogna, Sonia Weatherly, Fuxin Zhao, Gayle B. Collin, Jai Pinkney, Lisa Stone, Juergen K. Naggert, Gregory W. Carter, Patsy M. Nishina Jan 2022

Genetic Interaction Between Mfrp And Adipor1 Mutations Affect Retinal Disease Phenotypes, Navdeep Gogna, Sonia Weatherly, Fuxin Zhao, Gayle B. Collin, Jai Pinkney, Lisa Stone, Juergen K. Naggert, Gregory W. Carter, Patsy M. Nishina

Faculty Research 2022

Adipor1tm1Dgen and Mfrprd6 mutant mice share similar eye disease characteristics. Previously, studies established a functional relationship of ADIPOR1 and MFRP proteins in maintaining retinal lipidome homeostasis and visual function. However, the independent and/or interactive contribution of both genes to similar disease phenotypes, including fundus spots, decreased axial length, and photoreceptor degeneration has yet to be examined. We performed a gene-interaction study where homozygous Adipor1tm1Dgen and Mfrprd6 mice were bred together and the resulting doubly heterozygous F1 offspring were intercrossed to produce 210 F2 progeny. Four-month-old mice from all nine genotypic combinations obtained in the F2 ...


Common Genetic Variants Contribute To Risk Of Transposition Of The Great Arteries., Doris Škorić-Milosavljević, Rafik Tadros, Fernanda M Bosada, Federico Tessadori, Jan Hendrik Van Weerd, Odilia I Woudstra, Fleur V Y Tjong, Najim Lahrouchi, Fanny Bajolle, Heather J Cordell, A J Agopian, Gillian M Blue, Daniela Q C M Barge-Schaapveld, Marc Gewillig, Christoph Preuss, Elisabeth M Lodder, Phil Barnett, Aho Ilgun, Leander Beekman, Karel Van Duijvenboden, Regina Bokenkamp, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Hubert W Vliegen, Thelma C Konings, Joost P Van Melle, Arie P J Van Dijk, Roland R J Van Kimmenade, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Gertjan T Sieswerda, Folkert Meijboom, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Felix Berger, Sven Dittrich, Marc-Phillip Hitz, Julia Moosmann, Frank-Thomas Riede, Stephan Schubert, Pilar Galan, Mark Lathrop, Hans M Munter, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, Pamela J Shaw, Karen E Morrison, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H Van Den Berg, Sylvia Evans, Marcelo A Nobrega, Ivy Aneas, Milena Radivojkov-Blagojević, Thomas Meitinger, Erwin Oechslin, Tapas Mondal, Lynn Bergin, John F Smythe, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Jane Lougheed, Berto J Bouma, Marie-A Chaix, Jennie Kline, Anne S Bassett, Gregor Andelfinger, Roel L F Van Der Palen, Patrice Bouvagnet, Sally-Ann B Clur, Jeroen Breckpot, Wilhelmina S Kerstjens-Frederikse, David S Winlaw, Ulrike M M Bauer, Seema Mital, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Bernard Keavney, Damien Bonnet, Barbara J Mulder, Michael W T Tanck, Jeroen Bakkers, Vincent M Christoffels, Cornelis J Boogerd, Alex V Postma, Connie R Bezzina Jan 2022

Common Genetic Variants Contribute To Risk Of Transposition Of The Great Arteries., Doris Škorić-Milosavljević, Rafik Tadros, Fernanda M Bosada, Federico Tessadori, Jan Hendrik Van Weerd, Odilia I Woudstra, Fleur V Y Tjong, Najim Lahrouchi, Fanny Bajolle, Heather J Cordell, A J Agopian, Gillian M Blue, Daniela Q C M Barge-Schaapveld, Marc Gewillig, Christoph Preuss, Elisabeth M Lodder, Phil Barnett, Aho Ilgun, Leander Beekman, Karel Van Duijvenboden, Regina Bokenkamp, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Hubert W Vliegen, Thelma C Konings, Joost P Van Melle, Arie P J Van Dijk, Roland R J Van Kimmenade, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Gertjan T Sieswerda, Folkert Meijboom, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Felix Berger, Sven Dittrich, Marc-Phillip Hitz, Julia Moosmann, Frank-Thomas Riede, Stephan Schubert, Pilar Galan, Mark Lathrop, Hans M Munter, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, Pamela J Shaw, Karen E Morrison, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H Van Den Berg, Sylvia Evans, Marcelo A Nobrega, Ivy Aneas, Milena Radivojkov-Blagojević, Thomas Meitinger, Erwin Oechslin, Tapas Mondal, Lynn Bergin, John F Smythe, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Jane Lougheed, Berto J Bouma, Marie-A Chaix, Jennie Kline, Anne S Bassett, Gregor Andelfinger, Roel L F Van Der Palen, Patrice Bouvagnet, Sally-Ann B Clur, Jeroen Breckpot, Wilhelmina S Kerstjens-Frederikse, David S Winlaw, Ulrike M M Bauer, Seema Mital, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Bernard Keavney, Damien Bonnet, Barbara J Mulder, Michael W T Tanck, Jeroen Bakkers, Vincent M Christoffels, Cornelis J Boogerd, Alex V Postma, Connie R Bezzina

Faculty Research 2022

RATIONALE: Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) is a severe congenital heart defect which affects approximately 1 in 4,000 live births. While there are several reports of D-TGA patients with rare variants in individual genes, the majority of D-TGA cases remain genetically elusive. Familial recurrence patterns and the observation that most cases with D-TGA are sporadic suggest a polygenic inheritance for the disorder, yet this remains unexplored.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the role of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in risk for D-TGA.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a genome-wide association study in an international set of 1 ...


Stride-Level Analysis Of Mouse Open Field Behavior Using Deep-Learning-Based Pose Estimation., Keith Sheppard, Justin Gardin, Gautam S Sabnis, Asaf Peer, Megan Darrell, Sean P Deats, Brian Q Geuther, Cathleen Lutz, Vivek Kumar Jan 2022

Stride-Level Analysis Of Mouse Open Field Behavior Using Deep-Learning-Based Pose Estimation., Keith Sheppard, Justin Gardin, Gautam S Sabnis, Asaf Peer, Megan Darrell, Sean P Deats, Brian Q Geuther, Cathleen Lutz, Vivek Kumar

Faculty Research 2022

Gait and posture are often perturbed in many neurological, neuromuscular, and neuropsychiatric conditions. Rodents provide a tractable model for elucidating disease mechanisms and interventions. Here, we develop a neural-network-based assay that adopts the commonly used open field apparatus for mouse gait and posture analysis. We quantitate both with high precision across 62 strains of mice. We characterize four mutants with known gait deficits and demonstrate that multiple autism spectrum disorder (ASD) models show gait and posture deficits, implying this is a general feature of ASD. Mouse gait and posture measures are highly heritable and fall into three distinct classes. We ...


An Artifact In Intracellular Cytokine Staining For Studying T Cell Responses And Its Alleviation., Zheng Gong, Qing Li, Jiayuan Shi, Guangwen Ren Jan 2022

An Artifact In Intracellular Cytokine Staining For Studying T Cell Responses And Its Alleviation., Zheng Gong, Qing Li, Jiayuan Shi, Guangwen Ren

Faculty Research 2022

Intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) is a widely employed ex vivo method for quantitative determination of the activation status of immune cells, most often applied to T cells. ICS test samples are commonly prepared from animal or human tissues as unpurified cell mixtures, and cell-specific cytokine signals are subsequently discriminated by gating strategies using flow cytometry. Here, we show that when ICS samples contain Ly6G+ neutrophils, neutrophils are ex vivo activated by an ICS reagent - phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) - which leads to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) release and death of cytokine-expressing T cells. This artifact is likely to result ...


Pulmonary Capillary Recruitment And Distention In Mammalian Lungs: Species Similarities, David Langleben, Benjamin D. Fox, Stylianos E. Orfanos, Michele Giovinazzo, John D. Catravas Jan 2022

Pulmonary Capillary Recruitment And Distention In Mammalian Lungs: Species Similarities, David Langleben, Benjamin D. Fox, Stylianos E. Orfanos, Michele Giovinazzo, John D. Catravas

Bioelectrics Publications

Pulmonary arterial pressure rises minimally during exercise. The pulmonary microcirculation accommodates increasing blood flow via recruitment of pulmonary capillaries and, at higher flows, by distention of already perfused capillaries. The flow transition range between recruitment and distention has not been studied or compared across mammalian species, including humans. We hypothesised that the range would be similar. Functional pulmonary capillary surface area (FCSA) can be estimated using validated metabolic techniques. We reviewed data from previous studies in three mammalian species (perfused rabbit lungs and dog lung lobes, and exercising humans) and generated blood flow-FCSA curves over a range of flows. We ...


Rickettsial Pathogen Perturbs Tick Circadian Gene To Infect The Vertebrate Host, Supreet Khanal, Vikas Taank, John F. Anderson, Hameeda Sultana, Girish Neelakanta Jan 2022

Rickettsial Pathogen Perturbs Tick Circadian Gene To Infect The Vertebrate Host, Supreet Khanal, Vikas Taank, John F. Anderson, Hameeda Sultana, Girish Neelakanta

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Ixodes scapularis is a medically important tick that transmits several microbes to humans, including rickettsial pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum. In nature, these ticks encounter several abiotic factors including changes in temperature, humidity, and light. Many organisms use endogenously generated circadian pathways to encounter abiotic factors. In this study, we provide evidence for the first time to show that A. phagocytophilum modulates the arthropod circadian gene for its transmission to the vertebrate host. We noted a circadian oscillation in the expression of arthropod clock, bmal1, period and timeless genes when ticks or tick cells were exposed to alternate 12 h light: 12 ...


Law Library Blog (December 2021): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Dec 2021

Law Library Blog (December 2021): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Differentiation Of Fetal Hematopoietic Stem Cells Requires Arid4b To Restrict Autocrine Kitlg/Kit-Src Signaling., In-Chi Young, Bogang Wu, Jaclyn Andricovich, Sung-Ting Chuang, Rong Li, Alexandros Tzatsos, Ray-Chang Wu, Mei-Yi Wu Nov 2021

Differentiation Of Fetal Hematopoietic Stem Cells Requires Arid4b To Restrict Autocrine Kitlg/Kit-Src Signaling., In-Chi Young, Bogang Wu, Jaclyn Andricovich, Sung-Ting Chuang, Rong Li, Alexandros Tzatsos, Ray-Chang Wu, Mei-Yi Wu

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Extensive Livestock Production And Emerging Social Ethics For Animals, Bernard E. Rollin Oct 2021

Extensive Livestock Production And Emerging Social Ethics For Animals, Bernard E. Rollin

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The last 50 years have witnessed a dazzling array of social ethical revolutions in Western society. Such moral movements as feminism, civil rights, environmentalism, affirmative action, consumer advocacy, homosexual rights, children’s rights, the student movement, antiwar activism, public rejection of biotechnology, have forever changed the way governments and public institutions comport themselves. And this is equally true for private enterprise; to be successful, businesses must be seen as operating solidly in harmony with changing and emerging social ethics. It is arguable that morally based boycotting of South African business was instrumental in bringing about the end of apartheid, and ...


Fusion And Beyond: Satellite Cell Contributions To Loading-Induced Skeletal Muscle Adaptation, Kevin A. Murach, Christopher S. Fry, Esther E. Dupont-Versteegden, John J. Mccarthy, Charlotte A. Peterson Sep 2021

Fusion And Beyond: Satellite Cell Contributions To Loading-Induced Skeletal Muscle Adaptation, Kevin A. Murach, Christopher S. Fry, Esther E. Dupont-Versteegden, John J. Mccarthy, Charlotte A. Peterson

Center for Muscle Biology Faculty Publications

Satellite cells support adult skeletal muscle fiber adaptations to loading in numerous ways. The fusion of satellite cells, driven by cell-autonomous and/or extrinsic factors, contributes new myonuclei to muscle fibers, associates with load-induced hypertrophy, and may support focal membrane damage repair and long-term myonuclear transcriptional output. Recent studies have also revealed that satellite cells communicate within their niche to mediate muscle remodeling in response to resistance exercise, regulating the activity of numerous cell types through various mechanisms such as secretory signaling and cell–cell contact. Muscular adaptation to resistance and endurance activity can be initiated and sustained for a ...


Functional Characterization Of T2d-Associated Snp Effects On Baseline And Er Stress-Responsive Β Cell Transcriptional Activation., Shubham Khetan, Susan Kales, Romy Kursawe, Alexandria Jillette, Jacob C Ulirsch, Steven K Reilly, Duygu Ucar, Ryan Tewhey, Michael L. Stitzel Sep 2021

Functional Characterization Of T2d-Associated Snp Effects On Baseline And Er Stress-Responsive Β Cell Transcriptional Activation., Shubham Khetan, Susan Kales, Romy Kursawe, Alexandria Jillette, Jacob C Ulirsch, Steven K Reilly, Duygu Ucar, Ryan Tewhey, Michael L. Stitzel

Faculty Research 2021

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at >250 loci in the human genome to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. For each locus, identifying the functional variant(s) among multiple SNPs in high linkage disequilibrium is critical to understand molecular mechanisms underlying T2D genetic risk. Using massively parallel reporter assays (MPRA), we test the cis-regulatory effects of SNPs associated with T2D and altered in vivo islet chromatin accessibility in MIN6 β cells under steady state and pathophysiologic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress conditions. We identify 1,982/6,621 (29.9%) SNP-containing elements that activate transcription in MIN6 ...


Comprehensive Characterization Of 536 Patient-Derived Xenograft Models Prioritizes Candidatesfor Targeted Treatment., Hua Sun, Song Cao, R Jay Mashl, Chia-Kuei Mo, Simone Zaccaria, Michael C Wendl, Sherri R Davies, Matthew H Bailey, Tina M Primeau, Jeremy Hoog, Jacqueline L Mudd, Dennis A Dean, Rajesh Patidar, Li Chen, Matthew A Wyczalkowski, Reyka G Jayasinghe, Fernanda Martins Rodrigues, Nadezhda V Terekhanova, Yize Li, Kian-Huat Lim, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Brian A Van Tine, Cynthia X Ma, Rebecca Aft, Katherine C Fuh, Julie K Schwarz, Jose P Zevallos, Sidharth V Puram, John F Dipersio, Nci Pdxnet Consortium, Brandi Davis-Dusenbery, Matthew J Ellis, Michael T Lewis, Michael A Davies, Meenhard Herlyn, Bingliang Fang, Jack A Roth, Alana L Welm, Bryan E Welm, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Feng Chen, Ryan C Fields, Shunqiang Li, Ramaswamy Govindan, James H Doroshow, Jeffrey A Moscow, Yvonne A Evrard, Jeffrey Chuang, Benjamin J Raphael, Li Ding, Carol J Bult, Peter N Robinson Aug 2021

Comprehensive Characterization Of 536 Patient-Derived Xenograft Models Prioritizes Candidatesfor Targeted Treatment., Hua Sun, Song Cao, R Jay Mashl, Chia-Kuei Mo, Simone Zaccaria, Michael C Wendl, Sherri R Davies, Matthew H Bailey, Tina M Primeau, Jeremy Hoog, Jacqueline L Mudd, Dennis A Dean, Rajesh Patidar, Li Chen, Matthew A Wyczalkowski, Reyka G Jayasinghe, Fernanda Martins Rodrigues, Nadezhda V Terekhanova, Yize Li, Kian-Huat Lim, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Brian A Van Tine, Cynthia X Ma, Rebecca Aft, Katherine C Fuh, Julie K Schwarz, Jose P Zevallos, Sidharth V Puram, John F Dipersio, Nci Pdxnet Consortium, Brandi Davis-Dusenbery, Matthew J Ellis, Michael T Lewis, Michael A Davies, Meenhard Herlyn, Bingliang Fang, Jack A Roth, Alana L Welm, Bryan E Welm, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Feng Chen, Ryan C Fields, Shunqiang Li, Ramaswamy Govindan, James H Doroshow, Jeffrey A Moscow, Yvonne A Evrard, Jeffrey Chuang, Benjamin J Raphael, Li Ding, Carol J Bult, Peter N Robinson

Faculty Research 2021

Development of candidate cancer treatments is a resource-intensive process, with the research community continuing to investigate options beyond static genomic characterization. Toward this goal, we have established the genomic landscapes of 536 patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models across 25 cancer types, together with mutation, copy number, fusion, transcriptomic profiles, and NCI-MATCH arms. Compared with human tumors, PDXs typically have higher purity and fit to investigate dynamic driver events and molecular properties via multiple time points from same case PDXs. Here, we report on dynamic genomic landscapes and pharmacogenomic associations, including associations between activating oncogenic events and drugs, correlations between whole-genome duplications ...


Tet2 Controls The Responses Of Β Cells To Inflammation In Autoimmune Diabetes., Jinxiu Rui, Songyan Deng, Ana Luisa Perdigoto, Gerald Ponath, Romy Kursawe, Nathan Lawlor, Tomokazu Sumida, Maya Levine-Ritterman, Michael L. Stitzel, David Pitt, Jun Lu, Kevan C Herold Aug 2021

Tet2 Controls The Responses Of Β Cells To Inflammation In Autoimmune Diabetes., Jinxiu Rui, Songyan Deng, Ana Luisa Perdigoto, Gerald Ponath, Romy Kursawe, Nathan Lawlor, Tomokazu Sumida, Maya Levine-Ritterman, Michael L. Stitzel, David Pitt, Jun Lu, Kevan C Herold

Faculty Research 2021

β cells may participate and contribute to their own demise during Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Here we report a role of their expression of Tet2 in regulating immune killing. Tet2 is induced in murine and human β cells with inflammation but its expression is reduced in surviving β cells. Tet2-KO mice that receive WT bone marrow transplants develop insulitis but not diabetes and islet infiltrates do not eliminate β cells even though immune cells from the mice can transfer diabetes to NOD/scid recipients. Tet2-KO recipients are protected from transfer of disease by diabetogenic immune cells.Tet2-KO β cells show ...


Glis1 Regulates Trabecular Meshwork Function And Intraocular Pressure And Is Associated With Glaucoma In Humans., K Saidas Nair, Chitrangda Srivastava, Robert V Brown, Swanand Koli, Hélène Choquet, Hong Soon Kang, Yien-Ming Kuo, Sara A Grimm, Caleb Sutherland, Alexandra Badea, G Allan Johnson, Yin Zhao, Jie Yin, Kyoko Okamoto, Graham Clark, Terete Borrás, Gulab Zode, Krishnakumar Kizhatil, Subhabrata Chakrabarti, Simon W M John, Eric Jorgenson, Anton M Jetten Aug 2021

Glis1 Regulates Trabecular Meshwork Function And Intraocular Pressure And Is Associated With Glaucoma In Humans., K Saidas Nair, Chitrangda Srivastava, Robert V Brown, Swanand Koli, Hélène Choquet, Hong Soon Kang, Yien-Ming Kuo, Sara A Grimm, Caleb Sutherland, Alexandra Badea, G Allan Johnson, Yin Zhao, Jie Yin, Kyoko Okamoto, Graham Clark, Terete Borrás, Gulab Zode, Krishnakumar Kizhatil, Subhabrata Chakrabarti, Simon W M John, Eric Jorgenson, Anton M Jetten

Faculty Research 2021

Chronically elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the major risk factor of primary open-angle glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness. Dysfunction of the trabecular meshwork (TM), which controls the outflow of aqueous humor (AqH) from the anterior chamber, is the major cause of elevated IOP. Here, we demonstrate that mice deficient in the Krüppel-like zinc finger transcriptional factor GLI-similar-1 (GLIS1) develop chronically elevated IOP. Magnetic resonance imaging and histopathological analysis reveal that deficiency in GLIS1 expression induces progressive degeneration of the TM, leading to inefficient AqH drainage from the anterior chamber and elevated IOP. Transcriptome and cistrome analyses identified several glaucoma- ...


Predictive Biomarkers For 5-Fluorouracil And Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy In Gastric Cancers Via Profiling Of Patient-Derived Xenografts., Deukchae Na, Jeesoo Chae, Sung-Yup Cho, Wonyoung Kang, Ahra Lee, Seoyeon Min, Jinjoo Kang, Min Jung Kim, Jaeyong Choi, Woochan Lee, Dongjin Shin, Ahrum Min, Yu-Jin Kim, Kyung-Hun Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Yun-Suhk Suh, Seong-Ho Kong, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Woo-Ho Kim, Hansoo Park, Seock-Ah Im, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee, Jong-Il Kim Aug 2021

Predictive Biomarkers For 5-Fluorouracil And Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy In Gastric Cancers Via Profiling Of Patient-Derived Xenografts., Deukchae Na, Jeesoo Chae, Sung-Yup Cho, Wonyoung Kang, Ahra Lee, Seoyeon Min, Jinjoo Kang, Min Jung Kim, Jaeyong Choi, Woochan Lee, Dongjin Shin, Ahrum Min, Yu-Jin Kim, Kyung-Hun Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Yun-Suhk Suh, Seong-Ho Kong, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Woo-Ho Kim, Hansoo Park, Seock-Ah Im, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee, Jong-Il Kim

Faculty Research 2021

Gastric cancer (GC) is commonly treated by chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) derivatives and platinum combination, but predictive biomarker remains lacking. We develop patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) from 31 GC patients and treat with a combination of 5-FU and oxaliplatin, to determine biomarkers associated with responsiveness. When the PDXs are defined as either responders or non-responders according to tumor volume change after treatment, the responsiveness of PDXs is significantly consistent with the respective clinical outcomes of the patients. An integrative genomic and transcriptomic analysis of PDXs reveals that pathways associated with cell-to-cell and cell-to-extracellular matrix interactions enriched among the non-responders in both ...


In Situ Chromatin Interaction Analysis Using Paired-End Tag Sequencing., Ping Wang, Yuliang Feng, Kun Zhu, Haoxi Chai, Ya-Ting Chang, Xiaofei Yang, Xiyuan Liu, Chen Shen, Eva Gega, Byoungkoo Lee, Minji Kim, Xiaoan Ruan, Yijun Ruan Aug 2021

In Situ Chromatin Interaction Analysis Using Paired-End Tag Sequencing., Ping Wang, Yuliang Feng, Kun Zhu, Haoxi Chai, Ya-Ting Chang, Xiaofei Yang, Xiyuan Liu, Chen Shen, Eva Gega, Byoungkoo Lee, Minji Kim, Xiaoan Ruan, Yijun Ruan

Faculty Research 2021

Chromatin Interaction Analysis Using Paired-End Tag Sequencing (ChIA-PET) is an established method to map protein-mediated chromatin interactions. A limitation, however, is that it requires a hundred million cells per experiment, which hampers its broad application in biomedical research, particularly in studies in which it is impractical to obtain a large number of cells from rare samples. To reduce the required input cell number while retaining high data quality, we developed an in situ ChIA-PET protocol, which requires as few as 1 million cells. Here, we describe detailed step-by-step procedures for performing in situ ChIA-PET from cultured cells, including both an ...


Rnase Κ Promotes Robust Pirna Production By Generating 2',3'-Cyclic Phosphate-Containing Precursors, Megumi Shigematsu, Takuya Kawamura, Keisuke Morichika, Natsuko Izumi, Takashi Kiuchi, Shozo Honda, Venetia Pliatsika, Ryuma Matsubara, Isidore Rigoutsos, Susumu Katsuma, Yukihide Tomari, Yohei Kirino Jul 2021

Rnase Κ Promotes Robust Pirna Production By Generating 2',3'-Cyclic Phosphate-Containing Precursors, Megumi Shigematsu, Takuya Kawamura, Keisuke Morichika, Natsuko Izumi, Takashi Kiuchi, Shozo Honda, Venetia Pliatsika, Ryuma Matsubara, Isidore Rigoutsos, Susumu Katsuma, Yukihide Tomari, Yohei Kirino

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

In animal germlines, PIWI proteins and the associated PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) protect genome integrity by silencing transposons. Here we report the extensive sequence and quantitative correlations between 2′,3′-cyclic phosphate-containing RNAs (cP-RNAs), identified using cP-RNA-seq, and piRNAs in the Bombyx germ cell line and mouse testes. The cP-RNAs containing 5′-phosphate (P-cP-RNAs) identified by P-cP-RNA-seq harbor highly consistent 5′-end positions as the piRNAs and are loaded onto PIWI protein, suggesting their direct utilization as piRNA precursors. We identified Bombyx RNase Kappa (BmRNase κ) as a mitochondria-associated endoribonuclease which produces cP-RNAs during piRNA biogenesis. BmRNase κ-depletion elevated transposon levels ...


The Antimalarial Mmv688533 Provides Potential For Single-Dose Cures With A High Barrier To, James M. Murithi, Cécile Pascal, Jade Bath, Xavier Boulenc, Nina F. Gnädig, Charisse Flerida A. Pasaje, Kelly Rubiano, Tomas Yeo, Sachel Mok, Sylvie Klieber, Paul Desert, María Belén Jiménez-Díaz, Jutta Marfurt, Mélanie Rouillier, Mohammed H. Cherkaoui-Rbati, Nathalie Gobeau, Sergio Wittlin, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Ric N. Price, Grennady Wirjanata, Rintis Noviyanti, Patrick Tumwebaze, Roland A. Cooper, Philip J Rosenthal, Laura M Sanz, Francisco Javier Gamo, Jayan Joseph, Shivendra Singh, Sridevi Bashyam, Jean Michel Augereau, Elie Giraud, Tanguy Bozec, Thierry Vermat, Gilles Tuffal, Jean-Michel Guillon, Jérôme Menegotto, Laurent Sallé, Guillaume Louit, Marie-José Cabanis, Marie Françoise Nicolas, Michel Doubovetzky, Rita Merino, Nadir Bessila, Iñigo Angulo-Barturen, Delphine Baud, Lidiya Bebrevska, Fanny Escudié, Jacquin C Niles, Benjamin Blasco, Simon Campbell, Gilles Courtemanche, Laurent Fraisse, Alain Pellet, David A Fidock, Didier Leroy Jul 2021

The Antimalarial Mmv688533 Provides Potential For Single-Dose Cures With A High Barrier To, James M. Murithi, Cécile Pascal, Jade Bath, Xavier Boulenc, Nina F. Gnädig, Charisse Flerida A. Pasaje, Kelly Rubiano, Tomas Yeo, Sachel Mok, Sylvie Klieber, Paul Desert, María Belén Jiménez-Díaz, Jutta Marfurt, Mélanie Rouillier, Mohammed H. Cherkaoui-Rbati, Nathalie Gobeau, Sergio Wittlin, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Ric N. Price, Grennady Wirjanata, Rintis Noviyanti, Patrick Tumwebaze, Roland A. Cooper, Philip J Rosenthal, Laura M Sanz, Francisco Javier Gamo, Jayan Joseph, Shivendra Singh, Sridevi Bashyam, Jean Michel Augereau, Elie Giraud, Tanguy Bozec, Thierry Vermat, Gilles Tuffal, Jean-Michel Guillon, Jérôme Menegotto, Laurent Sallé, Guillaume Louit, Marie-José Cabanis, Marie Françoise Nicolas, Michel Doubovetzky, Rita Merino, Nadir Bessila, Iñigo Angulo-Barturen, Delphine Baud, Lidiya Bebrevska, Fanny Escudié, Jacquin C Niles, Benjamin Blasco, Simon Campbell, Gilles Courtemanche, Laurent Fraisse, Alain Pellet, David A Fidock, Didier Leroy

Natural Sciences and Mathematics | Faculty Scholarship

The emergence and spread of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to first-line antimalarials creates an imperative to identify and develop potent preclinical candidates with distinct modes of action. Here, we report the identification of MMV688533, an acylguanidine that was developed following a whole-cell screen with compounds known to hit high-value targets in human cells. MMV688533 displays fast parasite clearance in vitro and is not cross-resistant with known antimalarials. In a P. falciparum NSG mouse model, MMV688533 displays a long-lasting pharmacokinetic profile and excellent safety. Selection studies reveal a low propensity for resistance, with modest loss of potency mediated by point mutations in ...


Fos Rescues Neuronal Differentiation Of Sox2-Deleted Neural Stem Cells By Genome-Wide Regulation Of Common Sox2 And Ap1(Fos-Jun) Target Genes., Miriam Pagin, Mattias Pernebrink, Mattia Pitasi, Federica Malighetti, Chew Yee Ngan, Sergio Ottolenghi, Giulio Pavesi, Claudio Cantù, Silvia K Nicolis Jul 2021

Fos Rescues Neuronal Differentiation Of Sox2-Deleted Neural Stem Cells By Genome-Wide Regulation Of Common Sox2 And Ap1(Fos-Jun) Target Genes., Miriam Pagin, Mattias Pernebrink, Mattia Pitasi, Federica Malighetti, Chew Yee Ngan, Sergio Ottolenghi, Giulio Pavesi, Claudio Cantù, Silvia K Nicolis

Faculty Research 2021

The transcription factor SOX2 is important for brain development and for neural stem cells (NSC) maintenance. Sox2-deleted (Sox2-del) NSC from neonatal mouse brain are lost after few passages in culture. Two highly expressed genes, Fos and Socs3, are strongly downregulated in Sox2-del NSC; we previously showed that Fos or Socs3 overexpression by lentiviral transduction fully rescues NSC's long-term maintenance in culture. Sox2-del NSC are severely defective in neuronal production when induced to differentiate. NSC rescued by Sox2 reintroduction correctly differentiate into neurons. Similarly, Fos transduction rescues normal or even increased numbers of immature neurons expressing beta-tubulinIII, but not ...


Endometrial Receptivity And Implantation Require Uterine Bmp Signaling Through An Acvr2a-Smad1/Smad5 Axis., Diana Monsivais, Takashi Nagashima, Renata Prunskaite-Hyyryläinen, Kaori Nozawa, Keisuke Shimada, Suni Tang, Clark Hamor, Julio E Agno, Fengju Chen, Ramya P Masand, Steven L Young, Chad J Creighton, Francesco J Demayo, Masahito Ikawa, Se-Jin Lee, Martin M Matzuk Jun 2021

Endometrial Receptivity And Implantation Require Uterine Bmp Signaling Through An Acvr2a-Smad1/Smad5 Axis., Diana Monsivais, Takashi Nagashima, Renata Prunskaite-Hyyryläinen, Kaori Nozawa, Keisuke Shimada, Suni Tang, Clark Hamor, Julio E Agno, Fengju Chen, Ramya P Masand, Steven L Young, Chad J Creighton, Francesco J Demayo, Masahito Ikawa, Se-Jin Lee, Martin M Matzuk

Faculty Research 2021

During early pregnancy in the mouse, nidatory estrogen (E2) stimulates endometrial receptivity by activating a network of signaling pathways that is not yet fully characterized. Here, we report that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) control endometrial receptivity via a conserved activin receptor type 2 A (ACVR2A) and SMAD1/5 signaling pathway. Mice were generated to contain single or double conditional deletion of SMAD1/5 and ACVR2A/ACVR2B receptors using progesterone receptor (PR)-cre. Female mice with SMAD1/5 deletion display endometrial defects that result in the development of cystic endometrial glands, a hyperproliferative endometrial epithelium during the window of implantation, and ...


Discovery Of Widespread Transcription Initiation At Microsatellites Predictable By Sequence-Based Deep Neural Network., Mathys Grapotte, Manu Saraswat, Chloé Bessière, Christophe Menichelli, Jordan A Ramilowski, Jessica Severin, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Masayoshi Itoh, Michihira Tagami, Mitsuyoshi Murata, Miki Kojima-Ishiyama, Shohei Noma, Shuhei Noguchi, Takeya Kasukawa, Akira Hasegawa, Harukazu Suzuki, Hiromi Nishiyori-Sueki, Martin C Frith, Fantom Consortium, Clément Chatelain, Piero Carninci, Michiel J L De Hoon, Wyeth W Wasserman, Laurent Bréhélin, Charles-Henri Lecellier, Judith A. Blake, Carol J Bult Jun 2021

Discovery Of Widespread Transcription Initiation At Microsatellites Predictable By Sequence-Based Deep Neural Network., Mathys Grapotte, Manu Saraswat, Chloé Bessière, Christophe Menichelli, Jordan A Ramilowski, Jessica Severin, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Masayoshi Itoh, Michihira Tagami, Mitsuyoshi Murata, Miki Kojima-Ishiyama, Shohei Noma, Shuhei Noguchi, Takeya Kasukawa, Akira Hasegawa, Harukazu Suzuki, Hiromi Nishiyori-Sueki, Martin C Frith, Fantom Consortium, Clément Chatelain, Piero Carninci, Michiel J L De Hoon, Wyeth W Wasserman, Laurent Bréhélin, Charles-Henri Lecellier, Judith A. Blake, Carol J Bult

Faculty Research 2021

Using the Cap Analysis of Gene Expression (CAGE) technology, the FANTOM5 consortium provided one of the most comprehensive maps of transcription start sites (TSSs) in several species. Strikingly, ~72% of them could not be assigned to a specific gene and initiate at unconventional regions, outside promoters or enhancers. Here, we probe these unassigned TSSs and show that, in all species studied, a significant fraction of CAGE peaks initiate at microsatellites, also called short tandem repeats (STRs). To confirm this transcription, we develop Cap Trap RNA-seq, a technology which combines cap trapping and long read MinION sequencing. We train sequence-based deep ...


Functional Impact Of A Germline Ret Mutation In Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma., Noah E Berlow, Kenneth A Crawford, Carol J Bult, Christopher Noakes, Ido Sloma, Erin R Rudzinski, Charles Keller Jun 2021

Functional Impact Of A Germline Ret Mutation In Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma., Noah E Berlow, Kenneth A Crawford, Carol J Bult, Christopher Noakes, Ido Sloma, Erin R Rudzinski, Charles Keller

Faculty Research 2021

Specific mutations in the RET proto-oncogene are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A, a hereditary syndrome characterized by tumorigenesis in multiple glandular elements. In rare instances, MEN2A-associated germline RET mutations have also occurred with non-MEN2A associated cancers. One such germline mutant RET mutation occurred concomitantly in a young adult diagnosed with alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, a pediatric and young adult soft-tissue cancer with a generally poor prognosis. Although tumor tissue samples were initially unable to provide a viable cell culture for study, tumor tissues were sequenced for molecular characteristics. Through a hierarchical clustering approach, the index case sample was matched to ...


Corneal Nonmyelinating Schwann Cells Illuminated By Single-Cell Transcriptomics And Visualized By Protein Biomarkers., Paola Bargagna-Mohan, Gwendolyn Schultz, Bruce Rheaume, Ephraim F Trakhtenberg, Paul Robson, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Mary Ann Stepp, Katherine S Given, Wendy B Macklin, Royce Mohan Mar 2021

Corneal Nonmyelinating Schwann Cells Illuminated By Single-Cell Transcriptomics And Visualized By Protein Biomarkers., Paola Bargagna-Mohan, Gwendolyn Schultz, Bruce Rheaume, Ephraim F Trakhtenberg, Paul Robson, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Mary Ann Stepp, Katherine S Given, Wendy B Macklin, Royce Mohan

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Co-Delivering Sorafenib And Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Sirna Enhanced Tumor-Suppressing Effect On Liver Cancer., Zhili Wen, Yuliang Feng, Youwen Hu, Lingyan Lian, Hongyan Huang, Li Guo, Shanwen Chen, Qian Yang, Moran Zhang, Lijun Wan, Kedong Xu, Degejirifu, Xiaohua Yan Jan 2021

Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Co-Delivering Sorafenib And Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Sirna Enhanced Tumor-Suppressing Effect On Liver Cancer., Zhili Wen, Yuliang Feng, Youwen Hu, Lingyan Lian, Hongyan Huang, Li Guo, Shanwen Chen, Qian Yang, Moran Zhang, Lijun Wan, Kedong Xu, Degejirifu, Xiaohua Yan

Faculty Research 2021

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) co-delivering sorafenib (Sor) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) siRNA (MWNT/Sor/siRNA) on tumor growth in liver cancer (LC).

RESULTS: MWNT/Sor/siRNA was proved to possess increased Sor release, high siRNA stability, and enhanced cellular uptake. In addition, MWNT treatment has few effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis in HepG2 cells; however, MWNT/Sor/siRNA treatment significantly inhibited clone number and induced cell apoptosis, which shows a more favorable antitumor effect than MWNT/Sor and free Sor and free siRNA in HepG2 cells. Moreover MWNT ...


The Gene Ontology Resource: Enriching A Gold Mine., Gene Ontology Consortium, Judith A. Blake, Mary E. Dolan, Harold J. Drabkin, David P. Hill Jan 2021

The Gene Ontology Resource: Enriching A Gold Mine., Gene Ontology Consortium, Judith A. Blake, Mary E. Dolan, Harold J. Drabkin, David P. Hill

Faculty Research 2021

The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) provides the most comprehensive resource currently available for computable knowledge regarding the functions of genes and gene products. Here, we report the advances of the consortium over the past two years. The new GO-CAM annotation framework was notably improved, and we formalized the model with a computational schema to check and validate the rapidly increasing repository of 2838 GO-CAMs. In addition, we describe the impacts of several collaborations to refine GO and report a 10% increase in the number of GO annotations, a 25% increase in annotated gene products, and over 9,400 new scientific ...


Mouse Genome Database (Mgd): Knowledgebase For Mouse-Human Comparative Biology., Judith A. Blake, Richard M. Baldarelli, James A. Kadin, Joel E Richardson, Cynthia Smith, Carol J Bult, Mouse Genome Database Group Jan 2021

Mouse Genome Database (Mgd): Knowledgebase For Mouse-Human Comparative Biology., Judith A. Blake, Richard M. Baldarelli, James A. Kadin, Joel E Richardson, Cynthia Smith, Carol J Bult, Mouse Genome Database Group

Faculty Research 2021

The Mouse Genome Database (MGD; http://www.informatics.jax.org) is the community model organism knowledgebase for the laboratory mouse, a widely used animal model for comparative studies of the genetic and genomic basis for human health and disease. MGD is the authoritative source for biological reference data related to mouse genes, gene functions, phenotypes and mouse models of human disease. MGD is the primary source for official gene, allele, and mouse strain nomenclature based on the guidelines set by the International Committee on Standardized Nomenclature for Mice. MGD's biocuration scientists curate information from the biomedical literature and from ...


Regen Med Therapeutic Opportunities For Fighting Covid-19., Anthony Atala, Alicia Henn, Martha Lundberg, Taby Ahsan, Jordan Greenberg, Jeff Krukin, Steven Lynum, Cathleen Lutz, Kyle Cetrulo, Mohammad Albanna, Taciana Pereira, Shannon Eaker, Joshua Hunsberger Jan 2021

Regen Med Therapeutic Opportunities For Fighting Covid-19., Anthony Atala, Alicia Henn, Martha Lundberg, Taby Ahsan, Jordan Greenberg, Jeff Krukin, Steven Lynum, Cathleen Lutz, Kyle Cetrulo, Mohammad Albanna, Taciana Pereira, Shannon Eaker, Joshua Hunsberger

Faculty Research 2021

This perspective from a Regenerative Medicine Manufacturing Society working group highlights regenerative medicine therapeutic opportunities for fighting COVID-19. This article addresses why SARS-CoV-2 is so different from other viruses and how regenerative medicine is poised to deliver new therapeutic opportunities to battle COVID-19. We describe animal models that depict the mechanism of action for COVID-19 and that may help identify new treatments. Additionally, organoid platforms that can recapitulate some of the physiological properties of human organ systems, such as the lungs and the heart, are discussed as potential platforms that may prove useful in rapidly screening new drugs and identifying ...


Antibodies Against Egf-Like Domains In Ixodes Scapularis Bm86 Orthologs Impact Tick Feeding And Survival Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Juraj Koči, Sandhya Bista, Payal Chirania, Xiuli Yang, Chrysoula Kitsou, Vipin Singh Rana, Ozlem Buyuktanir Yas, Daniel E. Sonenshine, Utpal Pal Jan 2021

Antibodies Against Egf-Like Domains In Ixodes Scapularis Bm86 Orthologs Impact Tick Feeding And Survival Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Juraj Koči, Sandhya Bista, Payal Chirania, Xiuli Yang, Chrysoula Kitsou, Vipin Singh Rana, Ozlem Buyuktanir Yas, Daniel E. Sonenshine, Utpal Pal

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Ixodes scapularis ticks transmit multiple pathogens, including Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, and encode many proteins harboring epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains. We show that I. scapularis produces multiple orthologs for Bm86, a widely studied tick gut protein considered as a target of an anti-tick vaccine, herein termed as Is86. We show that Is86 antigens feature at least three identifiable regions harboring EGF-like domains (termed as EGF-1, EGF-2, and EGF-3) and are differentially upregulated during B. burgdorferi infection. Although the RNA interference-mediated knockdown of Is86 genes did not show any influences on tick engorgement or B. burgdorferi sensu stricto persistence ...


Self And Microbiota-Derived Epitopes Induce Cd4⁺ T Cell Anergy And Conversion Into Cd4⁺Foxp3⁺ Regulatory Cells, Michal P. Kuczma, Edyta A. Szurek, Anna Cebula, Vu L. Ngo, Maciej Pietrzak, Piotr Kraj, Timothy L. Denning, Leszek Ignatowicz Jan 2021

Self And Microbiota-Derived Epitopes Induce Cd4⁺ T Cell Anergy And Conversion Into Cd4⁺Foxp3⁺ Regulatory Cells, Michal P. Kuczma, Edyta A. Szurek, Anna Cebula, Vu L. Ngo, Maciej Pietrzak, Piotr Kraj, Timothy L. Denning, Leszek Ignatowicz

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

The physiological role of T cell anergy induction as a key mechanism supporting self-tolerance remains undefined, and natural antigens that induce anergy are largely unknown. In this report, we used TCR sequencing to show that the recruitment of CD4+CD44+Foxp3CD73+FR4+ anergic (Tan) cells expands the CD4+Foxp3+ (Tregs) repertoire. Next, we report that blockade in peripherally-induced Tregs (pTregs) formation due to mutation in CNS1 region of Foxp3 or chronic exposure to a selecting self-peptide result in an accumulation of Tan cells. Finally, we show that microbial antigens from Akkermansia muciniphila commensal bacteria can induce anergy and drive ...