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2021 Seedless Pickling Cucumber Variety Trial, Ben Phillips, Jessica Good Dec 2021

2021 Seedless Pickling Cucumber Variety Trial, Ben Phillips, Jessica Good

Midwest Vegetable Trial Reports

A pickling cucumber variety trial was planted at the Saginaw Valley Research and Extension Center (43.399097, -83.694497, Frankenmuth, Michigan). Bejo (BJ), Nunhems (NU), Rijk Zwaan (RZ), and Sakata (SK) seed companies donated parthenocarpic (seedless) varieties for mechanical once-over harvest. The top five varieties each had Total Percent Recovery scores of 100%. When arranged in order of their highest combined clean yields of the most profitable fruit sizes (2B + 3A + 3B), they were NU 2106 (711 bu/a), NU 2105 (699 bu/a), RZ 16 (639 bu/a), RZ 11 (446 bu/a), and BJ Aristan (303 bu/a).


Yield, Feeding Value And Ensiling Characteristics Of Clone-13 (Pennisetum Purpureum), Sujatha Premaratne, G. G. C. Premalal, S. M. S. Setunga, J. M. S. Jayawardana Dec 2021

Yield, Feeding Value And Ensiling Characteristics Of Clone-13 (Pennisetum Purpureum), Sujatha Premaratne, G. G. C. Premalal, S. M. S. Setunga, J. M. S. Jayawardana

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

A study was carried out to find out the effect of frequency of defoliation on yield and feeding value of clone-13 (Pennisetum purpureum) in Sri Lanka. Three frequency of harvesting, namely 45, 60 and 75 days were used and, fresh yield per plot was measured. Sub samples were taken for dry matter determination and proximate analysis. According to results, frequency of harvesting of 60 days can be recommended for clone-13 under no fertilizer regime. In addition, effect of growth stage on ensiling characteristics of clone-13 was also studied. Clone-13 was harvested at 45, 60, 75 or 90 days …


Adaptability And Stability Of Alfalfa Cultivars, Ana C. Ruggieri, Alda L. G. Monteiro, R. Gualberto Nov 2021

Adaptability And Stability Of Alfalfa Cultivars, Ana C. Ruggieri, Alda L. G. Monteiro, R. Gualberto

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Yield adaptability and stability of thirty five alfalfa genotypes (Medicago sativa L.) were evaluated at Sertãozinho, SP, Brazil, considering different environments (seasons of year) from 1996 to 1999. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Scott-Knott’s test was performed to compare genotypes averages. Adaptability and stability were determined by Eberhart and Russell's procedures. Two diverse groups of genotypes with mean dry matter yield were identified: Araucana, F686, MH4 e BR2 were more responsive under favorable environments, but SW 8210, Alto, Monarca SP, Victoria SP, Florida 77, P5888, MH15, BR1, BR3, SW 9210A presented broad adaptability and …


Predicting Winter Wheat Grain Yield Using Fractional Green Canopy Cover (Fgcc), Vaughn Reed, Daryl B. Arnall, Bronc Finch, Joao Luis Bigatao Souza Nov 2021

Predicting Winter Wheat Grain Yield Using Fractional Green Canopy Cover (Fgcc), Vaughn Reed, Daryl B. Arnall, Bronc Finch, Joao Luis Bigatao Souza

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

Optical sensors have grown in popularity for estimating plant health, and they form the basis of midseason yield estimations and nitrogen (N) fertilizer recommendations, such as the Oklahoma State University (OSU) nitrogen fertilization optimization algorithm (NFOA). That algorithm uses measurements of normalized difference vegetative index (NDVI), yet not all producers have access to the sensors required to make these measurements. In contrast, most producers have access to smartphones, which can measure fractional green canopy cover (FGCC) using the Canopeo app, but the usefulness of these measurements for midseason yield estimations remains untested. Our objectives were to (1) quantify the relationship …


'Stay-Green' And Non-'Stay-Green' Perennial Ryegrass In Field Swards With Different Intervals Between Cuts, D. Wilman, K. R. Kennedy, M. O. Humphreys Nov 2021

'Stay-Green' And Non-'Stay-Green' Perennial Ryegrass In Field Swards With Different Intervals Between Cuts, D. Wilman, K. R. Kennedy, M. O. Humphreys

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the 'stay-green' character, originally introduced into perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) for amenity purposes, on herbage yield, N concentration and colour in field swards of 'stay-green' forage ryegrass managed in different ways for agricultural use. The conclusions were that the introduction of the 'stay-green' character (1) confers greater greenness only at some times of year and only when there has been a sufficiently long period of regrowth, (2) is expressed only in older, as distinct from young, tillers, (3) reduces herbage yield, particularly when a long interval is …


Drought Tolerance Of Interspecific Hybrids Between Trifolium Repens And Trifolium Ambiguum, A. H. Marshall, M. T. Abberton, T. P. T. Michaelson-Yeates, I. Rhodes, A. Williams Nov 2021

Drought Tolerance Of Interspecific Hybrids Between Trifolium Repens And Trifolium Ambiguum, A. H. Marshall, M. T. Abberton, T. P. T. Michaelson-Yeates, I. Rhodes, A. Williams

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Hybrids between the stolonifeous white clover (Trifolium repens L., 2n=4x=32) and rhizomatous Caucasian clover (T. ambiguum M.Bieb, 2n=4x=32) have been produced. A backcross 2 (BC2) generation with white clover as the recurrent parent combines the growth habit of both parent species with the objective of increasing the persistency of large leaved T. repens varieties under grazing. T. ambiguum is more drought tolerant than T. repens. The drought tolerance of the hybrids in comparison with the parental species was compared in deep soil bins over a four week drought cycle. Soil moisture content, leaf relative water content …


Evaluation Of Leucaena Genotypes, F. B. Sousa, M. R. A. Araujo, J. A. Araujo Filho, J. Sousa Neto Nov 2021

Evaluation Of Leucaena Genotypes, F. B. Sousa, M. R. A. Araujo, J. A. Araujo Filho, J. Sousa Neto

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) performance and to select the best genotypes, based on yield,.stability parameters, and quality parameters. Annual leucaena yields were obtained by cuts over the rainy and dry seasons. A combined analysis of variance for yield, and quality parameters was performed. Also stability parameters and coeficients of determination were estimated. The combined ANOVA for edible dry matter yield and for acid detergent fiber, and digestibility revealed a significant difference for genotypes, environments, genotypes x environments, row spacings, cutting frequencies, and cutting heights, Six genotypes of leucaena were selected …


2021 Cantaloupe Variety Evaluation In Indiana, Wenjing Guan, Dan Egel, Dennis Nowaskie, Dean Haseman Nov 2021

2021 Cantaloupe Variety Evaluation In Indiana, Wenjing Guan, Dan Egel, Dennis Nowaskie, Dean Haseman

Midwest Vegetable Trial Reports

Indiana ranks sixth in cantaloupe production in the US. A total of 1,800 acres of cantaloupes were planted in Indiana with a production value of $8.6 million in 2018 (USDA 2021). Melon produced in Indiana is primarily eastern-type cantaloupes. Traditional eastern-type cantaloupes have less pronounced netting, larger fruit size, softer flesh and shorter shelf life compared with western-type cantaloupes. They are harvested at quarter-slip to full-slip stage, and require frequent harvest. Recently, extended shelf life varieties have been developed and are becoming attractive in the eastern market. This variety trial included 11 traditional eastern-type cantaloupes, as well as extended shelf-life …


Forage Quality, Yield And Palatability Of Quackgrass (Elytrigia Repens (L.) Nevski), T. Yagi, R. Meguro, E. Fukuda Oct 2021

Forage Quality, Yield And Palatability Of Quackgrass (Elytrigia Repens (L.) Nevski), T. Yagi, R. Meguro, E. Fukuda

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Quackgrass (Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski) is a competitive perennial invader of pastures and hay meadows which is frequently harvested as forage in mixtures with desired forage species. Field experiments were conducted to compare quackgrass with cool-season perennial grasses grown under the same soil and climatic conditions, in terms of forage quality, productivity, and palatability. The forage quality of the hays was influenced by the grass species. Quackgrass showed forage crude protein (CP) concentration that was equal to those of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis), and …


Amaranth Productivity And Nutrient Composition In Central Georgia, W. F. Whitehead, Thomas H. Terrill, B. P. Singh, S. Gelaye Oct 2021

Amaranth Productivity And Nutrient Composition In Central Georgia, W. F. Whitehead, Thomas H. Terrill, B. P. Singh, S. Gelaye

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) may have potential as a forage for summer grazing in the southeastern United States (US). Six accessions of amaranth were harvested at bud stage in two successive growing seasons to evaluate growth characteristics, yield, and forage quality parameters. The accessions, three genotypes of A. tricolor (Hinchoy VL, RRC-701, RRC-1186) and one each of A. hybridus (RRC-843), A. cruentus (RRC-1034), and A. dubius (RRC-1186) were evaluated in 1994 and 1995 on a Dothan sandy loam (fine loamy, siliceous, thermic, Plinthic Paleudult) soil at the Fort Valley State University Research Station, Fort Valley, Georgia. The plots were planted …


Different Harvest Schedules To Prepare Deferred Forage From C4 Grasses In Córdoba, Argentina, M. R. Steinberg, E. F. Nienstedt, H. A. Valdez, J. C. Coraglio, C. A. Vieyra, P. A. Minuzzi Oct 2021

Different Harvest Schedules To Prepare Deferred Forage From C4 Grasses In Córdoba, Argentina, M. R. Steinberg, E. F. Nienstedt, H. A. Valdez, J. C. Coraglio, C. A. Vieyra, P. A. Minuzzi

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

From 1995 until 1999 a trial was done in the fields of the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba with four C4 forage grasses. These fields lie in the subtropical and semiarid region of Argentina. This research aimed to identify forage species that could be used as deferred forage for the drier and cooler winter season. Four species of C4 grasses were used: Rhodesgrass (Chloris gayana Kunth), Gatton (Panicum maximum), coloratum (Panicum coloratum) and digitgrass (Digitaria eriantha), respectively. Two growing periods were used: full season growth (FS) and half season regrowth (HS), in both cases …


Comparison Of Four Maize Cultivars (Zea Mays L.) As Winter Forage In Sudan, Rihab El Zubair Oct 2021

Comparison Of Four Maize Cultivars (Zea Mays L.) As Winter Forage In Sudan, Rihab El Zubair

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Winter forage availability in Sudan is constrained by lack of a suitable annual winter forage crop. The main forage crop grown is Abu70 (Sorghum bicolor) which is a summer crop that yields 7.6-8.4 t/ha in summer but much less in winter. There is, therefore, need for a winter high yielding forage crop that exceeds Abu70 in productivity and quality. This study was aimed to evaluate four forage maize cultivars as potential winter crops in central Sudan in terms of productivity and quality. An experiment was conducted using four maize forage cultivars. The experiment lasted for two consecutive seasons …


Brs Quênia And Brs Tamani: New Panicum Maximum Jacq. Hybrid Cultivars In Brazil, Liana Jank, C. M. S. De Andrade, Giovana A. Maciel, Rodrigo A. Barbosa, Gustavo J. Braga, Manuel C. M. Macedo, José R. Valério, Jaqueline R. Verzignassi, A. H. Zimmer, Celso D. Fernandes, M. F. Santos, Rosangela M. Simeão Oct 2021

Brs Quênia And Brs Tamani: New Panicum Maximum Jacq. Hybrid Cultivars In Brazil, Liana Jank, C. M. S. De Andrade, Giovana A. Maciel, Rodrigo A. Barbosa, Gustavo J. Braga, Manuel C. M. Macedo, José R. Valério, Jaqueline R. Verzignassi, A. H. Zimmer, Celso D. Fernandes, M. F. Santos, Rosangela M. Simeão

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Since 1982 Embrapa Beef Catle in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, develops a Panicum maximum Jacq. breeding program, based on the germplasm collected and assembled by IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Developpment) and received through a cooperation-agreement with IRD. The germplasm was evaluated and four cultivars were released directly from the germplasm: cultivars Tanzania, Mombaça, Massai and BRS Zuri. Breeding began in 1990 and involved crosses between sexual plants and selected apomictic accessions. The program consists of evaluation followed by selection of hybrids in plots with replications, evaluation of the selected hybrids in national network experiments in diverse regions and …


Arkansas Wheat Performance Tests 2020-2021, J. F. Carlin, R. D. Bond, D. E. Moon, R. B. Morgan Sep 2021

Arkansas Wheat Performance Tests 2020-2021, J. F. Carlin, R. D. Bond, D. E. Moon, R. B. Morgan

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Wheat variety performance tests are conducted each year in Ark- ansas by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences. The tests provide informa- tion to companies developing varieties and marketing seed within the state and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating variety recommendations for small-grain producers. The tests are conducted at the Northeast Research and Extension Center at Keiser, the Vegetable Substation near Kibler, the Lon Mann Cotton Research Station near Marianna, the Jackson County Extension Center near Newport, the Pine Tree Research Station near Colt, …


Resistance To Drought In Shore Elurope (Aeluropus Litoralis) And Weeping Alkaligrass (Puccinellia Distans), Mohammad Jafari, A. G. Firouzabadi Aug 2021

Resistance To Drought In Shore Elurope (Aeluropus Litoralis) And Weeping Alkaligrass (Puccinellia Distans), Mohammad Jafari, A. G. Firouzabadi

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Two rangeland grass species, Shore Elurope (Aeluropus litoralis) and Weeping Alkaligrass (Puccinellia distans) were studied. The research was done under a split plot experiment and completely randomized design. Plants were grown under two irrigation treatments (seven and fourteen day periods of irrigation treatments). Morphological response included determination of wilting percentage, leaf water potential, production of yield, root dry weight, weight ratio of root/stem and finally total dry weight of species. Anatomical studies included leaf descriptive structure such as comparison of stomata and their density in area unit, study of vascular structure, mesophyl tissues and epiderm. Results …


Season Advancement Of Cool Season Cut Flower Crops Snapdragon And Peony, Maegen A. Lewis Aug 2021

Season Advancement Of Cool Season Cut Flower Crops Snapdragon And Peony, Maegen A. Lewis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

Demand and production of specialty cut flowers is growing across the U.S., but research is lacking in the U.S. Intermountain West, where the semi-arid and high elevation climate offers unique challenges for growers. The goal of this study was to evaluate the stem quality, harvest timing, and yield of snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) ‘Chantilly’, ‘Potomac’, and ‘Rocket’ and peony (Paeonia lactiflora) ‘Coral Charm’ as cool-season cut flower crops under high tunnel and field production in North Logan, Utah. Snapdragons were transplanted at three-week intervals beginning in early-February in high tunnels and ending in late-May in the field. …


Modeling Forage Yield Losses For Crop Insurance In Eastern Canada, I. Duchesne‐Ortiz, Gilles Bélanger, L. Martel, Guy Allard Jul 2021

Modeling Forage Yield Losses For Crop Insurance In Eastern Canada, I. Duchesne‐Ortiz, Gilles Bélanger, L. Martel, Guy Allard

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Foliar Applied Boron Not Only Enhances Seed Cotton Yield But Also Improves Fiber Strength And Fineness Of Cotton Cultivars, Muhammad Ashfaq Wahid, Muhammad Saleem, Shahbaz Khan, Sohail Irshad, Mumtaz Akhtar Cheema, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Haroon Zaman Khan, Madad Ali, Ali Bakhsh, Zuhair Hasnain, Sara T. Alrashood, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi Jun 2021

Foliar Applied Boron Not Only Enhances Seed Cotton Yield But Also Improves Fiber Strength And Fineness Of Cotton Cultivars, Muhammad Ashfaq Wahid, Muhammad Saleem, Shahbaz Khan, Sohail Irshad, Mumtaz Akhtar Cheema, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Haroon Zaman Khan, Madad Ali, Ali Bakhsh, Zuhair Hasnain, Sara T. Alrashood, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is as famous as “White Gold” due to its high quality fiber. Boron (B) is one of essential micronutrients involved directly or indirectly in many plant processes. Cotton growth, yield and quality are intensely influenced with B application. A 2 years field based study was conducted to explore the impact of foliar applied B (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 kg ha-1) on productivity and quality of cotton cultivars (FH-113, MNH-786, and CIM-496). Outcomes of the experiment reflected that application of various levels of B significantly influences the growth and quality attributes …


Yield Trait Comparison Of Twenty Two Alfalfa Cultivars, Tianming Hu, Peizhi Yang, Quanzhen Wang Jun 2021

Yield Trait Comparison Of Twenty Two Alfalfa Cultivars, Tianming Hu, Peizhi Yang, Quanzhen Wang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Overseeding Whipgrass With Cool‐Season Annuals To Increase Pasture Yield And Quality In Southwest China, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Lingzhi Chen, Zhisong Tang, Huijun Hang Jun 2021

Overseeding Whipgrass With Cool‐Season Annuals To Increase Pasture Yield And Quality In Southwest China, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Lingzhi Chen, Zhisong Tang, Huijun Hang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Medicago Sativa Ssp. Falcata For Hay Systems In Michigan, Usa, Richard Leep, Doo-Hong Min, Tim Dietz, Dan Buskirk Jun 2021

Evaluation Of Medicago Sativa Ssp. Falcata For Hay Systems In Michigan, Usa, Richard Leep, Doo-Hong Min, Tim Dietz, Dan Buskirk

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Stage Of Harvest On Yield And Quality Traits In Tall Fescue (Festuca Arundinace), A. A. Jafari, M. Rezaifard, M. H. Assareh May 2021

Effects Of Stage Of Harvest On Yield And Quality Traits In Tall Fescue (Festuca Arundinace), A. A. Jafari, M. Rezaifard, M. H. Assareh

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Does Integrating Crops With Livestock Production Impact Soil Properties And Crop Production?, Lindsey Anderson May 2021

Does Integrating Crops With Livestock Production Impact Soil Properties And Crop Production?, Lindsey Anderson

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Re-integrating crop and livestock production through cover crop (CC) and corn residue grazing could efficiently utilize resources and ensure profitability while improving environmental quality, but how this integration affects soils and crops is not well understood. We conducted two studies to address this. In the first study, we evaluated the impact of cattle (1.3-3.7 head ha-1) grazing an oat (Avena sativa L.) CC on soil and crop yields in two adjacent irrigated no-till corn (Zea mays L.)-soybean (Glycine max L.) fields on silt loam soils in eastern Nebraska. Field I was grazed twice, while Field …


Innovative Water Management Using Advanced Irrigation Systems And Biochar, Jonathan A. Holt May 2021

Innovative Water Management Using Advanced Irrigation Systems And Biochar, Jonathan A. Holt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

Two approaches to water optimization in agriculture are to increase soil water retention and improve the efficiency of irrigation. A soil amendment that has received attention for its ability to increase soil water retention is biochar, the remaining biomass after high C materials have been pyrolyzed (burned with limited oxygen and heat). Two studies were conducted at a total of 10 site-years in Utah from 2018 to 2020 to evaluate how wood biochar influences the productivity and crop quality of irrigated alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), corn (Zea mays L.), and wheat (Triticum L.), along with soil water tension. One study …


Phenotypic Plasticity Of Diverse Sorghum Varieties In Response To Nitrogen Deficit Stress, Mackenzie Zwiener Apr 2021

Phenotypic Plasticity Of Diverse Sorghum Varieties In Response To Nitrogen Deficit Stress, Mackenzie Zwiener

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The movement of nutrients from old vegetative tissue to young leaves and reproductive organs is known as senescence. Senescence can be influenced by the environment of a plant, such as, drought, heat, and nutrient stress. These environmental stressors can also influence canopy architecture. Crop canopy consists of several traits including: leaf number, angle, length and width. Past research in crops like maize and rice have shown significant influences of more erect leaves, including, the ability for increased planting density, which optimizes light interception and increases yield. In a field trial of a sorghum association panel including 345 different sorghum varieties …


Analysis On Yield, Persistence Of Alfalfa Varieties With Different Fall Dormancy, Linqing Yu, R. X. Liu, X. J. Zhang, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Zhang, G. Auricht, T. Garnett Mar 2021

Analysis On Yield, Persistence Of Alfalfa Varieties With Different Fall Dormancy, Linqing Yu, R. X. Liu, X. J. Zhang, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Zhang, G. Auricht, T. Garnett

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Breeding Research Of The Variety Of Anti‐Thrips Alfalfa, Temuer Buhe, Xinxiu Wang Mar 2021

Breeding Research Of The Variety Of Anti‐Thrips Alfalfa, Temuer Buhe, Xinxiu Wang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Drought Tolerance In Tetraploid Alfalfa, Yuanhong Han, Ian M. Ray, Mary K. Sledge, Joseph H. Bouton, Maria J. Monteros Mar 2021

Drought Tolerance In Tetraploid Alfalfa, Yuanhong Han, Ian M. Ray, Mary K. Sledge, Joseph H. Bouton, Maria J. Monteros

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Photosynthesis And Productivity Of New Lines And Released Cultivars Of Whipgrass In A Southwest China Environment, Lingzhi Chen, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Fang Li, Wenjun Zhang Feb 2021

Photosynthesis And Productivity Of New Lines And Released Cultivars Of Whipgrass In A Southwest China Environment, Lingzhi Chen, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Fang Li, Wenjun Zhang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.


Overseeding Whipgrass With Cool‐Season Annuals To Increase Yield And Quality In A Hay Field In Southwest China, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Lingzhi Chen, Zhisong Tang, Huijun Hang Feb 2021

Overseeding Whipgrass With Cool‐Season Annuals To Increase Yield And Quality In A Hay Field In Southwest China, Chunhua Yang, Xiantao Fu, Lingzhi Chen, Zhisong Tang, Huijun Hang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

No abstract provided.