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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Influence Of External Ph And Organic Acids On Internal Ph And Acid Anion Accumulation In Listeria Monocytogenes And Escherichia Coli, Savannah R. Branson Dec 2021

Influence Of External Ph And Organic Acids On Internal Ph And Acid Anion Accumulation In Listeria Monocytogenes And Escherichia Coli, Savannah R. Branson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli are both among the most common microbial pathogens that cause foodborne illnesses and death. They both are capable of growing over a wide range of conditions. Organic acids are widely employed in the food industry to control growth of these pathogens to help prevent foodborne illnesses. There is substantial evidence that intracellular accumulation of organic acid anions is a major inhibitor to cell growth, and that many bacteria may combat anion accumulation by lowering their intracellular pH (pHi). In this study, we followed the accumulation of acid anion into the cell pellet and …


Utilization Of Polysaccharide-Based High Internal Phase Emulsion For Nutraceutical Encapsulation: Enhancement Of Carotenoid Loading Capacity And Stability, Chi Yan, Xiaolin Wu, Yi Wang, Shengfeng Peng, Jun Chen, Liqiang Zou, David Julian Mcclements, Wei Liu Jan 2021

Utilization Of Polysaccharide-Based High Internal Phase Emulsion For Nutraceutical Encapsulation: Enhancement Of Carotenoid Loading Capacity And Stability, Chi Yan, Xiaolin Wu, Yi Wang, Shengfeng Peng, Jun Chen, Liqiang Zou, David Julian Mcclements, Wei Liu

Food Science Department Faculty Publication Series

The main goal of the present work was to access the ability of high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) to encapsulate fl-carotene. The carotenoid loading capacity of the HIPEs was around 20-fold higher when OSAstarch/chitosan complexes were used than when only OSA-starch was used. This impact could be mainly assigned to the capacity of the former HIPEs to trap carotenoid caystals in a stable form. The OSA-starch/chitosan complexes were shown to absorb on the oil droplets interface and form a 3D network in the aqueous phase, which helped to prevent droplet coalescence induced by fl-carotene crystal. The incorporation of fl-carotene within …