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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 7684

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Economic And Social Impacts Of Wildfires And Invasive Plants In American Deserts: Lessons From The Great Basin, Mark Brunson, John Tanaka Oct 2014

Economic And Social Impacts Of Wildfires And Invasive Plants In American Deserts: Lessons From The Great Basin, Mark Brunson, John Tanaka

John A Tanaka

Research on the impacts of wildfire and invasive plants in rangelands has focused on biophysical rather than human dimensions of these environmental processes. We offer a synthetic perspective on economic and social aspects of wildfire and invasive plants in American deserts, focusing on the Great Basin because greater research attention has been given to the effects of cheatgrass expansion than to other desert wildfire/invasion cycles. We focus first on impacts at the level of the individual decision-maker, then on impacts experienced at the human community or larger socio-political scales. Economic impacts of wildfire differ from those of invasive grasses ...


Chapter 9. A Social And Economic Assessment Of Rangeland Conservation Practices, John Tanaka, Mark Brunson, L. Allen Torell Oct 2014

Chapter 9. A Social And Economic Assessment Of Rangeland Conservation Practices, John Tanaka, Mark Brunson, L. Allen Torell

John A Tanaka

In this chapter, we examine the literature related to the economic and social aspects of ecosystem services impacted by the conservation practices of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) of prescribed grazing, prescribed burning, brush management, upland wildlife habitat, riparian management, and range planting. In addition, we examine the social and economic aspects of invasive species management that cross different conservation practices...


Alterg Anti-Gravity Treadmill Walking Program On An Extremely Obese Female, Jane Shimon, Shawn Simonson, Elaine Long, Brooke Lester Oct 2013

Alterg Anti-Gravity Treadmill Walking Program On An Extremely Obese Female, Jane Shimon, Shawn Simonson, Elaine Long, Brooke Lester

Elaine M. Long

No abstract provided.


Draft Genome Sequence Of The Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Degrading, Genetically Engineered Bioluminescent Bioreporter Pseudomonas Fluorescens Hk44, Archana Chauhan, Alice Layton, Daniel Williams, Anny Smartt, Steven Ripp, Tatiana Karpinets, Steven Brown, Gary Sayler Jun 2013

Draft Genome Sequence Of The Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Degrading, Genetically Engineered Bioluminescent Bioreporter Pseudomonas Fluorescens Hk44, Archana Chauhan, Alice Layton, Daniel Williams, Anny Smartt, Steven Ripp, Tatiana Karpinets, Steven Brown, Gary Sayler

Gary S. Sayler

Pseudomonas fluorescens strain HK44 (DSM 6700) is a genetically engineered lux-based bioluminescent bioreporter. Here we report the draft genome sequence of strain HK44. Annotation of ∼6.1 Mb of sequence indicates that 30% of the traits are unique and distributed over five genomic islands, a prophage, and two plasmids.

doi: 10.1128/JB.05530-11


Bioluminescent Bioreporter Pseudomonas Putida Tva8 As A Detector Of Water Pollution. Operational Conditions And Selectivity Of Free Cells Sensor, Gabriela Kuncova, Jarmila Pazlarova, Alena Hlavata, Steven Ripp, Gary Sayler Jun 2013

Bioluminescent Bioreporter Pseudomonas Putida Tva8 As A Detector Of Water Pollution. Operational Conditions And Selectivity Of Free Cells Sensor, Gabriela Kuncova, Jarmila Pazlarova, Alena Hlavata, Steven Ripp, Gary Sayler

Gary S. Sayler

Conditions influencing bioluminescence output from Pseudomonas putida TVA8 harboring chromosomal tod-luxCDABE fusion were followed. In complex media, cell growth was not influenced by the presence of toluene at 53 mg/L. Bioluminescence induction was tested in minimal medium. At 15 °C the highest bioluminescence induced with toluene (1.325 mg/L) was reached after 6 h. At 25 °C the bioluminescence maximum was approximately 20% lower but this was reached after 3.5 h, and at temperatures of 7 °C, 28 °C, 30 °C and 34 °C, bioluminescence peaked at ≤60% of the maximum. Time courses of bioluminescence were dependent ...


The Role Of Meca And Blaz Regulatory Elements In Meca Expression By Regional Clones Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius, C Black, L Eberlein, S Solyman, Rebecca Wilkes, F Hartmann, Barton Rohrbach, David Bemis, Stephen Kania Oct 2012

The Role Of Meca And Blaz Regulatory Elements In Meca Expression By Regional Clones Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius, C Black, L Eberlein, S Solyman, Rebecca Wilkes, F Hartmann, Barton Rohrbach, David Bemis, Stephen Kania

Rebecca P. Wilkes DVM, PhD, DACVM

Two major regional clones of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) have been identified in Europe and North America. They are designated multilocus sequence types (ST) 71 and 68 and contain staphylococcal chromosome cassette (SCCmec) types II-III and V(T), respectively. One notable difference between the two clones is a deletion in the mecI/mecR1 regulatory apparatus of ST 68 SCCmec V(T). This deletion in analogous methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) results in more responsive and greater expression of the mecA encoded penicillin-binding protein 2a, and is associated with SCCmec types occurring in community-acquired MRSA lineages. The aim of this study was ...


The Role Of Meca And Blaz Regulatory Elements In Meca Expression By Regional Clones Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius, C Black, L Eberlein, S Solyman, Rebecca Wilkes, F Hartmann, Barton Rohrbach, David Bemis, Stephen Kania Aug 2012

The Role Of Meca And Blaz Regulatory Elements In Meca Expression By Regional Clones Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius, C Black, L Eberlein, S Solyman, Rebecca Wilkes, F Hartmann, Barton Rohrbach, David Bemis, Stephen Kania

Barton W Rohrbach Dr.

Two major regional clones of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) have been identified in Europe and North America. They are designated multilocus sequence types (ST) 71 and 68 and contain staphylococcal chromosome cassette (SCCmec) types II-III and V(T), respectively. One notable difference between the two clones is a deletion in the mecI/mecR1 regulatory apparatus of ST 68 SCCmec V(T). This deletion in analogous methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) results in more responsive and greater expression of the mecA encoded penicillin-binding protein 2a, and is associated with SCCmec types occurring in community-acquired MRSA lineages. The aim of this study was ...


Alterg Anti-Gravity Treadmill Walking Program On An Extremely Obese Female, Jane Shimon, Shawn Simonson, Elaine Long, Brooke Lester Apr 2012

Alterg Anti-Gravity Treadmill Walking Program On An Extremely Obese Female, Jane Shimon, Shawn Simonson, Elaine Long, Brooke Lester

Shawn R. Simonson

No abstract provided.


Genome-Scale Dynamics Modeling Of The Competition Between Rhodoferax And Geobacter In Anoxic Subsurface Environments, Derek Lovley, Kai Zhuang, Mounir Izallalen, Paula Museor, Hanno Richter, Carla Risso, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan Apr 2012

Genome-Scale Dynamics Modeling Of The Competition Between Rhodoferax And Geobacter In Anoxic Subsurface Environments, Derek Lovley, Kai Zhuang, Mounir Izallalen, Paula Museor, Hanno Richter, Carla Risso, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan

Carla Risso

The advent of rapid complete genome sequencing, and the potential to capture this information in genome-scale metabolic models, provide the possibility of comprehensively modeling microbial community interactions. For example, Rhodoferax and Geobacter species are acetate-oxidizing Fe(III)-reducers that compete in anoxic subsurface environments and this competition may have an influence on the in situ bioremediation of uranium-contaminated groundwater. Therefore, genome-scale models of Geobacter sulfurreducens and Rhodoferax ferrireducens were used to evaluate how Geobacter and Rhodoferax species might compete under diverse conditions found in a uranium-contaminated aquifer in Rifle, CO. The model predicted that at the low rates of acetate ...


Size Of Food Bowl And Scoop Affects Amount Of Food Owners Feed Their Dogs, Maryanne Murphy, Angela Witzel, Joe Bartges, Claudia Kirk Jan 2012

Size Of Food Bowl And Scoop Affects Amount Of Food Owners Feed Their Dogs, Maryanne Murphy, Angela Witzel, Joe Bartges, Claudia Kirk

Angela L Witzel (Lusby) DVM, PhD, DACVN

The incidence of canine obesity appears to be increasing dramatically and understanding factors impacting the amount of food pet owners provide their dogs may improve weight management. Human research has shown the size of food bowls, plates and utensils can significantly impact the amount of food portioned and consumed. This effect can be attributed to both the Delboeuf optical illusion and the Ebbinghaus-Titchener size-contrast illusion. To investigate the existence of a similar effect with dog owners, 54 dogs and their owners were recruited for a four treatment randomized prospective trial. Owners scooped out a normal kibble-based meal using a small ...


Isolation Of A Variant Porphyromonas Sp From Polymicrobial Infections In Central Bearded Dragons (Pogona Vitticeps), D Bernis, Cheryl Greenacre, M Bryant, R Jones, Stephen Kania Jan 2012

Isolation Of A Variant Porphyromonas Sp From Polymicrobial Infections In Central Bearded Dragons (Pogona Vitticeps), D Bernis, Cheryl Greenacre, M Bryant, R Jones, Stephen Kania

Cheryl B Greenacre DVM

No abstract provided.


Pcr Prevalence Of Ranavirus In Free-Ranging Eastern Box Turtles (Terrapene Carolina Carolina) At Rehabilitation Centers In Three Southeastern Us States, Matthew Allender, M Abd-Eldaim, Juergen Schumacher, D Mcruer, L Christian, Melissa Kennedy Jan 2012

Pcr Prevalence Of Ranavirus In Free-Ranging Eastern Box Turtles (Terrapene Carolina Carolina) At Rehabilitation Centers In Three Southeastern Us States, Matthew Allender, M Abd-Eldaim, Juergen Schumacher, D Mcruer, L Christian, Melissa Kennedy

Juergen P. Schumacher

Ranaviruses (genus Ranavirus) have been observed in disease epidemics and mass mortality events in free-ranging amphibian, turtle, and tortoise populations worldwide. Infection is highly fatal in turtles, and the potential impact on endangered populations could be devastating. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of ranavirus DNA in blood and oral swabs, report associated clinical signs of infection, and determine spatial distribution of infected turtles. Blood and oral swabs were taken from 140 eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) that were presented to the wildlife centers at the University of Tennessee (UT; n=39), Wildlife Center of Virginia (WCV; n ...


Differences In Soluble Organic Matter After 23 Years Of Contrasting Soil Management, Ehsan R. Toosi, Michael J. Castellano, Jeremy W. Singer, David C. Mitchell Dec 2011

Differences In Soluble Organic Matter After 23 Years Of Contrasting Soil Management, Ehsan R. Toosi, Michael J. Castellano, Jeremy W. Singer, David C. Mitchell

Agronomy Publications

Soluble organic matter (OM) is a small but very mobile and reactive fraction of soil organic matter (SOM). We characterized the properties of soluble OM from 0- to 125-cm soil depth in maize (Zea mays L.)-based agricultural systems that were managed with conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT) for 23 yr. Water-extractable organic matter (WEOM) and salt-extractable organic matter (SEOM) were obtained in a sequential extraction procedure using dilute (0.01M CaCl2) and concentrated (0.5 M K2SO4) salt solutions. Subsequently, WEOM and SEOM were characterized using resin fractionation, specific ultraviolet absorption at 254 nm ...


First Report Of Hog-Plum (Spondias Pinnata) Leaf Spot Disease, Kunal Mandal Dec 2011

First Report Of Hog-Plum (Spondias Pinnata) Leaf Spot Disease, Kunal Mandal

Kunal Mandal

Hog–plum is a tree species with edible fruits. The plant is naturally distributed in the tropical areas of the Indian subcontinent. Our effort to introduce it in the semi– arid conditions of western India failed as the plants developed severe shot–hole type leaf spot symptoms. Association of a fungus with the disease was detected and its pathogenicity was established. The pathogen was identified to the genus level (Colletotrichum) based on the morphological and molecular markers.


Consequences Of Stochastic Mrna Synthesis In A Gene Regulatory Pathway, Khyati Shah Dec 2011

Consequences Of Stochastic Mrna Synthesis In A Gene Regulatory Pathway, Khyati Shah

Dissertations

Gene expression is a stochastic process, with elements of randomness present in both transcription and translation. This stochasticity results in cell-to-cell variation in the amounts of gene products, mRNAs and proteins, and is observed in organisms ranging from bacteria and yeast to higher eukaryotes. Randomness in the activation and inactivation of a gene is the preliminary cause of this variation. At the level of proteins, these variations are buffered compared to levels of mRNA, due to the longer lifespan of proteins. Nevertheless, there is substantial variation observed at the level of proteins, resulting in phenotypic diversity among genetically identical cells ...


Limnological Assistance For Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Quarterly Report, Period Ending December 31, 2011, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2011

Limnological Assistance For Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Quarterly Report, Period Ending December 31, 2011, Margaret N. Rees

Limnological Studies

Project 1

  • Technical assistance with the implementation of the Interagency Monitoring Action Plan (IMAP) for Quagga Mussels is ongoing; remaining analyses are underway with report delivery rescheduled for 05/2012.
  • Data have been delivered for Veliger abundance and settlement at different depths of Lake Mead with report delivery re-scheduled for 05/2012.
  • Growth of adult quagga mussels within Las Vegas Wash/Las Vegas Bay
  • The Interagency Quagga Mussel Meeting was held on 11/17/2011; the next meeting is scheduled for 02/16/2011.

Project 2

  • Appendix 7, an addition to the Long-term Limnological and Aquatic Resource Monitoring and Research ...


Spt5 Affects The Rate Of Mrna Degradation And Physically Interacts With Ccr4 But Does Not Control Mrna Deadenylation, Yajun Cui, Yueh-Chin Chiang, Palaniswamy Viswanathan, Darren J. Lee, Clyde L. Denis Dec 2011

Spt5 Affects The Rate Of Mrna Degradation And Physically Interacts With Ccr4 But Does Not Control Mrna Deadenylation, Yajun Cui, Yueh-Chin Chiang, Palaniswamy Viswanathan, Darren J. Lee, Clyde L. Denis

New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station

The CCR4-NOT complex has been shown to have multiple roles in mRNA metabolism, including that of transcriptional elongation, mRNA transport, and nuclear exosome function, but the primary function of CCR4 and CAF1 is in the deadenylation and degradation of cytoplasmic mRNA. As previous genetic analysis supported an interaction between SPT5, known to be involved in transcriptional elongation, and that of CCR4, the physical association of SPT5 with CCR4 was examined. A two-hybrid screen utilizing the deadenylase domain of CCR4 as a bait identified SPT5 as a potential interacting protein. SPT5 at its physiological concentration was shown to immunoprecipitate CCR4 and ...


Occurrence Of The Invasion Associated Marker (Iam) In Campylobacter Jejuni Isolated From Cattle, Yasser M. Sanad, Issmat I. Kassem, Zhe Liu, Jun Lin, Jeffrey T. Lejeune, Gireesh Rajashekara Dec 2011

Occurrence Of The Invasion Associated Marker (Iam) In Campylobacter Jejuni Isolated From Cattle, Yasser M. Sanad, Issmat I. Kassem, Zhe Liu, Jun Lin, Jeffrey T. Lejeune, Gireesh Rajashekara

Animal Science Publications and Other Works

Background

The invasion associated marker (iam) has been detected in the majority of invasive Campylobacter jejuni retrieved from humans. Furthermore, the detection of iam in C. jejuni isolated from two important hosts, humans and chickens, suggested a role for this marker in C. jejuni's colonization of multiple hosts. However, no data exist regarding the occurrence of this marker in C. jejuni isolated from non-poultry food-animals such as cattle, an increasingly important source for human infections. Since little is known about the genetics associated with C. jejuni's capability for colonizing physiologically disparate hosts, we investigated the occurrence of the ...


Cover Page Dec 2011

Cover Page

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

No abstract provided.


A New Variety Of Lomatium Ravenii (Apiaceae) From The Northern Great Basin And Adjacent Owyhee Region, Kimberly M. Carlson, Donald H. Mansfield, James F. Smith Dec 2011

A New Variety Of Lomatium Ravenii (Apiaceae) From The Northern Great Basin And Adjacent Owyhee Region, Kimberly M. Carlson, Donald H. Mansfield, James F. Smith

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

Variability in the group of Lomatium species comprising L. nevadense, L. ravenii, and L. foeniculaceum has led to conflicting classification schemes. While some taxonomists have treated L. ravenii as a distinct species made up of all the populations from California, Nevada, Idaho, and Oregon, others considered L. ravenii to be nothing more than a morphological extreme of L. nevadense. We examined morphological and phylogenetic data from across the range of L. ravenii, concluding that variation in the species warrants varietal distinction. Non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis of 29 populations shows two distinct groups—one from the vicinity of Ravendale, California, and ...


Rediscovery Of Monotropastrum Sciaphilum (Andres) G.D.Wallace In China After 91 Years, Min Shen, Chang-Qin Zhang, Gary D. Wallace Dec 2011

Rediscovery Of Monotropastrum Sciaphilum (Andres) G.D.Wallace In China After 91 Years, Min Shen, Chang-Qin Zhang, Gary D. Wallace

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

Monotropastrum sciaphilum (Ericaceae), a mycoheterotrophic member of subfamily Monotropoideae, was rediscovered at its type locality in Yunnan Province, China, 91 years after it was first collected. The type locality is the only locality from which it is known. Field observations in 2007–2010 indicated that inflorescences emerge from the soil between late April and early September. The restricted distribution of M. sciaphilum recommends its listing in the IUCN red book.


Enhanced Microbial Utilization Of Recalcitrant Cellulose By An Ex Vivo Cellulosome-Microbe Complex, Chun You, Xiao-Zhou Zhang, Noppadon Sathitsuksanoh, Lee R. Lynd Dec 2011

Enhanced Microbial Utilization Of Recalcitrant Cellulose By An Ex Vivo Cellulosome-Microbe Complex, Chun You, Xiao-Zhou Zhang, Noppadon Sathitsuksanoh, Lee R. Lynd

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

A cellulosome-microbe complex was assembled ex vivo on the surface of Bacillus subtilis displaying a miniscaffoldin that can bind with three dockerin-containing cellulase components: the endoglucanase Cel5, the processive endoglucanase Cel9, and the cellobiohydrolase Cel48. The hydrolysis performances of the synthetic cellulosome bound to living cells, the synthetic cellulosome, a noncomplexed cellulase mixture with the same catalytic components, and a commercial fungal enzyme mixture were investigated on low-accessibility recalcitrant Avicel and high accessibility regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC). The cellbound cellulosome exhibited 4.5- and 2.3-fold-higher hydrolysis ability than cell-free cellulosome on Avicel and RAC, respectively. The cellulosome-microbe synergy was ...


The Flora Of Greater San Quintín, Baja California, Mexico (2005–2010), Sula E. Vanderplank Dec 2011

The Flora Of Greater San Quintín, Baja California, Mexico (2005–2010), Sula E. Vanderplank

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

The plants of San Quintín (Baja California, Mexico) were documented through intensive fieldwork and collection of herbarium specimens to create a checklist of species. The region is located near the southernmost extent of the California Floristic Province, and the flora is influenced by the adjacent desert to the south. A total of 435 plant taxa were documented, of which 82% are native plants. Almost one in three native plant taxa in Greater San Quintín is a sensitive species, here documented as rare and/or locally endemic, and many taxa have yet to be evaluated fully for rarity and threats. Four ...


Two Epiparasitic Species Of Phoradendron (Viscaceae) From Honduras: One New And For The Other A Range Extension And Host Determination, Delbert Wiens, Clyde L. Calvin Dec 2011

Two Epiparasitic Species Of Phoradendron (Viscaceae) From Honduras: One New And For The Other A Range Extension And Host Determination, Delbert Wiens, Clyde L. Calvin

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

A new species of Phoradendron, Ph. mathiasenii, is described, and a range extension and host are given for Ph. tikalense. Both species are from Honduras and grow as epiparasites, i.e., mistletoes parasitizing other mistletoes. The parasitic host for both epiparasitic species of Phoradendron is Psittacanthus angustifolius (Loranthaceae), which in turn is parasitic on the terrestrial host, Pinus oocarpa, a common forest tree in the collection area. Although the two species of Phoradendron parasitize the same parasitic host and co-occur in the area, they are distinct morphologically. Many plants of Ph. mathiasenii were observed at several collection sites in the ...


Index Dec 2011

Index

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

No abstract provided.


Thermal Adaptation And Diversity In Tropical Ecosystems: Evidence From Cicadas (Hemiptera, Cicadidae), Allen F. Sanborn, James E. Heath, Polly K. Phillips, Maxine S. Heath, Fernando G. Noriega Dec 2011

Thermal Adaptation And Diversity In Tropical Ecosystems: Evidence From Cicadas (Hemiptera, Cicadidae), Allen F. Sanborn, James E. Heath, Polly K. Phillips, Maxine S. Heath, Fernando G. Noriega

Department of Biological Sciences

The latitudinal gradient in species diversity is a central problem in ecology. Expeditions covering approximately 16u549 of longitude and 21u49 of latitude and eight Argentine phytogeographic regions provided thermal adaptation data for 64 species of cicadas. We test whether species diversity relates to the diversity of thermal environments within a habitat. There are general patterns of the thermal response values decreasing in cooler floristic provinces and decreasing maximum potential temperature within a habitat except in tropical forest ecosystems. Vertical stratification of the plant communities leads to stratification in species using specific layers of the habitat. There is a decrease in ...


Mechanism And Regulation Of Nucleocytoplasmic Trafficking Of Smad, Xiaochu Chen, Lan Xu Dec 2011

Mechanism And Regulation Of Nucleocytoplasmic Trafficking Of Smad, Xiaochu Chen, Lan Xu

Open Access Articles

Smad proteins are the intracellular mediators of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling. Smads function as transcription factors and their activities require carboxyl-terminal phosphorylation by TGF-beta receptor kinases which are embedded in the cell membrane. Therefore, the translocation of activated Smads from the cytoplasm into the nucleus is a rate-limiting step in TGF-beta signal transduction into the nucleus. On the other hand, the export of Smads out of the nucleus turns off TGF-beta effect. Such spatial control of Smad ensures a tight regulation of TGF-beta target genes. Several cross-talk pathways have been shown to affect TGF-beta signaling by impairing nuclear ...


Loss Of Activity Mutations In Phospholipase C Zeta Abloishes Calcium Oscillatory Ability Of Human Recombinant Protein In Mouse Ooctyes, J. Kashir, C. Jones, H.C. Lee, K. Rietdork, D. Nikiforaki, C. Durrans, M. Ruas, S.T. Tee, B. Heindryckx, A. Galione, P. Desutter, Rafael Fissore, J. Parrington, K. Coward Dec 2011

Loss Of Activity Mutations In Phospholipase C Zeta Abloishes Calcium Oscillatory Ability Of Human Recombinant Protein In Mouse Ooctyes, J. Kashir, C. Jones, H.C. Lee, K. Rietdork, D. Nikiforaki, C. Durrans, M. Ruas, S.T. Tee, B. Heindryckx, A. Galione, P. Desutter, Rafael Fissore, J. Parrington, K. Coward

Rafael Fissore

BACKGROUND: Mammalian oocyte activation occurs via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations thought to be induced by a sperm-specific phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ). There is now strong evidence to indicate that certain types of human male infertility are caused by failure of the sperm to activate the oocyte in an appropriate manner. Molecular analysis of the PLCζ gene of a male patient with oocyte activation deficiency has previously identified a point mutation causing a histidine to proline substitution at PLCζ residue 398 (PLCζ(H398P)), leading to abnormal Ca(2+) release profiles and reduced oocyte activation efficiency. METHODS AND ...


A Review Of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Products: Effect Of Processing Techniques, Medicinal Properties And Uses, Donatien Kabore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani, Bréhima Diawara, Clarise Compaoré, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jacobsen Dec 2011

A Review Of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Products: Effect Of Processing Techniques, Medicinal Properties And Uses, Donatien Kabore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani, Bréhima Diawara, Clarise Compaoré, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jacobsen

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

A general literature review including the effect of processing techniques, medicinal value and uses of baobab tree is reported in this manuscript. Baobab tree has multi-purpose uses, as it produces food and non-food products such as medicines, fuel, timber, fodder. Every part of the baobab tree is reported to be useful. The seeds, leaves, roots, flowers, fruit pulp and bark of baobab are edible. Baobab leaves are used in the preparation of soup. Seeds are used as a thickening agent in soups, but they can be fermented and used as a flavouring agent or roasted and eaten as snacks. The ...


First Iowa Confirmation Of Resistance To Bt Corn By Western Corn Rootworm, Erin W. Hodgson, Aaron J. Gassmann Dec 2011

First Iowa Confirmation Of Resistance To Bt Corn By Western Corn Rootworm, Erin W. Hodgson, Aaron J. Gassmann

Integrated Crop Management News

Starting in 2009, the Department of Entomology at Iowa State University received reports of severe corn rootworm injury in Bt corn in Iowa. In all cases, western corn rootworm was the predominant rootworm species in these fields (Fig. 1).