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2005

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Maturation Requirements For Dendritic Cells In T Cell Stimulation Leading To Tolerance Versus Immunity, Helen O'Neill, Jonathan Tan Sep 2015

Maturation Requirements For Dendritic Cells In T Cell Stimulation Leading To Tolerance Versus Immunity, Helen O'Neill, Jonathan Tan

Jonathan Tan

The model that dendritic cell (DC) "maturation" describes the change from an immature, antigen-capturing cell to a mature, antigen-presenting cell is well-established. Classification of DCs in terms of function has been problematic previously. It is therefore proposed that mature and not immature DCs are responsible for antigen presentation and stimulation of T cells. Furthermore, DC antigen presentation to T cells can have two outcomes: tolerance or immunity. The particular outcomes appear to be determined by the activation state of the mature DC. DCs can be activated by a range of environmental stimuli or "danger signals". Here, the hypothesis is advanced ...


Gamma-Cleavage Is Dependent On Zeta-Cleavage During The Proteolytic Processing Of Amyloid Precursor Protein Within Its Transmembrane Domain., Guojun Zhao, Mei-Zhen Cui, Guozhang Mao, Jianxin Tan, Yunzhou Dong, Longsheng Sun, Xuemin Xu Jun 2013

Gamma-Cleavage Is Dependent On Zeta-Cleavage During The Proteolytic Processing Of Amyloid Precursor Protein Within Its Transmembrane Domain., Guojun Zhao, Mei-Zhen Cui, Guozhang Mao, Jianxin Tan, Yunzhou Dong, Longsheng Sun, Xuemin Xu

Mei-Zhen Cui

beta-Amyloid precursor protein apparently undergoes at least three major cleavages, gamma-, epsilon-, and the newly identified zeta-cleavage, within its transmembrane domain to produce secreted beta-amyloid protein (Abeta). However, the roles of epsilon- and zeta-cleavages in the formation of secreted Abeta and the relationship among these three cleavages, namely epsilon-, zeta-, and gamma-cleavages, remain elusive. We investigated these issues by attempting to determine the formation and turnover of the intermediate products generated by these cleavages, in the presence or absence of known gamma-secretase inhibitors. By using a differential inhibition strategy, our data demonstrate that Abeta(46) is an intermediate precursor of ...


Expression Of G-Protein Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels (Girks) In Lung Cancer Cell Lines, Howard Plummer, Madhu Dhar, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller Aug 2011

Expression Of G-Protein Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels (Girks) In Lung Cancer Cell Lines, Howard Plummer, Madhu Dhar, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller

Howard K. Plummer III

BACKGROUND: Previous data from our laboratory has indicated that there is a functional link between the beta-adrenergic receptor signaling pathway and the G-protein inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK1) in human breast cancer cell lines. We wanted to determine if GIRK channels were expressed in lung cancers and if a similar link exists in lung cancer. METHODS: GIRK1-4 expression and levels were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time PCR. GIRK protein levels were determined by western blots and cell proliferation was determined by a 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) assay. RESULTS: GIRK1 mRNA was expressed in three of six ...


The Dynamics Of Bay Anchovy In The Hudson River Estuary: Process-Oriented Studies And Long-Term Changes, Eric T. Schultz, Kamazima M. M. Lwiza, John R. Young, Kyle J. Hartman, R. C. Tipton Dec 2005

The Dynamics Of Bay Anchovy In The Hudson River Estuary: Process-Oriented Studies And Long-Term Changes, Eric T. Schultz, Kamazima M. M. Lwiza, John R. Young, Kyle J. Hartman, R. C. Tipton

EEB Articles

We review three areas of recent research on Hudson River bay anchovy. One focus has been the along-estuary movement of early life stages. A cohort analysis of samples collected in a spatiotemporally extensive monitoring program has confirmed that early-stage anchovy migrate up-estuary, at an estimated rate of 0.6 km/d. Complementary fine-scale field sampling was designed to clarify behaviors that effect the migration. This work found that early-stage anchovy can show preferences for depth and can conduct periodic vertical migration. To determine whether these behaviors were sufficient to produce up-estuary migration, larval flux and velocity were estimated. These estimates ...


Nroc Coordination And Program Delivery, Frank Mitchell, Amanda Stone Dec 2005

Nroc Coordination And Program Delivery, Frank Mitchell, Amanda Stone

PREP Reports & Publications

The primary goal of the Natural Resources Outreach Coalition (NROC) program is to provide education and outreach to communities in the NH Coastal Watersheds that are dealing with the effects of growth, and looking for ways to conserve open spaces and natural resources. Program objectives to meet this goal include: 1. NROC and client communities determine natural resource concerns of the communities. 2. NROC and client communities gather community information about these concerns 3. NROC develops and client communities host community presentations about natural resource-based planning. 4. Communities receive follow up technical and educational assistance as requested. In 2005, NROC ...


Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In New Hampshire Estuaries 2003 And 2004, Phil Trowbridge Dec 2005

Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In New Hampshire Estuaries 2003 And 2004, Phil Trowbridge

PREP Reports & Publications

The goal of this project was to provide data for two NHEP indicators of estuarine condition: TOX1 and TOX3. These two indicators report on “Shellfish tissue concentrations relative to FDA standards” and “Trends in shellfish tissue contaminant concentrations”, respectively. Both of these indicators depend on data from the Gulfwatch Program. In particular, TOX3 requires annual data at benchmark sites to assess trends. In 2003 and 2004, the NHEP supported the collection and analysis of tissue samples from benchmark sites in Portsmouth Harbor, Hampton-Seabrook Harbor and Dover Point.


Large-Scale, Manipulative Field Tests Involving Cultured And Wild Juveniles Of The Soft-Shell Clam, Brian F. Beal Dec 2005

Large-Scale, Manipulative Field Tests Involving Cultured And Wild Juveniles Of The Soft-Shell Clam, Brian F. Beal

PREP Reports & Publications

A series of field experiments to assess the efficacy of enhancing intertidal areas with cultured clam (Mya arenaria L.) seed (mean shell length [SL] = 7-10 mm) was conducted at Willows Flat, Hampton, New Hampshire from November 2004 to May 2005 and from June - October 2005. The first trial examined the interactive effects of size of planting area (4, 8, 12, 18 m2) and predator deterrent netting (none, 4.2 mm, and 6.4 mm aperture [flexible, plastic netting]) on clam growth and survival at one intertidal location. The second trial examined the effect of predator deterrent netting on clam growth ...


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • Required reports on sticky buckwheat (Eriogonum viscidulum) and threecorner milkvetch (Astragalus geyeri var. triquetrus) to be submitted through appropriate protocols by December 30, 2005
  • Summary report on several other rare plants to be submitted through appropriate protocols by December 30, 2005
  • Invasive perennial pepperweed (also called tall whitetop; Lepidium latifolium) documented and treated by Weed Sentry within Black Canyon, Lake Mojave


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

  • Topsoil replacement monitored at Willow Beach Wastewater Rehabilitation Project
  • Desert tortoise surveys and monitoring conducted for Northshore Road reconstruction projects, and desert tortoise training provided to 9 construction contractors.
  • Field work associated with the project to remove desert tortoise radio transmitters from animals on Mormon Mesa completed.
  • Weekly data processing for Desert Bighorn Sheep monitoring associated with the Hoover Dam Bypass Project continued.
  • Fall field surveys for relict leopard frogs completed (11 sites surveyed); last of this year’s head-started animals released; RLFCT meeting held.
  • Work started on a digital database (GIS) of Peregrine falcon observations.
  • Monthly shorebird surveys conducted ...


Results Of The Alcoa Foundation-Suriname Expeditions. Xiv. Mammals Of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, Burton K. Lim, Mark D. Engstrom, Hugh H. Genoways, François M. Catzeflis, Kelly A. Fitzgerald, Sandra L. Peters, Marijem Djosetro, Sandra Brandon, Sutrisno Mitro Dec 2005

Results Of The Alcoa Foundation-Suriname Expeditions. Xiv. Mammals Of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, Burton K. Lim, Mark D. Engstrom, Hugh H. Genoways, François M. Catzeflis, Kelly A. Fitzgerald, Sandra L. Peters, Marijem Djosetro, Sandra Brandon, Sutrisno Mitro

Mammalogy Papers: University of Nebraska State Museum

An inventory of mammals in the vicinity of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, incorporated a number of different sampling methods including examining museum voucher specimens, an animal-rescue operation, transect surveys, camera photo-traps, and interviews with local inhabitants. We document a total of 125 mammal species present in the Park. These include ten opossums, five pilosans, four armadillos, 58 bats, eight monkeys, 13 carnivores, one tapir, four artiodactyls, and 22 rodents. Nine of these species are reported for the first time from Suriname: one mouse opossum (Marmosops pinheiroi); one naked-backed moustached bat (Pteronotus gymnonotus); four fruit-eating bats (Artibeus bogotensis, A. gnomus, A ...


Nhep Support For Des Shellfish Program 2005, Mark R. Wiley, Ann S. Reid Dec 2005

Nhep Support For Des Shellfish Program 2005, Mark R. Wiley, Ann S. Reid

PREP Reports & Publications

For the past three years, Great Bay Coast Watch (GBCW) volunteers have provided the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) Shellfish Program with significant assistance in performing tasks necessary in managing shellfish resources for human safety. This report describes a continuation of this mutually beneficial partnership.


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Tracking Changes In Bioavailable Fe Within High-Nitrate Low-Chlorophyll Oceanic Waters: A First Estimate Using A Heterotrophic Bacterial Bioreporter, Robert Michael Mckay, C. E. Mioni, S. M. Handy, M. J. Ellwood, M. R. Twiss, P. W. Boyd, S. W. Wilhelm Dec 2005

Tracking Changes In Bioavailable Fe Within High-Nitrate Low-Chlorophyll Oceanic Waters: A First Estimate Using A Heterotrophic Bacterial Bioreporter, Robert Michael Mckay, C. E. Mioni, S. M. Handy, M. J. Ellwood, M. R. Twiss, P. W. Boyd, S. W. Wilhelm

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

It is conventional knowledge that heterotrophic bacteria play a key role in the biogeochemical cycling of oceanic carbon. However, only recently has their role in marine iron ( Fe) biogeochemical cycles been examined. Research during this past decade has demonstrated an inextricable link between Fe chemistry and the biota, as >99% of Fe in marine systems is complexed to organic chelates of unknown but obviously biotic origin. Here we present a novel approach to assess and compare Fe bioavailability in low Fe HNLC waters using a bioluminescent bacterial reporter that quantitatively responds to the concentration of bioavailable Fe by producing light ...


Rapid, Diffusional Shuttling Of Poly(A) Rna Between Nuclear Speckles And The Nucleoplasm, Joan C. Ritland Politz, Richard A. Tuft, Kannanganattu V. Prasanth, Nina Baudendistel, Kevin E. Fogarty, Lawrence M. Lifshitz, Jorg Langowski, David L. Spector, Thoru Pederson Dec 2005

Rapid, Diffusional Shuttling Of Poly(A) Rna Between Nuclear Speckles And The Nucleoplasm, Joan C. Ritland Politz, Richard A. Tuft, Kannanganattu V. Prasanth, Nina Baudendistel, Kevin E. Fogarty, Lawrence M. Lifshitz, Jorg Langowski, David L. Spector, Thoru Pederson

Open Access Articles

Speckles are nuclear bodies that contain pre-mRNA splicing factors and polyadenylated RNA. Because nuclear poly(A) RNA consists of both mRNA transcripts and nucleus-restricted RNAs, we tested whether poly(A) RNA in speckles is dynamic or rather an immobile, perhaps structural, component. Fluorescein-labeled oligo(dT) was introduced into HeLa cells stably expressing a red fluorescent protein chimera of the splicing factor SC35 and allowed to hybridize. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) showed that the mobility of the tagged poly(A) RNA was virtually identical in both speckles and at random nucleoplasmic sites. This same result was observed in photoactivation-tracking studies in ...


Suppression Of Oxidative Metabolism And Mitochondrial Biogenesis By The Transcriptional Corepressor Rip140 In Mouse Adipocytes, Aimee M. Powelka, Asha Seth, Joseph V. Virbasius, Evangelos Kiskinis, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Adilson L. Guilherme, Xiaoqing Tang, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Andrew D. Cherniack, Malcolm G. Parker, Michael P. Czech Dec 2005

Suppression Of Oxidative Metabolism And Mitochondrial Biogenesis By The Transcriptional Corepressor Rip140 In Mouse Adipocytes, Aimee M. Powelka, Asha Seth, Joseph V. Virbasius, Evangelos Kiskinis, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Adilson L. Guilherme, Xiaoqing Tang, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Andrew D. Cherniack, Malcolm G. Parker, Michael P. Czech

Open Access Articles

Using an siRNA-based screen, we identified the transcriptional corepressor RIP140 as a negative regulator of insulin-responsive hexose uptake and oxidative metabolism in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Affymetrix GeneChip profiling revealed that RIP140 depletion upregulates the expression of clusters of genes in the pathways of glucose uptake, glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, mitochondrial biogenesis, and oxidative phosphorylation in these cells. Conversely, we show that reexpression of RIP140 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from RIP140-null mice downregulates expression of many of these same genes. Consistent with these microarray data, RIP140 gene silencing in cultured adipocytes increased both conversion of [14C]glucose to CO2 ...


Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith Dec 2005

Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We present vertically integrated measurements of C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, HCOOH, CO, H2CO, HCN and NH3 through smoke plumes from Australian forest fires measured by ground-based solar absorption spectroscopy. The column amounts of these gases are highly correlated with simultaneous, co-located measurements of aerosol optical depth, providing a potential method of mapping biomass-burning emissions using satellite measurements of aerosol optical depth. We have calculated emission ratios relative to CO for the trace gases using aerosol optical depth as a proxy for CO and converted to emission factors by using an average emission factor for CO from literature measurements of extra-tropical forest ...


Distribution Of Foraging Shearwaters Relative To Inner Front Of Se Bering Sea, J. Jahncke, K. O. Coyle, Stephan I. Zeeman, N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr. Dec 2005

Distribution Of Foraging Shearwaters Relative To Inner Front Of Se Bering Sea, J. Jahncke, K. O. Coyle, Stephan I. Zeeman, N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr.

Marine Sciences Faculty Publications

We examined the hypothesis that short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris aggregate to forage at the inner front of the SE Bering Sea because of enhanced production there. We tested this hypothesis by comparing primary production, the distribution of euphausiids and the distribution of shearwaters relative to the front during late spring and late summer/early fall of 1997, 1998 and 1999. We found enhanced primary production at the front and offshore of the front during summer but not during spring. Primary production varied between seasons and years. Major differences were related to anomalous conditions in 1997 and 1998. The density of ...


Sequencing Of Aspergillus Nidulans And Comparative Analysis With A. Fumigatus And A. Oryzae, James E. Galagan, Sarah E. Calvo, Christina Cuomo, Li-Jun Ma, Jennifer R. Wortman, Serafim Batzoglou, Su-In Lee, Meray Baştürkmen, Christina C. Spevak, Vladimir Kapitonov, Jerzy Jurka, Claudio Scazzocchio, Mark Farman, Jonathan Butler, Seth Purcell, Steven D. Harris, Gerhard H. Braus, Oliver Draht, Silke Busch, Christophe D'Enfert, Christiane Bouchier, Gustavo H. Goldman, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Sam Griffiths-Jones, John H. Doonan, Jaehyuk Yu, Kay Vienken, Arnab Pain, Michael Freitag, Eric U. Selker, David B. Archer, Miguel Á. Peñalva, Berl R. Oakley, Michelle Momany, Toshihiro Tanaka, Toshitaka Kumagai, Kiyoshi Asai, Masayuki Machida, William C. Nierman, David W. Denning, Mark Caddick, Michael Hynes, Mathieu Paoletti, Reinhard Fischer, Bruce Miller, Paul Dyer, Matthew S. Sachs, Stephen A. Osmani, Bruce W. Birren Dec 2005

Sequencing Of Aspergillus Nidulans And Comparative Analysis With A. Fumigatus And A. Oryzae, James E. Galagan, Sarah E. Calvo, Christina Cuomo, Li-Jun Ma, Jennifer R. Wortman, Serafim Batzoglou, Su-In Lee, Meray Baştürkmen, Christina C. Spevak, Vladimir Kapitonov, Jerzy Jurka, Claudio Scazzocchio, Mark Farman, Jonathan Butler, Seth Purcell, Steven D. Harris, Gerhard H. Braus, Oliver Draht, Silke Busch, Christophe D'Enfert, Christiane Bouchier, Gustavo H. Goldman, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Sam Griffiths-Jones, John H. Doonan, Jaehyuk Yu, Kay Vienken, Arnab Pain, Michael Freitag, Eric U. Selker, David B. Archer, Miguel Á. Peñalva, Berl R. Oakley, Michelle Momany, Toshihiro Tanaka, Toshitaka Kumagai, Kiyoshi Asai, Masayuki Machida, William C. Nierman, David W. Denning, Mark Caddick, Michael Hynes, Mathieu Paoletti, Reinhard Fischer, Bruce Miller, Paul Dyer, Matthew S. Sachs, Stephen A. Osmani, Bruce W. Birren

Papers in Plant Pathology

The aspergilli comprise a diverse group of filamentous fungi spanning over 200 million years of evolution. Here we report the genome sequence of the model organism Aspergillus nidulans, and a comparative study with Aspergillus fumigatus, a serious human pathogen, and Aspergillus oryzae, used in the production of sake, miso, and soy sauce. Our analysis of genome structure provided a quantitative evaluation of forces driving long-term eukaryotic genome evolution. It also led to an experimentally validated model of mating-type locus evolution, suggesting the potential for sexual reproduction in A. fumigatus and A. oryzae. Our analysis of sequence conservation revealed over 5 ...


Fibronectin Binding Protein Bbk32 Of The Lyme Disease Spirochete Promotes Bacterial Attachment To Glycosaminoglycans, Joshua Richard Fischer, Kimberly T. Leblanc, John M. Leong Dec 2005

Fibronectin Binding Protein Bbk32 Of The Lyme Disease Spirochete Promotes Bacterial Attachment To Glycosaminoglycans, Joshua Richard Fischer, Kimberly T. Leblanc, John M. Leong

Open Access Articles

Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, causes a multisystemic illness that can affect the skin, heart, joints, and nervous system and is capable of attachment to diverse cell types. Among the host components recognized by this spirochete are fibronectin and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Three surface-localized GAG-binding bacterial ligands, Bgp, DbpA, and DbpB, have been previously identified, but recent studies suggested that at least one additional GAG-binding ligand is expressed on the spirochetal surface when the spirochete is adapted to the mammalian host environment. BBK32 is a surface lipoprotein that is produced during infection and that has been shown to bind ...


Bayesian Analysis Of Cell-Cycle Gene Expression Data, Chuan Zhou, Jon Wakefield, Linda Breeden Dec 2005

Bayesian Analysis Of Cell-Cycle Gene Expression Data, Chuan Zhou, Jon Wakefield, Linda Breeden

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

The study of the cell-cycle is important in order to aid in our understanding of the basic mechanisms of life, yet progress has been slow due to the complexity of the process and our lack of ability to study it at high resolution. Recent advances in microarray technology have enabled scientists to study the gene expression at the genome-scale with a manageable cost, and there has been an increasing effort to identify cell-cycle regulated genes. In this chapter, we discuss the analysis of cell-cycle gene expression data, focusing on a model-based Bayesian approaches. The majority of the models we describe ...


Impact Of Phytoplankton On The Biogeochemical Cycling Of Iron In Subantarctic Waters Southeast Of New Zealand During Fecycle, Robert Michael Mckay, S. W. Wilhelm, J. Hall, D. A. Hutchins, M. M. D. Al-R Shaidat, C. E. Mioni, S. Pickmere, D. Porta, P. W. Boyd Dec 2005

Impact Of Phytoplankton On The Biogeochemical Cycling Of Iron In Subantarctic Waters Southeast Of New Zealand During Fecycle, Robert Michael Mckay, S. W. Wilhelm, J. Hall, D. A. Hutchins, M. M. D. Al-R Shaidat, C. E. Mioni, S. Pickmere, D. Porta, P. W. Boyd

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

During austral summer 2003, we tracked a patch of surface water infused with the tracer sulfur hexafluoride, but without addition of Fe, through subantarctic waters over 10 days in order to characterize and quantify algal Fe pools and fluxes to construct a detailed biogeochemical budget. Nutrient profiles characterized this patch as a high-nitrate, low-silicic acid, low-chlorophyll (HNLSiLC) water mass deficient in dissolved Fe. The low Fe condition was confirmed by several approaches: shipboard iron enrichment experiments and physiological indices of Fe deficiency (F(v)/F(m) < 0.25, Ferredoxin Index < 0.2). During FeCycle, picophytoplankton (0.2-2 mu m) and nanophytoplankton (2-20 mu m) each contributed >40% of total chlorophyll. Whereas the picophytoplankton accounted for similar to 50% of total ...


The New Challenges To The International Patentability Of Biotechnology: Legal Relations Between The Wto Treaty On Trade-Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights And The Convention On Biological Diversity, Jonathan Curci Dec 2005

The New Challenges To The International Patentability Of Biotechnology: Legal Relations Between The Wto Treaty On Trade-Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights And The Convention On Biological Diversity, Jonathan Curci

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2005, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department Dec 2005

Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2005, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department

Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Farm Annual Reports

This is the 2005 annual progress report for the Northeast Research Station in Watertown, South Dakota. This report is issued by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the South Dakota State University Plant Science Department. This report includes weather data, yield comparisons, crop performance trials, corn trials, soybean trials, winter wheat performance testing, Barley Foliar information, weed and pest control, herbicide demonstrations, canola and flax variety trials and more.


Mechanomyographic Amplitude And Frequency Responses During Dynamic Muscle Actions: A Comprehensive Review, Travis W. Beck, Terry J. Housh, Joel T. Cramer, Joseph P. Weir, Glen O. Johnson, Jared W. Coburn, Moh H. Malek, Michelle Mielke Dec 2005

Mechanomyographic Amplitude And Frequency Responses During Dynamic Muscle Actions: A Comprehensive Review, Travis W. Beck, Terry J. Housh, Joel T. Cramer, Joseph P. Weir, Glen O. Johnson, Jared W. Coburn, Moh H. Malek, Michelle Mielke

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

The purpose of this review is to examine the literature that has investigated mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude and frequency responses during dynamic muscle actions. To date, the majority of MMG research has focused on isometric muscle actions. Recent studies, however, have examined the MMG time and/or frequency domain responses during various types of dynamic activities, including dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) and isokinetic muscle actions, as well as cycle ergometry. Despite the potential influences of factors such as changes in muscle length and the thickness of the tissue between the muscle and the MMG sensor, there is convincing evidence that ...


Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2004, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department Dec 2005

Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2004, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department

Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Farm Annual Reports

This is the 2004 annual progress report for the Northeast Research Station in Watertown, South Dakota. This report is issued by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the South Dakota State University Plant Science Department. This report includes weather data, yield comparisons, crop performance trials, corn trials, soybean trials, winter wheat performance testing, Barley Foliar information, weed and pest control, herbicide demonstrations, canola and flax variety trials and more.


A Profile Of Strength And Conditioning Coaches At National Collegiate Athletic Association Division Ii And Iii Member Institutions., Leonard Haggerty Dec 2005

A Profile Of Strength And Conditioning Coaches At National Collegiate Athletic Association Division Ii And Iii Member Institutions., Leonard Haggerty

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to compile demographic characteristics, educational backgrounds, coaching experiences, and duties of strength and conditioning (STC) coaches at NCAA Division II and III institutions, and compare the profile of Division II and III STC coaches to the Martinez (2004) study of Division I-A STC coaches. NCAA Division II and Division III athletic personnel (N=578) received an electronic survey for this study. The return rate from Division II and Division III STC coaches were as follows: Division II, 23 responses (n=175), Division III, 34 responses (n=403). Descriptive statistics were used to examine each ...


"Cashing Out" With Related Party Exchanges, Neil E. Harl Dec 2005

"Cashing Out" With Related Party Exchanges, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The hazards with related party exchanges under the like-kind exchange rules1 are well-known. If, within two years of a like-kind exchange of property with a related person, the related person disposes of the property or the taxpayer disposes of the property, the gain is recognized.2 The like-kind exchange rules recognize three exceptions to the two-year disposition rule – (1) dispositions involving the death of the taxpayer or the related person; (2) dispositions involving a compulsory or involuntary conversion; and (3) where the Internal Revenue Service is satisfied that avoidance of federal income tax is not a principal purpose of ...


Evidence For Direct Roles Of Two Additional Factors, Secp43 And Soluble Liver Antigen, In The Selenoprotein Synthesis Machinery, Xue-Ming Xu, Heiko Mix, Bradley A. Carlson, Paula J. Grabowski, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Marla J. Berry, Dolph L. Hatfield Dec 2005

Evidence For Direct Roles Of Two Additional Factors, Secp43 And Soluble Liver Antigen, In The Selenoprotein Synthesis Machinery, Xue-Ming Xu, Heiko Mix, Bradley A. Carlson, Paula J. Grabowski, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Marla J. Berry, Dolph L. Hatfield

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

Selenocysteine (Sec) is inserted into selenoproteins co-translationally with the help of various cis- and trans-acting factors. The specific mechanisms of Sec biosynthesis and insertion into protein in eukaryotic cells, however, are not known. Two proteins, SECp43 and the soluble liver antigen (SLA), were previously reported to interact with tRNA [Ser]Sec, but their functions remained elusive. Herein, we report that knockdown of SECp43 in NIH3T3 or TCMK-1 cells using RNA interference technology resulted in a reduction in the level of methylation at the 2’-hydroxylribosyl moiety in the wobble position (Um34) of Sec tRNA [Ser]Sec, and consequently reduced glutathione ...


Ranging Patterns And Habitat Utilization Of Northern River Otters, Lontra Canadensis, In Missouri: Implications For The Conservation Of A Reintroduced Species, Deborah Dorothy Boege-Tobin Dec 2005

Ranging Patterns And Habitat Utilization Of Northern River Otters, Lontra Canadensis, In Missouri: Implications For The Conservation Of A Reintroduced Species, Deborah Dorothy Boege-Tobin

Dissertations

I studied the spacing patterns and habitat utilization by reintroduced northern river otters, Lontra canadensis, at two sites in Missouri because previous studies of otters indicate, plasticity of a species social structure will likely be due to the tactics employed in acquiring resources in any given area. Seven hypotheses were tested by employing radio-tracking, habitat assessment and geographic information system approaches: (1) home range (HR) and core area (CA) size differ by sex; (2) HR and CA size differ in breeding vs. non-breeding seasons; (3) percent range overlap differs by sex; (4) habitat utilization, as indicated by latrine use, differs ...


Index To Volume 16, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2005

Index To Volume 16, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.