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2000

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Studies Of Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior In Individuals With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Amanda Difiore, William V. Dube, Stephen Oross Iii, Krista M. Wilkinson, Curtis K. Deutsch, William J. Mcilvane Dec 2000

Studies Of Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior In Individuals With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Amanda Difiore, William V. Dube, Stephen Oross Iii, Krista M. Wilkinson, Curtis K. Deutsch, William J. Mcilvane

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

There is a rich assortment of brain imaging methodologies that permits evaluation of the covert events that are necessary to complete a comprehensive account of behavior. Among the latter methodologies, our laboratories have begun to explore event-related potential (ERP) research to complement traditional behavior analysis.


Acetate Oxidation Coupled To Fe(Iii) Reduction In Hyperthermophilic Microorganisms, Jason M. Tor, Kazem Kashefi, Derek Lovley Dec 2000

Acetate Oxidation Coupled To Fe(Iii) Reduction In Hyperthermophilic Microorganisms, Jason M. Tor, Kazem Kashefi, Derek Lovley

Derek Lovley

No hyperthermophilic microorganisms have previously been shown to anaerobically oxidize acetate, the key extracellular intermediate in the anaerobic oxidation of organic matter. Here we report that two hyperthermophiles, Ferroglobus placidus and “Geoglobus ahangari,” grow at 85°C by oxidizing acetate to carbon dioxide, with Fe(III) serving as the electron acceptor. These results demonstrate that acetate could potentially be metabolized within the hot microbial ecosystems in which hyperthermophiles predominate, rather than diffusing to cooler environments prior to degradation as has been previously proposed.


Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia, Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 1999-2003 Annual Report, 1 September 1999 - 31 October 2000, Philip W. Sadler, Robert E. Harris, John E. Olney, Robert J. Latour Dec 2000

Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia, Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 1999-2003 Annual Report, 1 September 1999 - 31 October 2000, Philip W. Sadler, Robert E. Harris, John E. Olney, Robert J. Latour

Reports

To document continued compliance with Federal law, the Anadromous Fishes Program of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has monitored the size and age composition, sex ratio and maturity schedules of the spawning striped bass stock in the Rappahannock River since December 1981 utilizing commercial pound nets and, since 1991, variable-mesh experimental gill nets. Spawning stock assessment was expanded to include the James River in 1994 utilizing 11 commercial fyke nets and variable-mesh experimental gill nets. The use of fyke nets was discontinued after 1997. In conjunction with the monitoring studies, tagging programs have been conducted in the James ...


Upper White River Bmp Implementation Project (Nps Final Report), Paul F. Vendrell, K. F. Steele, M. A. Nelson, R. W. Mcnew Dec 2000

Upper White River Bmp Implementation Project (Nps Final Report), Paul F. Vendrell, K. F. Steele, M. A. Nelson, R. W. Mcnew

Technical Reports

The project objective was to monitor agricultural best management practices implemented to minimize sediment, nutrient, and bacterial impact on water quality of the Upper White River watershed. The project targeted the primary agricultural causes of non-point source nutrient and bacterial pollution in three sub-basins of the White River in the Beaver Lake Watershed. Areas with high animal densities targeted high source areas. High source areas were treated with best management practices (BMP) in an effort to reduce the impact to the White River and Beaver Lake. The predominant BMP implemented was waste management, a component of the farm nutrient management ...


Measuring Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior: A Methodological Overview, Curtis K. Deutsch, Stephen Oross Iii, Amanda Difiore, William J. Mcilvane Dec 2000

Measuring Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior: A Methodological Overview, Curtis K. Deutsch, Stephen Oross Iii, Amanda Difiore, William J. Mcilvane

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

The present article was prepared as an introduction to current approaches to studying brain activity correlates of behavior. Our goals are to (1) acquaint readers with current methods for detecting brain activity correlates of behavior and (2) suggest examples of scientific opportunities for collaborative research with brain scientists.


Cooperative & Nebraska “Blue Sky” Statutes, J. David Aiken Dec 2000

Cooperative & Nebraska “Blue Sky” Statutes, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

Cooperative fever is sweeping Nebraska. Agricultural producers are looking for ways to add value to what they produce, often through forming “new generation” cooperatives or by forming limited liability companies (LLCs). New generation cooperatives differ from traditional cooperatives in that new generation cooperatives typically (1) have closed membership and (2) process goods produced by co-op members. New generation cooperatives are more like citrus and other fruit cooperatives that have existed in other parts of the country. The Nebraska Unicameral is providing financial assistance to assist developing these kinds of value-added efforts through LB1348, the “Agricultural Opportunities and Value-Added Partnerships Act ...


Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2000, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department Dec 2000

Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 2000, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department

Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Farm Annual Reports

This is the 2000 annual progress report for the Northeast Research Station in Watertown, South Dakota. This report is issued by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the South Dakota State University Plant Science Department. This report includes information on the 2000 crop season, including: precipitation summary, small grain performance testing, corn hybrid trials, soybean variety performance trials, canola variety evaluations, flax variety trials, alfalfa trials, winter wheat breeding, oat research, spring wheat breeding, fungicide trials, weed control, soybean breeding, and fertilizer influence on corn yields.


West River Ag Center Crops And Soils Research Annual Progress Report, 2000, Agricultural Experiment Station Dec 2000

West River Ag Center Crops And Soils Research Annual Progress Report, 2000, Agricultural Experiment Station

Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Farm Annual Reports

This is the 2000 progress report of the West River Crops and Soils Research Projects, South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. This document includes reports on: weather and climate, wheat and grain variety trials, management and tillage, and weed and pest control.


Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy Dec 2000

Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy

NYMC Faculty Publications

Voltage-gated K(+) channels of the Kv3 subfamily have unusual electrophysiological properties, including activation at very depolarized voltages (positive to -10 mV) and very fast deactivation rates, suggesting special roles in neuronal excitability. In the brain, Kv3 channels are prominently expressed in select neuronal populations, which include fast-spiking (FS) GABAergic interneurons of the neocortex, hippocampus, and caudate, as well as other high-frequency firing neurons. Although evidence points to a key role in high-frequency firing, a definitive understanding of the function of these channels has been hampered by a lack of selective pharmacological tools. We therefore generated mouse lines in which one ...


The Demand For Aquacultural Products In Taiwan -- An Inverse Demand System Approach, Fu-Sung Chiang, Jonq-Ying Lee Dec 2000

The Demand For Aquacultural Products In Taiwan -- An Inverse Demand System Approach, Fu-Sung Chiang, Jonq-Ying Lee

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This study compared two inverse demand systems, the Rotterdam inverse demand system and the Laitinen-Theil inverse demand system, to analyze the demand relationships among aquacultural products in Taiwan. Results demonstrate that the Laitinen-Theil’s inverse demand system fits the data better than the Rotterdam inverse demand system. The demand relationships among five groups of aquacultural products, tilapia, milkfish, other aquaculture fish, shrimp, and shellfish were examined. Monthly transaction prices from local fish markets and per capita consumption for the period from July 1990 through December 1995 for these five groups of aquacultural products were used in this study. Results show ...


Coherence Of Internal Tide Modulations Along The Hawaiian Ridge, Gary T. Mitchum, Stephen M. Chiswell Dec 2000

Coherence Of Internal Tide Modulations Along The Hawaiian Ridge, Gary T. Mitchum, Stephen M. Chiswell

Marine Science Faculty Publications

Long time series of sea level from tide gauges along the north side of the Hawaiian Ridge and shorter series of dynamic heights inferred from inverted echo sounders moored just north of the main Hawaiian Islands are examined for evidence of internal tides at the M2 frequency. We find that the amplitudes and phases of the M2 tidal components have low-frequency variability, which is consistent with a superposition of an internal tide with the larger barotropic tide. Further, the low-frequency variability is correlated with low-frequency changes in the depth of the pycnocline, which suggests a simple physical mechanism ...


Amartya Sen And World Food Day 2000, Bettina Klaus Dec 2000

Amartya Sen And World Food Day 2000, Bettina Klaus

Cornhusker Economics

As every year, World Food Day took place on October 16th. Being relatively new to UNL (and the U.S.), and being an assistant professor in the Economics Department (joint with the Agricultural Economics Department) with research interests in social choice and game theory, the probability that I would get involved with World Food Day were slim. However, somehow it caught my eye that the yearly teleconference that accompanies World Food Day featured the 1998 Nobel prize winner for economics, Professor Amartya Sen. The 2000 World Food Day’s teleconference topic was “Poverty and Hunger: The Tragic Link” and in ...


An Intelligent System For Automated Dna Base Calling, Mohamad T. Musavi Dec 2000

An Intelligent System For Automated Dna Base Calling, Mohamad T. Musavi

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

An investigation into improving the performance of DNA base calling algorithms was conducted. The results have shown that the preprocessing steps performed by ABI sequencer on raw data adversely affects the accuracy of DNA sequencing. This adverse effect has been responsible for relatively high error rates, between 3.5% to 6%, in both ABI and Phred sequencing software. Please note that Phred also uses the processed data generated by ABI sequencer; only their base-calling algorithm is different. To remedy this effect, we have developed and implemented a new filtering technique that preserves the initial information contained in the raw data ...


Atmospheric Co2 Evasion, Dissolved Inorganic Carbon Production, And Net Heterotrophy In The York River Estuary, Peter Raymond, James E. Bauer, Jonathan Cole Dec 2000

Atmospheric Co2 Evasion, Dissolved Inorganic Carbon Production, And Net Heterotrophy In The York River Estuary, Peter Raymond, James E. Bauer, Jonathan Cole

VIMS Articles

Direct measurements of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) were made over a 2‐yr period in surface waters of the York River estuary in Virginia. The pCO2 in surface waters exceeded that in the overlying atmosphere, indicating that the estuary was a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere at most times and locations. Salinity‐based DIC mixing curves indicate there was also an internal source of both DIC and alkalinity, implying net alkalinity generation within the estuary. The DIC and alkalinity source displayed seasonal patterns similar to that of pCO2 and were reproducible ...


Hydrologic Analysis Of The Major Tributaries Within The Lower Dan River Watershed Between Milton, Nc And Paces, Va, Juliet Jefferson Brown Dec 2000

Hydrologic Analysis Of The Major Tributaries Within The Lower Dan River Watershed Between Milton, Nc And Paces, Va, Juliet Jefferson Brown

Theses & Honors Papers

According to the Clean Water Act of 1972, Virginia is required to develop Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for its impaired waters. A TMDL is the maximum amount of particular contaminants that a body of water can accept, without violating federal and state water quality standards. Approximately 130 waters have been targeted for TMDL development, with fecal coliform contamination cited as one of the top five violations.

The purpose of this study was to examine a ten-mile segment of the Dan River that has been designated as impaired, along with seven tributaries that contribute to that segment. The segment is ...


Development Of A State Wide Tobacco Treatment Specialist Training And Certification Programme For Massachusetts, Lori Pbert, Judith K. Ockene, Beth M. Ewy, Ellen Sachs Leicher, Donna D. Warner Dec 2000

Development Of A State Wide Tobacco Treatment Specialist Training And Certification Programme For Massachusetts, Lori Pbert, Judith K. Ockene, Beth M. Ewy, Ellen Sachs Leicher, Donna D. Warner

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: To describe the research conducted to structure and develop a statewide tobacco training and certification programme for tobacco treatment specialists (TTSs) in Massachusetts.

DESIGN: Qualitative research strategies were used to obtain information on certification development and opinions regarding TTS training and certification from key informants. A role definition and validation study was then conducted to determine the core competencies for TTSs. A comprehensive training programme was developed, piloted, and finalised, and a certification programme was initiated.

PARTICIPANTS: Key informants included: individuals involved in the development of their professional certification programmes; tobacco treatment providers from across Massachusetts; and national tobacco ...


Faculty Exchange Program In Second Year At Unl, Lynn Lutgen Dec 2000

Faculty Exchange Program In Second Year At Unl, Lynn Lutgen

Cornhusker Economics

The Agricultural Economics Department joined USDA in a Faculty Exchange Program (FEP) with the Ukraine and Russia in the spring of 1999. Each year four professors from the Ukraine and Russia arrive in Lincoln in August and leave the middle of December. While in Nebraska they take classes, travel, and develop class outlines and news articles that they will use when they return home. This year we have three professors visiting from the Ukraine and one from Russia. The following are their impressions of the U.S. and Nebraska, along with some thoughts on the Faculty Exchange Program.


Historical And Spatial Analysis Of The Fishes Of Triplett Creek, Rowan County, Kentucky, Katherine A. Mccafferty Dec 2000

Historical And Spatial Analysis Of The Fishes Of Triplett Creek, Rowan County, Kentucky, Katherine A. Mccafferty

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Katherine A. McCafferty on December 5, 2000.


In Vitro Effect Of Shark Cartilage On Human Leukocyte Function, Aline Cornelissen Dec 2000

In Vitro Effect Of Shark Cartilage On Human Leukocyte Function, Aline Cornelissen

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Previous in vitro studies have shown that shark cartilage extracts stimulate human leukocytes to release significant levels of TNFα, a cytokine typical of a Th1 immune response. The purpose of this study was to investigate further the effects of shark cartilage on cellular immune function, particularly cell proliferation, apoptosis, and IL-4 and INFγ production. The viability and proliferation of cell cultures grown in the presence of shark cartilage extract was not significantly different from unstimulated control cultures or those stimulated with mitogens (Con A, PMA, LPS), respectively. The effect of shark cartilage on apoptosis was determined by microscopic analysis of ...


Planning And Design Considerations For Hybrid Poplar Timberbelts, Scott J. Josiah, Gary Kuhn Dec 2000

Planning And Design Considerations For Hybrid Poplar Timberbelts, Scott J. Josiah, Gary Kuhn

Agroforestry Notes (USDA-NAC)

The demand for wood products and wood fiber has led to the development of a production system based on fast growing trees known as Short Rotation Woody Crops (SRWCs). Traditionally, SRWCs are grown in large, intensively managed blocks, but the technology may also be used on agricultural lands in integrated applications such as timberbelts. Timberbelts are multiple row windbreaks that are planted with commercially valuable trees to produce wood products. Trees such as hybrid poplar (typically cottonwood and to a lesser extent aspen), hybrid willow, hybrid pine, paulownia, etc., are particularly suited for use in timberbelts because of their rapid ...


From A Pasture To A Silvopasture System, James L. Robinson, Terry Clason Dec 2000

From A Pasture To A Silvopasture System, James L. Robinson, Terry Clason

Agroforestry Notes (USDA-NAC)

There is potential to diversify a grazing operation and improve economic or environmental benefits on many acres through conversion of pasture to silvopasture. Silvopasture is the integration of trees with livestock grazing and forage operations. Research has demonstrated that, if managed properly, forage production can be maintained while producing high value timber.


De Sistemas Pastoriles A Silvopastoriles, James L. Robinson, Terry Clason Dec 2000

De Sistemas Pastoriles A Silvopastoriles, James L. Robinson, Terry Clason

Agroforestry Notes (USDA-NAC)

Existe el potencial para diversificar la operación pastoril y mejorar los beneficios económicos y ambientales en muchas áreas a través de la conversión de pastoreo a silvopastoreo. Silvopastoreo es la integración de árboles y ganado junto con forraje. Estudios han demostrado que bajo una buena administración es posible la producción de pastos y de madera de alta calidad.


Enzymatic Nixtamalization: An Improved Corn Masa Flour Production Process, Deepak Sahai, David S. Jackson Dec 2000

Enzymatic Nixtamalization: An Improved Corn Masa Flour Production Process, Deepak Sahai, David S. Jackson

Food Science & Technology Department Records--Public Access

A major concern during commercial masa or instant masa flour production is the proper disposal of the excess waste water generated from the nixtamalization process. Nixtamalization causes partitioning of corn solids between nixtamal and waste water. It has been estimated that corn solids loss during nixtamalization varies between 5-14% depending on corn type & quality. Nejayote waste is highly alkaline, with high chemical and biological oxygen demands (BOD & COD) and is considered an environmental pollutant. A typical corn nixtamalization facility processing 200 US tons of corn every day, uses over 50 gallons of water per minute and generates nearly the equivalent ...


‘Strawberry Festival’ Strawberry, C. K. Chandler, D. E. Legard, David Dunigan, T. E. Crocker, C. A. Sims Dec 2000

‘Strawberry Festival’ Strawberry, C. K. Chandler, D. E. Legard, David Dunigan, T. E. Crocker, C. A. Sims

Papers in Plant Pathology

Most of the strawberries (Fragaria xananassa Duchesne) produced in Florida are shipped fresh to locations throughout the eastern United States and Canada (Florida Agricultural Statistics [www.nass.usda.gov/ fl]). Therefore, Florida growers need cultivars that produce fruit that are attractive and flavorful, and maintain these qualities during and after long-distance shipment. 'Strawberry Festival' strawberry has produced commercially acceptable yields of firm, attractive, and flavorful fruit in trials at the Univ. of Florida's Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Dover (GCREC-Dover) and in two commercial fields in west central Florida. It is recommended for trial in areas where ...


Extension Workers As Orchestrators Of Civic Renewal Through Civic Professionalism, Nancy K. Franz Dec 2000

Extension Workers As Orchestrators Of Civic Renewal Through Civic Professionalism, Nancy K. Franz

Nancy K. Franz

I have a passion and a bias. I am passionate about the important role of the Cooperative Extension System (CES) in civic renewal. My bias is that extension workers (also known as agents or educators) are the key to civic renewal throughout the United States. No other institution has the same ability to reach all of America with education and organizing efforts. With extension workers in every county in the nation, this group of professionals and their work cut across age, race, ethnicity, religion, geography and many other demographic characteristics. Extension has a long history of being active in civic ...


Influence Of Infected Cell Growth State On Bacteriophage Reactivation Levels, Dana R. Kadavy, Julie J. Shaffer, Susan E. Lott, Thomas A. Wolf, Cathy E. Bolton, William H. Gallimore, Eugene L. Martin, Kenneth W. Nickerson, Tyler A. Kokjohn Dec 2000

Influence Of Infected Cell Growth State On Bacteriophage Reactivation Levels, Dana R. Kadavy, Julie J. Shaffer, Susan E. Lott, Thomas A. Wolf, Cathy E. Bolton, William H. Gallimore, Eugene L. Martin, Kenneth W. Nickerson, Tyler A. Kokjohn

Papers in Microbiology

Reactivation of UV-C-inactivated Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophages D3C3, F116, G101, and UNL-1 was quantified in host cells infected during the exponential phase, during the stationary phase, and after starvation (1 day, 1 and 5 weeks) under conditions designed to detect dark repair and photoreactivation. Our experiments revealed that while the photoreactivation capacity of stationary-phase or starved cells remained about the same as that of exponential-phase cells, in some cases their capacity to support dark repair of UV-inactivated bacteriophages increased over 10-fold. This enhanced reactivation capacity was correlated with the ca. 30- fold-greater UV-C resistance of P. aeruginosa host cells that were ...


Descriptions Of The First Chlamydopsinae (Coleoptera: Histeridae) From Wallacea, Michael S. Caterino Dec 2000

Descriptions Of The First Chlamydopsinae (Coleoptera: Histeridae) From Wallacea, Michael S. Caterino

Publications

Collecting in Dumoga-Bone National Park in northeastern Sulawesi during The Royal Geographical Society’s 1985 ‘Project Wallace’ expedition resulted in the discovery of the first known Indonesian Chlamydopsinae. Ten new species are described in the genus Orectoscelis Lewis, previously known only from the Australian continent. The new taxa are O. demotus Caterino sp. n., O. punctatus Caterino sp. n., O. aurolepidus Caterino sp. n., O. circularis Caterino sp. n., O. dumogae Caterino sp. n., O. obliquus Caterino sp. n., O. elongatus Caterino
sp. n., O. hammondi Caterino sp. n., O. carinatus Caterino sp. n., and O. brendelli Caterino sp. n ...


Big River, Reggie Mcleod Dec 2000

Big River, Reggie Mcleod

Volume 8 - 2000

The monthly newsletter for people who live, work or play on the Upper Mississippi River. Volume 8, Number 12.


Sp573 How To Recognize And Prevent Tree Hazards, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Dec 2000

Sp573 How To Recognize And Prevent Tree Hazards, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension

Forestry, Trees, and Timber

Trees benefit us in many ways. They can also cause major damage when limbs or the whole tree falls on power lines, cars, houses or people. Usually, weakened trees give some warning signs of danger. By learning to recognize the signs and to follow-up with prompt, proper action, you can often manage this risk, saving yourself grief as well as money.


Pb1670 Dogwoods For American Gardens, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service Dec 2000

Pb1670 Dogwoods For American Gardens, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Forestry, Trees, and Timber

Seventeen species of dogwood are native to the United States, with about 50 throughout the northern hemisphere of the world. The familiar species we call “flowering dogwood,” Cornus florida, is related to many others. This publication discusses those of ornamental value. Most dogwood species are either shrubs or small trees and can be easily divided into two main groups: those with red fruit (occasionally yellow) and those with blue-black (sometimes whitish) fruit.

In addition to its beauty, the dogwood is an important food source for birds and wildlife. Berries of the flowering dogwood are eaten by many species of songbirds ...