Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1992

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 2012

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Calcospherites In Rabbit Incisor Predentin, H. Mishima, Y. Kunuki, T. Sakae, Y. Kozawa, N. Watabe Dec 1992

Calcospherites In Rabbit Incisor Predentin, H. Mishima, Y. Kunuki, T. Sakae, Y. Kozawa, N. Watabe

Scanning Microscopy

Calcospherites from the lower incisor dentin of rabbits were investigated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and electron diffraction analyses. In the labial predentin, globular calcospherites of 8-31 μm were present at the root apex, decreasing in size toward the incisal region. The calcospherites at the intermediate region were of mulberry- as well as of spindle-shape of 1.5-4 μm diameter. The incisal pulp horn contained micro-calcospherites of 0.3-0.6 μmin diameter. In the lingual predentin, small granular calcospherites of 1. 8-3 μm were present at the root apex, increasing in size toward the ...


Present Developments In Image Analysis, Peter Smart, Xiaoling Leng Dec 1992

Present Developments In Image Analysis, Peter Smart, Xiaoling Leng

Scanning Microscopy

The paper discusses novel methods of analysing oriented textures, explains some of the problems which had to be overcome to make these methods work, and indicates where future developments might be expected. This has required improvements in the methods of intensity gradient analysis, the development of large filter methods for mapping features defined in terms of their texture, and the introduction of ideas from the theory of regionalised variables.


Ultra-High Resolution Scanning Electron Microscopic Studies On The Sarcoplasmic Reticulum And Mitochondria In Various Muscles: A Review, Takuro Ogata, Yuichi Yamasaki Dec 1992

Ultra-High Resolution Scanning Electron Microscopic Studies On The Sarcoplasmic Reticulum And Mitochondria In Various Muscles: A Review, Takuro Ogata, Yuichi Yamasaki

Scanning Microscopy

The three-dimensional structure of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), transverse (T)-axial tubular system and mitochondria in various muscles was examined by means of ultra-high resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after removal of the cytoplasmic matrices and myofilaments by the aldehyde-osmium-DMSO-osmium procedure. The striated muscles reviewed and presented are twitch and slow fibers of the frog, twitch and slow fibers of the chicken, twitch extrafusal fibers and intrafusal fibers of the rat, and cardiac muscle fibers of the rat and dog. In all of these striated muscle fibers, T-tubules run transversely and are coupled with terminal cisternae forming triads or dyads ...


Influence Of Annealing On The Interface Structure And Strain Relief In Si/Ge Heterostructures On (100) Si, D. J. Lockwood, J. -M. Baribeau, T. E. Jackman, P. Aebi, T. Tyliszczak, A. P. Hitchcock, R. L. Headrick Dec 1992

Influence Of Annealing On The Interface Structure And Strain Relief In Si/Ge Heterostructures On (100) Si, D. J. Lockwood, J. -M. Baribeau, T. E. Jackman, P. Aebi, T. Tyliszczak, A. P. Hitchcock, R. L. Headrick

Scanning Microscopy

Research work on the general problem of the nature and thermal stability of the Si/Ge semiconductor interface is reviewed. We report on our recent studies of the interface structure in [(Si)m(Ge)n]p superlattices and (Ge)n layers buried in Si as revealed by Raman scattering, extended X-ray absorption fine structure, and X-ray techniques. Strain relaxation and interdiffusion in the superlattices caused by annealing have been investigated, and it is found that considerable strain-enhanced intermixing together with partial relaxation of Ge-Ge bonds occurs even for very short anneal times at 700°C. Further annealing leads to diffusion ...


Strain Distribution During Growth Of Ge/Si(001) And The Effect Of Surfactant Layers, J. E. Macdonald, J. M. C. Thornton, A. A. Williams, P. Ashu, C. C. Matthai, H. A. Van Der Vegt, E. Vlieg Dec 1992

Strain Distribution During Growth Of Ge/Si(001) And The Effect Of Surfactant Layers, J. E. Macdonald, J. M. C. Thornton, A. A. Williams, P. Ashu, C. C. Matthai, H. A. Van Der Vegt, E. Vlieg

Scanning Microscopy

Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction has been employed to determine directly the distribution of strain in the plane of the interface during deposition of Ge onto Si(001). The corresponding strain distribution has also been deduced for a relaxed island whose atomic structure has been determined by molecular dynamics. The results illustrate the central role of elastic deformation of islands in the initial stage of strain relief. The results are also compared with those for growth with a Sb surfactant layer which suppresses island formation. An investigation of surfactant-like behaviour is also presented for homoepitaxial growth of Ag on Ag(111 ...


Electron Beam Lithography For Large Area Patterning 3: Data Conversion And Electron Beam Deflection Control, Susumu Hoshinouchi, Hiroaki Tobuse, Hidenobu Murakami, Ryuichi Shimizu Dec 1992

Electron Beam Lithography For Large Area Patterning 3: Data Conversion And Electron Beam Deflection Control, Susumu Hoshinouchi, Hiroaki Tobuse, Hidenobu Murakami, Ryuichi Shimizu

Scanning Microscopy

Electron beam direct writing technologies, specifically for the large area patterning of electronic devices such as printed wiring boards, are studied in this paper. The vector scanning method with two kinds of beam deflection, main-deflection and sub-deflection, has been adopted for the fabrication of circuit patterns of various line widths. The sub-deflection of high frequency oscillation is superimposed on the main-deflection, which allows for controlling each line width with ease. A data conversion and a deflection control system with several strategies have been developed to reduce the conversion time and the volume of output data. It is revealed that circuit ...


Electron Beam Lithography For Large Area Patterning 4: Exposure Of Resist On Internal Surface Of A Through-Hole, Susumu Hoshinouchi, Akio Yoshida, Hidenobu Murakami Dec 1992

Electron Beam Lithography For Large Area Patterning 4: Exposure Of Resist On Internal Surface Of A Through-Hole, Susumu Hoshinouchi, Akio Yoshida, Hidenobu Murakami

Scanning Microscopy

Electron beam direct writing technologies, specifically for the large area patterning of electronic devices such as printed wiring boards, are studied in this paper. The exposure characteristics of the resist on the internal surface of a through-hole are examined. A thick film resist which is composed mainly of unsaturated acrylic resins is prepared on the internal surface of the hole by an electrodeposition process.

It is proven that a 20 μm thick resist on the internal surface can be exposed efficiently by a 60 keV electron beam. This phenomenon becomes even stronger by placing a gold plated metal plate on ...


Agriculture News Release - 1992-12-24, United States. Congress. House. Committee On Agriculture, E. De La Garza Dec 1992

Agriculture News Release - 1992-12-24, United States. Congress. House. Committee On Agriculture, E. De La Garza

Kika de la Garza Congressional Papers - Agriculture Committee News Releases

No abstract provided.


A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study Of The Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane: Cell Death And The Involvement Of Oxygen Free Radicals, A. Easterling, G. J. Burton, J. N. Skepper, M. H. Nasr-Esfahani Dec 1992

A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study Of The Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane: Cell Death And The Involvement Of Oxygen Free Radicals, A. Easterling, G. J. Burton, J. N. Skepper, M. H. Nasr-Esfahani

Scanning Microscopy

Cell death is a normal feature within the chick chorioallantoic membrane, occurring principally between days 10 and 14 of incubation.

Samples of chorioallantoic membrane were obtained on days 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 of incubation, after the creation of artificial air chambers on day 3. These were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after staining for acid phosphatase activity, and by light microscopy after demonstrating oxygen free radicals with nitro blue tetrazolium. On day 6, small defects in the plasmalemma, approximately 200 nm in diameter, could be seen by SEM. A sequence of events leading ...


Denitrification And Oxygen Consumption In Sediments Of Two South Texas Estuaries, Won Bae Yoon, Ronald Benner Dec 1992

Denitrification And Oxygen Consumption In Sediments Of Two South Texas Estuaries, Won Bae Yoon, Ronald Benner

Faculty Publications

Spatial and temporal variations in rates of denitrification and oxygen consumption were measured in sediments of the Nueces and Guadalupe Estuaries in southern Texas, USA. Denitrification rates varied from 4.0 to 71.1 µmol N2 m-2 h-1 in the Nueces Estuary and from 4.6 to 34.7 µmol N2 m-2 h-1 in the Guadalupe Estuary. Denitrification accounted for 29 to 80% of total benthic N flux in the study areas. Oxygen consumption rates ranged from 176 to 818 µmol O2 m-2 h-1 in Nueces Estuary and from 208 to ...


X-Ray Microanalysis Of Epithelial And Secretory Cells In Culture, Anne Von Euler, Eva Pålsgård, Christina Vult Von Steyern, Godfried M. Roomans Dec 1992

X-Ray Microanalysis Of Epithelial And Secretory Cells In Culture, Anne Von Euler, Eva Pålsgård, Christina Vult Von Steyern, Godfried M. Roomans

Scanning Microscopy

Cell cultures can be used to study ion transport processes. X-ray microanalysis of cell cultures at the cellular level gives interesting information that can complement electrophysiological and tracer studies. In this paper, methods for culturing and preparing a variety of epithelial and secretory cells (fibroblasts, insulinoma cells, bovine mammary epithelial cells, colon cancer cells) for X-ray microanalysis are presented. Results show that sometimes cell cultures are not homogeneous with respect to ion content or reaction to physiological stimuli. In colon cancer cell cultures, a "high K" and a "low K" cell subpopulation was found; these subpopulations also differed with respect ...


Ultrastructural Features Of Human Reissner's Membrane, Anne De Fraissinette, Heidi Felix, Jannie Nievergelt, Michael Gleeson Dec 1992

Ultrastructural Features Of Human Reissner's Membrane, Anne De Fraissinette, Heidi Felix, Jannie Nievergelt, Michael Gleeson

Scanning Microscopy

Ultrastructural features of human Reissner' s membrane were investigated in two groups of similarly aged patients. Five patients had age-related normal hearing (ARNH) and four patients had acquired sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) from causes other than age. The membrane consisted of a mesothelium facing the perilymph and an epithelium facing the endolymph. The two cell layers were separated by a basement membrane. The mesothelium was formed by wide spread thin cells with a smooth surface. The epithelial cells assumed two different shapes, flat and rounded. Both epithelial cell types were covered with many short microvilli. In all specimens, the rounded ...


Recent Advances In Measurement Of Oxalate In Biological Materials, S. Sharma, R. Nath, S. K. Thind Dec 1992

Recent Advances In Measurement Of Oxalate In Biological Materials, S. Sharma, R. Nath, S. K. Thind

Scanning Microscopy

Hyperoxaluria is the predominant risk factor in urinary stone disease. A specific, accurate and reliable oxalate assay for urine and plasma is very important for both the diagnosis and efficient management of patients. A review of the advantages and disadvantages of various methods of oxalate determination is presented and is followed by the authors' recommendations.


Microvascular Architecture Of The Filiform Papillae In Primates And Insectivores, S. Okada, Y. Ohta, N. Matsukawa, S. Sugioka Dec 1992

Microvascular Architecture Of The Filiform Papillae In Primates And Insectivores, S. Okada, Y. Ohta, N. Matsukawa, S. Sugioka

Scanning Microscopy

The microvascular architecture of filiform papillae was investigated under a scanning electron microscope in man, Japanese monkeys, common squirrel monkeys, common marmosets, common tree shrews, large Japanese moles and dwarf shrews utilizing microvascular corrosion casts. Filiform papillae were circularly arranged in primates, and each of them was supplied by a hairpin capillary loop. These papillae sometimes were aggregated. The filiform papillae of Japanese monkeys exhibited markedly locational differences on the lingual dorsum and were supplied by circularly arranged capillary loops or by an intrapapillary capillary network. Small filiform papillae were located on an epithelial eminence in the lingual radix, each ...


High-Resolution Scanning Electron Microscopy Of Rat Incisor Ameloblasts, A. Nanci, S. Zalzal, F. W. K. Kan Dec 1992

High-Resolution Scanning Electron Microscopy Of Rat Incisor Ameloblasts, A. Nanci, S. Zalzal, F. W. K. Kan

Scanning Microscopy

The internal three-dimensional organization of secretory and maturation stage ameloblasts was examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy. Particular attention was given to the structure of the Golgi apparatus, the distribution of smooth membrane tubulo-vesicular elements and their relationship with endosomal/lysosomal components. Rat incisors were fixed by intracardiac perfusion with glutaraldehyde, decalcified and divided into segments. The tissues were cryoprotected with glycerol and freeze-fractured. They were then macerated in osmium, and after conductive staining with osmium/tannic acid, the samples were critical-point dried and sputtered with gold. High-resolution scanning electron microscopy showed that ameloblasts contain a well-developed Golgi apparatus ...


South Dakota Beef Cow-Calf Producer Management Practices, Donald Taylor, Dillon M. Feuz Dec 1992

South Dakota Beef Cow-Calf Producer Management Practices, Donald Taylor, Dillon M. Feuz

Economics Research Reports

This research report is based on the results of a mail survey of randomly selected South Dakota beef cow-calf operators undertaken during late 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine the nature of management practices followed by the state's cow-calf producers and whether those practices differ by size and/or location of herd. Attention was given to producers' overall cowcalf, breeding, feeding, and health management practices.


Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 1992, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department Dec 1992

Northeast Research Station Watertown, South Dakota Annual Progress Report, 1992, Agricultural Experiment Station, Plant Science Department

Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Farm Annual Reports

This is the 1992 annual progress report for the Northeast Research Station in Watertown, South Dakota. This report is issued by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the South Dakota State University Plant Science Department. This report includes information on the 1992 crop season, including growing season precipitation data from 1956-1992, crop performance trials, oat and rye research, spring wheat breeding, soybean studies, weed control effects on crops, W.E.E.D. project demonstration, soybean breeding, yield testing, farming system studies, 1992 yields, soil moisture, soil tests results.


Distribution Of Connectin (Titin) And Transverse Tubules At Myotendinous Junctions, Y. Shimada, F. Atsuta, M. Sonoda, M. Shiozaki, K. Maruyama Dec 1992

Distribution Of Connectin (Titin) And Transverse Tubules At Myotendinous Junctions, Y. Shimada, F. Atsuta, M. Sonoda, M. Shiozaki, K. Maruyama

Scanning Microscopy

The ends of muscle fibers form many longitudinal projections which are further divided into numerous processes and attach to the collagen fibrils of tendons to form myotendinous junctions (MTJs). Immunocytochemical and electron microscopic observations on pectoralis muscles of the chicken revealed the presence of an elastic filamentous protein, connectin (titin), within the terminal sarcomere on the side adjacent to the terminal Z bands, and the absence of connectin and myosin and the presence of actin at the apical sarcoplasmic region of MTJ processes between the terminal Z band and the MTJ sarcolemma. Intermediate voltage electron microscopy showed that T tubules ...


The Nucleation And Growth Of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate On Self-Assembled Monolayers (Sams), Allison A. Campbell, Glen E. Fryxell, Gordon L. Graff, Peter C. Rieke, Barbara J. Tarasevich Dec 1992

The Nucleation And Growth Of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate On Self-Assembled Monolayers (Sams), Allison A. Campbell, Glen E. Fryxell, Gordon L. Graff, Peter C. Rieke, Barbara J. Tarasevich

Scanning Microscopy

A physical chemical approach was used to study calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) nucleation and growth on various organic interfaces. Self-assembling monolayers (SAMs), containing derivatized organic functional groups, were designed to mimic various amino acid residues present in both urine and stone matrix macromolecules. Derivatized surfaces include SAMs with terminal methyl, bromo, imidazole, and thiazolidine-carboxylic acid functional groups. Pronounced differences in COM deposition were observed for the various interfaces with the imidazole and thiazolidine surfaces having the greatest effect and the methyl and bromo groups having little or no nucleating potential.


The Use Of Sonic Frequencies As A Cleaning Agent Of Specimens To Be Observed By Scanning Electron Microscopy, G. Familiari, A. Familiari, G. Macchiarelli, L. J. A. Didio, P. M. Motta Dec 1992

The Use Of Sonic Frequencies As A Cleaning Agent Of Specimens To Be Observed By Scanning Electron Microscopy, G. Familiari, A. Familiari, G. Macchiarelli, L. J. A. Didio, P. M. Motta

Scanning Microscopy

The presence of mucus and/or cellular debris can obscure the fine morphology of the gastrointestinal or respiratory luminal surface, when observed by scanning electron microscopy. With the intent of obtaining a good cleaning of the mucosal surface without altering the ultrafine morphology of epithelial cells, a new model of sonicator/ultrasonicator is presented.

The instrument is supplied with a control system for wave frequency, amplitude and form, and permits a precise regulation of the wave energy. With this instrument it is possible to produce a "cleaning effect" by using any kind of frequency (either sonic or ultrasonic) and/or ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Cumulative Index, Volume 3 Nos. 13–24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1992

Cumulative Index, Volume 3 Nos. 13–24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


When Discharge Of Indebtedness Occurs If The Debtor Is Not In Bankruptcy, Neil Harl Dec 1992

When Discharge Of Indebtedness Occurs If The Debtor Is Not In Bankruptcy, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

As was noted in the March 30, 1990 issue of Agricultural Law Digest, whether discharge of indebtedness occurs for debtors in bankruptcy depends upon the chapter of the Bankruptcy Code. For Chapter 12 debtors, discharge of indebtedness takes place upon completion of payments under the plan.

For debtors not in bankruptcy, the rules for when discharge of indebtedness take place are different and the consequences are also quite different.


Influence Of 17-B-Estradiol And Progesterone On The In Vitro Cultured Mouse Preimplantation Embryos, Matthew L. Offutt Dec 1992

Influence Of 17-B-Estradiol And Progesterone On The In Vitro Cultured Mouse Preimplantation Embryos, Matthew L. Offutt

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Matthew L. Offutt on December 10, 1992.


Bacterial Numbers And Activity, Microalgal Biomass And Productivity, And Meiofaunal Distribution In Sediments Naturally Contaminated With Biogenic Bromophenols, Charles C. Steward, James L. Pinckney, Yvette Piceno, Charles R. Lovell Dec 1992

Bacterial Numbers And Activity, Microalgal Biomass And Productivity, And Meiofaunal Distribution In Sediments Naturally Contaminated With Biogenic Bromophenols, Charles C. Steward, James L. Pinckney, Yvette Piceno, Charles R. Lovell

Faculty Publications

Sediment cores were collected inside and outside of a bed of a bromophenol-producing marine polychaete, Notomastus lobatus, and examined for impact of the bromophenols on sediment microflora and meiofauna around N. lobatus burrows. No significant differences were found between microbial parameters measured inside and outside of the N. lobatus bed. Integrated 6 cm cores taken adjacent to N. lobatus burrows contained 1.2 x 109 bacteria ml-1. Cell numbers were similar at control sites within the bed, but away from burrows, and not significantly different from cell numbers (1.0 X 109 cells ml-1) at a ...


Meeting Minutes, December 8th, 1992, National Smokejumper Association Executive Committee Dec 1992

Meeting Minutes, December 8th, 1992, National Smokejumper Association Executive Committee

National Smokejumper Association Meeting Minutes

Agenda: NSA obtain all rights and priveledges to the artwork of Mr. Larry Fite which the National Association wishes to purchase from Mr. Fite for a 10 year membership.; Mailing: We are ready!; Cash flow is poor; Ed Courtney acting Treasurer and Laird Robinson be acting Secretary; Meet every 2nd Tuesday of every month.; Next meeting - Second Tuesday in January.;


Agriculture News Release - 1992-12-08, United States. Congress. House. Committee On Agriculture, E. De La Garza Dec 1992

Agriculture News Release - 1992-12-08, United States. Congress. House. Committee On Agriculture, E. De La Garza

Kika de la Garza Congressional Papers - Agriculture Committee News Releases

No abstract provided.


Cellular Interactions In Hemopoietic Progenitor Cell Homing: A Review, Cheryl L. Hardy, Jose J. Minguell Dec 1992

Cellular Interactions In Hemopoietic Progenitor Cell Homing: A Review, Cheryl L. Hardy, Jose J. Minguell

Scanning Microscopy

Within the bone marrow microenvironment, dynamic cellular interactions are constantly occurring. These interactions involve hemopoietic stem cells, progenitor cells and maturing cells, physically interacting with other cells, some of which may function as accessory cells, and others which comprise the stromal elements; hemopoietic cells also interact with non-cellular elements, such as glycoproteins and fibrous proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM). These interactions serve to regulate normal hemopoiesis by allowing the communication of regulatory information, migration and subsequent homing of stem cells within specific organs, and presentation of hemopoietic growth factors in a biologically relevant fashion. The goal of this review ...


Sediment-Water Nutrient Flux In Tidal Creeks Of North Inlet, South Carolina, Michael Duane Quillen Dec 1992

Sediment-Water Nutrient Flux In Tidal Creeks Of North Inlet, South Carolina, Michael Duane Quillen

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Michael Duane Quillen on December 7, 1992.


Purification And Ligand Binding Of A Soluble Class I Mhc Molecule Consisting Of The First Three Domains Of H-2kd Fused To B2-Microglobulin Expressed In The Baculovirus/Insect Cell System, Francois Godeau, Immanuel F. Luescher, David M. Ojcius, Cecile Saucier, Estelle Mottez, Lucien Cabanie, Philippe Kourilsky Dec 1992

Purification And Ligand Binding Of A Soluble Class I Mhc Molecule Consisting Of The First Three Domains Of H-2kd Fused To B2-Microglobulin Expressed In The Baculovirus/Insect Cell System, Francois Godeau, Immanuel F. Luescher, David M. Ojcius, Cecile Saucier, Estelle Mottez, Lucien Cabanie, Philippe Kourilsky

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

A recombinant baculovirus encoding a single-chain murine major histocompatibility complex class I molecule in which the first three domains of H-2Kd are fused to beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m) via a 15-amino acid linker has been isolated and used to infect lepidopteran cells. A soluble, 391-amino acid single-chain H-2Kd (SC-Kd) molecule of 48 kDa was synthesized and glycosylated in insect cells and could be purified in the absence of detergents by affinity chromatography using the anti-H-2Kd monoclonal antibody SF1.1.1.1. We tested the ability of SC-Kd to bind antigenic peptides using a direct binding assay based on photoaffinity labeling ...