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1968

Biology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Ecological Determination Of The Hour Of Nest Opening By An Ant, A. Dwight Smith Dec 1968

Ecological Determination Of The Hour Of Nest Opening By An Ant, A. Dwight Smith

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

The timing of daily opening of the nest entrance by the red harvester ant Popnomyrmex californicus was studied during all four seasons. Multiple regression analysis of several , environmental variables shows that the variation from day to day in mean opening time can be attributed to temperature differences, with the time that a given temperature was reached being the most important single variable for the autumn days studied. An equation incorporating this and the minimum temperature was sufficient to specify the mean opening time to within a few minutes. For the spring days, it was necessary to combine sunrise time with ...


An Ecotypic Differentiation Of Human And Bovine Fecal Streptococci, With Application To Human Pollution In The Yakima River, Harlen Harvey Johnson Dec 1968

An Ecotypic Differentiation Of Human And Bovine Fecal Streptococci, With Application To Human Pollution In The Yakima River, Harlen Harvey Johnson

All Master's Theses

It was the purpose of this study to report on the development of a technique for distinguishing human fecal streptococci from bovine fecal streptococci, and to make application of this technique in describing some of the sources of pollution in the Yakima River as contributed by the Wilson Creek drainage system, in the Ellensburg area of Washington.


Electrophoretic Demonstration Of The Hybrid Origin Of The Gynogenetic Teleost Poecilia Formosa, Peter Abramoff, Rezneat M. Darnell, Joseph Silvio Balsano Nov 1968

Electrophoretic Demonstration Of The Hybrid Origin Of The Gynogenetic Teleost Poecilia Formosa, Peter Abramoff, Rezneat M. Darnell, Joseph Silvio Balsano

Biological Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


The Counteraction Effects Of Vitamin B12 On The Hemolytic Effects Of Methonine In Rats, Mayme Novella Payne Aug 1968

The Counteraction Effects Of Vitamin B12 On The Hemolytic Effects Of Methonine In Rats, Mayme Novella Payne

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Large Doses Of Mammalian (Sheep) Gonadotrophins On The Reproductive Cycle Of Immature Female Rana Pipiens, Robert Arthur Washington Aug 1968

The Effect Of Large Doses Of Mammalian (Sheep) Gonadotrophins On The Reproductive Cycle Of Immature Female Rana Pipiens, Robert Arthur Washington

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This investigation was undertaken to determine the possible effects of large doses (5 tines the minimal) of sheep gonadotrophins (FSH, LH, LTH) plus estrone and cortisone on the reproductive cycle of immature female Rana pipiens* Twenty-seven frogs were grouped and injected daily for 4 days with FSH, LH, LTH, cortisone, and estrone separately and in combination. On the fifth day all frogs were sacrificed and their ovaries weighed and examined for possible ovulation.

Although none of the injected frogs ovulated, the eggs of two groups showed significant effects as a result of the injections (Group IV—FSH, LH, estrone, cortisone ...


The Excretion Of Inulin And Phenol Red In The Fresh-Water Turtle, Pseudemys Elegans, James Alfred Roberts Aug 1968

The Excretion Of Inulin And Phenol Red In The Fresh-Water Turtle, Pseudemys Elegans, James Alfred Roberts

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

No abstract provided.


The Development Of The Embryo Sac In Ranunculus Glaberrimus Hook, Chung-Ping Chin Aug 1968

The Development Of The Embryo Sac In Ranunculus Glaberrimus Hook, Chung-Ping Chin

All Master's Theses

A comparative study of embryological and morphological characters of the ovule in the family Ranunculaceae indicates that considerable variation exists within this family.


The Effect Of Follicle-Stimulating Hormone And Testosterone Propionate On The Reproduction Of The Bull Snakes, Pituophis Melanoleucus Catenifer And Pituophis Melanoleucus Affinis; Accompanied With Analysis Of Changes In Blood Protein Constituents Following Stimulation, Jack Bradford Aug 1968

The Effect Of Follicle-Stimulating Hormone And Testosterone Propionate On The Reproduction Of The Bull Snakes, Pituophis Melanoleucus Catenifer And Pituophis Melanoleucus Affinis; Accompanied With Analysis Of Changes In Blood Protein Constituents Following Stimulation, Jack Bradford

All Master's Theses

The bull snake, Pituophis melanoleucus, was chosen for this experimentation for several reasons; (1) it is relatively abundant in Central Washington (2) it is a large snake, well able to withstand the effects of the frequent blood samplings which were necessary in this experimentation ... (3) the bull snake is an oviparous snake and ova development is rapid and after dissection, obvious.


Regeneration Of The Tentacles And Eyes Of The Marine Snail Ilyanassa Obsoleta Stimpson, W. Ernest Collins Jr. Aug 1968

Regeneration Of The Tentacles And Eyes Of The Marine Snail Ilyanassa Obsoleta Stimpson, W. Ernest Collins Jr.

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The study consisted of two major steps: (1) A macroscopic study was undertaken to determine whether or not the eye and tentacles of a gastropod which exhibits a mosaic development pattern could regenerate. (2) A study was undertaken using histological techniques to determine the detailed step-by-step process of regeneration of the eye and tentacle in Ilyanassa obsoleta.


The Uptake Of Calcium By Iso Lines And Kentucky Varieties Of Nicotiana Tabacum L., Francis J. Shay Jul 1968

The Uptake Of Calcium By Iso Lines And Kentucky Varieties Of Nicotiana Tabacum L., Francis J. Shay

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Sciences and Mathematics at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Francis J. Shay on July 18, 1968.


Ecological Factors Controlling Population Distribution Of The Burying Beetle, Nicrophorus Orbicollis Say, Gerald L. Demoss Jul 1968

Ecological Factors Controlling Population Distribution Of The Burying Beetle, Nicrophorus Orbicollis Say, Gerald L. Demoss

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Sciences and Mathematics at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Gerald L. DeMoss on July 11, 1968.


Niche Differentiating Mechanisms In Two Sympatric Species Of Swallows, David Thomas Moody Jul 1968

Niche Differentiating Mechanisms In Two Sympatric Species Of Swallows, David Thomas Moody

All Master's Theses

The present study considers certain aspects of the ecologies of cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) and bam swallows (Hirundo rustica) in an area of overlap, where both species are found nesting together and foraging over the same fields. Careful attention was given to foraging flight patterns, foraging elevations, and food consumed by each species in an effort to determine whether or not there is any evidence of competition for food resources. Aggressive interactions between the species were recorded, and the general timing of their nesting cycles was noted.


Refractoriness Of Pet Mouse Integument To The Nerve Growth Factor, Walter Hollified Dorman Jul 1968

Refractoriness Of Pet Mouse Integument To The Nerve Growth Factor, Walter Hollified Dorman

Master's Theses

This paper deals with the refractoriness of PET mouse integument to the subcutaneous administration of nerve growth factor. Newborn mice were injected once daily with NGF through ten injections. Gross and histological examination showed that the skin of the experimental animals was completely unresponsive to this agent. No alterations in the hair growth cycle or pattern were observed.


The Effects Of Estradiol Benzoate On Protein Synthesis By The Isolated Perfused Snake Liver, William Ralph Boone Jul 1968

The Effects Of Estradiol Benzoate On Protein Synthesis By The Isolated Perfused Snake Liver, William Ralph Boone

Master's Theses

The effect s of estradios benzoate on protein synthesis by the isolated perfused liver of Natrix fasciata fasciata (Linnaeus, 1766), the southern banded water snake, were investigated. The incorpora­tion of carbon-14 labeled leucine into plasma protein of the liver perfusate was used as an index of protein synthesis by the perfused liver.

Both control and experimental livers demonstrated incorporation of the labeled leucine into plasma protein. However, estrogen treated livers expressed significantly greater incorporation of the amino acid into plasma protein giving an almost linear response. Total plasma protein levels were also significantly higher in the perfusions involving estrogen ...


Colonial Independence Of Feeding Among Zooids Of The Ectoproct Lophodella Carteri (Hyatt), Leonard M. Bahr Jul 1968

Colonial Independence Of Feeding Among Zooids Of The Ectoproct Lophodella Carteri (Hyatt), Leonard M. Bahr

Master's Theses

Possible interactions of feeding between zooids of colonies of the freshwater ectoproct Lophopodella carter! were investigated. Suspensions of Euglena gracilis at a concentration of 558x103 cells ml-1 were cleared by L. carter at a rate of 2.7 x 10-3 ml min-1 zooid-1 for15 minute periods. The rate of ingestion of E. gracilis by L. carter was independent of the size of colony and decreased exponentially with time, declining to about one third the original rate in 60 minutes.


Population Dynamics Of Peromyscus Leucopus, Maxwell S. Sanders Jr. Jul 1968

Population Dynamics Of Peromyscus Leucopus, Maxwell S. Sanders Jr.

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Science and Mathematics at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Maxwell S. Sanders Jr. in July of 1968.


Geographic Variation In Dicamptodon Ensatus (Eschscholtz) With Notes On Life History And Zoogeography, Ronald A. Nussbaum Jul 1968

Geographic Variation In Dicamptodon Ensatus (Eschscholtz) With Notes On Life History And Zoogeography, Ronald A. Nussbaum

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to present information concerning geographic variation between three northern populations of Dicamptodon, and to add to the meager store of information concerning the life history and biology of the species.


The Effects Of Low Temperatures On The Metabolic Rate Of Paramecium Caudatum, Willie Carel Watts Jun 1968

The Effects Of Low Temperatures On The Metabolic Rate Of Paramecium Caudatum, Willie Carel Watts

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

No abstract provided.


Normal Development Of The Aortic Isthmus, Elizabeth Short May 1968

Normal Development Of The Aortic Isthmus, Elizabeth Short

Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library

The development of the aortic isthmus, that region of the arch of the aorta between the left subclavian artery and the attachment of the ligamentum arteriosum, has received little attention. While the developmental history of the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale has been well documented, as have the cardiac malformations associated with failure to complete this developmental sequence, little work has been done to define the normal sequence of isthmus development in its transition to an adult configuration in the postnatal period. It has long been recognized that the cardiac malformation known as infantile or preductal coarctation of the aorta ...


A Study Of The Extent Of Spread Of Infestation, Effects, And Possible Control Of The Tent Caterpillar In Lewis County, Kentucky, Edna Mae Love May 1968

A Study Of The Extent Of Spread Of Infestation, Effects, And Possible Control Of The Tent Caterpillar In Lewis County, Kentucky, Edna Mae Love

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Graduate School at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts by Edna Mae Love on May 22, 1968.


The Effects Of Radiation And Temperature Stress On An Aquatic Ecosystem, Gene L. Samsel Jr. May 1968

The Effects Of Radiation And Temperature Stress On An Aquatic Ecosystem, Gene L. Samsel Jr.

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Sciences and Mathematics at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by Gene L. Samsel, Jr. on May 14, 1968.


Marine Fungi Of Iceland: A Preliminary Account Of Ascomycetes, A. R. Cavaliere May 1968

Marine Fungi Of Iceland: A Preliminary Account Of Ascomycetes, A. R. Cavaliere

Biology Faculty Publications

This paper reports, for the first time, 25 species of marine pyrenomycetes from Icelandic waters. Taxonomic notes are included for certain species.

Surtsey, a submarine volcanic upthrust off the south coast of Iceland (Thorarinsson, 1967), is a current center for cooperative geophysical, geochemical, and biological investigations on an international scale. The mycological portion of the total biological research effort of the Surtsey project has emphasized a survey of the marine and freshwater mycoflora on the mainland of Iceland itself as a necessary prerequisite to ecological studies on Surtsey. With the exception of two reports on aquatic phycomycetes (Larsen, 1931, and ...


Daily Nest Opening And Closing Of The Ant Pogonomyrmex Californicus, Lynn R. Heath May 1968

Daily Nest Opening And Closing Of The Ant Pogonomyrmex Californicus, Lynn R. Heath

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

In a study of timing in this ant ten of the twelve nests which were observed opened synchronously in the morning and closed in the evening. However, one was never seen to close and another closed during the day and stayed open at night.

A seasonal progression was shown by later opening times and earlier closing times. Opening and closing temperatures at the surface of the ground and three inches deep showed no seasonal progression.

In most cases the days when the nests opened the earliest the temperatures at opening time were the highest.

Soon after nests had closed they ...


Systemic Studies Of The Genus Gila (Cyprinidae) Of The Colorado River Basin, Paul Bernard Holden May 1968

Systemic Studies Of The Genus Gila (Cyprinidae) Of The Colorado River Basin, Paul Bernard Holden

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Three Hundred and nine specimens of Gila from the Colorado River basin were studied. A form of numerical taxonomy, taximetrics, was used to help classify the specimens. The data from these fish indicate that many of the present hypotheses concerning their taxonomy are not valid. The concept of ecosubspecies or ecological subspecies does not fit the Colorado basin Gila. The roundtail and bonytail chubs, G. robusta Baird and Girard and G. elegans Baird and Girard respectively, currently treated as subspecies, are well separated morphologically, ecologically and reproductively and therefore are better considered two valid species. The relationship between G. cypha ...


A Serological Estimate Of Monzygotic Twinning In Sheep, William D. Stansfield May 1968

A Serological Estimate Of Monzygotic Twinning In Sheep, William D. Stansfield

Biological Sciences

No abstract provided.


Floral Morphology And Phylogeny In The Hydrocharitaceae, Robert B. Kaul Mar 1968

Floral Morphology And Phylogeny In The Hydrocharitaceae, Robert B. Kaul

Faculty Publications in the Biological Sciences

The vascular anatomy of 13 of the 15 genera of the Hydrocharitaceae has been studied, and certain aspects of floral morphology are considered. The flowers of the family show a broad range of specialized structures combined with primitive characteristics. The origin of paired and single stamens is interpreted as probable modifications of fascicled stamens. Extreme reduction in the androecium is shown for several genera. Tendencies toward reduction and fusion within the gynoecium are pronounced. Most genera are at least slightly syncarpous, but a few are apocarpous. The inferior ovary is appendicular in nature, with some genera exhibiting more complete fusion ...


Acid Phosphate Activity In Tobacco Mosaic Virus Susceptible And Hypersensitive Varieties Of Burley Tobacco, David J. Saxon Jan 1968

Acid Phosphate Activity In Tobacco Mosaic Virus Susceptible And Hypersensitive Varieties Of Burley Tobacco, David J. Saxon

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Sciences and Mathematics at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Biology by David J. Saxon on January 23, 1968.


Studies In Locomotion And Anatomy Of Scombroid Fishes, Harry L. Fierstine, Vladimir Walters Jan 1968

Studies In Locomotion And Anatomy Of Scombroid Fishes, Harry L. Fierstine, Vladimir Walters

Biological Sciences

Acceleration rates, analyses of body movements, and pertinent anatomical features are given for various members of the Scombridae, Istiophoridae, and Xiphiidae and are discussed in light of the modern work on smaller freshwater teleosts and marine cetaceans.

Acceleration values up to 43.1 m/sec2 are given for Thunnus albacares and Acanthocybium solanderi. Nearly 100% of the propulsive thrust comes from the caudal fin. There are two main intervertebral joints which are concerned with locomotion, a pre-peduncular and a post-peduncular joint with the body and peduncle held almost stiff, a condition similar to that described for marine cetaceans. The ...


Invertebrate Fauna And Environment Of Deposition Of The Niobrara Formation (Cretaceous) Of Kansas, Halsey W. Miller Jan 1968

Invertebrate Fauna And Environment Of Deposition Of The Niobrara Formation (Cretaceous) Of Kansas, Halsey W. Miller

Fort Hays Studies Series

This paper reevaluates, and where desirable, synonymizes species. Previously unrecorded species are described and illustrated. The environment of the Niobrara Formation in Kansas is described. The author collected specimens in Scott, Logan, Gove, Trego, Rooks and Phillips Counties, Kansas.


Renin Granularity In The Mouse Kidney, R. Williams Soller Jan 1968

Renin Granularity In The Mouse Kidney, R. Williams Soller

Senior Scholar Papers

Briefly. the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone triangle can be thou ht of as a regulator of renal perfusion. Renin, released by the kidney in response to any threat in its perfusion n, acts on its substrate to produce angiotensin I, a mild vasoconstrictor which by means of plasma converting enzymes secretes angiotensint II. This latter product not only stimulates aldosterone output by the adrenals, but also supports the animals’ blood pressure. With aldosterone binding at the distal tubules in the kidney and this causing increased sodium retention, restoration of renal perfusion occurs – a phenomenon which shuts off the original signal for rennin secretion ...