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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 08-121-S; Swine day

Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

An Evaluation Of An Enzyme Blend (Natuzyme®) In Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

An Evaluation Of An Enzyme Blend (Natuzyme®) In Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of an enzyme blend (Natuzyme®) on nursery pig growth performance. In Exp. 1, a total of 210 pigs (initially 13.6 lb) were used in a 35-d experiment to evaluate the effect of increasing levels of Natuzyme® (0, 0.035, and 0.05%) on weanling pig performance. Natuzyme® was added to either a negative or positive control diet as a 2 × 3 factorial to form six dietary treatments. The negative control diet was a corn-soybean meal-based diet containing 12.5% soy hulls and no antibiotics. The positive control diet was a ...


Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation And The Insulin-Like Growth Factor (Igf) System In Early Pregnancy In Pigs, A Brazle, Theresa J. Rathbun, B Johnson, Duane L. Davis Jan 2007

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation And The Insulin-Like Growth Factor (Igf) System In Early Pregnancy In Pigs, A Brazle, Theresa J. Rathbun, B Johnson, Duane L. Davis

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The IGF system of growth factors, receptors and binding proteins functions from early in pregnancy. Recent evidence indicates improved embryo survival in gilts fed supplemental omega-3 fatty acids beginning before conception. Here we report effects of supplementing a corn-soybean meal diet (control) with a marine source of protected omega-3 fatty acids (PFA, 1.5% of diet) on mRNA expression for IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF Binding Protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and IGFBP-5 in the porcine gravid uterus. The PFA (Gromageâ„¢) contained equal amounts of eicosapentanoic (EPA) and docosahexanoic (DHA) acids and replaced corn in the diet beginning when gilts were approximately 170 d old ...


Validation Of Flank-To-Flank Allometric Equations In Predicting Weight Of Lactating Sows And Lactation Weight Change, R C. Sulabo, Michael D. Tokach, E J. Wiedmann, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Validation Of Flank-To-Flank Allometric Equations In Predicting Weight Of Lactating Sows And Lactation Weight Change, R C. Sulabo, Michael D. Tokach, E J. Wiedmann, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objectives of this study were to validate the use of flank-to-flank measurement in predicting weight of lactating sows and to determine the accuracy of the developed models in estimating lactation weight change. A total of 70 lactating sows (PIC Line 1050) were used in this study. Flank-to-flank measurement and body weight were measured on each individual sow after farrowing and at weaning. Flank-to-flank measurement and weight of lactating sows was positively correlated (R2 = 0.61; P<.0001) with the following equation: BW0.33, kg = 0.0371 x Flank-to-flank (cm) + 2.161. Weights of sows post-farrowing and at weaning were lower (P<0.03) when predicted with the previous allometric model developed from growing pigs and sows than their actual weights or weights predicted using the lactating sow model. Likewise, absolute residuals for post-farrowing and weaning weights using a previous allometric model developed from growing pigs and gestating sows were greater (P<0.02) than those of the lactating sow model. There were no differences (P<0.89) between the predicted weights using the lactating sow model and their actual weights. There also were no differences between the actual average weight loss (P<0.14) and the predicted loss using the lactating sow model. Using the model previously developed with growing pigs and gestating sows resulted in 15.5 lb (P<0.007) greater than the actual average weight loss. In conclusion, flank-to-flank measurement can be used as a predictor of weight of lactating sows, with the relationship having less accuracy than those used for growing-finishing pigs, gestating sows, and boars. The pig allometric equation cannot be used to estimate weights of lactating sows and lactation weight change. The developed lactating sow model was more appropriate in estimating weights and weight loss at the herd level, but needs to be validated on other sows before use can be recommended.; Swine Day, 2007, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2007


Evaluation Of A Pcv2 Vaccine On Finishing Pig Growth Performance And Mortality Rate, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Evaluation Of A Pcv2 Vaccine On Finishing Pig Growth Performance And Mortality Rate, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 2,553 pigs (PIC L337 × C22) were used in two experiments in a commercial research barn to evaluate the effects of a commercially available Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) vaccine on finisher pig growth rate, feed efficiency, and mortality rate. Pigs in Exp. 1 were vaccinated at 9 and 11 wk of age while pigs in Exp. 2 were vaccinated earlier at 5 and 7 wk of age. In Exp. 1, 1,300 pigs were individually weighed and the vaccine treatment administered 15 and 1 d before being placed on test in the finisher. In Exp ...


Effects Of Adding Beef Tallow To Diets With Sorghum-Based Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock Jan 2007

Effects Of Adding Beef Tallow To Diets With Sorghum-Based Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 112 barrows (average weight of 158 lb) were used in a 65-d growth assay to determine the effects of adding beef tallow (a source of saturated fat) into diets with high inclusion of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). The pigs were sorted by ancestry and blocked by weight with seven pigs/pen and four pens/treatment. Treatments were a corn-soybean, meal-based control and diets having 40% DDGS (US Energy Partners, Rus-sell, KS) with none, 2.5, and 5% added tallow. Feed and water were consumed on an ad libitum basis until the pigs were slaughtered (average ...


Neonatal Fc Receptor Mrna Expression In Gastrointestinal Tissues From Pigs Fed Meal Or Pelleted Diets With Or Without Irradiated And Non-Irradiated Spray-Dried Animal Plasma, C N. Groesbeck, T E. Burkey, J Ernest Minton, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Neonatal Fc Receptor Mrna Expression In Gastrointestinal Tissues From Pigs Fed Meal Or Pelleted Diets With Or Without Irradiated And Non-Irradiated Spray-Dried Animal Plasma, C N. Groesbeck, T E. Burkey, J Ernest Minton, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) participates in intracellular trafficking of IgG and the maintenance of circulating IgG. The relationship between the FcRn and IgG may also augment host defense immunosurveillance. The current studies evaluated FcRn mRNA from intestinal tissues in fetal pigs and FcRn mRNA in weaned pigs fed meal or pelleted diets with or without irradiated or non-irradiated spray-dried animal plasma. In Exp. 1, fetal pigs were obtained at d 55 and 70 of gestation (n = 5 fetuses/gestational age) and total RNA was isolated from intestinal tissues for quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) to determine mRNA for FcRn. The ...


An Evaluation Of Dextrose, Lactose, And Whey Sources In Phase 2 Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, C N. Groesbeck, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

An Evaluation Of Dextrose, Lactose, And Whey Sources In Phase 2 Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, C N. Groesbeck, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of various dextrose, lactose, and whey sources on weanling pig performance. In Exp. 1, a total of 228 pigs (initially 17.1 lb) were used in a 14-d experiment. There were six treatments consisting of a control (corn-soybean meal diet) or the control diet with 7.2% lactose, 7.2% dextrose anhydrous, 7.2% dextrose monohydrate, 10% feed-grade whey, or 10% food-grade whey. Pigs were blocked by weight and randomly allotted to treatment after being fed SEW and Transition diets for the first seven days post-weaning. Overall, ADG and d 14 weight ...


Effect Of Humidity On Flow Ability Of Specialty Protein Sources In Nursery Diets, E E. Carney, C N. Groesbeck, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effect Of Humidity On Flow Ability Of Specialty Protein Sources In Nursery Diets, E E. Carney, C N. Groesbeck, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We conducted an experiment to determine the effects of humidity on angle of repose (flowabilty) of different specialty protein sources. Five specialty proteins sources were used: fish meal, powdered blood meal (AP301), granulated blood meal (AP301G), powdered spray-dried animal plasma (AP920), and granulated spray-dried animal plasma (Appetein). The specialty protein sources were added at 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10% to a 70:30 corn-soybean meal blend. The experiment was conducted in an environmentally controlled nursery to minimize temperature and humidity fluctuations. There were two relative humidity levels, 34 and 64%. All samples were placed in the barn ...


Comparison Of Modified Concept Pr 100 And Spray-Dried Animal Plasma On Nursery Pig Performance, E J. Wiedmann, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Comparison Of Modified Concept Pr 100 And Spray-Dried Animal Plasma On Nursery Pig Performance, E J. Wiedmann, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred eighty weanling pigs (initially 11.3 lb and 18 ± 2 d of age) were used in a 28-d growth assay to determine if Modified Concept PR 100 (MCNPR), a plant-based protein ingredient containing added synthetic amino acids and nucleic acids, can replace spray-dried animal plasma (SDAP) in nursery pig diets. The five experimental treatments were: 1) control (no specialty protein source); 2) 2.5% SDAP; 3) 5.0% SDAP; 4) 2.5% MCNPR; and 5) 5.0% MCNPR. Treatment diets were fed from d 0 to 14 post-weaning, with a common diet fed to all pigs from ...


An Evaluation Of Astaxanthin As A Nutraceutical Growth Promoter In Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

An Evaluation Of Astaxanthin As A Nutraceutical Growth Promoter In Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A nursery study was conducted at the KSU Swine Teaching and Research Farm to evaluate the effect of increasing dietary astaxanthin (0, 5, 10, and 25 ppm) on weanling pig performance. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid found in various plants, algae, and seafood that exhibits antioxidant and potential anti-inflammatory properties that may be beneficial during times of stress and reduced immunity, such as weaning. A total of 210 pigs (initially 12.6 lb) were used in the 28-d experiment. Pigs were blocked by weight and randomly allotted to one of five dietary treatments. Pigs were fed simple corn-soybean meal-dried, whey-based diets ...


An Evaluation Of Arabinogalactan (Larafeed® Ag) As A Nutraceutical Growth Promoter In Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, J C. Woodworth, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

An Evaluation Of Arabinogalactan (Larafeed® Ag) As A Nutraceutical Growth Promoter In Starter Diets For Weanling Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, J C. Woodworth, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A nursery study was conducted at the KSU Segregated Early-Weaning Facility to evaluate the effect of dietary arabinogalactan on weanling pig performance. Arabinogalactan is a water-soluble proteoglycan/polysaccharide, most commonly harvested from the bark of the Western Larch (Larix occidentalis) tree, which has demonstrated neutraceutical properties in a limited number of studies with dogs and foals. A total of 288 pigs (initially 14.9 lb) were used in the 35-d experiment. Pigs were blocked by weight and randomly allotted to one of eight dietary treatments fed throughout Phase 1 (d 0 to 14) and Phase 2 (d 14 to 28 ...


Effects Of Γ-Butyrobetaine And L-Carnitine On Carnitine Concentrations In Various Muscle Tissues Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Γ-Butyrobetaine And L-Carnitine On Carnitine Concentrations In Various Muscle Tissues Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The primary method of L-carnitine production, similar to the biological process that occurs in the liver and kidneys, is from microbial fermentation of γ-Butyrobetaine. Therefore, the objective of this study was to see if supplementing the diet with γ-Butyrobetaine would increase organ and muscle tissue carnitine concentrations. One-hundred-twenty-five barrows were fed diets containing either L-carnitine (100 ppm), γ-Butyrobetaine (100 ppm) or a combination of L-carnitine (50 ppm) and γ-Butyrobetaine (50 ppm). The addition of L-carnitine, γ-Butyrobetaine and the combination of L-carnitine and γ-Butyrobetaine increased (P<0.01) free carnitine concentration in the longissimus, diaphragm, and heart. L-carnitine and the combination of L-carnitine and γ-Butyrobetaine increased (P<0.01) free carnitine concentration in the kidney. Therefore, these results suggest that γ-Butyrobetaine and/or L-carnitine can be used to increase carnitine concentrations of organ and muscle tissues.; Swine Day, 2007, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2007


Effects Of Varying Creep Feeding Duration On Proportion Of Pigs Consuming Creep Feed And Pre-Weaning Performance, R C. Sulabo, E J. Wiedemann, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Varying Creep Feeding Duration On Proportion Of Pigs Consuming Creep Feed And Pre-Weaning Performance, R C. Sulabo, E J. Wiedemann, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 54 sows (PIC Line 1050) and their litters were used in this study to determine the effects of varying durations of creep feeding on the rate of pigs consuming creep feed (eaters) and pre-weaning performance. Two groups of sows were blocked according to parity and date of farrowing and allotted to three experimental treatments using a randomized complete block design. Creep feeding was initiated at d 7, 14, and 18 from birth for a duration of 13, 6, and 2 d of creep feeding. A creep diet (1,585 kcal ME/lb, 1.56% TID Lys) with ...


The Effects Of Two True-Ileal-Digestible Lysine Concentrations, Optipak®, Ractopamine Hcl (Paylean®), And Their Combinations, On The Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs Reared In Commercial Facility, J R. Bergstrom, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

The Effects Of Two True-Ileal-Digestible Lysine Concentrations, Optipak®, Ractopamine Hcl (Paylean®), And Their Combinations, On The Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs Reared In Commercial Facility, J R. Bergstrom, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,207 pigs (PIC, 337 × 1050) were used in a 28-d experiment in a commercial research barn to evaluate the effects of two true ileal digestible (TID) lysine concentrations, Optipak®, ractopamine HCl, and their combinations, on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. There were 6 replicates per treatment (with the exception of one treatment that had 5), and 19 to 26 pigs per pen. Pigs were weighed at approximately 220 lb and allotted to six, corn-soybean meal-based dietary treatments. Four diets were formulated to 0.80% TID lysine: a control diet, the control ...


Effects Of Phytobiotics (Biomin® P.E.P.) On Nursery Pig Performance, R C. Sulabo, J Y. Jacela, F Neher, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Phytobiotics (Biomin® P.E.P.) On Nursery Pig Performance, R C. Sulabo, J Y. Jacela, F Neher, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 192 weanling pigs (initially weighing 12.9 lb and 22 ± 2 d of age, PIC) were used in a 42-d growth assay to determine the effects of phytobiotic (Biomin® P.E.P. 125 and 125T) addition to nursery pig diets on post-weaning growth performance. Pigs were blocked by initial weight and randomly allotted to one of four treatments: 1) negative control (feed containing no antibiotic or phytobiotic); 2) negative control + phytobiotic 1 (125 g/ton of Biomin® P.E.P. 125); 3) negative control + phytobiotic 2 (125 g/ton of Biomin® P.E.P. 125T), and ...


Effects Of Pcv2 Vaccine On The Growth Performance Of Pigs And Mortality Rate In A Pcv2-Positive Commercial Swine Herd, J Y. Jacela, R C. Sulabo, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Pcv2 Vaccine On The Growth Performance Of Pigs And Mortality Rate In A Pcv2-Positive Commercial Swine Herd, J Y. Jacela, R C. Sulabo, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,470 pigs were used to study a commercial sow herd with a history of Porcine Circovirus Disease (PCVD). The objective was to evaluate the effect of two commercially available Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) vaccines on growth and mortality rates. The first vaccine was administered one week after weaning (1-dose) while the second was administered at weaning and repeated three weeks later (2-dose). A third group of unvaccinated pigs served as a control group. Pigs were individually weighed at weaning (d 0), d 113, 143, and just prior to market. On d 113, pigs on the ...


Effects Of Lactation Feed Intake And Creep Feeding On Sow And Piglet Performance, R C. Sulabo, J Y. Jacela, E J. Wiedemann, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Lactation Feed Intake And Creep Feeding On Sow And Piglet Performance, R C. Sulabo, J Y. Jacela, E J. Wiedemann, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 84 sows (PIC, Line 1050) and their litters were used to determine the effects of lactation and creep feeding on sow and piglet performance. Three groups of sows were blocked according to day of farrowing and parity and allotted to four treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial with lactation feed intake (ad libitum vs. restricted) and creep feeding (none vs. creep) as factors. Piglets were cross-fostered within each block to standardize litter weights and litter size (>11 pigs). A common lactation diet (1,586 kcal ME/lb, 0.97% TID Lys) was used in the study ...


Effects Of Increasing Added Choice White Grease In Corn And Sorghum-Based Diets On Growth Performance And Fat Quality Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Increasing Added Choice White Grease In Corn And Sorghum-Based Diets On Growth Performance And Fat Quality Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred twenty crossbred barrows and gilts (TR4 × 1050) with an initial weight of 119.9 lb were used in an 83-d experiment to evaluate the effects of increasing added fat to corn or sorghum-based diets on growth performance and fat quality characteristics of finishing pigs. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 × 3 factorial based on grain source (corn or sorghum), gender, and added fat (0, 2.5, or 5% choice white grease, CWG). At the end of the trial, jowl fat and backfat samples were collected. Pigs fed sorghum-based diets had increased (P<0.01) ADG compared with pigs fed corn-based diets. Pigs fed increasing CWG had increased (P<0.01) ADG. Pigs fed corn-based diets tended to have improved (P<0.06) dressing percentage, 10th rib BF, and percentage lean when compared with pigs fed sorghum-based diets. Barrows tended to have greater (P<0.06) dressing percentage and decreased (P<0.07) percentage lean when compared to gilts. Pigs fed increasing CWG had increased (P<0.02) 10th rib backfat, tended to have increased (P<0.08) hot carcass weight, and tended to have decreased (P<0.07) percentage lean. There was a fat level by grain source interaction (P<0.03) for percent C 18:2 fatty acids and iodine value in jowl fat. The interaction was due to the greatest increase in IV and percentage C 18:2 fatty acids occurring when CWG was increased from 2.5 to 5% for corn-based diets, while the greatest increase was from 0 to 2.5% CWG for sorghum-based diets. Despite this interaction, adding CWG increased (linear, P<0.02) percentage C 18:2 fatty acids and iodine value in jowl fat. Pigs fed corn-based diets had increased (P<0.01) iodine values and percentage C 18:2 fatty acids in jowl fat and backfat compared with pigs fed sorghum-based diets. Increasing dietary CWG increased (P<0.01) iodine value in jowl fat and backfat, increased (P<0.01) percentage C 18:2 fatty acids in backfat, tended to increase (P<0.06) percentage 18:2 fatty acids in jowl fat, and decreased (P<0.01) percentage saturated fatty acids in jowl fat and backfat. In summary, substituting sorghum for corn in diets for finishing pigs can be an effective way to reduce iodine value without affecting growth.; Swine Day, 2007, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2007


Effects Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance And Fat Quality Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, S K. Linneen, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance And Fat Quality Of Finishing Pigs, J M. Benz, S K. Linneen, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,112 pigs were used in a 78-d growth assay evaluating the effects of increasing dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS, 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20%) on pig growth performance and carcass characteristics. At the end of the trial, jowl fat, belly fat, and backfat samples were collected and analyzed for fatty acid profile and iodine value (IV). From d 0 to 78, ADG and ADFI decreased (linear; P<0.04) with increasing DDGS with the greatest reduction occurring between pigs fed 15 and 20% DDGS. Feed efficiency tended to improve (P<0.06) for pigs fed 5% DDGS compared with those fed other dietary treatments. Increasing DDGS decreased (P<0.04) carcass weight and percent yield. There was no difference (P>0.22) in loin depth, but increasing DDGS tended to decrease (P<0.09) backfat and fat-free lean index (FFLI). Backfat, jowl fat, and belly fat iodine values and percentage C 18:2 fatty acids increased (linear, P<0.02) with increasing DDGS in both the “topped” pigs marketed 21 d before trial conclusion and pigs marketed at trial completion. Increasing DDGS decreased (linear, P<0.05) percentage saturated fatty acids in backfat and belly fat in both marketing groups and percentage saturated fatty acids in jowl fat with increasing DDGS in the diet in the pigs marketed at trial completion. Barrows had decreased (P<0.04) belly fat iodine values and percentage 18:2 fatty acids when compared to gilts. Barrows also had increased (P<0.05) jowl fat and belly fat percentage 18:2 fatty acids when compared to gilts. Based on these results and previous research trials, dried distillers grain with solubles from this source can be fed up to 15% before seeing reductions in ADG; however, the increase in iodine value and decrease in dressing percentage must be considered in determining the economic value of DDGS.; Swine Day, 2007, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2007


Effects Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles And Extruded Expelled Soybean Meal On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Grow-Finish Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles And Extruded Expelled Soybean Meal On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Grow-Finish Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 120 barrows (maternal line PIC 1050) with an initial BW of 105.7 lb were used in an 83-d trial to study the effects of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) and extruded expelled soybean meal (EESM) on growth performance and fat quality. Pigs were blocked by weight and randomly allotted to one of six treatments with two pigs per pen and 10 pens per treatment. Diets were: a corn-soybean meal control diet with no added fat, corn-EESM diet with no added fat, corn-EESM diet with 15% DDGS, corn-soybean meal diet with 15% DDGS, and 1.55 ...


Effects Of Different Creep Feeder Designs And Feed Accessibility On Creep Feed Consumption And Litter Performance, R C. Sulabo, E J. Wiedemann, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Different Creep Feeder Designs And Feed Accessibility On Creep Feed Consumption And Litter Performance, R C. Sulabo, E J. Wiedemann, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of different creep feeder designs and increased feed accessibility on creep feed consumption and pre-weaning performance. A total of 54 sows (PIC Line 1050) and their litters were used in this study. Two groups of sows were blocked according to parity and date of farrowing using a randomized complete block design and allotted to three experimental treatments: Treatment 1 – rotary feeder with hopper (Control), Treatment 2 – rotary feeder without hopper, and Treatment 3 – pan feeder. A creep diet (1,585 kcal ME/lb, 1.56% TID Lys ...


Effects Of Dietary Electrolyte Balance And Molasses In Diets With Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance In Nursery And Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, S M. Williams, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock Jan 2007

Effects Of Dietary Electrolyte Balance And Molasses In Diets With Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Growth Performance In Nursery And Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, S M. Williams, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of dietary electrolyte balance (dEB) and(or) molasses in diets with dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on growth performance of nursery and finishing pigs. For Exp. 1, 126 nursery pigs (35 d old and average wt of 22.5 lb) were used with six pigs/pen and seven pens/treatment. Treatments were a corn-soybean meal-based control and diets with 30% DDGS without and with 0.93% sodium bicarbonate to adjust the dEB back to that of the control diet. Pigs fed the control diet had greater ADG (P<0.03) and ADFI (P < 0.08) but did not differ (P>0.58) in ...


Effects Of Choice White Grease Or Soybean Oil On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Grow-Finish Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effects Of Choice White Grease Or Soybean Oil On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Grow-Finish Pigs, J M. Benz, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 144 barrows and gilts (PIC) with an initial BW of 97 lb were used to evaluate the effects of dietary fat source and duration of feeding on growth performance and carcass fat quality. Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean meal control diet with no added fat or a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement with 5% choice white grease (CWG) or soybean oil and with-drawal of the fat 0, 14, 28, or 56 days before market (82 days). At the end of each feeding duration, pigs were switched to the control diet. At the end of the study (d ...


Effect Of Restricted Feed Intake On Finishing Pigs Weighing Between 150 And 250 Lb Fed Twice Or Six Times Daily, J D. Schneider, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effect Of Restricted Feed Intake On Finishing Pigs Weighing Between 150 And 250 Lb Fed Twice Or Six Times Daily, J D. Schneider, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two 42-d trials and two 28-d trials were conducted to evaluate the effects of restricted feed intake and feeding frequency (2 or 6 times daily) on the performance of pigs weighing between 150 to 250 lb (initially 148 lb in Exp. 1; 155 lb in Exp. 2; 156 lb in Exp. 3; and 156 lb in Exp. 4). In all experiments, pigs were housed in 6 × 10 ft pens with half-solid concrete and half-slatted flooring and with one nipple waterer. Pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet formulated to 1.15% TID lysine and 1,491 kcal of ME ...


The Effect Of Lysine Level Or Methionine/Copper/Manganese On Osteochondrosis Lesions And Cartilage Properties In Pigs, N Z. Frantz, G Andrews, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

The Effect Of Lysine Level Or Methionine/Copper/Manganese On Osteochondrosis Lesions And Cartilage Properties In Pigs, N Z. Frantz, G Andrews, Jim L. Nelssen, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 120 gilts (PIC 327 × 1050; 89.2 lb initial BW) were used in a 3 × 2 factorial, 84-d study to determine the effect of lysine (Lys) fed either below the calculated requirement (0.8% true ileal digestible (TID) Lys Phase I and 0.6% TID Lys Phase II), at requirement (1.0% TID Lys Phase I and 0.8% TID Lys Phase II), or above the requirement (1.3% TID Lys Phase I and 1.1% TID Lys Phase II) with standard concentrations or with high added methionine (Met, 1 %), copper sulfate (Cu, 250 ppm ...


Effect Of Glycerol On Pellet Mill Production Efficiency, C N. Groesbeck, Leland J. Mckinney, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Keith C. Behnke, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effect Of Glycerol On Pellet Mill Production Efficiency, C N. Groesbeck, Leland J. Mckinney, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Keith C. Behnke, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Crude glycerol is a by-product of the biofuels industry, which has the potential to be used as a feed ingredient in animal diets. However, little is known about glycerol’s nutritional value or how it impacts feed quality and feed processing efficiency. Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of glycerol on production efficiency of a pellet mill. In all three experiments, diets were manufactured, pelleted, and data collected at the KSU Grain Science Feed Mill. All diets were steam conditioned to 85°F and pelleted at 150°F using a CPM pellet mill equipped with a 4 mm ...


Effect Of Glycerol On Flow Ability Of Swine Diets, C N. Groesbeck, Leland J. Mckinney, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Effect Of Glycerol On Flow Ability Of Swine Diets, C N. Groesbeck, Leland J. Mckinney, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We conducted two experiments to determine the effect of added glycerol or a 50:50 soy oil/glycerol blend on the flow ability characteristics of ground corn or ground corn and 15 or 30% spray-dried whey. Experiments were conducted using corn ground by either a full circle, tear drop hammer mill or a three-high roller mill at the Kansas State University Grain Science Feed Mill. Flow ability was determined by measuring angle of repose. In Exp. 1 we evaluated the effects of added soy oil, glycerol, or a 50:50 soy oil/glycerol blend on the flow ability of ground ...


Digestible Energy Content Of Corn- Vs Sorghum-Based Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles And Their Effects On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, C Monge, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock Jan 2007

Digestible Energy Content Of Corn- Vs Sorghum-Based Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles And Their Effects On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, C Monge, Terry L. Gugle, S D. Carter, N A. Cole, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to determine the nutritional value of corn- and sorghum-based dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). In Exp. 1, 120 finishing pigs (average initial weight of 244 lb) were used in a 19-d DE determination. The reference diet was 97% corn with vitamins, minerals, and amino acids added to meet or exceed all NRC suggested nutrient concentrations. Treatments were corn-based (Sioux River Ethanol, Hudson, SD and MGP Ingredients, Atchison, KS) and sorghum-based (US Energy Partners, Russell, KS and Western Plains Energy, Oakley, KS) DDGS substituted as 50% of the reference diet in place of corn. Comparisons among ...


Digestible Energy Content Of Corn And Triticale When Fed To Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, C R. Monge, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock Jan 2007

Digestible Energy Content Of Corn And Triticale When Fed To Finishing Pigs, C Feoli, C R. Monge, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Digestible energy content of corn and triticale when fed to finishing pigs; Swine Day, 2007, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2007


Determination Of The Fourth-Limiting Amino Acid In Swine Diets Containing Nutridense® Corn, A W. Duttlinger, J R. Bergstrom, J Snow, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2007

Determination Of The Fourth-Limiting Amino Acid In Swine Diets Containing Nutridense® Corn, A W. Duttlinger, J R. Bergstrom, J Snow, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two studies were conducted to determine the fourth-limiting amino acid in swine diets containing NutriDense® corn. Both experiments were conducted at a commercial swine research facility in southwest Minnesota. In Exp. 1, 1,259 pigs (initially 82.1 lb, PIC) were used in a 28-d study. Pigs were blocked by weight, and were randomly allotted to one of six dietary treatments. Pigs were fed NutriDense® corn-soybean meal-based diets. The treatments were 1) a positive control diet containing 0.15% L-lysine HCl and 0.015% added L-threonine; 2) a negative control diet with 0.45% L-lysine HCl, 0.085% added DL-methionine ...