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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Quick Sex-Determination Of The Asiatic Garden Beetle, Maladera Castanea (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), Adrian J. Pekarcik, C. Scott Clem, Kyle J. Akred, Kelley J. Tilmon Nov 2022

Quick Sex-Determination Of The Asiatic Garden Beetle, Maladera Castanea (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), Adrian J. Pekarcik, C. Scott Clem, Kyle J. Akred, Kelley J. Tilmon

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The orientation of the posterior abdominal sternite and pygidium allows for quick sex-determination of Maladera castanea (Arrow) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) adults with a dissecting microscope or hand lens. Maladera castanea (the Asiatic garden beetle) is an emerging pest of field crops and this information will help researchers to conduct studies more easily on its biology and ecology.


Observations Of The Mating Habits And Attack Pattern Of Trypodendron Retusum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) On Populus Grandidentata In Central Michigan, Richard Roeper, Daniel Dickerson, Paul Kurtzhals, Mark Bunce, Steven Brewer Nov 2022

Observations Of The Mating Habits And Attack Pattern Of Trypodendron Retusum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) On Populus Grandidentata In Central Michigan, Richard Roeper, Daniel Dickerson, Paul Kurtzhals, Mark Bunce, Steven Brewer

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Trypodendron retusum Leconte attack pattern on Populus grandidentata Michx. (Big Tooth Aspen) was studied. Mating habits of males and females involved copulation at the entrance hole bored by the female. Attack (entrance )holes averaged 15.9 cm. apart and were found to be uniformly spaced on the bark surface. Attack density was greater on standing trees than wind-thrown trees. On standing trees attack density appeared to be a function of the height rather than the diameter of the tree.


Examining Resistance Of Asian, European, And North American Ash And Elm Species To The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus Planipennis) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), Fredric Miller, Erin Mcmahan Nov 2022

Examining Resistance Of Asian, European, And North American Ash And Elm Species To The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus Planipennis) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), Fredric Miller, Erin Mcmahan

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), native to East Asia and discovered in Michigan in 2002, has been a devastating pest of North American ash trees (Fraxinus spp.). Along with native ecosystems in Eastern North America, a large percentage of urban canopies in many North American cities consist of ash trees, and many of these areas have lost or risk losing these valuable trees. As part of a multi-faceted management strategy, it is important to develop and plant cultivars of ash with resistance to this damaging insect. Given that EAB is not considered a …


Documenting Bombus Nevadensis In Minnesota, With Some Notes On Discerning It From B. Auricomus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Zachary M. Portman, Chan Dolan Nov 2022

Documenting Bombus Nevadensis In Minnesota, With Some Notes On Discerning It From B. Auricomus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Zachary M. Portman, Chan Dolan

The Great Lakes Entomologist

In the face of well-documented declines in multiple bumblebee species, it is important to accurately identify species and properly delineate species ranges. Here, we document the range of Bombus auricomus (Robertson) and B. nevadensis Cresson in Minnesota, with particular reference to the unexpected discovery of B. nevadensis in St. Paul. We clarify the relative ranges of these two species and provide additional information on how to reliably identify them in Minnesota using color patterns and morphology, including differences in male genitalia. Our results support the consensus that B. auricomus and B. nevadensis are distinct species. Community science records were integral …


Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feeding And Development On Industrial Hemp In The Laboratory And Field, Christina D. Difonzo Nov 2022

Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feeding And Development On Industrial Hemp In The Laboratory And Field, Christina D. Difonzo

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The western bean cutworm (Striacosta albicosta (Smith)) is a key pest of corn (Zea mays L.) and dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). This observational study demonstrates that in addition to these hosts, western bean cutworm readily feeds on industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) and completes development on it under controlled laboratory conditions. In the laboratory, individual larvae were reared on a diet exclusively of hemp inflorescences; 57% survived to form prepupae and 15% emerged as moths. In the field, first instars were caged on hemp plants to investigate larval development in situ. After seven days, 82% …


Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2 Nov 2022

Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Art for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2 Nov 2022

Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Pages for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2 Nov 2022

Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Full issue for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Correction To The Probability Of Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma Delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae), Escape Differs Among Life Stages And Between Two Trapping Techniques Commonly Used By Landowners, Sticky Bands And Duct Tape. The Great Lakes Entomologist 53(3-4): 170-177., Matthew Desko, Carolyne Schiebel, Samantha Silverman, Jessica Bickel, Karen Felton, Jennifer L. Chandler Apr 2022

Correction To The Probability Of Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma Delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae), Escape Differs Among Life Stages And Between Two Trapping Techniques Commonly Used By Landowners, Sticky Bands And Duct Tape. The Great Lakes Entomologist 53(3-4): 170-177., Matthew Desko, Carolyne Schiebel, Samantha Silverman, Jessica Bickel, Karen Felton, Jennifer L. Chandler

The Great Lakes Entomologist

This is a manuscript correction in reference to: Desko M, Schiebel C, Silverman S, Bickel J, Felton K, and Chandler JL. (2020) The Probability of spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae), escape differs among life stages and between two trapping techniques commonly used by landowners, sticky bands and duct tape. The Great Lakes Entomologist 53(3-4): 170-177.


First Records Of Stelis Permaculata Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Minnesota, United States Of America And Manitoba, Canada, Colleen D. Satyshur, Thea A. Evans, Britt M. Forsberg, Jason Gibbs Apr 2022

First Records Of Stelis Permaculata Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Minnesota, United States Of America And Manitoba, Canada, Colleen D. Satyshur, Thea A. Evans, Britt M. Forsberg, Jason Gibbs

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Abstract

New records are reported for the cleptoparasitic bee Stelis permaculata Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) from Minnesota, United States of America and Manitoba, Canada. Minnesota records come from trap-nests, which also collected the host, Heriades carinata Cresson.


Life History And Laboratory Rearing Of The Red Admiral, Vanessa Atalanta (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Layne Leake, Kevin B. Rice Apr 2022

Life History And Laboratory Rearing Of The Red Admiral, Vanessa Atalanta (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Layne Leake, Kevin B. Rice

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The red admiral butterfly, Vanessa atalanta (Linneaus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) is a globally distributed species and model organism for studying migration patterns and effects of climate change. Most previous red admiral research focused on wild populations. Establishing laboratory colonies allow for experimentation with a multitude of lab-based plant-insect interactions. We describe red admiral butterfly life history and laboratory rearing methods.


Rediscovery Of Gnoriste Macra Johannsen In Wisconsin (Diptera: Mycetophilidae: Gnoristinae), Daniel K. Young Apr 2022

Rediscovery Of Gnoriste Macra Johannsen In Wisconsin (Diptera: Mycetophilidae: Gnoristinae), Daniel K. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Gnoriste macra Johannsen was described from Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin in 1912. The type locality is now a highly residential region a few miles north of the center of Milwaukee. Herein, collection events are reported for G. macra from Sauk County in southcentral Wisconsin. These new records, nearly a century after the only other literature record, indicate the species still thrives in Wisconsin though likely extirpated from the type locality. The specimens were recovered from unbaited Townes Malaise traps during mid- to late May, 2006 and 2020. Cranial anatomy and functional morphology of the head suggests G. macra may be a …


New Records Of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) On Industrial Hemp In The Us Midwest, Doris M. Lagos-Kutz, Christina D. Difonzo, Glen L. Hartman Apr 2022

New Records Of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) On Industrial Hemp In The Us Midwest, Doris M. Lagos-Kutz, Christina D. Difonzo, Glen L. Hartman

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) production in the USA is increasing, and with it the list of insects colonizing the crop. In this article, we report new records of Aphis craccivora Koch 1854, Aphis fabae Scopoli, Aphis gossypiiGlover 1763, Aphis spiraecola Patch 1914 and Myzus persicae (Sulzer 1776) on industrial hemp in East Lansing, Michigan in fall 2020. In addition, between 2017 and 2020, the number of suction trap sites detecting P. cannabisincreased, and as well as the number of sites with multiple weeks of detections. The timing of detection changed, from only late season (fall migrants) …


Annotated Checklist Of The Notonectidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) Or "Backswimmers" Of Iowa, Edwin L. Freese, Stephen W. Chordas Apr 2022

Annotated Checklist Of The Notonectidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) Or "Backswimmers" Of Iowa, Edwin L. Freese, Stephen W. Chordas

The Great Lakes Entomologist

A review of the Notonectidae or backswimmers of Iowa is presented. New state records for Buenoa macrotibialis Hungerford, Buenoa scimitra Bare, Notonecta insulata Kirby, Notonecta irrorata Uhler, and Notonecta lunata Hungerford are included.


A Survey Of The Beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) In Several Natural Areas Across Indiana, U.S.A., Kyle E. Schnepp, R. Michael Brattain, Gareth S. Powell Apr 2022

A Survey Of The Beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) In Several Natural Areas Across Indiana, U.S.A., Kyle E. Schnepp, R. Michael Brattain, Gareth S. Powell

The Great Lakes Entomologist

A broad survey of the beetle (Insecta: Coleoptera) fauna of several managed parks and natural areas was undertaken over the past decade across the state of Indiana, USA. These areas represent many of the habitat types present in Indiana including forests, grassland, freshwater streams, and wetlands, as well as more unique habitats found in limited areas in the state such as sand dunes and cypress swamps. The specific localities are: Indiana Dunes State Park, Kankakee Sands, Ross Hills Park, Shades State Park, Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge, and Twin Swamps Nature Preserve. Beetles were surveyed using a variety of active and …


New State And Provincial Records For Some Nearctic True Bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) From The Illinois Natural History Survey Insect Collection, Daniel R. Swanson Apr 2022

New State And Provincial Records For Some Nearctic True Bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) From The Illinois Natural History Survey Insect Collection, Daniel R. Swanson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

157 state records for 133 heteropteran species in 99 genera in 33 different families from 40 states are newly-reported based on material housed in the Illinois Natural History Survey Insect Collection. Families represented by new records include Acanthosomatidae, Alydidae, Anthocoridae, Aradidae, Blissidae, Belostomatidae, Coreidae, Corixidae, Cymidae, Gelastocoridae, Geocoridae, Hebridae, Hydrometridae, Largidae, Lasiochilidae, Lygaeidae, Mesoveliidae, Miridae, Nabidae, Naucoridae, Nepidae, Notonectidae, Piesmatidae, Pleidae, Reduviidae, Rhopalidae, Rhyparochromidae, Saldidae, Schizopteridae, Scutelleridae, Thyreocoridae, Tingidae, and Veliidae, and the following 9 records represent new family records: Acanthosomatidae (West Virginia), Cymidae (Kentucky), Hebridae (Tennessee), Lygaeidae (Delaware), Naucoridae (Georgia), Piesmatidae (Mississippi, North Dakota), Pleidae (North Dakota), and Schizopteridae …


An Updated Checklist To The Non-Biting Midges (Chironomidae) Of Illinois, Daniel R. Swanson, Erika E. Bilger Apr 2022

An Updated Checklist To The Non-Biting Midges (Chironomidae) Of Illinois, Daniel R. Swanson, Erika E. Bilger

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The Chironomidae, or non-biting midges, of Illinois have been untreated since the early 20th century, and the high level of taxonomic flux in the family necessitates an update, particularly for a group with importance as bio-indicators of freshwater ecosystem health. Herein, 181 species of Chironomidae in 76 genera are recorded from the state of Illinois. Each species entry is annotated with the first Illinoisan record of the species. Two genera, Brillia Kieffer, 1913 and Prodiamesa Kieffer, 1906, are recorded for the first time from Illinois, as are three species: Xenochironomus xenolabis (Kieffer in Thienemann and Kieffer, 1916) (Chironominae); Brillia …


Management Of Wireworms In Sweet Potatoes With Persistent Ny Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Elson Shields, Antonio Testa, Teresa Rusinek, Charles Bornt Apr 2022

Management Of Wireworms In Sweet Potatoes With Persistent Ny Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Elson Shields, Antonio Testa, Teresa Rusinek, Charles Bornt

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Wireworms are the larval stages of click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae) and common polyphagous soil dwelling pests feeding on different plant parts including seeds, roots, stems, and tubers inhibiting plant growth eventually leading to plant death. With the ban of persistent synthetic insecticides such as lindane in 2009 due to negative effects on the environment, no effective control tactics (chemical or biological) are available for wireworms. Some entomopathogenic nematode species/strains have been reported to attack wireworms in the soil, causing death. Non-native EPN species have the advantage of being easily available commercial products for insect pest control. However, these strains do …


Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4 Apr 2022

Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Art for TGLE Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4


Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4 Apr 2022

Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Pages for TGLE Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4


Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4 Apr 2022

Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Full issue for TGLE Vol. 54 Nos. 3 & 4


The Puzzling Presence Of Lestes Australis (Odonata: Lestidae) In Wisconsin - Does This Species Migrate?, Robert B. Dubois, Kenneth J. Tennessen Nov 2021

The Puzzling Presence Of Lestes Australis (Odonata: Lestidae) In Wisconsin - Does This Species Migrate?, Robert B. Dubois, Kenneth J. Tennessen

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Lestes disjunctus australis Walker, 1952 was named as a subspecies of Lestes disjunctus Selys, 1862. In recent decades it has been considered deserving of full species status by most specialists. The core of its eastern North American range is south of Wisconsin, but during April through June of some years, mature individuals, and occasionally reproductive behavior, are observed at shallow ponds and wetlands mostly in the southern half of the state. Since first recorded in Wisconsin in 2002, it has been detected in 13 of Wisconsin’s 72 counties. However, there has been no unequivocal documentation of successful reproduction in the …


New Record Of Idana Marginata (Say) (Diptera: Tephritoidea: Ulidiidae) From Wisconsin, Daniel K. Young Nov 2021

New Record Of Idana Marginata (Say) (Diptera: Tephritoidea: Ulidiidae) From Wisconsin, Daniel K. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Idana marginata (Say) was previously known from northeastern North America: Canada and the United States, west to northeastern Illinois and south to North Carolina. Herein, collection events are reported from Richland County in southwestern Wisconsin. This new state record significantly increases the known geographical distribution of the species to the west. The specimens were recovered from an unbaited Lindgren funnel trap during two intervals between 26 June and 28 July 2019.


Bark- And Wood-Infesting Insects (Coleoptera And Hymenoptera) And Associated Parasitoids Reared From Yellow Birch (Betula Alleghaniensis) In Ingham County, Michigan, Robert A. Haack Nov 2021

Bark- And Wood-Infesting Insects (Coleoptera And Hymenoptera) And Associated Parasitoids Reared From Yellow Birch (Betula Alleghaniensis) In Ingham County, Michigan, Robert A. Haack

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Four species of bark- and wood-infesting borers (two Coleoptera and two Hymenoptera) and six parasitoid species (Hymenoptera) were reared from yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton) one year after the trees were cut and left standing in a woodlot in Ingham County, Michigan in 1986–87. The borers were species of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) and Xiphydriidae (Hymenoptera), and hymenopteran parasitoid species of Aulacidae, Braconidae, Chalcididae, and Pteromalidae. Xiphydriophagus meyerinckii (Ratzeburg) (Pteromalidae) is a new Michigan state record. For the borers, yellow birch is a new host record for the cerambycid Sternidius alpha (Say) and the xiphydriid Xiphydria tibialis Say. Seasonal emergence data …


Anomalously Pale-Haired Specimens In Three Genera Of Cleptoparasitic Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Nomadinae), Thomas M. Onuferko Nov 2021

Anomalously Pale-Haired Specimens In Three Genera Of Cleptoparasitic Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Nomadinae), Thomas M. Onuferko

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cases of partially albinic specimens of cleptoparasitic bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Nomadinae) in which the pubescence lacks the usual pigmentation are presented and discussed. Anomalously pale-haired individuals within the following three genera are known: Brachymelecta Linsley, Epeolus Latreille, and Triepeolus Robertson. Since two of the aberrant specimens were mistaken for and erroneously described as new taxa, the present paper draws attention to this phenomenon within bees and its potential to cause taxonomic confusion.


Plant Extract Efficacy On Mosquito Mortality: Preliminary Studies On The Effect Of Ailanthus Altissima Extract On Adult Aedes Aegypti And Culex Quinquefasciatus, John R. Wallace, Calen D. Wylie, Ryan L. Wagner Nov 2021

Plant Extract Efficacy On Mosquito Mortality: Preliminary Studies On The Effect Of Ailanthus Altissima Extract On Adult Aedes Aegypti And Culex Quinquefasciatus, John R. Wallace, Calen D. Wylie, Ryan L. Wagner

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Abstract

Due to the negative environmental impact and resistance to synthetic insecticides, the development of biological control has increased significantly over the past half century with the potential of plant extracts only recently attracting attention. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine the potential of Ailanthus altissima extract as a botanical insecticide on adult mosquitoes. Two species of mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus) and a non-target lepidopteran species, Painted Lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui) were treated with A. altissima extract from new, mature, and senesced leaflets using serial dilutions (0, 25, 50, 75, 100%) …


Agricultural Natural Enemies Benefit Predominantly From Broader Scales Of Environmental Heterogeneity: A Quantitative Review, Aaron Iverson, Robyn Burnham, John Vandermeer Nov 2021

Agricultural Natural Enemies Benefit Predominantly From Broader Scales Of Environmental Heterogeneity: A Quantitative Review, Aaron Iverson, Robyn Burnham, John Vandermeer

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Naturally occurring predator and parasitoid communities are well known to respond to multiple scales of environmental heterogeneity within and around agroecoystems, yet our understanding of which scales are most influential on different functional guilds of enemies is limited. Using vote-counting methodology, we synthesized the results from 40 empirical studies that observed how natural enemy richness, diversity, or parasitism rate is affected by environmental heterogeneity at a local scale (e.g. a focal field), an intermediate scale (e.g. habitat in immediate proximity of a focal field), and landscape scale (e.g. habitat within >200 m radius around focal field). Heterogeneity at all scales …


Spiraling Flight Behavior May Integrate The Biological Compass Systems Of Migratory North American Monarch Butterflies, (Danaus Plexippus, L.), Matthew M. Douglas Nov 2021

Spiraling Flight Behavior May Integrate The Biological Compass Systems Of Migratory North American Monarch Butterflies, (Danaus Plexippus, L.), Matthew M. Douglas

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Here I report a unique spiraling flight and orientation behavior (comprising multiple clockwise and counterclockwise circles coupled by extended figure-8 patterns) observed in free-flying “late” migratory monarchs released under sunny ambient field conditions from a location with an unobstructed view of the sky. Following this spiraling flight, migrants continue to fly at very high altitudes until a final orientation and migratory flight direction is established with vanishing bearings statistically concentrated to the SW/W. These results provide preliminary evidence for the possible calibration and use of an inclination magnetic compass that can be used under all local free-flying field conditions. During …


Susceptibility, Preference, And Suitability Of Carpinus And Ostrya Taxa For Gypsy Moth Larvae (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), Fredric Miller, Susan Wiegrefe Nov 2021

Susceptibility, Preference, And Suitability Of Carpinus And Ostrya Taxa For Gypsy Moth Larvae (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), Fredric Miller, Susan Wiegrefe

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Twenty Carpinus taxa and three Ostrya taxa, growing in the tree breeding production area at The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL, were evaluated in laboratory bioassays for feeding susceptibility, preference, and suitability for gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar, L.) larvae. No-choice and multiple-choice laboratory feeding studies revealed that C. coreana, C. fargesii, C. laxiflora, and the hybrid C. caroliniana x C. orientalis were the least suitable for larval development and pupation, and were less preferred by gypsy moth larvae. Suitability rankings for gypsy moth larval development time were highly correlated with larval longevity, but the proportion of …


Influence Of Age On Decision Making By Ovipositing Pieris Rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)., Brett Breitkreutz, Tracy Le Wagner, Rodrigo J. Mercader Nov 2021

Influence Of Age On Decision Making By Ovipositing Pieris Rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)., Brett Breitkreutz, Tracy Le Wagner, Rodrigo J. Mercader

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Due to its effect on the time available for host selection and learning, butterfly age is expected to alter the degree of host specificity and potentially niche breadth. Here, we use the small cabbage white, Pieris rapae L., to test the effect of age on ovipositional specificity and decision-making time. Specifically, we examined the ovipositional behavior of P. rapae 4, 8, and 12 days post-emergence. Females were recorded in thirty-minute trials using leaves of two hosts, mustard leaves, Brassica juncea, and collard greens, Brassica oleracea Acephala group, and the non-host common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris. Subsequently, we measured …