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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Caprine Γδ T Cell Biology, Alehegne W. Yirsaw Apr 2021

Caprine Γδ T Cell Biology, Alehegne W. Yirsaw

Doctoral Dissertations

CAPRINE gd T CELL BIOLOGY

AUGUST 2020

ALEHEGNE W YIRSAW, DVM, ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY, ETHIOPIA

MSC., ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY, ETHIOPIA

PHD., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

DIRECTED BY: PROFESSOR CYNTHIA L BALDWIN

Goats are important food animals and are disseminated globally. Their productivity is impacted by infectious diseases thus impacting the livestock owners and the community. γδ T lymphocytes or T cells have vital roles in immune responses in mammals and thus we identified information gaps regarding these cells in goats. We used genome annotation, PCR amplification of genomic DNA and cDNA, and Sanger and PacBio sequencing for this research to ...


Mental Fatigue: Examining Cognitive Performance And Driving Behavior In Young Adults, Abigail F. Helm Apr 2021

Mental Fatigue: Examining Cognitive Performance And Driving Behavior In Young Adults, Abigail F. Helm

Doctoral Dissertations

Mental fatigue causes an increase in task-based EEG theta and alpha power and a decrease in performance (for a review, see Tran et al., 2020). However, little is known about the emergence of mental fatigue in resting state EEG recordings and whether the progression of mental fatigue over time is influenced by individual differences. The current dissertation examined the utility of resting state EEG as a measure of mental fatigue by testing whether EEG power changed in young adults over the course of a cognitively demanding battery of tasks. The current dissertation also tested how this measure of mental fatigue ...


An Emg Optimization Model Of The Kinetic Demands On The Lower Back During Asymmetrical Gait And Load Carriage, Jacob J. Banks Apr 2021

An Emg Optimization Model Of The Kinetic Demands On The Lower Back During Asymmetrical Gait And Load Carriage, Jacob J. Banks

Doctoral Dissertations

Gait asymmetries are associated with a high incidence of lower back pain (LBP). Although there are several causes of gait asymmetry (i.e. amputation, injury, or deformities), lower back kinetic demands have not been quantified and suitably compared due to experimental limitations in these clinical populations. Further, the impact of gait asymmetry on lower back demands during carrying tasks has not been established. This dissertation addressed these issues by artificially and safely inducing gait asymmetry in healthy able-bodied participants during walking and carrying tasks. LBP risk was assessed by L5/S1 vertebral joint force levels estimated with an OpenSim musculoskeletal ...


Substrate Selection In Endoplasmic Reticulum Protein Quality Control, Ben Adams Apr 2021

Substrate Selection In Endoplasmic Reticulum Protein Quality Control, Ben Adams

Doctoral Dissertations

Protein folding and maturation is a complex and error-prone process. Errors in this process may lead to deleterious effects ranging from non-functional single proteins to large-scale protein aggregation leading to cell death. It is essential for cellular function that protein misfolding does not occur unchecked, and therefore numerous chaperone systems exist within the cell. For the thousands of proteins which traffic through the secretory pathway, the primary site of folding and maturation is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Multiple chaperone pathways within the ER, generally termed ER protein quality control, must support the proper maturation process of these thousands of substrates ...


Patterns And Mechanisms Of Intraspecific Trait Variation Across Thermal Gradients In A Marine Gastropod, Andrew R. Villeneuve Apr 2021

Patterns And Mechanisms Of Intraspecific Trait Variation Across Thermal Gradients In A Marine Gastropod, Andrew R. Villeneuve

Masters Theses

As the earth’s climate changes due to anthropogenic emissions, it has increasingly become an imperative within the ecological community to understand existing species adaptations to climate change. Much focus has been paid to how a species might react to climate change, but the role of locally adapted traits and responsible environmental mechanisms have received less attention. Quantifying how sublethal (e.g. growth rates) and lethal (e.g. thermal tolerance) trait performance vary between populations can thus improve our understanding of how populations, and the entire species, will react to climate change. Here, I quantified the spatial patterns of performance ...


Investigating Structural Proteins By Light Scattering, Uma Nudurupati Apr 2021

Investigating Structural Proteins By Light Scattering, Uma Nudurupati

Masters Theses

This thesis evaluates the organization of the structural proteins, Human Gamma D crystallin and Collagen type II, into higher-order structures using light scattering. Specifically, it evaluates the natures of incipient aggregation in Human Gamma D crystallin and the nature of its interactions with CAPEGn, an electrostatic blocker. Additionally, this thesis evaluates whether Collagen type II growth kinetics follows Classical nucleation theory.


Applying Ecological Theory To Amphibian Populations To Determine If Wood Frogs (Lithobates Sylvaticus) Are Ideal And Free When Selecting Breeding Habitat, Taylor M. Braunagel Apr 2021

Applying Ecological Theory To Amphibian Populations To Determine If Wood Frogs (Lithobates Sylvaticus) Are Ideal And Free When Selecting Breeding Habitat, Taylor M. Braunagel

Masters Theses

Amphibian populations are declining globally due to a litany of factors including pollution, disease, climate change, and most importantly, habitat destruction. As most amphibian life histories involve their populations being recruitment limited, focusing on the mechanism behind breeding habitat selection will reveal useful cues that managers may use to increase abundance and breeding success. Though there are many theoretical models that describe the distribution of animals in response to a resource, the ideal free distribution (IFD) theory has not yet been applied to amphibian settling decisions. Through this application of the IFD, I have found that a population of wood ...


About The Cover Mar 2021

About The Cover

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Rapid Screening Methods To Identify Chilling Tolerance In Sweet Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.), Lara Brindisi, Vivek Arora, David Kenigsbuch, Daniel L. Ward, Christian A. Wyenandt, Nativ Dudai, Itay Gonda, James E. Simon Mar 2021

Rapid Screening Methods To Identify Chilling Tolerance In Sweet Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.), Lara Brindisi, Vivek Arora, David Kenigsbuch, Daniel L. Ward, Christian A. Wyenandt, Nativ Dudai, Itay Gonda, James E. Simon

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Antioxidant, Antibacterial, And Anti-Sars-Cov Activity Of Commercial Products Of Xylopia (Xylopia Aethiopica), Claudia Melo, Rosemary Perdomo, Fadel Yerima, Oneil Mahoney, Nadjet Cornejal, Sahar Alsaidi, Shepherd Coron, Thierry Bonnaire, Shimin Zhang, Thomas M. Zydowsky, Christine Priano, José A. Fernández Romero, H. Rodolfo Juliani, Adolfina Koroch Mar 2021

Antioxidant, Antibacterial, And Anti-Sars-Cov Activity Of Commercial Products Of Xylopia (Xylopia Aethiopica), Claudia Melo, Rosemary Perdomo, Fadel Yerima, Oneil Mahoney, Nadjet Cornejal, Sahar Alsaidi, Shepherd Coron, Thierry Bonnaire, Shimin Zhang, Thomas M. Zydowsky, Christine Priano, José A. Fernández Romero, H. Rodolfo Juliani, Adolfina Koroch

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of Growth Inhibition By Thymol And Carvacrol From Thymus Spp. And Origanum Vulgare On Botrytis Cinerea, Ariane A. Vasilatis, Thomas Gianfagna, James E. Simon Mar 2021

Investigation Of Growth Inhibition By Thymol And Carvacrol From Thymus Spp. And Origanum Vulgare On Botrytis Cinerea, Ariane A. Vasilatis, Thomas Gianfagna, James E. Simon

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Scutellaria Extract Inhibits Proliferation And Migration Of Brain-Metastatic Lung Cancer Cells Via Regulation Of Multiple Signaling Pathways, Robert E. Wright Iii, Lubana Shahin, Venumadhavi Gogineni, Zahin Hussain, Aroma Naeem, Sudha Sadasivan, Indrajit Sinha, Melody Neely, Sharon K. Michellhaugh, Sandeep Mittal, Nirmal Joshee, Prahlad Parajuli Mar 2021

Scutellaria Extract Inhibits Proliferation And Migration Of Brain-Metastatic Lung Cancer Cells Via Regulation Of Multiple Signaling Pathways, Robert E. Wright Iii, Lubana Shahin, Venumadhavi Gogineni, Zahin Hussain, Aroma Naeem, Sudha Sadasivan, Indrajit Sinha, Melody Neely, Sharon K. Michellhaugh, Sandeep Mittal, Nirmal Joshee, Prahlad Parajuli

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Stakeholder-Identified Priorities For Massachusetts Specialty Crop Ipm 2019-2020, Hilary A. Sandler Feb 2021

Stakeholder-Identified Priorities For Massachusetts Specialty Crop Ipm 2019-2020, Hilary A. Sandler

Cranberry Station Research Reports and Surveys

No abstract provided.


Data For « Does Invasion Science Encompass The Invaded Range? A Comparison Of The Geographies Of Invasion Science Versus Management In The U.S. », Lara Munro, Bridget Griffin, Brittany Laginhas, Bethany Bradley Jan 2021

Data For « Does Invasion Science Encompass The Invaded Range? A Comparison Of The Geographies Of Invasion Science Versus Management In The U.S. », Lara Munro, Bridget Griffin, Brittany Laginhas, Bethany Bradley

Data and Datasets

Data collected from English-language articles published between 1999-2018 on the ten most studied invasive plants in the United States.


2021 Update Mtg: Optimizing Fruit Rot Management, Sai Sree Uppala Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Optimizing Fruit Rot Management, Sai Sree Uppala

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: Pesticide And Mdar Updates, Martha Sylvia Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Pesticide And Mdar Updates, Martha Sylvia

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: Changing Trends In Insect Problems, Anne Averill Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Changing Trends In Insect Problems, Anne Averill

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: The Spotted Lanternfly, Tawny Simisky Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: The Spotted Lanternfly, Tawny Simisky

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: Director's Update And Weed Management, Hilary A. Sandler Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Director's Update And Weed Management, Hilary A. Sandler

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: Plant Growth Regulators And Fruit Set, Giverson Mupambi Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Plant Growth Regulators And Fruit Set, Giverson Mupambi

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


Understanding Food And Climate Change: A Systems Perspective, Megan Brockelbank Jan 2021

Understanding Food And Climate Change: A Systems Perspective, Megan Brockelbank

Sustainability Education Resources

Climate change will profoundly affect our lives in many ways, even down to the very food we eat. Food is essential for survival and our complex food system, and all that depends on it, face a big threat with climate change. Throughout the semester we will explore the links between the food system and our changing climate with an emphasis on systems thinking. In science we tend to segregate, looking at just one part of a system, while systems thinking looks at the whole picture. Using this approach, we will think critically about how to build a more resilient food ...


Green Stormwater Infrastructure For The Town Of Maynard, Ma, Angie J. Gregory Jan 2021

Green Stormwater Infrastructure For The Town Of Maynard, Ma, Angie J. Gregory

Sustainability Science Working Papers

Green Infrastructure refers to ecosystem service solutions that provide human benefit. In the context of Stormwater Management, GI benefits address regulatory compliance measures related to stormwater runoff pollutant capture and flood mitigation on site, while providing co-benefits. Inherently distributive, non-exclusive, and non-rival in nature, Green Infrastructure as publicly owned infrastructure can provide restoration while generating capacity for community resilience. Comprehensive public and private investments will equitably advance public health and safety through this method. This paper will present the use of GI for satisfying compliance for MS4 permits for municipalities and implementation at residential and commercial scale with comprehensive review ...


Date Of Planting And Nitrogen Management For Malt Barley Production In The Northeast Usa, Arthur Siller, Masoud Hashemi, Alexandra Smychkovich, Caroline Wise, Heather Darby Jan 2021

Date Of Planting And Nitrogen Management For Malt Barley Production In The Northeast Usa, Arthur Siller, Masoud Hashemi, Alexandra Smychkovich, Caroline Wise, Heather Darby

Data and Datasets

There is an increasing market for locally grown malting barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in the Northeast US. Malting barley must meet certain quality standards for acceptability in the brewing market. Up-to-date recommendations are needed regionally for adaptation to ongoing climate change. A two-year field experiment was conducted to assess the interactive influence of three dates of planting (5 Sept., 15 Sept, and 25 Sept.), two levels of fall N (0 or 28 kg ha-1), and three levels of spring N (28, 50.5, and 73 kg ha-1). No significant difference was detected in grain yield amongst the treatments ...


2021 Update Mtg: Spring Frost And Optimal N Fertilzer Rates In 2nd Gen Hybrids, Peter Jeranyama Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Spring Frost And Optimal N Fertilzer Rates In 2nd Gen Hybrids, Peter Jeranyama

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


2021 Update Mtg: Evaluation Of Novel Fungicides, Sai Sree Uppala Jan 2021

2021 Update Mtg: Evaluation Of Novel Fungicides, Sai Sree Uppala

Cranberry Station Extension meetings

No abstract provided.


Aquatic Weeds: Biology, Diversity And Grower Assestment Of Presence On Cranberry Farms, Emma Wick, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous Jan 2021

Aquatic Weeds: Biology, Diversity And Grower Assestment Of Presence On Cranberry Farms, Emma Wick, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous

Cranberry Station Fact Sheets

No abstract provided.


Special Issue Dec 2020

Special Issue

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


About The Cover Dec 2020

About The Cover

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Postharvest And Marketing Of African Indigenous Vegetables: A Case Study From Zambia, Ramu Govindasamy, Alexandra Kelly, James E. Simon, Emil Van Wyk, Stephen Weller, Gnanasakthi Ramu, Mwangala Mbeweu Dec 2020

Postharvest And Marketing Of African Indigenous Vegetables: A Case Study From Zambia, Ramu Govindasamy, Alexandra Kelly, James E. Simon, Emil Van Wyk, Stephen Weller, Gnanasakthi Ramu, Mwangala Mbeweu

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Agronomic Traits Of Selected Spider Plant (Cleome Gynandra L.) Accessions, Enock Mosenda, George Chemining’Wa, Jane Ambuko, Willis Owino Dec 2020

Assessment Of Agronomic Traits Of Selected Spider Plant (Cleome Gynandra L.) Accessions, Enock Mosenda, George Chemining’Wa, Jane Ambuko, Willis Owino

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.