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The University of Maine

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1997

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Lexicographic Sensitivity Functions For Nonsmooth Models In Mathematical Biology, Matthew D. Ackley May 2021

Lexicographic Sensitivity Functions For Nonsmooth Models In Mathematical Biology, Matthew D. Ackley

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) may be used to model a wide variety of real-world phenomena in biology and engineering. Classical sensitivity theory is well-established and concerns itself with quantifying the responsiveness of such models to changes in parameter values. By performing a sensitivity analysis, a variety of insights can be gained into a model (and hence, the real-world system that it represents); in particular, the information gained can uncover a system's most important aspects, for use in design, control or optimization of the system. However, while the results of such analysis are desirable, the approach that classical ...


Translational Fidelity And Its Role In Neuronal Homeostasis, Markus Terrey May 2021

Translational Fidelity And Its Role In Neuronal Homeostasis, Markus Terrey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The process of translation, which refers to decoding genetic information from mRNA to protein, is vital for all cellular function. Translational fidelity starts at the level of aminoacylation of transfer RNAs (tRNA). This reaction is catalyzed by aminoacyl tRNA synthetases where each amino acid is transferred to its corresponding cognate tRNA. Because tRNAs harbor the anticodon sequence to decodes a particular mRNA codon, the specific aminoacylation of the tRNA with a cognate amino acid establishes the rules of decoding genetic code into proteins. Aminoacylated tRNAs are then delivered to ribosomes, where ribosomes in a highly organized manner need to accurately ...


Marine Aquaculture In Maine: Understanding Diverse Perspectives And Interactions At Multiple Scales, Melissa L. Britsch May 2021

Marine Aquaculture In Maine: Understanding Diverse Perspectives And Interactions At Multiple Scales, Melissa L. Britsch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Coastal oceans are changing and experiencing increased use. The social and ecological benefits of healthy coastal oceans are well documented and include habitats for marine species, storm protection, and recreational opportunities (MEA, 2005). As the impacts of human activities are recognized, questions about how ocean spaces should be used are becoming more common. These questions are complex and involve many tradeoffs. Understanding the values people hold about uses, and how activities and ecosystems overlap, is critical for weighing tradeoffs and improving future management. I use the northeastern U.S. state of Maine to study human interactions with coastal oceans. Maine ...


Covid-19_Umaine News_New International Study Shows Alternative Seafood Networks Provided Resilient Diversity During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Mar 2021

Covid-19_Umaine News_New International Study Shows Alternative Seafood Networks Provided Resilient Diversity During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News press release regarding a University of Maine study into the need for greater functional diversity in supply chains led by Joshua Stoll, assistant professor of.marine policy at the University of Maine.


S4e4 : What Is The Future Of Maine’S Food System?, Ron Lisnet, Rob Dumas Mar 2021

S4e4 : What Is The Future Of Maine’S Food System?, Ron Lisnet, Rob Dumas

The Maine Question

Everyone loves food. It fills our stomachs, tantalizes our taste buds, sustains us through times of strife and prosperity, fuels multiple industries and helps define cultures. How best to obtain, consume, preserve, distribute and regulate food drives aspects of health care, science and politics. As food science innovation coordinator for the University of Maine’s School of Food and Agriculture, Rob Dumas brings a unique perspective on food to the table. Managing the food science pilot plant at the school, conducting research, teaching classes and working with food companies has given Dumas morsels of insight into the future of Maine ...


Fuller's Fiddlehead Sustainability Research Featured In Northern Woodlands Magazine., University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Mar 2021

Fuller's Fiddlehead Sustainability Research Featured In Northern Woodlands Magazine., University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

General University of Maine Publications

A study of sustainable fiddlehead harvesting practices by David Fuller, an Agriculture and Non-Timber Forest Products Professional with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension, was cited in the Spring 2021 issue of Northern Woodlands magazine.


S4e2: What’S Your Relationship With The Forest?, Ron Lisnet, Jessica Leahy Mar 2021

S4e2: What’S Your Relationship With The Forest?, Ron Lisnet, Jessica Leahy

The Maine Question

Maine is the most forested state in the country, and its residents interact with forests regularly in many different ways. They provide supplies for various products, which fuels industry and job creation, and space for outdoor recreation. These interactions, which help define Maine’s identity, are the subject of Jessica Leahy’s research. As a professor in UMaine’s School of Forest Resources, she studies the human dimensions of forestry and other natural resources. In this episode of “The Maine Question,” Leahy discusses her work, the ways forests impact our lives and how our actions affect them.


Cooperative Extension Covid-19_Maine Maple Tours: Guidance During Covid-19, University Of Maine Cooperative Extension Feb 2021

Cooperative Extension Covid-19_Maine Maple Tours: Guidance During Covid-19, University Of Maine Cooperative Extension

Cooperative Extension

Screenshot of the University of Maine Cooperative Extension's Bulletin #2517 with guidance for Maine Maple Tours during COVID-19.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Press Herald Opinion Cites Darling Center Aquaculture Research, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Feb 2021

Covid-19_Umaine News_Press Herald Opinion Cites Darling Center Aquaculture Research, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine in the News regarding a Portland Press Herald opinion column cited aquaculture research conducted at the University of Maine’s Darling Marine Center in calling for faster turnaround on shellfish aquaculture licenses from the Maine Department of Marine Resources, and a return to scoping and public hearing practices impacted by the pandemic.


Scallop Aquaculture Research Collaborative Meeting, Meggan Dwyer Jan 2021

Scallop Aquaculture Research Collaborative Meeting, Meggan Dwyer

Miscellaneous Publications

No abstract provided.


Covid-19_School Of Economics_Malacarne And Colleagues Address The Impacts Of Covid- 19 On Maine's Food System, University Of Maine School Of Economics Jan 2021

Covid-19_School Of Economics_Malacarne And Colleagues Address The Impacts Of Covid- 19 On Maine's Food System, University Of Maine School Of Economics

Teaching, Learning & Research Documents

Screenshot of a University of Maine School of Economics news release webpage regarding Jonathan Malacarne (SOE Assistant Professor), Jason Lilley (University of Maine Cooperative Extension Professional), and Tora Jackson (Maine Farmer Resource Network) presenting a summary of the impacts of COVID-19 on Maine's food system at the Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry's (DACF) 2021 virtual Maine Ag Trades Show.


The Future Of Maine's Forests Under Alternative Socioeconomic, Climate And Conservation Pathways, Jianheng Zhao Dec 2020

The Future Of Maine's Forests Under Alternative Socioeconomic, Climate And Conservation Pathways, Jianheng Zhao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Maine is a historically important timber supply region in North America and understanding the potential change in forestlands and their product industries affected by climate change and various socio-economic conditions can better improve the forest healthy and sustain a sustainable product industry. A statistical harvest choice model for the state of Maine was developed in chapter 1. It was estimated using a multinomial logit model of two products, under varying management intensities, and ownership classifications across varying market conditions. Results indicate that stumpage prices have a significant effect on forest landowners' harvest decisions and that the expansion of conservation land ...


Examining The Function Of Protein Acyltransferase Via The Dhhc Domain Of The Paz5 Protein In The Organism Dictyostelium Discoideum, George M. Stuart-Ranchev Dec 2020

Examining The Function Of Protein Acyltransferase Via The Dhhc Domain Of The Paz5 Protein In The Organism Dictyostelium Discoideum, George M. Stuart-Ranchev

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Protein S-palmitoylation plays a crucial role in many biological systems. S-palmitoylation involves the post-translational attachment of palmitate to a cysteine residue through a reversible thioester linkage. S-Palmitoylation is used to modify both integral and membrane proteins, many of which are involved in intracellular trafficking, membrane localization, and signal transduction pathways. Intracellular palmitoylation is mediated by a family of protein acyltransferases (PATs). PAT mutations are associated with neurological diseases and cancer progression. Proteins in the PAT family are defined by the presence of a 51-amino acid cysteine-rich domain (CRD), which contains a highly conserved aspartate-histidine-histidine-cysteine (DHHC) motif. The ...


Integrating Local Ecology And Human Dimensions To Understand A Tidally Dynamic Ecosystem In Downeast Maine, Gabriella Marafino Dec 2020

Integrating Local Ecology And Human Dimensions To Understand A Tidally Dynamic Ecosystem In Downeast Maine, Gabriella Marafino

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Coastal community resilience requires connecting people with useful information that reflects their needs and interests and empowers them to make informed marine resource decisions. In this thesis, I explore how to effectively integrate disparate data from different disciplines and sources to make information more useful and usable at federal, state, tribal, and local levels in order to support more holistic and integrated management. To accomplish this, I draw on different types of knowledge and approaches, including Western science, local ecological knowledge, traditional ecological knowledge, and citizen science, to incorporate the social perspective and community values for holistic marine resource management ...


Live Cell Super-Resolution Microscopy Quanitifies An Interaction Between Influenza Hemagglutinin And Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate, Jaqulin N. Wallace Dec 2020

Live Cell Super-Resolution Microscopy Quanitifies An Interaction Between Influenza Hemagglutinin And Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate, Jaqulin N. Wallace

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Influenza virus, colloquially known as the flu, is an acute respiratory disease that infects several millions of individuals each year in the U.S. and kills tens of thousands of those infected. Yearly viral vaccines are widely available, however, due to the virus’s high mutation rate, their efficacy varies greatly. Due to the variability in vaccine efficiency against seasonal influenza, and the potential for even more pathogenic versions of influenza to emerge at any time, there is a high demand for a universal treatment option.

Influenza virus hijacks a variety of host cell components in order to replicate. The ...


Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel Dec 2020

Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lipid carriers such as emulsions and liposomes have been widely studied as carriers for different nutraceuticals. However, lipid carriers' physicochemical instability results in the leakage of loaded nutraceuticals and the low solubility into the digestion medium, thus reducing the bioaccessibility. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are nano-sized cellulose derivatives obtained after hydrolysis of cellulosic matrices that possess potential applications in functional foods and nutraceuticals. However, hydrophilicity, anionic surface potential, and poor re-dispersibility limit CNC’s applications. The primary objectives of this research were 1) to modify CNC via adsorbing polyethylene glycol (PEG) to stabilize liposomes and to study its physiochemical stability at ...


Evaluating The Current Weed Community In Wild Blueberry Fields And Ipm Strategies For Spreading Dogbane (Apocynum Androsaemifolium), Anthony G. Ayers Dec 2020

Evaluating The Current Weed Community In Wild Blueberry Fields And Ipm Strategies For Spreading Dogbane (Apocynum Androsaemifolium), Anthony G. Ayers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) is Maine’s third largest crop (USDA 2020 a). From 2017 – 2019 the three seasons yield average was 27,200 tons were harvested from 19,500 acres for a value of $22,468,000 (USDA 2020 c). Lowbush blueberries are managed on a two-year cycle. Every other year, lowbush blueberry fields are pruned to the ground either through the use of a tractor mounted flail mower or a prescribed burn (Yarborough 2009). Pruning is a necessary part of managing lowbush blueberries as the second-year growth produces the highest yield but steadily declines in subsequent years (Drummond ...


Pyramiding Approaches For Potato Disease Resistance Breeding, Kristen M. Brown-Donovan Dec 2020

Pyramiding Approaches For Potato Disease Resistance Breeding, Kristen M. Brown-Donovan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study establishes the start of late blight genetic profiles for varieties and clones used as potato breeding material across the United States,and a Mendelian use of marker-assisted selection is employed to estimate allele dosage.

Potato is the fourth most important staple crop worldwide, with both high nutritional and economic values. Breeders seek improvements for many traits related to yield, dry matter, and surface and internal defects. Resistances to several diseases are also desired traits that breeders try to incorporate into their programs. The advent of DNA-based genetic technologies help breeding programs facilitate faster selection, including the use of ...


Microsite Requirements For Successful Regeneration In Lowland Northern White-Cedar (Thuja Occidentalis) Forests, Jeanette Allogio Dec 2020

Microsite Requirements For Successful Regeneration In Lowland Northern White-Cedar (Thuja Occidentalis) Forests, Jeanette Allogio

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Declines in stands of northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis L., hereafter cedar) have been observed as both shifts in species composition and reductions in cedar densities, particularly those stands in lowland sites (Curtis 1946, Boulfroy 2012). While several factors inhibiting cedar regeneration have been identified, a thorough understanding of the conditions that best promote regeneration is lacking. Our objectives for the first chapter were to characterize the site conditions associated with successful regeneration in lowland cedar stands and to describe how spatial patterns of various cedar size classes relate to site preference and to regeneration dynamics. These objectives were achieved by ...


Wildlife Rehabilitation Datasets As An Underutilized Resource To Understand Avian Threats, Mortality, And Mitigation Opportunities, Michelle M. Duffy Dec 2020

Wildlife Rehabilitation Datasets As An Underutilized Resource To Understand Avian Threats, Mortality, And Mitigation Opportunities, Michelle M. Duffy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Wildlife rehabilitation centers collect large datasets that focus on medical care, yet they also collect information more broadly relevant to wildlife conservation. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the potential for these datasets to be used in conservation science to better understand avian threats, mortality, and mitigation opportunities. We quantified the causes of bird admissions to rehabilitation centers within the Northeast and Midwest United States, the mortality rates during rehabilitation by admission cause, and the proportion of anthropogenic-caused admissions. Additionally, we related human population and development metrics to the number of bird admissions to better understand geographic bias ...


American Eel Behavior And Survival In An Impounded River System, Matthew A. Mensinger Dec 2020

American Eel Behavior And Survival In An Impounded River System, Matthew A. Mensinger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

After beginning life in the Sargasso Sea, American eel enter river systems as juveniles and swim upstream in pursuit of freshwater habitat. Many encounter dams during this migration which act as barriers to upstream movement and limit eel establishment in headwater systems. Some dams have been retrofitted with fishways to improve watershed connectivity, but the individual selection imposed by these structures remains uncharacterized. We considered whether individual differences in behavior (i.e., personality) may be used to predict the propensity of juveniles to use a passage structure, suggesting that eel personality may predict access to habitat upstream of dams. Migrating ...


Chytridiomycota In Tree Bark, Paige Strasko Dec 2020

Chytridiomycota In Tree Bark, Paige Strasko

Honors College

Chytridiomycota is a phylum of microscopic aquatic fungi that form motile spores that typically have a single posterior flagellum, thus they require water to disperse (James et al., 2000). Chytridiomycota, collectively called chytrids, have round shapes with structures called rhizoids that absorb nutrients and anchor them to their substrate (Mueller et al., 2004). Chytrids are typically found in aquatic environments and soils since zoospores require water to germinate (James et al., 2000), but they also have been found in a number of unexpected environments. Chytrids are difficult to find because they are microscopic and have time-sensitive life cycles (Mueller et ...


Responses Of Juvenile Atlantic Salmon To Competition And Environmental Change: Implications For Performance In Maine Streams, Nicole C. Ramberg-Pihl Dec 2020

Responses Of Juvenile Atlantic Salmon To Competition And Environmental Change: Implications For Performance In Maine Streams, Nicole C. Ramberg-Pihl

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

New England’s climate is changing faster than that of any other region in the continental United States. Over the last century, Maine has experienced an increase in annual temperature of approximately 1.48oC along with a 15 percent increase in annual precipitation. Temperature and precipitation play vital roles in shaping the ecology of freshwater environments. Therefore, changes in regional climate could undermine the structure and stability of Maine’s freshwater systems as they currently exist.

Maine currently harbors the last wild populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the United States. Atlantic salmon were once abundant in ...


Assessing Predator Risk To Diadromous Fish Conservation In The Penobscot River Estuary, Lauri Leach Dec 2020

Assessing Predator Risk To Diadromous Fish Conservation In The Penobscot River Estuary, Lauri Leach

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Successful conservation of pinnipeds in the northwest Atlantic has led to increasing populations of harbor (Phoca vitulina) and gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) in the Gulf of Maine. Seals are often perceived as predators and competitors for fish, and as a result, come into conflict with fisheries and fish conservation. Increasing numbers of seals have become a recent concern in the Penobscot River Estuary in Maine, as habitat restoration and diadromous fish conservation have been top priorities in this region for the past decade.

To understand how pinnipeds are responding to these efforts, as well as the risks they pose to ...


S3e10: How Are Lobsters Doing?, Ron Lisnet, Rick Wahle Nov 2020

S3e10: How Are Lobsters Doing?, Ron Lisnet, Rick Wahle

The Maine Question

Lobsters are synonymous with Maine, defining it alongside lighthouses, forests, rocky coasts, blueberries and potatoes. Beyond its reputation as a delicious meal, this iconic crustacean propels a major industry, draws tourists from around the world and serves as a bellwether for climate change and environmental health.

Few people know this creature from all angles better than Rick Wahle. The research professor and director of the Lobster Institute at the University of Maine has made it his life’s work to study this renowned shellfish. In this episode of “The Maine Question” he takes us to the bottom of the ocean ...


Covid-19_Umaine News_Campus As Living Laboratory, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Nov 2020

Covid-19_Umaine News_Campus As Living Laboratory, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News press release regarding EES 217 field course led by Kate Ruskin, a University of Maine lecturer and undergraduate coordinator in the Ecology and Environmental Sciences Program being held on campus to assess the tick risk on UMaine’s campus, in collaboration with UMaine professor Allison Gardner’s lab, the EES 217 students examined the vegetation, wildlife and abiotic associations of ticks on campus.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Animal And Veterinary Sciences Seniors: Capstone Stories, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Nov 2020

Covid-19_Umaine News_Animal And Veterinary Sciences Seniors: Capstone Stories, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News press release regarding University of Maine animal and veterinary sciences capstone course AVS 401, students having the opportunity to combine their knowledge and skills with ongoing research of UMaine faculty.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Carter Recent Guest In ‘Maine Calling’ Segment About Mainers Helping Each Other During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Oct 2020

Covid-19_Umaine News_Carter Recent Guest In ‘Maine Calling’ Segment About Mainers Helping Each Other During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine in the News regarding Maine Public featuring Hannah Carter, Dean of University of Maine Cooperative Extension, on a segment of 'Maine Calling' about how Mainers have helped one another during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Marine Science Course Connects Distant Students Of Sustainability Science, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Oct 2020

Covid-19_Umaine News_Marine Science Course Connects Distant Students Of Sustainability Science, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News release regarding Marine science course connecting distant students of sustainability science.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Umaine Professors Contribute To Report Advising How Governments Can Tackle Biodiversity Loss Through Covid-19 Recovery, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Oct 2020

Covid-19_Umaine News_Umaine Professors Contribute To Report Advising How Governments Can Tackle Biodiversity Loss Through Covid-19 Recovery, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News release regarding two University of Maine professors contributing to a report that explores how governments can help mitigate ecosystem and species loss through their COVID-19 stimulus and recovery plans.