Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nova Southeastern University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1319

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Analysis Of Mangrove Ecosystems Using Gis, Kayla Caldwell Apr 2020

Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Analysis Of Mangrove Ecosystems Using Gis, Kayla Caldwell

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

Climate change is accelerating beyond what is natural due to excessive emissions from human activities. The sea level has been rising for many years and is currently at a rate of 3.6 mm/yr. Mangroves are known to only keep pace with a sea level rate of less than 1.2 mm/yr. Mangroves are particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels if they are not able to keep pace through vertical sediment accretion or inland migration. To test the vulnerability of the south Florida mangrove ecosystems to sea level rise, this study analyzed changes in the mangrove forest coverage ...


Comparative Study Of The Effects Of Light On Photophore Ultrastructure From Two Families Of Deep-Sea Decapod Crustaceans: Oplophoridae And Sergestidae, Jamie E. Sickles Apr 2020

Comparative Study Of The Effects Of Light On Photophore Ultrastructure From Two Families Of Deep-Sea Decapod Crustaceans: Oplophoridae And Sergestidae, Jamie E. Sickles

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

Counterillumination, the mechanism by which pelagic species produce bioluminescence to replace the light blocked by their bodies to hide their silhouettes, has been known for over 100 years. However, little is known about how these animals are able to so precisely replicate the intensity of downwelling light. The recent discovery of opsins in photophores (Bracken-Grissom et al. 2020) suggests that these autogenic organs (i.e. non-bacterial) may be sensitive to light, in addition to their function of emitting visible light. The study presented here is 1) the first ultrastructural assessment of photophores in species Systellaspis debilis, Janicella spinicauda, Parasergestes armatus ...


Spatial And Temporal Distribution Of Essential And Non-Essential Elements Recorded In Western Arctic Bowhead Whales (Balaena Mysticetus), Samantha L. Shore Apr 2020

Spatial And Temporal Distribution Of Essential And Non-Essential Elements Recorded In Western Arctic Bowhead Whales (Balaena Mysticetus), Samantha L. Shore

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

Western Arctic bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, migrate annually among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort seas. Foraging along their route, they use keratinous baleen to filter microscopic zooplankton from the water column. A single baleen plate from an adult bowhead whale grows continuously and stores 20+ years of dietary and environmental data. This study utilized induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to evaluate concentrations of 14 essential and non-essential elements in baleen samples from nine subsistence-harvested whales, yielding continuous data from 1958–1999 (n=148). Stable isotope data previously reported on these samples provided information on location (Beaufort Sea; Bering/Chukchi seas ...


Asd Symptoms In Individuals: A Comparison Of Treatments, Ali Khan Apr 2020

Asd Symptoms In Individuals: A Comparison Of Treatments, Ali Khan

BIO4960: Practicum in Biology I

Background: Research, as described in the different articles chosen for comparison, indicates that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly experience difficulties in displaying good memory, proper social communication, and doing physical activities.
Purpose: To determine and compare which treatment type—physical therapy, psychotherapy, or pharmacotherapy—is commonly used and effective for treating what specific symptom of ASD (primarily in children and adolescent diagnosed subjects that are experiencing difficulties).
Methods: 10 peer-reviewed articles published between 2015 and 2020 from different Databases, including CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE (ProQuest), and EMBASE.com, were retrieved.
Results: Thorough examination of the 10 selected studies indicate ...


Microbial Symbionts And Ecological Divergence Of Caribbean Sponges: A New Perspective On An Ancient Association, Christopher Freeman, Cole Easson, Kenan O. Matterson, Robert W. Thacker, David M. Baker, Valerie J. Paul Mar 2020

Microbial Symbionts And Ecological Divergence Of Caribbean Sponges: A New Perspective On An Ancient Association, Christopher Freeman, Cole Easson, Kenan O. Matterson, Robert W. Thacker, David M. Baker, Valerie J. Paul

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Marine sponges host diverse communities of microbial symbionts that expand the metabolic capabilities of their host, but the abundance and structure of these communities is highly variable across sponge species. Specificity in these interactions may fuel host niche partitioning on crowded coral reefs by allowing individual sponge species to exploit unique sources of carbon and nitrogen, but this hypothesis is yet to be tested. Given the presence of high sponge biomass and the coexistence of diverse sponge species, the Caribbean Sea provides a unique system in which to investigate this hypothesis. To test for ecological divergence among sympatric Caribbean sponges ...


Antibiotic Resistance In Marine Microbial Communities Proximal To A Florida Sewage Outfall System, Dale W. Griffin, Kenneth Banks, Kurtis Gregg, Sarah Shedler, Brian Walker Mar 2020

Antibiotic Resistance In Marine Microbial Communities Proximal To A Florida Sewage Outfall System, Dale W. Griffin, Kenneth Banks, Kurtis Gregg, Sarah Shedler, Brian Walker

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Water samples were collected at several wastewater treatment plants in southeast Florida, and water and sediment samples were collected along and around one outfall pipe, as well as along several transects extending both north and south of the respective outfall outlet. Two sets of samples were collected to address potential seasonal differences, including 38 in the wet season (June 2018) and 42 in the dry season (March 2019). Samples were screened for the presence/absence of 15 select antibiotic resistance gene targets using the polymerase chain reaction. A contrast between seasons was found, with a higher frequency of detections occurring ...


Light Organ Photosensitivity In Deep-Sea Shrimp May Suggest A Novel Role In Counterillumination, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Danielle M. Deleo, Megan L. Porter, Tom Iwanicki, Jamie E. Sickles, Tamara Frank Mar 2020

Light Organ Photosensitivity In Deep-Sea Shrimp May Suggest A Novel Role In Counterillumination, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Danielle M. Deleo, Megan L. Porter, Tom Iwanicki, Jamie E. Sickles, Tamara Frank

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Extraocular photoreception, the ability to detect and respond to light outside of the eye, has not been previously described in deep-sea invertebrates. Here, we investigate photosensitivity in the bioluminescent light organs (photophores) of deep-sea shrimp, an autogenic system in which the organism possesses the substrates and enzymes to produce light. Through the integration of transcriptomics, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry we find evidence for the expression of opsins and phototransduction genes known to play a role in light detection in most animals. Subsequent shipboard light exposure experiments showed ultrastructural changes in the photophore similar to those seen in crustacean eyes ...


Navigating Healthcare Science Student Learning And Engagement Through Implementation Of A Virtual Classroom, Santanu De Ph.D., Gesulla Cavanaugh Feb 2020

Navigating Healthcare Science Student Learning And Engagement Through Implementation Of A Virtual Classroom, Santanu De Ph.D., Gesulla Cavanaugh

Biology Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures

Objective. This study explored whether virtual classrooms can be utilized to facilitate student learning and engagement. Background. University students and their learning approaches undergo constant changes, mainly due to advances in technology. Therefore, student expectations are continuously shifting. Although technology allows easier access to learning material, students still depend on a structured learning environment facilitated by an instructor to receive and process the correct information. Methods. A virtual classroom developed and housed in Second Life was used to deliver a week-long course on health promotion. Thirty students from different healthcare science programs participated in the study. After a 15-minute live ...


Urine As A High-Quality Source Of Host Genomic Dna From Wild Populations, Andrew T. Ozga, Timothy H. Webster, Ian C. Gilby, Melissa A. Wilson, Rebecca Nockerts, Michael L. Wilson, Anne Pusey, Yingying Li, Beatrice H. Hahn, Anne C. Stone Feb 2020

Urine As A High-Quality Source Of Host Genomic Dna From Wild Populations, Andrew T. Ozga, Timothy H. Webster, Ian C. Gilby, Melissa A. Wilson, Rebecca Nockerts, Michael L. Wilson, Anne Pusey, Yingying Li, Beatrice H. Hahn, Anne C. Stone

Biology Faculty Articles

The ability to generate genomic data from wild animal populations has the potential to give unprecedented insight into the population history and dynamics of species in their natural habitats. However, in the case of many species, it is impossible legally, ethically, or logistically to obtain tissues samples of high-quality necessary for genomic analyses. In this study we evaluate the success of multiple sources of genetic material (feces, urine, dentin, and dental calculus) and several capture methods (shotgun, whole-genome, exome) in generating genome-scale data in wild eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) from Gombe National Park, Tanzania. We found that urine harbors ...


Ace2/Ang1-7 Mas Axis: The Counter-Regulator Of The Classical Renin Angiotensin System, Widelyne Dorsainval Feb 2020

Ace2/Ang1-7 Mas Axis: The Counter-Regulator Of The Classical Renin Angiotensin System, Widelyne Dorsainval

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

To maintain homeostasis, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) works to regulate the cardiovascular, renal, respiratory, and neurological systems of the body. However, there is evidence that abundant amounts of certain components of the RAS have detrimental effects and enhance disease. Recent studies have proved that there is a lesser known RAS which acts to counterbalance the classical RAS. To better understand their interaction, the effects of the alternate RAS against the classical RAS in the homeostatic systems of the body are researched and analyzed. The classical pathway employs these components: angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (AngII), and angiotensin II type ...


Arranged Marriages: An Inappropriate Fabrication, Karika Sethi, Michael D. Reiter Feb 2020

Arranged Marriages: An Inappropriate Fabrication, Karika Sethi, Michael D. Reiter

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

This paper explores what an inappropriate relationship is and the taxonomy scale used to evaluate different relationships, specifically, arranged marriages. Arranged marriage is a topic that is considered taboo depending on global location. It is more prevalent in Eastern nations such as India, China, Oriental countries, and the Middle East. However, Western influence plays a significant role on what is and is not acceptable, as societal norms differ from place to place. What is defined as normal by culture is what helps to define if a relationship is or is not viewed as inappropriate. This paper is designed to explore ...


Comparative Population Genomics And Biophysical Modeling Of Shrimp Migration In The Gulf Of Mexico Reveals Current-Mediated Connectivity, Laura Timm, Lys M. Isma, Matthew Johnston, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom Feb 2020

Comparative Population Genomics And Biophysical Modeling Of Shrimp Migration In The Gulf Of Mexico Reveals Current-Mediated Connectivity, Laura Timm, Lys M. Isma, Matthew Johnston, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom

Biology Faculty Articles

The Gulf of Mexico experiences frequent perturbations, both natural and anthropogenic. To better understand the impacts of these events, we must inventory natural variability within the ecosystem, communities, species, and populations, and contextualize these findings in relation to physical features. Here, we present an integrated study of comparative population genomics and biophysical oceanography. Targeting three species of mesopelagic shrimp common to the Gulf of Mexico midwater (Acanthephyra purpurea, Systellaspis debilis, and Robustosergia robusta), we analyzed genetic diversity and population connectivity as proxies for species health and resilience, respectively. We also simulated a range of vertical migratory behaviors for the shrimp ...


Spatio-Temporal Genetic Tagging Of A Cosmopolitan Planktivorous Shark Provides Insight To Gene Flow, Temporal Variation And Site-Specific Re-Encounters, Lilian Lieber, Graham Hall, Jackie Hall, Simon Berrow, Emmett Johnston, Chrysoula Gubili, Jane Sarginson, Malcolm Francis, Clinton Duffy, Sabine P. Wintner, Philip D. Doherty, Brendan J. Godley, Lucy A. Hawkes, Matthew J. Witt, Suzanne M. Henderson, Eleonora De Sabata, Mahmood S. Shivji, Deborah A. Dawson, David W. Sims, Catherine S. Jones, Leslie R. Noble Feb 2020

Spatio-Temporal Genetic Tagging Of A Cosmopolitan Planktivorous Shark Provides Insight To Gene Flow, Temporal Variation And Site-Specific Re-Encounters, Lilian Lieber, Graham Hall, Jackie Hall, Simon Berrow, Emmett Johnston, Chrysoula Gubili, Jane Sarginson, Malcolm Francis, Clinton Duffy, Sabine P. Wintner, Philip D. Doherty, Brendan J. Godley, Lucy A. Hawkes, Matthew J. Witt, Suzanne M. Henderson, Eleonora De Sabata, Mahmood S. Shivji, Deborah A. Dawson, David W. Sims, Catherine S. Jones, Leslie R. Noble

Biology Faculty Articles

Migratory movements in response to seasonal resources often influence population structure and dynamics. Yet in mobile marine predators, population genetic consequences of such repetitious behaviour remain inaccessible without comprehensive sampling strategies. Temporal genetic sampling of seasonally recurring aggregations of planktivorous basking sharks, Cetorhinus maximus, in the Northeast Atlantic (NEA) affords an opportunity to resolve individual re-encounters at key sites with population connectivity and patterns of relatedness. Genetic tagging (19 microsatellites) revealed 18% of re-sampled individuals in the NEA demonstrated inter/multi-annual site-specific re-encounters. High genetic connectivity and migration between aggregation sites indicate the Irish Sea as an important movement corridor ...


Host Population Genetics And Biogeography Structure The Microbiome Of The Sponge Cliona Delitrix, Cole Easson, Andia Chaves-Fonnegra, Robert W. Thacker, Jose Lopez Jan 2020

Host Population Genetics And Biogeography Structure The Microbiome Of The Sponge Cliona Delitrix, Cole Easson, Andia Chaves-Fonnegra, Robert W. Thacker, Jose Lopez

Biology Faculty Articles

Sponges occur across diverse marine biomes and host internal microbial communities that can provide critical ecological functions. While strong patterns of host specificity have been observed consistently in sponge microbiomes, the precise ecological relationships between hosts and their symbiotic microbial communities remain to be fully delineated. In the current study, we investigate the relative roles of host population genetics and biogeography in structuring the microbial communities hosted by the excavating sponge Cliona delitrix. A total of 53 samples, previously used to demarcate the population genetic structure of C. delitrix, were selected from two locations in the Caribbean Sea and from ...


A Revised Holocene Coral Sea-Level Database From The Florida Reef Tract, Usa, Anastasios Stathakopoulos, Bernhard Riegl, Lauren T. Toth Jan 2020

A Revised Holocene Coral Sea-Level Database From The Florida Reef Tract, Usa, Anastasios Stathakopoulos, Bernhard Riegl, Lauren T. Toth

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

The coral reefs and mangrove habitats of the south Florida region have long been used in sea-level studies for the western Atlantic because of their broad geographic extent and composition of sea-level tracking biota. The data from this region have been used to support several very different Holocene sea-level reconstructions (SLRs) over the years. However, many of these SLRs did not incorporate all available coral-based data, in part because detailed characterizations necessary for inclusion into sea-level databases were lacking. Here, we present an updated database comprised of 303 coral samples from published sources that we extensively characterized for the first ...


Changing Weight Management Self-Efficacy Among Obese Puerto Rican Adults: A Quantitative Study Using A Health Coaching Intervention, Richard Valentin Ayala, Josh Bernstein Jan 2020

Changing Weight Management Self-Efficacy Among Obese Puerto Rican Adults: A Quantitative Study Using A Health Coaching Intervention, Richard Valentin Ayala, Josh Bernstein

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Obesity and associated healthcare-related issues continue to increase. The prevalence of obesity is on the rise, which has led many health professionals to find ways to improve health interventions. Health coaching can be a viable tool to reduce the obesity epidemic. The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the effects of an 8-weekhealth coaching intervention in obese individuals from Puerto Rico and to determine if self-esteem and body image influence weight managementself-efficacy. Method: A pretest-posttest design using a weight management self-efficacy scale helped the researcher evaluate the effectof the coaching sessions. In addition, body image was measured ...


Comparison Of Two Methods For Measuring Sea Surface Temperature When Surfing, Robert J. W. Brewin, Tyler Cyronak, Philip Bresnahan, Andreas J. Andersson, Jon Richard, Katherine Hammond, Oliver Billson, Lee De Mora, Thomas Jackson, Dan Smale, Giorgio Dall'olmo Jan 2020

Comparison Of Two Methods For Measuring Sea Surface Temperature When Surfing, Robert J. W. Brewin, Tyler Cyronak, Philip Bresnahan, Andreas J. Andersson, Jon Richard, Katherine Hammond, Oliver Billson, Lee De Mora, Thomas Jackson, Dan Smale, Giorgio Dall'olmo

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Nearshore coastal waters are among the most dynamic regions on the planet and difficult to sample from conventional oceanographic platforms. It has been suggested that environmental sampling of the nearshore could be improved by mobilising vast numbers of citizens who partake in marine recreational sports, like surfing. In this paper, we compared two approaches for measuring sea surface temperature (SST), an Essential Climate Variable, when surfing. One technique involved attaching a commercially-available miniature temperature logger (Onset UTBI-001 TidbiT v2) to the leash of the surfboard (tether connecting surfer and surfboard) and the second, attaching a surfboard fin (Smartfin) that contained ...


No Evidence Of Fine Scale Thermal Adaption In Green Turtles, Taylor Apter Jan 2020

No Evidence Of Fine Scale Thermal Adaption In Green Turtles, Taylor Apter

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Will Shark Skin Dissolve Under High Co2?, Emily K. Witt Jan 2020

Will Shark Skin Dissolve Under High Co2?, Emily K. Witt

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Feeding Behavior Fundamentally Affects Micro-Particle Intake In Mangrove Crabs, Rola Alsharif Jan 2020

Feeding Behavior Fundamentally Affects Micro-Particle Intake In Mangrove Crabs, Rola Alsharif

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Human Vs. Bear: Who Needs Salmon More?, Brittany N. Savercool Jan 2020

Human Vs. Bear: Who Needs Salmon More?, Brittany N. Savercool

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Thirty Years Of Data Sheds Light On Plastic Pollution In The Deep Sea, Adam Warren Jan 2020

Thirty Years Of Data Sheds Light On Plastic Pollution In The Deep Sea, Adam Warren

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Dolphin Study Gives Insight Into Marine Mammal Threat Response, Marshall Hawkins Jan 2020

Dolphin Study Gives Insight Into Marine Mammal Threat Response, Marshall Hawkins

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Feeding Ecology Of Invasive Lionfish In Southeast Florida, Ruchao Qian Jan 2020

Feeding Ecology Of Invasive Lionfish In Southeast Florida, Ruchao Qian

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


No Evidence Of Fine Scale Thermal Adaption In Green Turtles: A Review, Taylor Apter Jan 2020

No Evidence Of Fine Scale Thermal Adaption In Green Turtles: A Review, Taylor Apter

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


How Corals Avoid Mating Between Different Species, Amanda Kempton Jan 2020

How Corals Avoid Mating Between Different Species, Amanda Kempton

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Microplastics Invade Manta Ray Feeding Grounds Giving Rise To The Effects Of Global Plastic Pollution, Meghan Ulmer Jan 2020

Microplastics Invade Manta Ray Feeding Grounds Giving Rise To The Effects Of Global Plastic Pollution, Meghan Ulmer

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


White Sharks As A Novel Threat To Sea Otter Populations In California, Kimberly S. Schmutz Jan 2020

White Sharks As A Novel Threat To Sea Otter Populations In California, Kimberly S. Schmutz

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


Battle For The Top: Killer Whales Vs. White Sharks, Michael P. Mcdonough Jan 2020

Battle For The Top: Killer Whales Vs. White Sharks, Michael P. Mcdonough

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of Understanding Trophic Transfer In Top Marine Predators Due To An Increase In Plastic Production, Annika M. Markovich Jan 2020

The Importance Of Understanding Trophic Transfer In Top Marine Predators Due To An Increase In Plastic Production, Annika M. Markovich

Scientific Communications News

No abstract provided.