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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Effect Of Intensified Illuminance And Artificial Light At Night On Fitness And Susceptibility To Abiotic And Biotic Stressors, Grascen Shidemantle May 2020

The Effect Of Intensified Illuminance And Artificial Light At Night On Fitness And Susceptibility To Abiotic And Biotic Stressors, Grascen Shidemantle

Biological Sciences Student Scholarship

Changing light conditions due to human activities represents an important emerging environmental concern. Although changes to natural light conditions can be independently detrimental, in nature, organisms commonly face multiple stressors. To understand the consequences of altered light conditions, we exposed a model amphibian (wood frog; Lithobates sylvaticus) to a control and two anthropogenic light conditions: intensified daytime illuminance and artificial light at night - ALAN (intensified daytime illuminance + extended photoperiod). We measured (1) metrics of fitness (hatching success as well as survival to, size at, and time to metamorphosis) (2) susceptibility (time to death) to a commonly cooccurring anthropogenic stressor, road ...


Direct And Indirect Effects Of A Common Cyanobacterial Toxin On Amphibian-Echinostome Dynamics, Nicholas Buss, Matthew Wersebe, Jessica Hua May 2020

Direct And Indirect Effects Of A Common Cyanobacterial Toxin On Amphibian-Echinostome Dynamics, Nicholas Buss, Matthew Wersebe, Jessica Hua

Biological Sciences Student Scholarship

Wildlife diseases are emerging at unprecedented rates. While there are likely several factors at play, human-mediated environmental alterations may play a significant role. Of growing interest is the effect that microcystin-LR (MC-LR), a cyanotoxin, may have on disease outcomes. In this study, using an amphibian-trematode model we examined (1) the lethal effects of MC-LR on cercariae of trematodes; (2) the sublethal effects of MC-LR exposure on the ability for trematodes to infect green frog tadpoles; and (3) the sublethal effects of MC-LR on green frog tadpole susceptibility to trematodes. We found that environmentally-relevant concentrations of MC-LR at 50, 100, and ...


Parasite Susceptibility In An Amphibian Host Is Modified By Salinization And Predators, Nicholas Buss, Jessica Hua May 2020

Parasite Susceptibility In An Amphibian Host Is Modified By Salinization And Predators, Nicholas Buss, Jessica Hua

Biological Sciences Student Scholarship

Secondary salinization represents a global threat to freshwater ecosystems. Salts, such as NaCl, can be toxic to freshwater organisms and may also modify the outcome of species interactions (e.g. host-parasite interactions). In nature, hosts and their parasites are embedded in complex communities where they face anthropogenic and biotic (i.e. predators) stressors that influence host-parasite interactions. As human populations grow, considering how anthropogenic and natural stressors interact to shape host-parasite interactions will become increasingly important. We conducted two experiments investigating: (1) the effects of NaCl on tadpole susceptibility to trematodes and (2) whether density- and trait-mediated effects of a ...


Altering Planting Date To Manage Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Populations In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer Apr 2020

Altering Planting Date To Manage Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Populations In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer

Entomology Research Data

This study was conducted to determine if altering sweet sorghum planting date from the recommended (mid) could reduce yield loss from the aphid pest, Melanaphis sacchari.


Impact Of Buckwheat And Methyl Salicylate Lures On Natural Enemy Abundance For Early Season Management Of Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer Mar 2020

Impact Of Buckwheat And Methyl Salicylate Lures On Natural Enemy Abundance For Early Season Management Of Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer

Entomology Research Data

Tested effect of buckwheat flowers and methyl salicylate lures to attract natural enemies to sweet sorghum fields to manage Melanaphis sacchari, a recent pest of sweet sorghum.


Adaptive Manipulation Of Information Broadcast From A Microbial Community, Stephen T. Trumbo, Paula Kb Philbrick, Sandra Steiger Mar 2020

Adaptive Manipulation Of Information Broadcast From A Microbial Community, Stephen T. Trumbo, Paula Kb Philbrick, Sandra Steiger

EEB Articles

No abstract provided.


Parasitoid Host Acceptance And Suitability For Sugarcane Aphid, Nathan Mercer Jan 2020

Parasitoid Host Acceptance And Suitability For Sugarcane Aphid, Nathan Mercer

Entomology Research Data

Commercially available parasitoids were tested for their host acceptance and suitability on the sugarcane aphid, recent pest of sorghum.


Pennuto Et Al. Goby Migration Data, Christopher Pennuto Jan 2020

Pennuto Et Al. Goby Migration Data, Christopher Pennuto

Biology Faculty Datasets

These are data used for a manuscript on round goby nearshore/offshore migration behavior in Lake Ontario. The file is an Excel format that includes raw data for number of fish observed, their sizes, size of gobies in sturgeon guts.


Sustainable Manure And Compost Application: Manure Application Calculation Excel Workbook, Melanie Stock, Tiffany Maughan, Rhonda Miller Oct 2019

Sustainable Manure And Compost Application: Manure Application Calculation Excel Workbook, Melanie Stock, Tiffany Maughan, Rhonda Miller

All Current Publications

Excel worksheet for manure application rate calculation.


Meandering Water Dataset, Matthew Elliott Aug 2019

Meandering Water Dataset, Matthew Elliott

Matthew Elliott

Areas of land use changes in South Dakota's PPR region and associated soil and agriculture economic attributes.


Hippodamia Convergens Overwintering Feeding, Nathan Mercer Jul 2019

Hippodamia Convergens Overwintering Feeding, Nathan Mercer

Lady Beetle Research Data

Impact of food supplements on overwintering Hippodamia convergens energy reserves, survival and spring reproduction.


Formeas200_Spring2019 (1) (2).Xlsx, Curtis Vanderschaaf May 2019

Formeas200_Spring2019 (1) (2).Xlsx, Curtis Vanderschaaf

Curtis VanderSchaaf

TECHCruise is a freely available Excel program that summarizes forest inventories conducted using either fixed-radius or variable-radius sampling methods.  An infinite number of fixed-radius plot sizes can be selected while only 5, 10, 15, 20, and 40 BAFs can be selected.  A user can alter measurement units from tons to cubic foot volume and the number of plots that can be summarized can vary up to 50.

Three species can be selected, either loblolly pine, Soft hardwoods, and Hard hardwoods.  Soft hardwoods are poplar, red maple, and sweetgum while Hard hardwoods are oak, hickory, and ash.  Separate stand, stock, and ...


Human Anatomy And Physiology I: Course Map With Expected Learning Outcomes, Carlos Liachovitzky May 2019

Human Anatomy And Physiology I: Course Map With Expected Learning Outcomes, Carlos Liachovitzky

Open Educational Resources

This document contains a list with all the Anatomy and Physiology I expected learning outcomes organized by topics, and grouped into ten units: 1. Introduction to A&P: body plan & organization; 2. Introduction to A&P: homeostasis; 3. The chemical level of organization; 4. Levels of organization: the cellular level of organization; 5. Levels of organization: the tissue level of organization; 6. Support and movement: integumentary system; 7. Support and movement: skeletal system & articulations; 8. Support and movement: muscular system; 9. Regulation, integration, and control: nervous system; 10. Regulation, integration, and control: special senses

Each learning outcome is referred to a section in the textbook “Anatomy and ...


~$Leelesh & Rieske Bacterial Expression Of Dsrnas Data.Xlsx, Lynne Rieske-Kinney Apr 2019

~$Leelesh & Rieske Bacterial Expression Of Dsrnas Data.Xlsx, Lynne Rieske-Kinney

Lynne K. Rieske-Kinney

Data sets for bacterial expression of dsRNAs demonstrating insecticidal activity against emerald ash borer


2019 - Chinese Pamphlets On Immigration And Exclusion - Inventory - Draft Feb 2019

2019 - Chinese Pamphlets On Immigration And Exclusion - Inventory - Draft

Chinese Immigration-Exclusion Pamphlet Inventory

An inventory of a group of pamphlets published from 1855 through 1929 detailing the perceived problems associated with the Chinese in America, the efforts made to deprive Chinese rights granted others including citizenship, the depiction of Chinese as inferior humans in terms of intellect and morals standing, the inability of Chinese to assimilate into the American culture, laws enacted to limit the ability of Chinese to participate in the economy, anti-Chinese organizations, speeches before various legislative bodies in opposition to the Chinese, Chinese responses to the anti-Chinese publications, and responses by religious organizations on the subject of race and equality ...


Predation On Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) In Cotton And Soybean Agroecosystems [Predator Gut Contents], Kacie J. Athey, John R. Ruberson, Dawn Olson, James D. Harwood Feb 2019

Predation On Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) In Cotton And Soybean Agroecosystems [Predator Gut Contents], Kacie J. Athey, John R. Ruberson, Dawn Olson, James D. Harwood

Entomology Research Data

Stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) are significant pests of cotton and soybeans in the southeastern United States with annual control costs exceeding $14 million in these crops. Three of the most prominent stink bug pests are the southern green (Nezara viridula), brown (Euschistus servus) and green (Chinavia hilaris) stink bugs. To determine trophic linkages between generalist arthropod predators and these pests, species-specific 16S molecular markers were designed and used to detect the presence of prey DNA in predator gut-contents. Over 2700 predators were collected over two growing seasons in cotton and soybean in southern Georgia in 2011 and 2012 and screened ...


Predation On Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) In Cotton And Soybean Agroecosystems [Predator Capture Numbers], Kacie J. Athey, John R. Ruberson, Dawn Olson, James D. Harwood Feb 2019

Predation On Stink Bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) In Cotton And Soybean Agroecosystems [Predator Capture Numbers], Kacie J. Athey, John R. Ruberson, Dawn Olson, James D. Harwood

Entomology Research Data

Stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) are significant pests of cotton and soybeans in the southeastern United States with annual control costs exceeding $14 million in these crops. Three of the most prominent stink bug pests are the southern green (Nezara viridula), brown (Euschistus servus) and green (Chinavia hilaris) stink bugs. To determine trophic linkages between generalist arthropod predators and these pests, species-specific 16S molecular markers were designed and used to detect the presence of prey DNA in predator gut-contents. Over 2700 predators were collected over two growing seasons in cotton and soybean in southern Georgia in 2011 and 2012 and screened ...


2019 - Japanese Pamphlets Inventory - Draft Feb 2019

2019 - Japanese Pamphlets Inventory - Draft

Japanese-American Pamphlet Inventory

An inventory of a series of pamphlets published from 1906 through 1925 focused on the presence of Japanese in America, the perception by some that Japan was taking steps to take over America, the great lengths gone to deprive Japanese residing in the United States of land either by purchase or lease and even citizenship, the depiction of Japanese as inferior humans in terms of intellect and morals standing, agreement and laws enacted to limit the ability of Japanese to participate in the economy, anti-Japanese organizations, speeches before various legislative bodies in opposition to the Japanese, Japanese responses to the ...


Regeneration Data: Rna Sequences, Abijeet Singh Mehta, Amit Singh Jan 2019

Regeneration Data: Rna Sequences, Abijeet Singh Mehta, Amit Singh

Regeneration data

Abstract for paper for which this research was collected: Notophthalmus viridescens (Red-spotted Newt) possess amazing capabilities to regenerate their organs and other tissues. Previously, using a de novo assembly of the newt transcriptome combined with proteomic validation, we identified a novel family of 5 protein members expressed in adult tissues during regeneration in Notophthalmus viridescens. Due to absence of transgenic approaches in the Notophthalmus, and conservation of genetic machinery across species, we generated transgenic Drosophila melanogaster to misexpress these genes.

Samples for RNA sequencing were collected at third instar larval (L3) developmental stage. Out of the total 36,099 transcript ...


Living Shoreline Stabilization To Increase Resiliency At De Soto National Memorial, Linda Walters, Melinda Donnelly, Christian Pilato, Suzanne Connor Dec 2018

Living Shoreline Stabilization To Increase Resiliency At De Soto National Memorial, Linda Walters, Melinda Donnelly, Christian Pilato, Suzanne Connor

CEELAB Research Data

De Soto National Memorial (Bradenton, FL) is an important location where both Native Americans and De Soto's army of soldiers once lived. We have been working closely with the National Park Service and the University of Central Florida to understand how to best stabilize this shoreline using living shoreline techniques combined with long-term natural recruitment. Stabilizing De Soto's shoreline is essential to decrease erosion and shoreline loss to protect the Park's cultural and natural resources, especially the numerous historically significant shell middens. Through pre-restoration monitoring, we determined that high-energy boat wakes were limiting natural mangrove recruitment. Lack ...


Ray Et Al.: Pheromone Of The Velvet Longhorned Beetle Trichoferus Campestris, Ann M. Ray, Joseph A. Francese, Yunfan Zou, Kristopher Watson, Damon J. Crook, Jocelyn G. Millar Dec 2018

Ray Et Al.: Pheromone Of The Velvet Longhorned Beetle Trichoferus Campestris, Ann M. Ray, Joseph A. Francese, Yunfan Zou, Kristopher Watson, Damon J. Crook, Jocelyn G. Millar

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Sedimentary Age Models, Benthic Foraminifera, Mass Accumulation Rates, And Volcanic Grain Data From R/V Justo Sierra Cruise In The Southern Gulf And Ixtoc I From 2015-08-03 To 2015-08-06, Patrick Schwing Nov 2018

Sedimentary Age Models, Benthic Foraminifera, Mass Accumulation Rates, And Volcanic Grain Data From R/V Justo Sierra Cruise In The Southern Gulf And Ixtoc I From 2015-08-03 To 2015-08-06, Patrick Schwing

C-IMAGE data

This dataset includes age models, benthic foraminifera species counts used for stable isotope analysis, mass accumulation rates and volcanic grain counts from 6 sediment cores collected throughout the southern Gulf of Mexico during the R/V Justo Sierra cruise in the Southern Gulf and Ixtoc I from 2015-08-03 to 2015-08-06. Samples were analyzed by gamma spectrometry with High-Purity Germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray detectors (Canberra Coaxial Planar configuration) for total 210Pb (46.5 keV), 214Pb (295 keV and 351 keV), and 214Bi (609 keV) activities. The mean activity of the 214Pb (295 keV), 214Pb (351 keV), and 214Bi (609 keV) was used ...


Short-Lived Radioisotope Geochronology From Sediment Cores Collected During R/V Weatherbird Ii Cruises In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-18 To 2016-09-09, Gregg R. Brooks, Rebekka A. Larson Nov 2018

Short-Lived Radioisotope Geochronology From Sediment Cores Collected During R/V Weatherbird Ii Cruises In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-18 To 2016-09-09, Gregg R. Brooks, Rebekka A. Larson

C-IMAGE data

Short-lived Radioisotope (SLRad) data were generated for selected core sub-samples at 2mm sampling intervals for “surficial unit” and 5mm sampling resolution intervals to base of cores. SLRad data generated include sample activity as disintegrations per minute per gram (dpm/g) of: 1) Excess 234Th (234Thxs) activity, which is calculated by measuring the total 234Th (234ThTot) activity and the subtraction of the measured or estimated “Supported” 234Th (234ThSup) activity, 2) Excess 210Pb (210Pbxs) activity, which is calculated by measuring the total 210Pb (210PbTot) activity and subtraction of the measured background 210Pb (210PbSup) activity (average of 214Pb at 295keV, 214Pb at 351keV ...


Sediment Texture And Composition Of Sediment Cores Collected During R/V Weatherbird Ii Cruises In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-18 To 2016-09-09, Gregg R. Brooks, Rebekka A. Larson Nov 2018

Sediment Texture And Composition Of Sediment Cores Collected During R/V Weatherbird Ii Cruises In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-18 To 2016-09-09, Gregg R. Brooks, Rebekka A. Larson

C-IMAGE data

Sediment texture and composition data were generated for selected core sub-samples at 2mm sampling intervals for “surficial unit” and 5mm sampling resolution intervals to base of cores. Sediment texture values are expressed as % Gravel, % Sand, % Silt and % Clay as calculated by dry weight (g). % Mud can be calculated by combining % Silt and % Clay. Sediment composition is expressed as % carbonate content measured by acid leaching. This dataset supports the publication: Larson, R. A., Brooks, G. R., Schwing, P. T., Holmes, C. W., Carter, S. R., & Hollander, D. J. (2018). High-resolution investigation of event driven sedimentation: Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Anthropocene, 24 ...


Short-Lived Radioisotope (Excess Pb210) Measurements From Sediment Cores Collected Throughout The Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-07 To 2017-07-20, Patrick Schwing, David Hollander Oct 2018

Short-Lived Radioisotope (Excess Pb210) Measurements From Sediment Cores Collected Throughout The Gulf Of Mexico From 2010-11-07 To 2017-07-20, Patrick Schwing, David Hollander

C-IMAGE data

This dataset includes baseline short-lived radioisotope measurements from sediment cores collected throughout the Gulf of Mexico. Samples were analyzed by gamma spectrometry with High-Purity Germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray detectors (Canberra Coaxial Planar configuration) for total 210Pb (46.5 keV), 214Pb (295 keV and 351 keV), and 214Bi (609 keV) activities. The mean activity of the 214Pb (295 keV), 214Pb (351 keV), and 214Bi (609 keV) was used as a proxy for 226Ra activity and therefore the supported 210Pb that is produced in situ. The reported excess 210Pb (210Pbxs) is the difference of the total 210Pb and the supported 210Pb.


Comparison Of Porifera Bacterial Symbiont Community Profiles Based On Host Species And Source Template, Celeste Banfill, Jose Lopez Aug 2018

Comparison Of Porifera Bacterial Symbiont Community Profiles Based On Host Species And Source Template, Celeste Banfill, Jose Lopez

Jose V. Lopez

The present microbiome study reports a follow up microbiome characterization of the Porifera Tree of Life (PorToL) project, which has recognized the significance of understanding the evolutionary relationships among diverse sponge taxa (Redmond et al 2012; Thacker et al, 2013; and see http://Portol.org). The aim of this research is to opportunistically expand on the work of Hill et al. (2013) to provide preliminary data that 1) compares the diversity of bacterial communities across eight sponge taxa and 2) compares the differences between DNA and cDNA (RNA) generated 16S rRNA data to distinguish active vs. non-active bacteria.


Wageningen Aquaria/Microcosm Experiments, Benthic Foraminifera Assemblage And Stable Isotope Measurements, Patrick Schwing, David J. Hollander Jun 2018

Wageningen Aquaria/Microcosm Experiments, Benthic Foraminifera Assemblage And Stable Isotope Measurements, Patrick Schwing, David J. Hollander

C-IMAGE data

Dataset contains benthic foraminifera assemblage and stable isotope measurements. Stable isotope measurements are presented in δ13C and δ18O (‰). Diversity indices include Shannon, Fisher’s Alpha and evenness. Benthic foraminifera abundance is reported as individuals per unit mass (indiv./g).


Photoperiod Hippodamia Convergens, John J. Obrycki May 2018

Photoperiod Hippodamia Convergens, John J. Obrycki

Lady Beetle Research Data

Photoperiodic induction of adult diapause in North American populations of the lady beetle Hippodamia convergens


Hippodamia Variegata Development At Ld, John J. Obrycki May 2018

Hippodamia Variegata Development At Ld, John J. Obrycki

Lady Beetle Research Data

Reproductive diapause in North American populations of the introduced lady beetle Hippodamia variegata


Hippodamia Variegata Sensitive Stage Pre-Oviposition Period, John J. Obrycki May 2018

Hippodamia Variegata Sensitive Stage Pre-Oviposition Period, John J. Obrycki

Lady Beetle Research Data

Reproductive diapause in North American populations of the introduced lady beetle Hippodamia variegata