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Plant Biology

2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

News From Cart, Donald Padgett Dec 2003

News From Cart, Donald Padgett

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Gaca, The Response Regulator Of A Two-Component System, Acts As A Master Regulator In Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Tomato Dc3000 By Controlling Regulatory Rna, Transcriptional Activators, And Alternate Sigma Factors, Asita Chatterjee, Yaya Cui, Hailian Yang, Alan Collmer, James R. Alfano, Arun K. Chatterjee Nov 2003

Gaca, The Response Regulator Of A Two-Component System, Acts As A Master Regulator In Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Tomato Dc3000 By Controlling Regulatory Rna, Transcriptional Activators, And Alternate Sigma Factors, Asita Chatterjee, Yaya Cui, Hailian Yang, Alan Collmer, James R. Alfano, Arun K. Chatterjee

Papers in Plant Pathology

Concerted investigations of factors affecting host-pathogen interactions are now possible with the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and its model pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, as their whole genome sequences have become available. As a prelude to analysis of the regulatory genes and their targets, we have focused on GacA, the response regulator of a two-component system. The DC3000 gene was cloned by testing for the reversal of phenotypes of an Erwinia GacA– mutant. A GacA– mutant of DC3000 constructed by marker exchange produces much-reduced levels of transcripts of three alternate sigma factors: HrpL, required for the production of effector ...


Activation Of A Coi1-Dependent Pathway In Arabidopsis By Pseudomonas Syringae Type Iii Effectors And Coronatine, Ping He, Satya Chintamanani, Zhongying Chen, Lihuang Zhu, Barbara N. Kunkel, James R. Alfano, Xiaoyan Tang, Jian-Min Zhou Nov 2003

Activation Of A Coi1-Dependent Pathway In Arabidopsis By Pseudomonas Syringae Type Iii Effectors And Coronatine, Ping He, Satya Chintamanani, Zhongying Chen, Lihuang Zhu, Barbara N. Kunkel, James R. Alfano, Xiaoyan Tang, Jian-Min Zhou

Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation

Gram-negative bacteria use a variety of virulence factors including phytotoxins, exopolysaccharides, effectors secreted by the type III secretion system, and cell-wall-degrading enzymes to promote parasitism in plants. However, little is known about how these virulence factors alter plant celluar responses to promote disease. In this study, we show that virulent Pseudomonas syringae strains activate the transcription of an Arabidopsis ethylene response factor (ERF) gene, RAP2.6, in a coronatine insensitive 1 (COI1)-dependent manner. A highly sensitive RAP2.6 promoter-firely luciferase (RAP2.6-LUC) reporter line was developed to monitor activities of various bacterial virulence genes. Analyses of P. syringae pv ...


Bulletin No. 38: The Hidden World Of Plants: A Scanning Electron Microscope Survey Of The Native Plant Collection, Connecticut College Arboretum, Danica C. Kubick, T. Page Owen Jr. Oct 2003

Bulletin No. 38: The Hidden World Of Plants: A Scanning Electron Microscope Survey Of The Native Plant Collection, Connecticut College Arboretum, Danica C. Kubick, T. Page Owen Jr.

Bulletins

No abstract provided.


Integrated Weed Management Plan For The Lower Las Vegas Wash, Elizabeth Bickmore Sep 2003

Integrated Weed Management Plan For The Lower Las Vegas Wash, Elizabeth Bickmore

Publications (WR)

The Las Vegas Wash (Wash) is the primary drainage for the metropolitan Las Vegas Valley, eventually finding its way into the Colorado River watershed system. Pursuant to the recommendations of the Water Quality Citizens Advisory Committee, the Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee (LVWCC) was formed in 1998 to develop a comprehensive plan for the long-term stabilization and management of the Wash. Consisting of representatives from 28 government agencies, businesses, environmental groups and citizens, the LVWCC formulated the Las Vegas Wash Comprehensive Adaptive Management Plan (CAMP) and designated the Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) as the lead agency for the implementation ...


Effects Of Modification Of The Transcription Initiation Site Context On Citrus Tristeza Virus Subgenomic Rna Synthesis, Maria A. Ayllon, Siddarame Gowda, Satyanarayana Tatineni, Alexander V. Karasev, Scott Adkins, Munir Mawassi, Jose Guerri, Pedro Moreno, William O. Dawson Sep 2003

Effects Of Modification Of The Transcription Initiation Site Context On Citrus Tristeza Virus Subgenomic Rna Synthesis, Maria A. Ayllon, Siddarame Gowda, Satyanarayana Tatineni, Alexander V. Karasev, Scott Adkins, Munir Mawassi, Jose Guerri, Pedro Moreno, William O. Dawson

Papers in Plant Pathology

Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a member of the Closteroviridae, has a positive-sense RNA genome of about 20 kb organized into 12 open reading frames (ORFs). The last 10 ORFs are expressed through 3'-coterminal subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) regulated in both amounts and timing. Additionally, relatively large amounts of complementary sgRNAs are produced. We have been unable to determine whether these sgRNAs are produced by internal promotion from the full-length template minus strand or by transcription from the minus-stranded sgRNAs. Understanding the regulation of 10 sgRNAs is a conceptual challenge. In analyzing commonalities of a replicase complex in producing so many ...


Floral Nectary Fine Structure And Development In Glycine Max L. (Fabaceae), Harry T. Horner, Rosaria A. Healy, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Reid G. Palmer Sep 2003

Floral Nectary Fine Structure And Development In Glycine Max L. (Fabaceae), Harry T. Horner, Rosaria A. Healy, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Reid G. Palmer

Botany Publication and Papers

Floral nectaries of annual cultivated Glycine max develop between the bases of the central gynoecium and lateral stamen ring. Each discoid nectary forms immediately before flower opening and degenerates within 24 h. Three stages of nectary development are identified: preactive, active, and postactive. Preactive and active nectaries are composed of a single-layered epidermis that contains many open stomata, with guard cells having thickened walls, starch-engorged plastids, and other organelles. The major portion of each nectary consists of thin-walled special parenchyma cells, each having dense cytoplasm with a nucleus, Golgi bodies and vesicles, mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, many ribosomes, and one ...


Localization Of A Bacterial Protein In Starch Granules Of Transgenic Maize Kernels, Rachel Kerina Chikwamba, Marvin Paul Scott, Lorena B. Mejia, Hugh S. Mason, Kan Wang Sep 2003

Localization Of A Bacterial Protein In Starch Granules Of Transgenic Maize Kernels, Rachel Kerina Chikwamba, Marvin Paul Scott, Lorena B. Mejia, Hugh S. Mason, Kan Wang

Agronomy Publications

TThe B subunit of Escherichia coli heat labile enterotoxin (LT-B) is a potent oral immunogen with potential for use as a vaccine, a carrier molecule to deliver antigens to gut-associated lymphoid tissues, and possibly an adjuvant to make coadministered vaccines more effective. LT-B produced in plants was shown to be functional and immunogenic in animals and humans. In this work, we show that maize-derived LT-B is strongly associated with starch granules in endosperm. Using immunogold labeling/electron microscopy, cell fractionation, and protein analysis techniques, we observed that LT-B protein could be detected both internally and externally in starch granules. This ...


Sheep Updates 2003 - Pastures, Ed Barrett-Lennard, Hayley Norman, Robyn Dynes, David Masters, David Henry, Stephen Gherardi, Graham Donald, Asoka Edirisinghe, Chris Oldham, Richard Smith, Joanne Sneddon, Mike Hyder, Andrew Thompson, Kazue Tanaka, Roy Latta, Chris Matthews, Brad Nutt, Angela Loi, Tim Wiley Aug 2003

Sheep Updates 2003 - Pastures, Ed Barrett-Lennard, Hayley Norman, Robyn Dynes, David Masters, David Henry, Stephen Gherardi, Graham Donald, Asoka Edirisinghe, Chris Oldham, Richard Smith, Joanne Sneddon, Mike Hyder, Andrew Thompson, Kazue Tanaka, Roy Latta, Chris Matthews, Brad Nutt, Angela Loi, Tim Wiley

Sheep Updates

This session covers seven papers from different authors: 1. Pastures for saline land, Ed Barrett-Lennard 1Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Hayley Norman, Robyn Dynes and David Masters CSIRO Livestock Industries, Centre for Mediterranean Agricultural Research, Floreat Park, 2. Feeding value - the essential link between pastures and animals CSIRO Livestock Industries, Centre for Environmental and Life Sciences 3. ‘Pastures from space’ - how do we do it, how well do we do it and what do producers think about it? Stephen Gherardi Department of Agriculture Western Australia Graham Donald Asoka Edirisinghe Dave Henry CSIRO Livestock Industries Chris Oldham Department of Agriculture Western ...


Induced Resistance As A Mechanism Of Biological Control By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Ozlem Kilic-Ekici, Gary Y. Yuen Apr 2003

Induced Resistance As A Mechanism Of Biological Control By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Ozlem Kilic-Ekici, Gary Y. Yuen

Papers in Plant Pathology

Induced resistance was found to be a mechanism for biological control of leaf spot, caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana, in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) using the bacterium Lysobacter enzymogenes strain C3. Resistance elicited by C3 suppressed germination of B. sorokiniana conidia on the phylloplane in addition to reducing the severity of leaf spot. The pathogen-inhibitory effect could be separated from antibiosis by using heat-inactivated cells of C3 that retained no antifungal activity. Application of live or heat-killed cells to tall fescue leaves resulted only in localized resistance confined to the treated leaf, whereas treatment of roots resulted in systemic resistance expressed ...


A Bt Transgene Reduces Herbivory And Enhances Fecundity In Wild Sunflowers, A. A. Snow, Diana Pilson, L. H. Rieseberg, M. J. Paulsen, N. Pleskac, M. R. Reagon, D. E. Wolf, S. M. Selbo Apr 2003

A Bt Transgene Reduces Herbivory And Enhances Fecundity In Wild Sunflowers, A. A. Snow, Diana Pilson, L. H. Rieseberg, M. J. Paulsen, N. Pleskac, M. R. Reagon, D. E. Wolf, S. M. Selbo

Diana Pilson Publications

Gene flow from transgenic crops can introduce novel traits into related species, but the ecological importance of this process is unknown. Here, we report the first empirical evidence that wild plants can benefit from a bacterial transgene under uncaged, natural conditions. Cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is known to hybridize frequently with wild sunflower (H. annuus) in the western and midwestern United States. We studied a crop-developed Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) transgene, cry1Ac, in backcrossed wild sunflower populations. Lepidopteran damage on transgenic plants was strongly reduced relative to control plants at our two study sites, while damage by several weevil and fly ...


Differences Between Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Syringae B728a And Pantoea Agglomerans Brt98 In Epiphytic And Endophytic Colonization Of Leaves, Siva Sabaratnam, Gwyn A. Beattie Feb 2003

Differences Between Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Syringae B728a And Pantoea Agglomerans Brt98 In Epiphytic And Endophytic Colonization Of Leaves, Siva Sabaratnam, Gwyn A. Beattie

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

The leaf colonization strategies of two bacterial strains were investigated. The foliar pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae strain B728a and the nonpathogen Pantoea agglomerans strain BRT98 were marked with a green fluorescent protein, and surface (epiphytic) and subsurface (endophytic) sites of bean and maize leaves in the laboratory and the field were monitored to see if populations of these strains developed. The populations were monitored using both fluorescence microscopy and counts of culturable cells recovered from nonsterilized and surface-sterilized leaves. The P. agglomerans strain exclusively colonized epiphytic sites on the two plant species. Under favorable conditions, theP. agglomerans strain ...


A Watershed Analysis Of Threemile Pond: Implications For Water Quality And Land Use Management, Colby Environmental Assessment Team, Colby College, Problems In Environmental Science Course (Biology 493), Colby College Jan 2003

A Watershed Analysis Of Threemile Pond: Implications For Water Quality And Land Use Management, Colby Environmental Assessment Team, Colby College, Problems In Environmental Science Course (Biology 493), Colby College

Colby College Watershed Study: Threemile Pond (2003)

The 2003 Colby Environmental Assessment Team chose to study the Threemile Pond watershed. The Threemile Pond watershed is located in Vassalboro, China., Windsor, and Augusta, Maine. Threemile Pond is a popular site for recreation and is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Like all other lakes in Maine, it is a young lake. However, intensive human activity in the watershed contributes a substantial amount of nutrients and the lake has algal blooms annually in the summer months. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of land use and development on the water quality of ...


Clonal Propagation Of Tectona Grandis (Linn. F).: Effect Of Iba Application And Root Regeneration On Vertically Split Cuttings., Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal Jan 2003

Clonal Propagation Of Tectona Grandis (Linn. F).: Effect Of Iba Application And Root Regeneration On Vertically Split Cuttings., Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal

Dr. Azamal Husen

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Serial Bud Grafting And Etiolation On Rejuvenation And Rooting Of Mature Trees Of Tectona Grandis Linn.F., Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal Jan 2003

Effect Of Serial Bud Grafting And Etiolation On Rejuvenation And Rooting Of Mature Trees Of Tectona Grandis Linn.F., Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal

Dr. Azamal Husen

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Nitrogen, Phosphorous And Potassium Fertilizers On Growth Of Stock Plants Of Tectona Grandis (Linn. F.) And Rooting Behaviour Of Shoot Cuttings, Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal Jan 2003

Effect Of Nitrogen, Phosphorous And Potassium Fertilizers On Growth Of Stock Plants Of Tectona Grandis (Linn. F.) And Rooting Behaviour Of Shoot Cuttings, Azamal Husen Dr., Mohinder Pal

Dr. Azamal Husen

No abstract provided.


Fungal Biology And Agriculture: Revisiting The Field, O. Yarden, D. J. Ebbole, S. Freeman, R. J. Rodriguez, M. B. Dickman Jan 2003

Fungal Biology And Agriculture: Revisiting The Field, O. Yarden, D. J. Ebbole, S. Freeman, R. J. Rodriguez, M. B. Dickman

Papers in Plant Pathology

Plant pathology has made significant progress over the years, a process that involved overcoming a variety of conceptual and technological hurdles. Descriptive mycology and the advent of chemical plant-disease management have been followed by biochemical and physiological studies of fungi and their hosts. The later establishment of biochemical genetics along with the introduction of DNA-mediated transformation have set the stage for dissection of gene function and advances in our understanding of fungal cell biology and plant–fungus interactions. Currently, with the advent of high-throughput technologies, we have the capacity to acquire vast data sets that have direct relevance to the ...


The Role Of Natural Calcium Oxalate Crystals In Plant Defense Against Chewing Insects, Sarah J. Doege Jan 2003

The Role Of Natural Calcium Oxalate Crystals In Plant Defense Against Chewing Insects, Sarah J. Doege

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Calcium oxalate is the most abundant insoluble mineral found in plants and it is common among many plant families. Calcium oxalate crystals in plants can appear as irregular rectangles, spiked balls, or needles. The formidable appearance of these crystals has lead to speculation that they might serve as a form of pest control by deterring chewing insects. We utilized mutant plant lines to assess the effects of plant calcium oxalate crystals on the survival and feeding habits of chewing insects. We have taken advantage of calcium oxalate-deficient (cod) mutants of the barrel medic, Medicago truncatula Calcium oxalate crystals accumulate in ...


Chitosanase May Enhance Anti-Fungal Defense Responses In Transgenic Tobacco, Bill L. Hendrix Jan 2003

Chitosanase May Enhance Anti-Fungal Defense Responses In Transgenic Tobacco, Bill L. Hendrix

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Fungicides are expensive, dangerous, and can be harmful to the environment, but they are often necessary for profitable farming operations. New technologies may soon allow farmers to replace these chemicals with genetically engineered plants producing antifungal enzymes that degrade fungal cell walls. To explore this option, a Paenbacillus chitosanase gene was cloned, sequenced, and modified for plant expression. The modified gene was delivered to tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L cv. Xanthine) leaf disks via Agrobacterium tumenfaciens-mediated transformation. The putative GMOs were tested for transgene integration, transcription, and translation. Confirmed transformants were then screened for enhanced responses to a Rhizoctonia solani cell ...


Engineering For Expression Of The Cold Regulated Barley Protein Hvcr21 In E. Coli, Kathleen Graupman Jan 2003

Engineering For Expression Of The Cold Regulated Barley Protein Hvcr21 In E. Coli, Kathleen Graupman

The Journal of Undergraduate Research

HVCR21 is a barley protein known to be cold regulated at the mRNA level. However, its function as well as the affect of low temperature on its translation are unknown. The purpose of this project was to engineer E. coli to express recombinant HVCR21. PGR primers were designed for the 5' and 3' ends of the HVCR21 coding region. The primers were also designed with a 5' SacI restriction site and a 3' Pst I restriction site. After ligation of the PCR product into the pCR4-TOPO vector, bacteria were transformed and plated and the successful transformant verified by PCR. The ...


Evaluation Of Resistance Screening Methods For Sclerotinia Stem Rot Of Soybean And Dry Bean, Linda S. Kull, Tri D. Vuong, Kris S. Powers, Kent M. Eskridge, James R. Steadman, Glen L. Hartman Jan 2003

Evaluation Of Resistance Screening Methods For Sclerotinia Stem Rot Of Soybean And Dry Bean, Linda S. Kull, Tri D. Vuong, Kris S. Powers, Kent M. Eskridge, James R. Steadman, Glen L. Hartman

Papers in Plant Pathology

Three methods to identify levels of resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in soybean (Glycine max) and dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) were compared using multiple data analyses. The three methods were mycelial plug inoculations of cotyledons, cut stems, and detached leaves. Six S. sclerotiorum isolates of known relative aggressiveness were inoculated on each of three soybean and dry bean cultivars with varied response to S. sclerotiorum. For soybean, all three inoculation methods accurately identified isolate aggressiveness irrespective of cultivar, but identification of susceptible and partially resistant soybean cultivars was influenced by isolate. For dry bean, the cotyledon and cut stem methods accurately ...


Transcription Strategy In A Closterovirus: A Novel 5'-Proximal Controller Element Of Citrus Tristeza Virus Produces 5'- And 3'-Terminal Subgenomic Rnas And Differs From 3' Open Reading Frame Controller Elements, Siddarame Gowda, Maria A. Ayllon, Satyanarayana Tatineni, Moshe Bar-Joseph, William O. Dawson Jan 2003

Transcription Strategy In A Closterovirus: A Novel 5'-Proximal Controller Element Of Citrus Tristeza Virus Produces 5'- And 3'-Terminal Subgenomic Rnas And Differs From 3' Open Reading Frame Controller Elements, Siddarame Gowda, Maria A. Ayllon, Satyanarayana Tatineni, Moshe Bar-Joseph, William O. Dawson

Papers in Plant Pathology

Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) produces more than thirty 3'- or 5'-terminal subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) that accumulate to various extents during replication in protoplasts and plants. Among the most unusual species are two abundant populations of small 5'-terminal sgRNAs of approximately 800 nucleotides (nt) termed low-molecular-weight tristeza (LMT1 and LMT2) RNAs. Remarkably, CTV replicons with all 10 3' genes deleted produce only the larger LMT1 RNAs. These 5'-terminal positive-sense sgRNAs do not have corresponding negative strands and were hypothesized to be produced by premature termination during plus-strand genomic RNA synthesis. We characterized a cis-acting element that controls ...


The Pseudomonas Syringae Type Iii-Secreted Protein Hopptod2 Possesses Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Activity And Suppresses Programmed Cell Death In Plants, Avelina Espinosa, Ming Guo, Vincent C. Tam, Zheng Qing Fu, James R. Alfano Jan 2003

The Pseudomonas Syringae Type Iii-Secreted Protein Hopptod2 Possesses Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Activity And Suppresses Programmed Cell Death In Plants, Avelina Espinosa, Ming Guo, Vincent C. Tam, Zheng Qing Fu, James R. Alfano

Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation

The bacterial plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae possesses a type III protein secretion system that delivers many virulence proteins into plant cells. A subset of these proteins (called Avr proteins) is recognized by the plant’s innate immune system and triggers defences. One defence-associated response is the hypersensitive response (HR), a programmed cell death (PCD) of plant tissue. We have previously identified HopPtoD2 as a type III secreted protein from P. s. pv. tomato DC3000. Sequence analysis revealed that an N-terminal domain shared homology with Avr- PphD and a C-terminal domain was similar to protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). We demonstrated that ...


Three Amino Acid Loop Extension (Tale) Transcription Factors That Regulate Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L) Tuberization , Hao Chen Jan 2003

Three Amino Acid Loop Extension (Tale) Transcription Factors That Regulate Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L) Tuberization , Hao Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Homeodomain (HD) proteins play an important role in cell fate determination and body plan definition by binding to regulatory regions of key target genes. Using the yeast two-hybrid system and a potato KNOX HD protein, POTH1, as bait, seven distinct interacting proteins have been identified from a potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) stolon library. All seven cDNAs belong to the BEL1-like family of transcription factors. Through deletion mutation analysis, we identified a protein-binding domain present in the carboxy-end of the KNOX domain of POTH1. The protein-binding domain in the BEL protein is located in the amino-terminal half of the 120-residue conserved ...


On The Relationship Between Stomatal Characters And Atmospheric Co2, C. D. Reid, H. Maherali, H. B. Johnson, S. D. Smith, S. D. Wullschleger, R. B. Jackson Jan 2003

On The Relationship Between Stomatal Characters And Atmospheric Co2, C. D. Reid, H. Maherali, H. B. Johnson, S. D. Smith, S. D. Wullschleger, R. B. Jackson

Life Sciences Faculty Publications

Leaf stomatal characters influence the response of terrestrial evapotranspiration to climate change and are used as proxies for the reconstruction of past atmospheric [CO2]. We examined the phenotypic response of stomatal index (SI), density (SD) and aperture (AP) to rising atmospheric CO2 in 15 species after four years exposure to a field CO2 gradient (200 to 550 μmol mol−1 atmospheric [CO2]) or at three Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) sites. Along the CO2 gradient, SI and SD showed no evidence of a decline to increasing [CO2], while AP decreased slightly. There was no significant change in SI, SD or ...


Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Soil Indicators Four Years After Manure And Compost Applications, Daniel Ginting, Anabayan Kessavalou, Bahman Eghball, John W. Doran Jan 2003

Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Soil Indicators Four Years After Manure And Compost Applications, Daniel Ginting, Anabayan Kessavalou, Bahman Eghball, John W. Doran

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Understanding how carbon, nitrogen, and key soil attributes affect gas emissions from soil is crucial for alleviating their undesirable residual effects that can linger for years after termination of manure and compost applications. This study was conducted to evaluate the emission of soil CO2, N2O, and CH4 and soil C and N indicators four years after manure and compost application had stopped. Experimental plots were treated with annual synthetic N fertilizer (FRT), annual and biennial manure (MN1 and MN2, respectively), and compost (CP1 and CP2, respectively) from 1992 to 1995 based on removal of 151 kg ...


Patterns Of Water Uptake And Rhizosphere Salinity In Casuarina Obesa Miq. During A Drying Period At Lake Toolibin, Western Australia, Patrick J. Mitchell Jan 2003

Patterns Of Water Uptake And Rhizosphere Salinity In Casuarina Obesa Miq. During A Drying Period At Lake Toolibin, Western Australia, Patrick J. Mitchell

Theses : Honours

Lake Toolibin is one of a few remaining freshwater lakes in the central wheatbelt of Western Australia. Since monitoring began at Lake Toolibin in the early 1970's groundwater levels have risen to within 1-2 m of the lakebed with an accompanying migration of salt. The site-specific nature of water uptake in Casuarina obesa Miq. (the dominant lakebed tree species) and rhizosphere salinity were explored spatially through analyses of soil properties (groundwater depth and salinity, particle size and components of soil water potential ψ1). Plant water sources (using δ2H signatures) and water availability (based on ψleaf ...


Registration Of Rn582 Sorghum Germplasm Line, J. F. Pedersen, J. J. Toy Jan 2003

Registration Of Rn582 Sorghum Germplasm Line, J. F. Pedersen, J. J. Toy

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

RN582 sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench] germplasm line (Reg. no. GP-591, PI 628277) was developed jointly by the USDA-ARS and the Agricultural Research Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, and was released in September 2001.

RN582 is an S6 selection from the cross (RTx430 ms3ms3X E 35-1) X E 35-1. RTx430 was developed and released by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (Miller, 1984) and was provided to this project containing the nuclear male sterility gene ms3 by A.B. Maunder in 1988. E 35-1 is an Ethiopian land race with ...


Registration Of ‘Ne422t’ Winter Triticale, P. Stephen Baenziger, K. P. Vogel Jan 2003

Registration Of ‘Ne422t’ Winter Triticale, P. Stephen Baenziger, K. P. Vogel

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

NE422T triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) (Reg. no CV-27, PI 629028) was developed cooperatively by the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS. It was jointly released in 2001 by the developing institutions. NW422T was selected from the cross ‘Trical’/‘UB-UW26’ where Trical is most likely ‘Trical 100’ (a forage triticale developed by Resource Seed Inc., a subsidiary of Goldsmith Seed Company, Gilroy, CA) and UB-UW26 is an unknown winter triticale germplasm line given to the breeding program in the 1980s.The cross was made in 1990. The F1 generation was grown in the greenhouse in 1990-1991. The F2 ...


Forage Yield And Economic Losses Associated With The Brown-Midrib Trait In Sudangrass, M. D. Casler, Jeffrey F. Pedersen, D. J. Undersander Jan 2003

Forage Yield And Economic Losses Associated With The Brown-Midrib Trait In Sudangrass, M. D. Casler, Jeffrey F. Pedersen, D. J. Undersander

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Brown-midrib genes increase digestibility due to reduced lignification in sudangrass, Sorghum bicolor subsp. drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) de Wet & Harlan. Brown-midrib lines are known to be low in forage yield potential, but this reduction in forage yield has not been previously quantified. The objectives of this study were to quantify the increase in forage quality and decrease in forage yield and to provide an economic assessment of this dichotomy. Piper and Greenleaf (normal leaves) were compared with their brown-midrib counterparts and four highly selected brown-midrib (FG) lines at two locations for 2 yr. Brown-midrib lines averaged 9.0% lower in ...