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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Real-Time Stealth Intervention For Motor Learning Using Player Flow-State, Ramin Tadayon, Ashish Amresh, Troy Mcdaniel, Sethuraman Panchanathan Jun 2019

Real-Time Stealth Intervention For Motor Learning Using Player Flow-State, Ramin Tadayon, Ashish Amresh, Troy Mcdaniel, Sethuraman Panchanathan

Ashish Amresh

We present a novel approach to real-time adaptation in serious games for at-home motor learning. Our approach assesses and responds to the “flow-state” of players by tracking and classifying facial emotions in real-time using the Kinect camera. Three different approaches for stealth assessment and adaptation using performance and flow-state data are defined, along with a case-study evaluation of these approaches based on their effectiveness at maintaining positive affective interaction in a subject.


Changes In Spring Arrival Times: Climate Change And The Phenology Of Spring Bird Migration, Aaron Svedlow Apr 2019

Changes In Spring Arrival Times: Climate Change And The Phenology Of Spring Bird Migration, Aaron Svedlow

Student Scholarship

Climate change and weather affect the phenology of bird migration; however, specific climatological factors associated with these observed effects have only recently been described. The relationship between local, regional, and global climate patterns and avian migration are increasingly important to understand due to the widespread, and potentially negative, implications (such as reduced fecundity) of rapid human induced climate change on bird populations. Migratory birds are under selective pressure to arrive at breeding areas at the optimal time to set up nesting territories and exploit seasonally abundant food resources, and because climate change has the potential to occur more rapidly than ...


Farmer Attitudes Toward Cooperative Approaches To Herbicide Resistance Management: A Common Pool Ecosystem Service Challenge, David E. Ervin, Elise H. Breshears, George B. Frisvold, Terrance M. Hurley, Katherine E. Dentzman, Jeffrey L. Gunsolus, Raymond A. Jussaume, Micheal D. K. Owen, Jason Norsworthy, Mustofa Mahmud Al Mamun, Wesley Everman Mar 2019

Farmer Attitudes Toward Cooperative Approaches To Herbicide Resistance Management: A Common Pool Ecosystem Service Challenge, David E. Ervin, Elise H. Breshears, George B. Frisvold, Terrance M. Hurley, Katherine E. Dentzman, Jeffrey L. Gunsolus, Raymond A. Jussaume, Micheal D. K. Owen, Jason Norsworthy, Mustofa Mahmud Al Mamun, Wesley Everman

Environmental Science and Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dramatic growth in herbicide-resistant (HR) weeds in the United States threatens farm profitability and may undercut environmentally beneficial farming practices. When HR weeds move across farm boundaries due to ecological processes or human action, a common pool resource challenge emerges, requiring farmer cooperation to manage such weeds effectively. We investigate the scope for cooperative management using responses to a national survey on HR weed issues to test a recursive model of three preconditions for collective action: (1) concern about HR weeds migrating from nearby lands; (2) communication with neighbors about HR weeds; and (3) belief that cooperation is necessary for ...


Estimating Relative Abundance Of Young-Of-The-Year American Eel, Anguilla Rostrata, In The Virginia Tributaries Of Chesapeake Bay, Spring 2018, Troy D. Tuckey, Mary C. Fabrizio Mar 2019

Estimating Relative Abundance Of Young-Of-The-Year American Eel, Anguilla Rostrata, In The Virginia Tributaries Of Chesapeake Bay, Spring 2018, Troy D. Tuckey, Mary C. Fabrizio

Reports

American Eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a valuable commercial species along the Atlantic coast of North America from New Brunswick to Florida. In the U.S., harvests have declined, with similar patterns occurring in the Canadian Maritime Provinces (Meister and Flagg 1997). An average of 62% of the annual landings of U.S. commercial harvest since 1993 have come from the Chesapeake Bay (personal communication from the National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries Statistics Division, 9 February 2015). In 2013, Virginia commercial landings were approximately 100,298 lbs; since mandatory reporting began in 1993, average annual landings in Virginia have been 193 ...


Evaluating Motivational Interviewing And Habit Formation To Enhance The Effect Of Activity Trackers On Healthy Adults’ Activity Levels: Randomized Intervention, Laura D. Ellingson, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Karissa L. Peyer, Yang Bai, Maria Perez, L. Alison Phillips, Gregory Welk Feb 2019

Evaluating Motivational Interviewing And Habit Formation To Enhance The Effect Of Activity Trackers On Healthy Adults’ Activity Levels: Randomized Intervention, Laura D. Ellingson, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Karissa L. Peyer, Yang Bai, Maria Perez, L. Alison Phillips, Gregory Welk

Psychology Publications

Background: While widely used and endorsed, there is limited evidence supporting the benefits of activity trackers for increasing physical activity; these devices may be more effective when combined with additional strategies that promote sustained behavior change like motivational interviewing (MI) and habit development. Objective: This study aims to determine the utility of wearable activity trackers alone or in combination with these behavior change strategies for promoting improvements in active and sedentary behaviors. Methods: A sample of 91 adults (48/91 female, 53%) was randomized to receive a Fitbit Charge alone or in combination with MI and habit education for 12 ...


1995 - Monterey County Water Conservation Alternatives - An Analysis Feb 2019

1995 - Monterey County Water Conservation Alternatives - An Analysis

Monterey County Water Resources Agency Engineering Reports

The major goal of this study ,prepared by Agland Investment Services, Inc. on behalf of the Monterey County Water Resources Agency, was to estimate the direct and regional economic impacts of different policies aimed at encouraging agricultural water conservation in the Salinas Valley. The study also looked at combinations of conservation measures which could provide a least cost conservation contribution to the seawater intrusion problem. Agland concluded that policymakers should consider adopting a least cost approach when they considered the mix of infrastructure projects and urban and rural conservation measures.


Global Sustainability That Respects Cultural Diversity & Individual Health Needs, Meriterese Racanelli Feb 2019

Global Sustainability That Respects Cultural Diversity & Individual Health Needs, Meriterese Racanelli

Sustainability Seminar Series

The USA Centers for Disease Control and National Institutes of Health have classified excessive sodium consumption, high blood pressure and diabetes as national health epidemics across various ethnic cultures. The United Nations and other countries classify these as Global Epidemics. Interestingly,some ways to help fix this national and global health crisis can be found in the balance of sustainable environmentally-friendly agriculture, green technologies, and cultural competencies. Learn how sustainability studies, research, and jobs can still respect an individual’s ethnic heritage, culture, and nutritional health needs, while improving the community health at large... from local to global. Sustainability can ...


Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth Feb 2019

Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Mental Health America designed ten questionnaires that are used to determine the risk of mental disorders. They are also commonly used by Mental Health Professionals (MHPs) to assess suicidality. Specifically, the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), a widely used suicide assessment questionnaire, helps MHPs determine the severity of suicide risk and offer an appropriate treatment. A major challenge in suicide treatment is the social stigma wherein the patient feels reluctance in discussing his/her conditions with an MHP, which leads to inaccurate assessment and treatment of patients. On the other hand, the same patient is comfortable freely discussing his ...


Investigations Of The Potential For Irrigated Agriculture On The Bonaparte Plains: Bore Completion Report, 2nd Edition, D L. Bennett Feb 2019

Investigations Of The Potential For Irrigated Agriculture On The Bonaparte Plains: Bore Completion Report, 2nd Edition, D L. Bennett

Resource management technical reports

Drilling programs were undertaken in 2013 and 2016 by the former Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia and in 2017 by DPIRD, at 10 sites in the Bonaparte Plains area, north of Kununurra in the East Kimberley region of Western Australia (WA).

These drilling programs were a component of resource availability and risk investigations conducted to determine the potential for developing irrigated agriculture on 30 000 hectares of Cockatoo Sands — free-draining loamy soils that have the potential to support crops in the wet and dry seasons. There was limited hydrogeological information available at a suitable scale for the area ...


Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang Feb 2019

Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Interactions between proteins play a key role in nearly all cellular process, and therefore, disruption of such interactions may lead to many different types of cellular dysfunctions. Hence, pathologic protein-protein interactions (PPIs) constitute highly attractive drug targets and hold great potential for developing novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of incurable human diseases. Unfortunately, the identification of PPI inhibitors is an extremely challenging task, since traditionally used small molecule ligands are mostly unable to cover and anchor on the extensive flat surfaces that define those binary protein complexes. In contrast, large biomolecules such as proteins or peptides are ideal fits ...


Solvation Thermodynamic Mapping In Computer Aided Drug Design, Steven Ramsey Feb 2019

Solvation Thermodynamic Mapping In Computer Aided Drug Design, Steven Ramsey

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The displacement of water from surfaces upon biomolecular recognition and association makes a significant contribution to the free energy changes of these processes. We therefore posit that accurate characterization of local structural and thermodynamic molecular water properties can improve computational model accuracy and predictivity of recognition and association processes. In this thesis, we discuss Solvation Thermodynamic Mapping (STM) methods that we have developed using inhomogeneous fluid solvation theory (IST) to better characterize active site water structural and thermodynamic properties on protein surfaces and the open source tools that we have developed, GIST-CPPTRAJ and SSTMap, which implement these methods which we ...


The Diversity Of Population Responses To Environmental Change, Fernando Colchero, Anne M. Bronikowski, Et Al. Feb 2019

The Diversity Of Population Responses To Environmental Change, Fernando Colchero, Anne M. Bronikowski, Et Al.

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect stochastic population growth rates. We use inference, simulations and mathematical derivations to explore how environmental perturbations determine population growth rates for populations with different age‐specific demographic rates and when ages are reduced to stages. We find that stage‐ vs. age‐based models can produce markedly ...


1890 - Report On Irrigation In The United States, Second Edition, Richard J. Hinton Jan 2019

1890 - Report On Irrigation In The United States, Second Edition, Richard J. Hinton

Miscellaneous Federal Documents & Reports

The report to the United States Senate Special Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands was an inquiry into the progress and condition of irrigation involving the extent and character of the area within which the annual rain fall was not sufficient for industrial uses of the people. The inquiry involved the extent of the fall of rains or snow within an area, any evidence as to increase or decrease of precipitation resulting from agricultural settlement or of pastoral occupation, the increase of humidity, the destruction of the timber mainly by its use for settlement purposes, the effect of ...


1886 - Physical Data And Statistics Of California Jan 2019

1886 - Physical Data And Statistics Of California

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

A reporting of water supply and related data collected in accordance with the law of 1878, creating the office of and defining the duties of the State Engineer, and upon which to base reports on the problems of irrigation and arterial drainage in California.


1875 - Revised Statutes Of The United States Relating To Mineral Lands And Mining Resources, Walter A. Skidmore Jan 2019

1875 - Revised Statutes Of The United States Relating To Mineral Lands And Mining Resources, Walter A. Skidmore

US Government Legislation and Statutes

The book consists of the Revised Statutes of the United States relating to mineral lands and mining resources including circular instructions of the General Land Office, a Digest of Decisions of the Department of Interior and the Opinions of the Attorneys-Generals, along with an appendix of Special Statutes relating to mining, chapters on Water Rights in California and Mineral lands on schools sections in California. The Sutro Tunnel Act and Extracts from Railroad Act make up the final chapters.

The chapter on Water Rights from the Civil Code of California, was inserted with the belief that it was the best ...


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Sponsors Other Than Federal Agencies -- 1.28.19, Lynnette Hentges Jan 2019

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Sponsors Other Than Federal Agencies -- 1.28.19, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities specifically for early career investigators offered by foundations and other nonprofit sponsors that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and math provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to program web sites and application instructions.


Understanding Greenhouse Gases, Julie M. Mueller, Laura Edwards, Madhav P. Nepal, Larry B. Browning, Matthew L. Miller, P. Troy White Jan 2019

Understanding Greenhouse Gases, Julie M. Mueller, Laura Edwards, Madhav P. Nepal, Larry B. Browning, Matthew L. Miller, P. Troy White

iLEARN Teaching Resources

Students will conduct hands-on experiments to see how greenhouse gases interact with the Earth’s atmosphere and how greenhouse gases affect temperature. This lesson introduces National Geographic’s Geo-Inquiry Process, where students will identify a Geo-inquiry question, collect data, and create a project around the answer to their question. Students will then present their findings to their peers and evaluate their Geo-Inquiry process.


1884 – Outline Of Matter And Advance Sheets On The Report On The Legislative, Administrative, Technical And Practical Problems Of Irrigation, William Ham. Hall Jan 2019

1884 – Outline Of Matter And Advance Sheets On The Report On The Legislative, Administrative, Technical And Practical Problems Of Irrigation, William Ham. Hall

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

Prepared by William Ham. Hall, this publication was an exhibit transmitted to the California State Legislature concerning the extent and character of the Report on the Problems of Irrigation then in the course of preparation and publication by the State Engineer. While the first 32 pages of this book contain a Table of Contents or Outline of Matter for each chapter of the entire work, from which a fair idea could be formed of its scope, system of arrangement, and degree of completeness. The remaining 272 pages contain the text of about three-fifths of the First Book of the work ...


Development Of Time-Weighted Average Sampling Of Odorous Volatile Organic Compounds In Air With Solid-Phase Microextraction Fiber Housed Inside A Gc Glass Liner: Proof Of Concept, Madina Tursumbayeva, Jacek A. Koziel, Devin L. Maurer, Bulat Kenessov, Somchai Rice Jan 2019

Development Of Time-Weighted Average Sampling Of Odorous Volatile Organic Compounds In Air With Solid-Phase Microextraction Fiber Housed Inside A Gc Glass Liner: Proof Of Concept, Madina Tursumbayeva, Jacek A. Koziel, Devin L. Maurer, Bulat Kenessov, Somchai Rice

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Finding farm-proven, robust sampling technologies for measurement of odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and evaluating the mitigation of nuisance emissions continues to be a challenge. The objective of this research was to develop a new method for quantification of odorous VOCs in air using time-weighted average (TWA) sampling. The main goal was to transform a fragile lab-based technology (i.e., solid-phase microextraction, SPME) into a rugged sampler that can be deployed for longer periods in remote locations. The developed method addresses the need to improve conventional TWA SPME that suffers from the influence of the metallic SPME needle on the ...


1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman Jan 2019

1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman

Miscellaneous Monterey and San Luis Obispo County Documents and Reports

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils, this report addresses the conditions found in the Lower Salinas Valley of Monterey County, California in 1901, including the development of agriculture, climate, geology, soil types, cultivation, irrigation. groundwater, and alkali found in the soil.


1901 - Irrigation In The United States - Testimony Of Elwood Mead Before U.S. Industrial Commission, June 11-12, 1901 Jan 2019

1901 - Irrigation In The United States - Testimony Of Elwood Mead Before U.S. Industrial Commission, June 11-12, 1901

Miscellaneous Federal Documents & Reports

Professor Elwood Mead, expert in charge of the Irrigation Investigations of the United States Department of Agriculture, appeared before the United States Industrial Commission on June 11 and 12, 1901, to testify on the subject of irrigation in the United States. His testimony presented a review of the irrigation situation in the United States, including not only the arid region of the West, but also the humid sections of the South and East, where in two States alone more land had been brought under irrigation during the past five years than in any single State in the arid region during ...


1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman Jan 2019

1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils, this report addresses the conditions found in the Lower Salinas Valley of Monterey County, California in 1901, including the development of agriculture, climate, geology, soil types, cultivation, irrigation. groundwater, and alkali found in the soil.


2018 Long-Term Summary Of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials, Gene L. Olson, S. Ray Smith, Jimmy C. Henning, Christopher D. Teutsch Jan 2019

2018 Long-Term Summary Of Kentucky Forage Variety Trials, Gene L. Olson, S. Ray Smith, Jimmy C. Henning, Christopher D. Teutsch

Forage Symposium at the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Convention

Forage crops occupy approximately 7 million acres in Kentucky. Forages provide a majority of the nutrition for beef, dairy, horse, goat, sheep, and wildlife in the state. In addition, forage crops play an environmentally friendly role in soil conservation, water quality, and air quality. There are over 60 forage species adapted to the climate and soil conditions of Kentucky. Only 10 to 12 of these species occupy the majority of the acreage, but within these species there is a tremendous variation in varieties.

This publication was developed to provide a user-friendly guide to choosing the best variety for producers based ...


Gene Co-Expression Networks Analysis Reveal Novel Molecular Endotypes In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Jen-Hwa Chu, Wenlan Zang Jan 2019

Gene Co-Expression Networks Analysis Reveal Novel Molecular Endotypes In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Jen-Hwa Chu, Wenlan Zang

Yale Day of Data

Rationale:Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic condition that predisposes to early onset pulmonary emphysema and airways obstruction. The exact mechanism through which AATD leads to lung disease is incompletely understood.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of AAT genotype and augmentation therapy on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcriptome, while examining the link between gene expression profiles, and clinical features of AATD.

Methods: We performed RNA-Seq on RNA extracted from BAL and PBMC on samples obtained from 89 AATD patients enrolled in the Genomic Research in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and Sarcoidosis (GRADS) study. Differential gene ...


Non-Invasive Analysis Of The Sputum Transcriptome Discriminates Clinical Phenotypes Of Asthma, Xiting Yan Jan 2019

Non-Invasive Analysis Of The Sputum Transcriptome Discriminates Clinical Phenotypes Of Asthma, Xiting Yan

Yale Day of Data

Whole transcriptome wide gene expression profiles in the sputum and circulation from 100 asthma patients were measured using the Affymetrix HuGene 1.0ST arrays. Unsupervised clustering analysis based on pathways from KEGG were used to identify TEA clusters of patients from the sputum gene expression profiles. The identified TEA clusters have significantly different pre-bronchodilator FEV1, bronchodilator responsiveness, exhaled nitric oxide levels, history of hospitalization for asthma and history of intubation. Evaluation of TEA clusters in children from Asthma BRIDGE cohort confirmed the identified differences in intubation and hospitalization. Furthermore, evaluation of the TH2 gene signatures suggested a much lower prevalence ...


A Novel Pathway-Based Distance Score Enhances Assessment Of Disease Heterogeneity In Gene Expression, Yunqing Liu, Xiting Yan Jan 2019

A Novel Pathway-Based Distance Score Enhances Assessment Of Disease Heterogeneity In Gene Expression, Yunqing Liu, Xiting Yan

Yale Day of Data

Distance-based unsupervised clustering of gene expression data is commonly used to identify heterogeneity in biologic samples. However, high noise levels in gene expression data and the relatively high correlation between genes are often encountered, so traditional distances such as Euclidean distance may not be effective at discriminating the biological differences between samples. In this study, we developed a novel computational method to assess the biological differences based on pathways by assuming that ontologically defined biological pathways in biologically similar samples have similar behavior. Application of this distance score results in more accurate, robust, and biologically meaningful clustering results in both ...


Analyzing Neuronal Dendritic Trees With Convolutional Neural Networks, Olivier Trottier, Jonathon Howard Jan 2019

Analyzing Neuronal Dendritic Trees With Convolutional Neural Networks, Olivier Trottier, Jonathon Howard

Yale Day of Data

In the biological sciences, image analysis software are used to detect, segment or classify a variety of features encountered in living matter. However, the algorithms that accomplish these tasks are often designed for a specific dataset, making them hardly portable to accomplish the same tasks on images of different biological structures. Recently, convolutional neural networks have been used to perform complex image analysis on a multitude of datasets. While applications of these networks abound in the technology industry and computer science, use cases are not as common in the academic sciences. Motivated by the generalizability of neural networks, we aim ...


The Santa Clara, 2019-01-17, Santa Clara University Jan 2019

The Santa Clara, 2019-01-17, Santa Clara University

The Santa Clara

No abstract provided.


1913 - Water Resources Of California, Part Iii, Water-Supply Paper 300 Jan 2019

1913 - Water Resources Of California, Part Iii, Water-Supply Paper 300

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

The water available for irrigation and domestic supply was the chief factor in the development of southern California, which then had a population of more than 1,000,000 people. The many mountain streams of California afforded abundant hydroelectric power, the utilization of which in manufacturing enterprises and in transportation had been made possible by the progress of electric-power transmission during the previous decade.

Information concerning the quantity of water carried by the streams had been and would continue to be an important factor in the development of these resources, for the fundamental importance of stream-flow data was so thoroughly ...


Obat Bells Palsy Yang Sudah Terbukti Ampuh Dan Aman Bebas Efek Samping, User Id Jan 2019

Obat Bells Palsy Yang Sudah Terbukti Ampuh Dan Aman Bebas Efek Samping, User Id

Rizky Herbal

Bell’s Palsy adalah kelumpuhan saraf wajah akibat peradangan dan pembengkakan saraf yang mengontrol otot pada salah satu sisi wajah. Hal ini menyebabkan perubahan bentuk pada salah satu sisi wajah, di mana wajah akan terlihat “melorot”. Kondisi ini dapat datang secara tiba-tiba dan bagi kebanyakan orang bersifat sementara. Meski begitu, beberapa orang juga bisa mengembangkan kondisi ini seumur hidup.

Apa Penyebab Bell’s Palsy?

Walaupun penyebab penyakit belum dipastikan, tapi beberapa studi menunjukkan bahwa penyakit ini biasanya terkait dengan paparan virus. Beberapa virus dapat menyebabkan bell’s palsy adalah:

  • Herpes kelamin (herpes simplex)
  • Cacar air dan sirap (herpes zoster)
  • Monosit ...