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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effects Of Resource Availability On Carbon Allocation And Developmental Instability In Cloned Birch Seedlings, Brian J. Wilsey, Janne H. Lappalainen, Jocelyn Martel, Kyösti Lempa, Vladimir Ossipov Jan 2000

Effects Of Resource Availability On Carbon Allocation And Developmental Instability In Cloned Birch Seedlings, Brian J. Wilsey, Janne H. Lappalainen, Jocelyn Martel, Kyösti Lempa, Vladimir Ossipov

Brian J. Wilsey

Abundant nitrogen improves seedling growth and establishment. Vigorous growth brings about changes in rates and patterns of plant development and changes in the relationship between primary and secondary metabolism, which may make seedlings more susceptible to herbivores and pathogens than are slow-growing seedlings. We studied how nitrogen fertilization and manual defoliation of source leaves affect growth, carbon allocation, and developmental instability in cloned seedlings of white birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.). Biomass was higher, whereas concentrations of most classes of phenolic compounds were lower in the nitrogen-rich environment. Interestingly, fertilization did not change the concentrations of cell wall–bound proanthocyanidins, which represent …


Leaf Fluctuating Assymetry Increases With Hybridization And Elevation In Tree-Line Birches, Brian J. Wilsey, Erkki Haukioja, Julia Koricheva, Matti Sulkinoja Jan 1998

Leaf Fluctuating Assymetry Increases With Hybridization And Elevation In Tree-Line Birches, Brian J. Wilsey, Erkki Haukioja, Julia Koricheva, Matti Sulkinoja

Brian J. Wilsey

Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), or random non-directional deviations from perfect symmetry in bilaterally or radially symmetrical traits, has recently been proposed to be a useful indicator of genetic and environmental stress. However, the factors underlying fluctuating asymmetry, especially in plants, remain poorly understood. We sampled leaf fluctuating asymmetry among and within three species of even-aged birch (Betula pubescens, B. nana, and B. pendula) and their interspecific hybrids growing in common gardens of northern Finland to determine whether hybridization and environmental stress are associated with increased developmental instability. Our predictions were that: (1) interspecific hybrids among B. pubescens, B. nana, and B. …