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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Changes In Spring Arrival Times: Climate Change And The Phenology Of Spring Bird Migration, Aaron Svedlow Apr 2019

Changes In Spring Arrival Times: Climate Change And The Phenology Of Spring Bird Migration, Aaron Svedlow

Student Scholarship

Climate change and weather affect the phenology of bird migration; however, specific climatological factors associated with these observed effects have only recently been described. The relationship between local, regional, and global climate patterns and avian migration are increasingly important to understand due to the widespread, and potentially negative, implications (such as reduced fecundity) of rapid human induced climate change on bird populations. Migratory birds are under selective pressure to arrive at breeding areas at the optimal time to set up nesting territories and exploit seasonally abundant food resources, and because climate change has the potential to occur more rapidly than ...


Wildfire Activity And Land Use Drove 20th‐Century Changes In Forest Cover In The Colorado Front Range, Kyle Rodman, Thomas T. Veblen, Sara Saraceni, Teresa B. Chapman Feb 2019

Wildfire Activity And Land Use Drove 20th‐Century Changes In Forest Cover In The Colorado Front Range, Kyle Rodman, Thomas T. Veblen, Sara Saraceni, Teresa B. Chapman

Geography Graduate Contributions

Recent shifts in global forest area highlight the importance of understanding the causes and consequences of forest change. To examine the influence of several potential drivers of forest cover change, we used supervised classifications of historical (1938–1940) and contemporary (2015) aerial imagery covering a 2932‐km2study area in the northern Front Range (NFR) of Colorado and we linked observed changes in forest cover with abiotic factors, land use, and fire history. Forest cover in the NFR demonstrated broad‐scale changes 1938–2015 and overall cover increased 7.8%, but there was notable spatial variability and many sites also experienced ...


Investigating The Roles Of Rna Binding Protein Combinations In Neuronal Function And Organismal Behavior, Alexa Vandenburg Feb 2019

Investigating The Roles Of Rna Binding Protein Combinations In Neuronal Function And Organismal Behavior, Alexa Vandenburg

SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Norris lab recently identified two RNA binding proteins required for proper neuron-specific splicing. The lab conducted touch- response behavioral assays to assess the function of these proteins in touch-sensing neurons. After isolating C. elegans worms with specific phenotypes, the lab used automated computer tracking and video analysis to record the worms’ behavior. The behavior of mutant worms differed from that of wild-type worms.

The Norris lab also discovered two possible RNA binding protein sites in SAD-1, a neuronal gene implicated in the neuronal development of C. elegans1. These two binding sites may control the splicing of SAD-1. The lab ...


Combinatorial Genetics Of Rna Binding Proteins For Lifespan Regulation In C. Elegans, Nikita Tapiawala Feb 2019

Combinatorial Genetics Of Rna Binding Proteins For Lifespan Regulation In C. Elegans, Nikita Tapiawala

SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research

RNA binding proteins control post-transcriptional aspects of gene regulation. While transcriptional control over the aging process has been well-established, less is known about post-transcriptional control over the aging process. We have used CRISPR/Cas9 genetics to study combinations of RNA binding proteins in C. elegan, a transparent nematode or roundworm one millimeter in length, and their role in aging. The manner in which the research was conducted was through experimental laboratory work in which the lifespan of the nematodes was monitored until their death. The three mutations affecting RNA binding proteins that assays were performed with are exc-7, fox-1, and ...


The Effects Of Ocular Dominance On Visual Processing In College Students, William Alexander Holland Feb 2019

The Effects Of Ocular Dominance On Visual Processing In College Students, William Alexander Holland

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

The role of ocular dominance in processing visual memory and analytic tasks is unknown. Research has variably showed both significant effects and no effect of ocular dominance on visual perception, motor control, and sports performance. The goal of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between ocular dominance and visual processing under a variety of computer gaming tasks. This was accomplished by first determining subjects’ ocular dominance through the Miles test, and then examining the subjects’ visual performance on four different Lumosity games under three conditions: left eye, right eye, and both eyes. Results suggest a relationship ...


Co-Expression Of Vegf And Il-6 Family Cytokines Is Associated With Decreased Survival In Her2 Negative Breast Cancer Patients: Subtype-Specific Il-6 Family Cytokine-Mediated Vegf Secretion, Ken Tawara, Hannah Scott, Jacqueline Emathinger, Alex Ide, Ryan Fox, Daniel Greiner, Dollie Lajoie, Danielle Hedeen, Madhuri Nandakumar, Andrew J. Oler, Ryan Holzer, Cheryl Jorcyk Feb 2019

Co-Expression Of Vegf And Il-6 Family Cytokines Is Associated With Decreased Survival In Her2 Negative Breast Cancer Patients: Subtype-Specific Il-6 Family Cytokine-Mediated Vegf Secretion, Ken Tawara, Hannah Scott, Jacqueline Emathinger, Alex Ide, Ryan Fox, Daniel Greiner, Dollie Lajoie, Danielle Hedeen, Madhuri Nandakumar, Andrew J. Oler, Ryan Holzer, Cheryl Jorcyk

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Breast cancer cell-response to inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and oncostatin M (OSM) may affect the course of clinical disease in a cancer subtype-dependent manner. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) secretion induced by IL-6 and OSM may also be subtype-dependent. Utilizing datasets from Oncomine, we show that poor survival of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) breast cancer patients is correlated with both high VEGF expression and high cytokine or cytokine receptor expression in tumors. Importantly, epidermal growth factor receptor-negative (HER2-), but not HER2-positive (HER2+), patient survival is significantly lower with high tumor co-expression of VEGF and OSM, OSMRβ ...


Identification And Characterization Of Barrier Insulator Activity In The T-Cell Receptor Alpha Locus Control Region, Gayathri Devi Raghupathy Feb 2019

Identification And Characterization Of Barrier Insulator Activity In The T-Cell Receptor Alpha Locus Control Region, Gayathri Devi Raghupathy

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Genes of different spatiotemporal expression profiles are often juxtaposed in the genome. This organization raises risks of cross-regulatory influences from neighboring genes; for instance heterochromatin can spread over euchromatin or long-range acting enhancers can inappropriately activate genes. Gene regulatory elements such as Locus Control Regions (LCR) and Insulators prevent such cross-communications and allow for normal gene expression patterns. In transgenic systems, LCRs limit influences from surrounding chromatin by providing site-of-integration independent and specific spatiotemporal expression upon a linked transgene. The field’s understanding of the ability of an LCR to overcome chromatin influences and allow site-of-integration independent expression is minimal ...


Anolis Newsletter Vii, James T. Stroud, Anthony J. Geneva, Jonathan B. Losos Jan 2019

Anolis Newsletter Vii, James T. Stroud, Anthony J. Geneva, Jonathan B. Losos

Biology Faculty Publications & Presentations

Newsletter for the 7th Anolis Symposium, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens, Miami, Florida, 17-18 March 2018.

It had been nearly a decade since the previous Anolis symposium was held in Cambridge, MA, at the Museum for Comparative Zoology, Harvard. A reunion of anole biologists en masse was long past due and it was decided that this symposium would be slightly different – we were going to hold it somewhere with anoles! And so, on the weekend of 17-18th March, 2018, nearly 70 anole biologists traveled to sunny south Florida to attend the 7th Anolis Symposium held at the beautiful Fairchild Tropical Botanic ...


3d Bioprinting Of Stem Cells And Polymer/Bioactive Glass Composite Scaffolds For Bone Tissue Engineering, Caroline Murphy, Krishna Kolan, Wenbin Li, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu Jan 2019

3d Bioprinting Of Stem Cells And Polymer/Bioactive Glass Composite Scaffolds For Bone Tissue Engineering, Caroline Murphy, Krishna Kolan, Wenbin Li, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu

Ming C. Leu

A major limitation of using synthetic scaffolds in tissue engineering applications is insufficient angiogenesis in scaffold interior. Bioactive borate glasses have been shown to promote angiogenesis. There is a need to investigate the biofabrication of polymer composites by incorporating borate glass to increase the angiogenic capacity of the fabri-cated scaffolds. In this study, we investigated the bioprinting of human adipose stem cells (ASCs) with a polycaprolac-tone (PCL)/bioactive borate glass composite. Borate glass at the concentration of 10 to 50 weight %, was added to a mixture of PCL and organic solvent to make an extrudable paste. ASCs suspended in Matrigel ...


Exploring The Ipf Lung Through The Lens Of Single Cell Rna Sequencing, Taylor Adams, Jonas Schupp Jan 2019

Exploring The Ipf Lung Through The Lens Of Single Cell Rna Sequencing, Taylor Adams, Jonas Schupp

Yale Day of Data

This poster illustrates the differences between the IPF disease-specific variety of lung macrophages and the two varieties of macrophages known to reside in the normal human lung.


Concept Inventories As A Resource For Teaching Evolution, Robert E. Furrow, Jeremy L. Hsu Jan 2019

Concept Inventories As A Resource For Teaching Evolution, Robert E. Furrow, Jeremy L. Hsu

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Understanding evolution is critical to learning biology, but few college instructors take advantage of the body of peer-reviewed literature that can inform evolution teaching and assessment. Here we summarize the peer-reviewed papers on tools to assess student learning of evolutionary concepts. These published concept inventories provide a resource for instructors to design courses, gauge student preparation, identify key misconceptions in their student population, and measure the impact of a lesson, course, or broader curriculum on student learning. Because these inventories vary in their format, target audience, and degree of validation, we outline and explain these features. In addition to summarizing ...


The Effect Of Nonassociative Learning On Oxidative Stress In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Potential Application For Alzheimer’S Disease Research, Gillian Patton Jan 2019

The Effect Of Nonassociative Learning On Oxidative Stress In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Potential Application For Alzheimer’S Disease Research, Gillian Patton

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Alzheimer’s disease results in learning and memory deficits due to toxic changes in the brain caused by amyloid-β plaques and oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is caused by the overproduction of free radicals, which are uncharged molecules containing an unpaired valence electron. Nonassociative learning is a type of cognitive processing that only uses one stimulus instead of two related stimuli. Cognitive processing promotes neural growth and learning, while Alzheimer’s inhibits it. The purpose of this study was to test how nonassociative learning impacts oxidative stress and thus, if it might be considered as a potential treatment option for Alzheimer ...


The Effect Of Flavonoid Galangin On The Cell Viability And Toxicity Of Mcf-7 Human Breast Cancer Cells Exposed To Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Pahs), Abhimanyu Sailesh Jan 2019

The Effect Of Flavonoid Galangin On The Cell Viability And Toxicity Of Mcf-7 Human Breast Cancer Cells Exposed To Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Pahs), Abhimanyu Sailesh

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are chemical compounds ubiquitous in the environment; many of which are known human and animal carcinogen. The purpose of this study was to investigate MCF-7 epithelial breast cancer cells’ viability and toxicity following a short-term in vitro exposure to a cocktail of PAHs and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) separately in the presence and absence of varying concentrations of flavonoid galangin. It was predicted that presence of galangin will completely or partially block the damaging effects of PAHs. It was hypothesized that exposing the cells to 7 µM cocktail of PAHs or 10 µM B ...


The Effect Of Hordeum Vulgare, Rice Hull, And Oak Leaf Litter On The Prevalence Of Microcystis, Sreya Varanasi Jan 2019

The Effect Of Hordeum Vulgare, Rice Hull, And Oak Leaf Litter On The Prevalence Of Microcystis, Sreya Varanasi

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms are becoming more prevalent issues throughout the world, threatening ecosystems, posing risks to human health, and resulting in millions of dollars in economic damage. Conventionally, treatment approaches have been chemical or physical, but these are harmful to aquatic life or inefficient, respectively, which presents the biological approach as a favorable alternative. To assess the effects of low-effort and cost-effective treatments, Hordeum vulgare, rice hull, and oak leaf litter were individually applied to Microcystis cultures and compared to two negative controls (Microcystis alone and cotton on Microcystis) and a positive control (CuSO4). This research was aimed ...


Epha4b Expression In The Craniofacial Development Of African Cichlid Fishes, Chelse Vanatter Jan 2019

Epha4b Expression In The Craniofacial Development Of African Cichlid Fishes, Chelse Vanatter

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Epha4b gene expression may contribute to variances in facial formation including functional differences such as nose shape and clinical conditions such as cleft palate. During craniofacial development, neural crest cells migrate to the pharyngeal arches then differentiate to form bone, muscle, and cartilage cells. The Eph/ephrin signaling pathway guides the streams of migrating neural crest cells into the pharyngeal arches; epha4b, a gene encoding an Eph receptor, contributes to this signaling pathway. To determine how epha4b expression differs between species at different developmental stages, in situ hybridization, a process that stains areas of gene expression, was performed. African cichlid ...


The Effects Of Matthew’S Storm Surge On Coastal Loblolly Pine And Wax Myrtle Understory Regeneration, Brynn D. Wilkinson Jan 2019

The Effects Of Matthew’S Storm Surge On Coastal Loblolly Pine And Wax Myrtle Understory Regeneration, Brynn D. Wilkinson

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Hurricanes have detrimental effects on the environment and the economy. Not only are these effects felt immediately after the hurricane, but they last long after the winds have died down. They can affect future plant growth and mortality. In October of 2016 South Carolina was hit by Hurricane Matthew, a category 5 hurricane. Hobcaw Barony, our study site, was in the direct path of the storm. This created an opportunity to study the immediate effects on regeneration after a hurricane. Regenerations rates were measured along and around a surge line to determine regeneration and mortality rates. This data also allowed ...


An Evaluation Of Galleria Mellonella As A Model For Aspergillus Ustus Infections, Isak Jatoi Jan 2019

An Evaluation Of Galleria Mellonella As A Model For Aspergillus Ustus Infections, Isak Jatoi

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Invasive aspergillosis is a serious cause of mortality and morbidity in immunocompromised hosts. In particular, the emergence of multidrug-resistant fungi, such as Aspergillus calidoustus, poses a concern for both doctors and patients. Rapid screening in vivo of novel antifungals is essential for discovering new treatments to combat invasive aspergillosis and improve prognosis of patients. As such, this study proposed the use of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella, as a quick way to model A. calidoustus infection. Due to the dangers of working with A. calidoustus in a high school setting, A. ustus was used in experimentation. It was hypothesized ...


The Effects Of Oxidative Stress On Inducing Senescence In Human Fibroblasts, Shivani Chowdhary Jan 2019

The Effects Of Oxidative Stress On Inducing Senescence In Human Fibroblasts, Shivani Chowdhary

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Oxidative stress, specifically from hydrogen peroxide exposure, was performed to determine if it induced senescence in cell lines such as Hela cells and primary human fibroblasts. The purpose of this experiment was to find the optimal stage, concentration, and time of exposure to induce the greatest number of senescent cells. After dividing cultures of both the Hela and human fibroblasts cells in order to reduce confluency, the cells were placed in a six well plate and exposed to hydrogen peroxide for two hours at various concentrations. The plates were checked at twenty-four-hour intervals, and then fixed with senescence associated beta-galactosidase ...


The Effect Of Acetaminophen (Analgesic) And Diphenhydramine (Antihistamine) On Nociception Response Of Caenorhabditis Elegans, Heart Rate Of Eisenia Fetida, And Mortality Of Both E. Fetida And C. Elegans, Vamsi Gorrepati Jan 2019

The Effect Of Acetaminophen (Analgesic) And Diphenhydramine (Antihistamine) On Nociception Response Of Caenorhabditis Elegans, Heart Rate Of Eisenia Fetida, And Mortality Of Both E. Fetida And C. Elegans, Vamsi Gorrepati

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Pharmaceutical pollution continues to increase each year but its adverse effects on the environment are still largely unknown. Pharmaceuticals can enter the terrestrial ecosystem when animal manure and sewage sludge are applied to land as a fertilizer or when irrigated with contaminated water. To understand the extent to which common drugs impact the ecosystem, two commonly polluting pharmaceuticals, acetaminophen and diphenhydramine, which have been found in many cities such as Chicago, Dallas, and most notably The Great Lakes, were studied. Various concentrations were tested on E. fetida and C. elegans. Indicators such as heart rate were observed for E. fetida ...


Depth-Dependent Environmental Drivers Of Microbial Plankton Community Structure In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Cole Easson, Jose Lopez Jan 2019

Depth-Dependent Environmental Drivers Of Microbial Plankton Community Structure In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Cole Easson, Jose Lopez

Biology Faculty Articles

The Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is a dynamic marine ecosystem influenced by multiple natural and anthropogenic processes and inputs, such as the intrusion of warm oligotrophic water via the Loop Current, freshwater and nutrient input by the Mississippi River, and hydrocarbon inputs via natural seeps and industrial spills. Microbial plankton communities are important to pelagic food webs including in the GoM but understanding the drivers of the natural dynamics of these passively distributed microorganisms can be challenging in such a large and heterogeneous system. As part of the DEEPEND consortium, we applied high throughput 16S rRNA sequencing to investigate the ...


Sex-Related Differences In Immune Response And Symptomatic Manifestations To Infection With Leishmania Species, Ryan D. Lockard, Mary E. Wilson, Nilda E. Rodriguez Jan 2019

Sex-Related Differences In Immune Response And Symptomatic Manifestations To Infection With Leishmania Species, Ryan D. Lockard, Mary E. Wilson, Nilda E. Rodriguez

Biology Faculty Publications

Worldwide, an estimated 12 million people are infected with Leishmania spp. and an additional 350 million are at risk of infection. Leishmania are intracellular parasites that cause disease by suppressing macrophage microbicidal responses. Infection can remain asymptomatic or lead to a spectrum of diseases including cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. Ultimately, the combination of both pathogen and host factors determines the outcome of infection. Leishmaniasis, as well as numerous other infectious diseases, exhibits sex-related differences that cannot be explained solely in terms of environmental exposure or healthcare access. Furthermore, transcriptomic evidence is revealing that biological sex is a variable impacting ...


The Role Of Antarctica In Biogeographical Reconstruction: A Point Of View, Manuel De La Estrella, Sven Buerki, Thais Vasconcelos, Eve J. Lucas, Félix Forest Jan 2019

The Role Of Antarctica In Biogeographical Reconstruction: A Point Of View, Manuel De La Estrella, Sven Buerki, Thais Vasconcelos, Eve J. Lucas, Félix Forest

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Premise of research. The opening of the Drake Passage in the Miocene (disconnecting Antarctica and South America and resulting in the establishment of the Circumpolar Current preventing warm waters from the north to reach the polar continent) has led to the formation of the ice sheets and the retreat of the temperate to tropical vegetation that had covered Antarctica for millions of years. With only two current native vascular plant species, Antarctica has been virtually ignored in biogeographical reconstructions and, when considered, only a posteriori invoked as a route of dispersal to reconcile inferred disjunct biogeographical patterns.

Methodology. Here, we ...


In The Eye Of The Storm: Houston After Hurricane Harvey, Brandon Tolentino-Serrano Jan 2019

In The Eye Of The Storm: Houston After Hurricane Harvey, Brandon Tolentino-Serrano

Pomona Senior Theses

Situated in one of the wettest climates in America, Houston, TX has had a long history of heavy rains and unprecedented floods. Unfortunately, floods have become more common over the last few decades as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of hurricanes around the globe. To complicate matters further, Houston has quickly sprawled to accommodate over 2.5 billion people. Rapid urbanization has rendered the landscape even more susceptible to floods through excess concretization and watershed disturbance. This thesis traces the history of the Bayou City in relation to the damages caused by Hurricane Harvey. By mapping out the ...


Strain-Specific Protein Interaction And Localization Of Two Strains Of Potato Yellow Dwarf Virus And Functional Domains Of Their Matrix Protein, Chanyong Jang Jan 2019

Strain-Specific Protein Interaction And Localization Of Two Strains Of Potato Yellow Dwarf Virus And Functional Domains Of Their Matrix Protein, Chanyong Jang

Theses and Dissertations--Plant Pathology

Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV) is the type species of the genus nucleorhabdovirus which is typified by its nucleotropic characters of the members. The virus accomplishes its replication and morphogenesis in the nuclei of infected cells. Two strains, Constricta strain (CYDV) and Sanguinolenta strain (SYDV) have been described at the level of vector-specificity. CYDV is vectored by Agallia constricta and SYDV is transmitted by Aceratagllia sanguinolenta. The full-length genome of CYDV was sequenced. The 12,792 nt antisense genome encodes seven open reading frames in the order of, nucleocapsid protein (N), unknown protein (X), phosphoprotein (P), movement protein (Y), matrix ...


Analysis Of The Genetic And Neurological Components Of Opioid Addiction, With Public Health Perspectives Of The Opioid Epidemic In The United States Of America, Janhavi A. Dubhashi Jan 2019

Analysis Of The Genetic And Neurological Components Of Opioid Addiction, With Public Health Perspectives Of The Opioid Epidemic In The United States Of America, Janhavi A. Dubhashi

DISCOVERY: Georgia State Honors College Undergraduate Research Journal

Opioid addiction has reached epidemic levels around the world, with over-prescription of opioid pain relievers being an often-cited reason for the epidemic in the USA. This project looks at opioid addiction from three perspectives: a review of literature dealing with the neural pathways involved in opioid use and addiction; the underlying genetic differences that can increase the risk of opioid use disorder; and an overview of the public health aspects of the epidemic. The paper will conclude with a review of current and new treatments based upon a growing neurobiological and molecular understanding of opioid use disorder.


Targeted Resequencing Of Crispr Cas9 Mediated Icer Knockout In Sk-Mel-24 Cells, Justin Wheelan Jan 2019

Targeted Resequencing Of Crispr Cas9 Mediated Icer Knockout In Sk-Mel-24 Cells, Justin Wheelan

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Inducible cAMP Early Repressor (ICER) is a small transcription factor that originates from an intronic promoter within the cAMP Response Element Modulator (CREM) gene (Molina et al., 1993). ICER acts as a putative tumor suppressor by mediating cAMP antiproliferative activity by competitively binding to cAMP Response Elements (CRE’s) and repressing transcription of genes involved in cell division (Mémin et al., 2002). ICER has been shown to be effectively absent in cancer and suspected to be targeted for proteasomal degradation via ubiquitination (Healey et al., 2013). ICER is most likely regulated via post-translational modifications as a result of mutations on ...


Linking Petal Cell Shape To Pollinator Mode In Mimulus, Emma Bekele Jan 2019

Linking Petal Cell Shape To Pollinator Mode In Mimulus, Emma Bekele

Scripps Senior Theses

Reproduction is essential for all organisms. In plants, reproduction relies on pollination. In addition to large-scale traits such as shape and color, flowers may use traits imperceptible to the naked eye in order to attract pollinators. One such trait may be conical cell shape of petal cells. Previous work has identified conical petal cells as providing a foothold for foraging bees, suggesting that conical cell shape is an adaptation to bee pollination. However, this hypothesis has not been fully tested and requires development of a rigorous methodology for quantifying cell shape. Here, we utilize natural variation in pollinator mode in ...


The Influence Of Temperature On The Rate Of Oxygen Consumption Of Harvester Ants From Two Different Species And Climates, Catalina Biesman-Simons, Spencer Burget, Conor Chapman, Elise Van Scoy Jan 2019

The Influence Of Temperature On The Rate Of Oxygen Consumption Of Harvester Ants From Two Different Species And Climates, Catalina Biesman-Simons, Spencer Burget, Conor Chapman, Elise Van Scoy

W.M. Keck Science Introductory Biology Projects

Linepithema humile is an invasive species that successfully inhabits environments worldwide. Its success in exploiting a wide range habitat may relate to its ability to modify thermal performance in different habitats. We examined the temperature dependence of running speed for L. humile from two different microhabitats at the Robert J. Bernard Biological Field Station in Claremont, California. We hypothesized that L. humile would exhibit similar running speeds in both microhabitats, and that running speeds would increase with temperature until 40 °C. We found a positive correlation between temperature and running speed in the woodland habitat and a negative correlation between ...


Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal Jan 2019

Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal

CMC Senior Theses

Recently published scientific articles have led to mixed nutritional advice on dietary saturated fatty acids. Lesser et. al (2007) identified that mixed conclusions in scientific articles on sweetened beverages might be attributed industry funding, as articles funded by the beverage industry are four to eight times more likely to report conclusions in favor of the sponsor’s products. This thesis applies Lesser’s methods to determine whether industry funding influences the inconsistent conclusions on saturated fatty acids. This thesis analyzes 100 articles on foods high in dietary saturated fatty acids. While studies with food industry funding are more likely to ...


Table Of Contents Dec 2018

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.