Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 142425

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Disturbance Interactions In Subalpine Forests, Their Impacts On Forest Resilience, Carbon, And Future Carbon Storage Under A Variety Of Management And Climate Change Scenarios, Brian Buma Jan 2913

Disturbance Interactions In Subalpine Forests, Their Impacts On Forest Resilience, Carbon, And Future Carbon Storage Under A Variety Of Management And Climate Change Scenarios, Brian Buma

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Forest disturbances are inevitable, and recovery from those disturbances (termed resilience) is required for the persistence of forests through time. Extraordinarily severe or compounding multiple disturbances may, however, exceed that resilience and shift the ecosystems into alternate regimes with potentially large implications for ecosystem structure and functioning. A compound disturbance event (wind, logging, and fire) in a Colorado subalpine forest was studied for the impact of the multiple disturbance events on disturbance characteristics, tree regeneration, and carbon stocks, an important ecosystem service provided by many forests. The regeneration was also grown using the Forest Vegetation Simulator to simulate the effects ...


Recent Decline Of Lowland Populations Of The Western Gray Squirrel In The Los Angeles Area Of Southern California, Daniel S. Cooper, Alan Muchlinski Jul 2105

Recent Decline Of Lowland Populations Of The Western Gray Squirrel In The Los Angeles Area Of Southern California, Daniel S. Cooper, Alan Muchlinski

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

We provide an overview of the distribution of lowland and otherwise isolated populations of the western gray squirrel (Sciurus griseus) in the Los Angeles area of southern California, an area that has experienced a recent and ongoing invasion by the non-native eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger), an urban-adapted species introduced a century ago. Away from its strongholds in the western Santa Monica Mountains, San Gabriel Mountains, and Santa Ana Mountains, the western gray squirrel is resident locally in both the Santa Susana and the Verdugo Mountains, in Griffith Park, in low hills at the eastern periphery of the San Gabriel ...


An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart Dec 2102

An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart

C. Neal Stewart Jr.

Background Monitoring gene flow could be important for future transgenic crops, such as those producing plant-made-pharmaceuticals (PMPs) in open field production. A Nicotiana hybrid (Nicotiana. tabacum × Nicotiana glauca) shows limited male fertility and could be used as a bioconfined PMP platform. Effective assessment of gene flow from these plants is augmented with methods that utilize fluorescent proteins for transgenic pollen identification. Results We report the generation of a pollen tagging system utilizing an orange fluorescent protein to monitor pollen flow and as a visual assessment of transgene zygosity of the parent plant. This system was created to generate a tagged ...


Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Sep 2099

Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are compared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy ...


Potential For Climate Induced Methane Hydrate Dissociation, Graham Macwilliams Jan 2018

Potential For Climate Induced Methane Hydrate Dissociation, Graham Macwilliams

Pomona Senior Theses

Methane hydrates are frozen deposits of methane and water found in high pressure or low temperature sediments. When these deposits destabilize, large quantities of methane can be emitted into the atmosphere. This is significant to climate change because methane has 25 times more greenhouse gas potential than Carbon Dioxide. Worldwide, it is estimated there are between 2500 and 10000 gigatons of methane stored in hydrate deposits. This represents more carbon than all fossil fuels on Earth. It is estimated that between 200 and 2000 gigatons of methane are stored in hydrates in Arctic waters acutely vulnerable to greenhouse warming. Over ...


Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer Dec 2017

Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Superresolution Imaging Identifies That Conventional Trafficking Pathways Are Not Essential For Endoplasmic Reticulum To Outer Mitochondrial Membrane Protein Transport., Kyle Salka, Shivaprasad Bhuvanendran, Kassandra Wilson, Petros Bozidis, Mansi Mehta, Kristin Rainey, Hiromi Sesaki, George H Patterson, Jyoti K. Jaiswal, Anamaris M. Colberg-Poley Dec 2017

Superresolution Imaging Identifies That Conventional Trafficking Pathways Are Not Essential For Endoplasmic Reticulum To Outer Mitochondrial Membrane Protein Transport., Kyle Salka, Shivaprasad Bhuvanendran, Kassandra Wilson, Petros Bozidis, Mansi Mehta, Kristin Rainey, Hiromi Sesaki, George H Patterson, Jyoti K. Jaiswal, Anamaris M. Colberg-Poley

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Most nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins traffic from the cytosol to mitochondria. Some of these proteins localize at mitochondria-associated membranes (MAM), where mitochondria are closely apposed with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We have previously shown that the human cytomegalovirus signal-anchored protein known as viral mitochondria-localized inhibitor of apoptosis (vMIA) traffics from the ER to mitochondria and clusters at the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). Here, we have examined the host pathways by which vMIA traffics from the ER to mitochondria and clusters at the OMM. By disruption of phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2 (PACS-2), mitofusins (Mfn1/2), and dynamin related protein 1 ...


J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Delbert Kruger May 2017

J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Delbert Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

No abstract provided.


Does Personality Similarity In Bottlenose Dolphin Pairs Influence Dyadic Bond Characteristics?, Kelsey R. Moreno May 2017

Does Personality Similarity In Bottlenose Dolphin Pairs Influence Dyadic Bond Characteristics?, Kelsey R. Moreno

Master's Theses

Social structures are critical to the success of many species and have repercussions on health, well-being, and adaptation, yet little is known about the factors which shape these structures aside from ecology and life history strategies. Dyadic bonds are the basis of all social structures; however, mechanisms for formations of specific bonds or patterns in which individuals form which types of bonds have yet to be demonstrated. There is a variety of evidence indicating personality may be a factor in shaping bonds, but this relationship has not been explored with respect to bond components and is yet to be demonstrated ...


Do Pinnipeds Have Personality? Coding Harbor Seal (Phoca Vitulina) And California Sea Lion (Zalophus Californianus) Behavior Across Contexts., Amber J. De Vere May 2017

Do Pinnipeds Have Personality? Coding Harbor Seal (Phoca Vitulina) And California Sea Lion (Zalophus Californianus) Behavior Across Contexts., Amber J. De Vere

Master's Theses

Personality has now been studied in species as diverse as chimpanzees (King & Figueredo, 1997) and cuttlefish (Carere et al., 2015), but marine mammals remain vastly underrepresented in this area. A broad range of traits have been assessed only in the bottlenose dolphin (Highfilll & Kuczaj, 2007), while consistent individual differences in a few specific behaviors have been identified in grey seals (Robinson et al., 2015; Twiss & Franklin, 2010; Twiss, Culloch & Pomeroy, 2011; Twiss, Cairns, Culloch, Richards & Pomeroy, 2012). Furthermore, the context component of definitions of personality is not often assessed, despite evidence that animals may show individual patterns of consistency (Kuczaj, Highfill & Byerly, 2012). The current study therefore aimed to assess underlying personality factors and consistency across contexts in two unstudied marine mammal species, using behavioral coding.

Two California sea lion and three harbor seal personality factors were extracted using exploratory factor analysis. Two factors were broadly similar across species; the first, Boldness, resembled human Extraversion, and to some extent Openness. The second factor was labeled Routine Activity, and contained some Conscientiousness-like traits. Excitable-Interest emerged as a third factor in seals, but had low reliability. Species-specific patterns were also identified for interactive behaviors across two contexts. However, there was substantial individual variation in the frequency of these behaviors, as well as some animals who did not conform to species-level trends. This study therefore provides novel evidence for broad personality factors and ...


White-Ch6-Groundingreligion2.Pdf, Carol W. White Apr 2017

White-Ch6-Groundingreligion2.Pdf, Carol W. White

Carol White


One effective way of addressing race and ethnicity within the paradigm of ecology and religion is through the lens of religious naturalism. Religious naturalism shifts our thinking back to ourselves as natural processes, encouraging us to question our values, behaviors, and resource uses as we conceive and enact our relationalitywith each other and the more-than-human worlds.
 
I first describe the presence of white supremacy in United States to help contextualize historical and current problems related to race and ethnicity in ecological movements, as well as the lack of full religious reflection and problematic responses to them. I also discuss key ...


Precision Drought Stress In Orchards: Rootstock Evaluation, Trunk Hydration And Canopy Temperature, Lance V. Scott Apr 2017

Precision Drought Stress In Orchards: Rootstock Evaluation, Trunk Hydration And Canopy Temperature, Lance V. Scott

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In many areas, over half of all diverted water is used for irrigation. Tree fruit crops use a lot of water, but water productivity can be increased using properly-timed precision water stress. In addition to water conservation, increases in water productivity arise from better fruit quality, increased storage life and reductions in pruning and maintenance. One major hurdle to applying precision water stress in orchards is the lack of a reliable, automated method of determining tree water status. However, the influence of physiological characteristics such as rootstock vigor on water productivity are also important. Selecting the most appropriate rootstocks and ...


Effects Of Gestational Dietary Intake On Calf Growth And Early Feedlot Performance Of Offspring, Jose Gardner Apr 2017

Effects Of Gestational Dietary Intake On Calf Growth And Early Feedlot Performance Of Offspring, Jose Gardner

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fetal programming is a relatively new and quickly growing field of research in the livestock industry. The concept of fetal programming is simply defined as the effects a change in maternal nutritional intake has on offspring, whether it be a genetic or physical change. The intention of this study was to specifically look at the effects of nutrient restriction of cows during the second trimester of gestation on the growth and performance of the resulting calves.

In this study, thirty-two cows of predominantly angus influence from the Utah state university herd were chosen, naturally bred to a pure bred angus ...


An Investigation In Muscle Activation During Load Carrying, Sidney Baudendistel Mar 2017

An Investigation In Muscle Activation During Load Carrying, Sidney Baudendistel

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Carrying items is essential to everyday living, but is often reported to be a functional limitation in individuals with respiratory dysfunction. The interaction between breathing and carrying a bimanual load (i.e., carrying an evenly distributed load in each hand) is not well understood and limits the capacity to derive interventions to address functional limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of two bimanual loads, 10% and 5% of body weight, on gait. Fourteen healthy, young adults walked with and without a load on each wrist (2.5 and 5% of body weight) using wrist weights ...


Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier Mar 2017

Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier

Pathology Faculty Publications

Trifunctional protein deficiency/Long-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD/TFP) deficiency is a disorder of fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. Severe neonatal lactic acidosis, cardiomyopathy, and hepatic dysfunction are caused by the accumulation of toxic long-chain acylcarnitines. The feasibility of umbilical cord blood use in screening for acylcarnitine analysis and free carnitine has been hypothesized but not reported in LCHAD/TFP neonates.

We present a 4 week old female who was at risk of inheriting LCHAD/TFP deficiency and was diagnosed at the time of delivery using umbilical cord blood. Umbilical cord blood was collected at delivery and sent for acylcarnitine ...


Status Of Basic Taxonomic Skills In Botanical Articles Related To Azad Jammu And Kashmir, Pakistan: A Review, Arshad Mahmood Khan, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Mirza Faisal Qaseem, Waseem Ahmad, Zafeer Saqib, Tariq Habib Feb 2017

Status Of Basic Taxonomic Skills In Botanical Articles Related To Azad Jammu And Kashmir, Pakistan: A Review, Arshad Mahmood Khan, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Mirza Faisal Qaseem, Waseem Ahmad, Zafeer Saqib, Tariq Habib

Journal of Bioresource Management

The problems of synonymy, incorrect species author citation/abbreviation and spelling errors are hampering botanical research around the globe. This article was aimed to quantify the intensity and errors encountered in this regard in published botanical articles pertaining to the Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. To address this issue, 100 articles published in 1999-2015 were reviewed. A total of 5460 entries were processed carefully and 1350 species binomials (excluding repititions) were extracted that were linked with 1333 accepted binomials according to theplantlist.org. Out of these accepted species binomials, 1109 were communicated correctly, whereas the remaining 224 binomials were conveyed ...


Canning Guides At Altitudes Of 3,000-10,000 Ft., Carolyn Washburn, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Canning Guides At Altitudes Of 3,000-10,000 Ft., Carolyn Washburn, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This is an MS Word file that contains Charts for Canning at altitudes of 3000-10,000 ft.


Apples, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Apples, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This publication is part of the Food Sense Guide to Eating Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and includes information on selecting, preparing, cooking, and storing apples.


Using Boiling Water-Bath Canners, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Using Boiling Water-Bath Canners, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

No abstract provided.


Using Pressure Canners, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Using Pressure Canners, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

No abstract provided.


Principles Of Pressure Canning, Kathleen Riggs, Brian Nummer Feb 2017

Principles Of Pressure Canning, Kathleen Riggs, Brian Nummer

Kathleen Riggs

This publication discusses the basic principles of pressure canning.


Principles Of Boiling Water Canning, Kathleen Riggs, Brian Nummer Feb 2017

Principles Of Boiling Water Canning, Kathleen Riggs, Brian Nummer

Kathleen Riggs

This publication discusses the basic principles of boiling water cannings.


Preserving Apples, Charlotte P. Brennand, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Preserving Apples, Charlotte P. Brennand, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This publication describes selecting apples, preparing them for freezing and canning, drying, storage, and nutritional information


Canning Guides At Altitudes Of 3,000-10,000 Ft., Carolyn Washburn, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Canning Guides At Altitudes Of 3,000-10,000 Ft., Carolyn Washburn, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This is an MS Word file that contains Charts for Canning at altitudes of 3000-10,000 ft.


Avoiding Common Canning Mistakes, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Avoiding Common Canning Mistakes, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This publication gives tips on avoiding common canning mistakes.


Apples, Kathleen Riggs Feb 2017

Apples, Kathleen Riggs

Kathleen Riggs

This publication is part of the Food Sense Guide to Eating Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and includes information on selecting, preparing, cooking, and storing apples.


Davis County Crop Production Costs And Returns, 2012, Shawn Olsen, Kynda Curtis Feb 2017

Davis County Crop Production Costs And Returns, 2012, Shawn Olsen, Kynda Curtis

Shawn Olsen

Sample costs and returns to establish and produce alfalfa hay, corn (silage), and wheat under flood irrigation in Davis County, Utah are presented in this publication.


A Comparison Of 16 Summer-Bearing Raspberry Cultivars For Northern Utah, Britney Hunter, Rick Heflebower, Shawn Olsen, Brent Black, Diane Alston, Thor Lindstrom Feb 2017

A Comparison Of 16 Summer-Bearing Raspberry Cultivars For Northern Utah, Britney Hunter, Rick Heflebower, Shawn Olsen, Brent Black, Diane Alston, Thor Lindstrom

Shawn Olsen

This fact sheet compares summer-bearing raspberry cultivars for northern Utah, including their winter hardiness, yield, fruit quality and resistance to common insects and diseases.


Teff Hay Production Guidelines For Utah, Earl Creech, Mike Laca, James Barnhill, Shawn Olsen Feb 2017

Teff Hay Production Guidelines For Utah, Earl Creech, Mike Laca, James Barnhill, Shawn Olsen

Shawn Olsen

Teff (sometimes spelled tef) [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is a relatively new forage crop to Utah that has grown in popularity in recent years. It is an annual, warm-season grass that is native to Ethiopia.


Small Pasture Management Guide For Utah, James Barnhill, Shawn Olsen, Randy Sessions, Dean Miner, Tiffany Julen-Day, Niels Hansen, Clark Garn Feb 2017

Small Pasture Management Guide For Utah, James Barnhill, Shawn Olsen, Randy Sessions, Dean Miner, Tiffany Julen-Day, Niels Hansen, Clark Garn

Shawn Olsen

No abstract provided.