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Articles 1 - 30 of 127201

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Recent Decline Of Lowland Populations Of The Western Gray Squirrel In The Los Angeles Area Of Southern California, Daniel S. Cooper, Alan Muchlinski Jul 2105

Recent Decline Of Lowland Populations Of The Western Gray Squirrel In The Los Angeles Area Of Southern California, Daniel S. Cooper, Alan Muchlinski

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

We provide an overview of the distribution of lowland and otherwise isolated populations of the western gray squirrel (Sciurus griseus) in the Los Angeles area of southern California, an area that has experienced a recent and ongoing invasion by the non-native eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger), an urban-adapted species introduced a century ago. Away from its strongholds in the western Santa Monica Mountains, San Gabriel Mountains, and Santa Ana Mountains, the western gray squirrel is resident locally in both the Santa Susana and the Verdugo Mountains, in Griffith Park, in low hills at the eastern periphery of the San Gabriel ...


An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart Dec 2102

An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart

C. Neal Stewart Jr.

Background Monitoring gene flow could be important for future transgenic crops, such as those producing plant-made-pharmaceuticals (PMPs) in open field production. A Nicotiana hybrid (Nicotiana. tabacum × Nicotiana glauca) shows limited male fertility and could be used as a bioconfined PMP platform. Effective assessment of gene flow from these plants is augmented with methods that utilize fluorescent proteins for transgenic pollen identification. Results We report the generation of a pollen tagging system utilizing an orange fluorescent protein to monitor pollen flow and as a visual assessment of transgene zygosity of the parent plant. This system was created to generate a tagged ...


Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Sep 2099

Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are compared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy ...


Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer Dec 2017

Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay Jan 2017

Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

Bartonella bacilliformis is a gram negative alpha-proteobacterium native to the Andes of South America. Bartonella causes Carrion’s disease, a potentially life threatening disease transmitted by the sand fly. It has a mortality rate of 88% when untreated and 10% when treated. Diagnostics and control measures for the disease are underdeveloped and no vaccine is available. Recent outbreaks indicate that the range of the pathogen is increasing with nearly 1.7 million people in western South America at risk. Little is known about the epidemiology and pathogenesis of B. bacilliformis. Recent research done by UC San Diego found a paralogous ...


J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Kruger Dec 2016

J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

No abstract provided.


Principles Of Space Anthropology: Establishing A Science Of Human Space Settlement, Cameron Smith Dec 2016

Principles Of Space Anthropology: Establishing A Science Of Human Space Settlement, Cameron Smith

Cameron Smith

Human space settlement will be the extension of human adaptation from terrestrial to extraterrestrial (off-Earth) environments. Space settlement should therefore be planned and carried out with a thorough understanding of human adaptation—both biological and culturalwhich is best known today to the field of anthropology. In this book I outline the principles of an evolutionary, adaptation-based anthropology useful to making a success of the goal of permanent human space settlement.


Visual Methods For Collaborative Food System Work, K. Valentine Cadieux, Charles Levkoe, P. Mount, D. Szanto Dec 2016

Visual Methods For Collaborative Food System Work, K. Valentine Cadieux, Charles Levkoe, P. Mount, D. Szanto

K. Valentine Cadieux

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Morphological And Molecular Analysis Using Rapd In Biofield Treated Sponge And Bitter Gourd, Mahendra Trivedi Dec 2016

Morphological And Molecular Analysis Using Rapd In Biofield Treated Sponge And Bitter Gourd, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Plants are known to have sense and can respond to touch, electric and magnetic field. The present study was designed on the sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) seeds with respect to biofield energy treatment. The seeds of each crop were divided into two groups, one was kept control, while the other group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’ biofield energy treatment. The variabilities in growth contributing parameters were studied and compared with their control. To study the genetic variability after biofield energy treatment, both the seeds were analyzed for DNA fingerprinting using RAPD method. After germination, the ...


Morphological And Molecular Analysis Using Rapd In Biofield Treated Sponge And Bitter Gourd, Mahendra Trivedi Dec 2016

Morphological And Molecular Analysis Using Rapd In Biofield Treated Sponge And Bitter Gourd, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Plants are known to have sense and can respond to touch, electric and magnetic field. The present study was designed on the sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) seeds with respect to biofield energy treatment. The seeds of each crop were divided into two groups, one was kept control, while the other group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’ biofield energy treatment. The variabilities in growth contributing parameters were studied and compared with their control. To study the genetic variability after biofield energy treatment, both the seeds were analyzed for DNA fingerprinting using RAPD method. After germination, the ...


Environmental Res. Bernard Singleton 2016 .Pdf, Joy Semien Dec 2016

Environmental Res. Bernard Singleton 2016 .Pdf, Joy Semien

Joy Semien

The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was the largest maritime oil spill in history
resulting in the accumulation of genotoxic substances in the air, soil, and water. This has potential far-
reaching health impacts on cleanup field workers and on the populations living in the contaminated
coastal areas. We have employed portable airborne particulate matter samplers (SKC Biosampler Im-
pinger) and a genetically engineered bacterial reporter system (umu-ChromoTest from EBPI) to de-
termine levels of genotoxicity of air samples collected from highly contaminated areas of coastal
Louisiana including Grand Isle, Port Fourchon, and Elmer's ...


Cover Crop Effect On Subsequent Wheat Yield In The Central Great Plains, David Nielsen, Drew Lyon, Robert Higgins, Gary Hergert, Johnathon Holman, Merle Vigil Oct 2016

Cover Crop Effect On Subsequent Wheat Yield In The Central Great Plains, David Nielsen, Drew Lyon, Robert Higgins, Gary Hergert, Johnathon Holman, Merle Vigil

David C. Nielsen

Crop production systems in the water-limited environment of the semiarid central Great Plains may not have potential to profitably use cover crops because of lowered subsequent wheat (Triticum asestivum L.) yields following the cover crop. Mixtures have reportedly shown less yield-reducing effects on subsequent crops than single-species plantings. This study was conducted to determine winter wheat yields following both mixtures and single-species plantings of spring-planted cover crops. The study was conducted at Akron, CO, and Sidney, NE, during the 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 wheat growing seasons under both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Precipitation storage efficiency before wheat planting, wheat ...


Food Science Education, Research, And Professional Development, Phillip S. Tong Oct 2016

Food Science Education, Research, And Professional Development, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

Food science knowledge and experience obtained through education, research, and professional development are the engines for innovative solutions that have historically solved key challenges in providing food for man since ancient times, and hold the key to meeting future needs of a growing global population. The systems in place that have been used to evolve our education programs conduct research and provide continuous learning opportunities that are essential to insuring a vibrant and widely available nutritious, safe, and wholesome food supply. This article provides an overview of the topics of the hierarchy related to food science education, research, and professional ...


1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll Oct 2016

1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Sequence Alignments

Pairwise Alignment: DNA

Pairwise Alignment: Protein

Multiple Sequence Alignment: DNA

Multiple Sequence Alignment: Protein


Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner Aug 2016

Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on the University of Southern California's campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Investigating Genetic Differences Between Strains Of Janthinobacterium Lividum On Salamanders And In Their Environment, Rhiannon E. Black Aug 2016

Investigating Genetic Differences Between Strains Of Janthinobacterium Lividum On Salamanders And In Their Environment, Rhiannon E. Black

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Human Disturbance On Physiology, Behavior, And Ornamentation In The Eastern Bluebird, Lauren Marjorie Gillespie Aug 2016

Effects Of Human Disturbance On Physiology, Behavior, And Ornamentation In The Eastern Bluebird, Lauren Marjorie Gillespie

Dissertations

Overall, few studies have focused on anthropogenic disturbance on wildlife physiology. Research has typically focused on how environmentally contaminated areas or anthropogenic disturbance (e.g. noise, human activity) influences biodiversity, community structure and behavior of individual animals. However, understanding how disturbance influences some aspects of physiology can require sacrifice of the animal, prohibiting ecologically relevant measures of behavior and reproductive success. This research strives to examine covariation between testosterone (T) and corticosterone (CORT), plumage ornamentation, and behavior in two populations of eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) that differ in degree to which their habitat is modified by human activity.

In this ...


Effects Of Salt And Nitrite Concentration On The Shelf Life Of Deli-Style Ham, Regan E. Stanley Aug 2016

Effects Of Salt And Nitrite Concentration On The Shelf Life Of Deli-Style Ham, Regan E. Stanley

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Deli-style hams were manufactured to measure the effects of salt and nitrite concentration on shelf life and physicochemical characteristics. Three replications of deli-style ham treatments were manufactured in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement of salt concentration (0.7%, 1.4%, or 2.1%, meat block basis) and nitrite concentration and source (0 ppm, 100 ppm or 200 ppm sodium nitrite, SN, or 100 ppm sodium nitrite equivalent from pre-converted celery juice powder, CP; Veg Stable 506, Florida Food Products). Salt concentration, water activity, cook yield, and texture profile analysis (TPA) were measured on w 0. Color, pH, residual nitrite ...


The Relationship Between Strength, Power, And Sprint Acceleration In Division I Men’S Soccer Players, Christopher Bellon Aug 2016

The Relationship Between Strength, Power, And Sprint Acceleration In Division I Men’S Soccer Players, Christopher Bellon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation were three-fold. The first was to identify the approximate distances characterizing early-, mid-, and late-acceleration in a population of Division I men’s collegiate soccer players. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationships between various strength-power variables and key sprint characteristics during early-, mid-, and late-acceleration in a population of Division I men’s soccer players. The final purpose of this dissertation was to compare the spatiotemporal characteristics of “strong” versus “weak” and “more powerful” versus “less powerful” Division I men’s soccer players during early-, mid-, and late- acceleration. The following are the ...


Community Structure And Production Of The Macrobenthos On Four Artificial Reefs In The Mississippi Sound In Relation To Substrate And Profile Type, Patrick Daniel Gillam Aug 2016

Community Structure And Production Of The Macrobenthos On Four Artificial Reefs In The Mississippi Sound In Relation To Substrate And Profile Type, Patrick Daniel Gillam

Master's Theses

In recent years, the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources (DMR) has made a concerted effort to enhance its coastal fishery resources by creating artificial reefs. Through this effort, 73 nearshore reefs have been created across the MS coast. Different substrate types used to construct MS artificial reefs include oyster shell and cement rubble. Two types of reef architecture used include high profile breakwater and low profile submerged structures. This study compared the benthic biota associated with oyster shell and cement rubble substrates among four artificial reefs representing high and low profile structures in summer 2011. Colonized benthic biota were quantified ...


Tlr3 Signaling In Human Bdca-3 Dendritic Cells Results In The Formation Of Several Ilt3 And Ilt4 Populations, Nicholas J. Colletti Aug 2016

Tlr3 Signaling In Human Bdca-3 Dendritic Cells Results In The Formation Of Several Ilt3 And Ilt4 Populations, Nicholas J. Colletti

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a population of innate immune cells that are highly efficient at promoting immune responses. DCs are capable of presenting antigens to both CD4 and CD8 T cells. DC presentation and interaction with T cells can result in either immune stimulation or tolerance. This study intends to phenotype a rare subset of DCs found in the human blood and is distinguishable by the expression of various surface markers including: lineage markers (Lin), HLADR, CD1c, and CD141 or BDCA-3. Stimulating BDCA-3 DCs with Poly I:C, a toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 agonist, resulted in the up-regulation of various ...


Plant Growth Promotion By Bradyrhizobium Japonicum Under Heavy Metal Stress, M. Seneviratne, S. Gunaratne, T. Bandara, L. Weerasundara, Nishanta Rajakaruna, G. Seneviratne, M. Vithanage Jun 2016

Plant Growth Promotion By Bradyrhizobium Japonicum Under Heavy Metal Stress, M. Seneviratne, S. Gunaratne, T. Bandara, L. Weerasundara, Nishanta Rajakaruna, G. Seneviratne, M. Vithanage

Nishanta Rajakaruna

The increase in usage of heavy metals in different industrial activities causes their existence in effluents. Excessive concentrations of these heavy metals pollute soil and water. Heavy metals cause toxicities and other harmful effects not only in humans and animals but also in plants and soil microorganisms. Heavy metals disrupt many biochemical and physiological activities in bacteria, including growth, development, enzyme and hormone production. Indole acetic acid (IAA) is one of the most important hormones in plants, which is secreted by both bacteria and plants. The present study assessed the effects of Ni, Pb and Cu on the growth of ...


Hemagglutinins On The Body Surface Of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus Japonicus, Osamu Nakamura, Keisuke Ono, Shigeyuki Tsutsui, Tomoyuki Odaka, Toshiaki Miyadai Jun 2016

Hemagglutinins On The Body Surface Of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus Japonicus, Osamu Nakamura, Keisuke Ono, Shigeyuki Tsutsui, Tomoyuki Odaka, Toshiaki Miyadai

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Infectious Spleen And Kidney Necrosis Virus (Isknv) Used A Novel Strategy To Modulate The Mitochondria/ Caspases -Mediated Cell Death Pathway Via Ros Signaling In A Fish Cell Line, Jiann R. Hong Jun 2016

Infectious Spleen And Kidney Necrosis Virus (Isknv) Used A Novel Strategy To Modulate The Mitochondria/ Caspases -Mediated Cell Death Pathway Via Ros Signaling In A Fish Cell Line, Jiann R. Hong

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Mannose-Specific Immunoglobulin M In The Mucus Of Fugu Takifugu Rubripes Is Utilized By A Monogenean Parasite Heterobothrium Okamotoi For Host Recognition, Shigeyuki Tsutsui Jun 2016

Mannose-Specific Immunoglobulin M In The Mucus Of Fugu Takifugu Rubripes Is Utilized By A Monogenean Parasite Heterobothrium Okamotoi For Host Recognition, Shigeyuki Tsutsui

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Piscine Reovirus Infection On Innate Immune Signalling In Salmon, Mark Polinski Jun 2016

Effects Of Piscine Reovirus Infection On Innate Immune Signalling In Salmon, Mark Polinski

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Disparate Developmental Patterns Of Immune Responses To Bacterial And Viral Infections In Fish, Pierre Boudinot Jun 2016

Disparate Developmental Patterns Of Immune Responses To Bacterial And Viral Infections In Fish, Pierre Boudinot

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Immune Responses To Alum In The Japanese Pufferfish (Takifugu Rubripes), Masahiro Sakai, Takashi Morimoto, Gouranga Biswas, Tomoya Kono, Jun-Ichi Hikima Dr. Jun 2016

Immune Responses To Alum In The Japanese Pufferfish (Takifugu Rubripes), Masahiro Sakai, Takashi Morimoto, Gouranga Biswas, Tomoya Kono, Jun-Ichi Hikima Dr.

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Looking Through Transgenic Zebrafish To Reveal Novel Mechanisms Of Host-Parasite Interaction: In Vivo Real-Time Imaging Of A Trypanosome Infection, Maria Forlenza Jun 2016

Looking Through Transgenic Zebrafish To Reveal Novel Mechanisms Of Host-Parasite Interaction: In Vivo Real-Time Imaging Of A Trypanosome Infection, Maria Forlenza

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Aquaculture Of Russian Sturgeon In Uruguay: Decrease Of The Innate Defenses In Summer And Its Association With High Temperatures, Mauricio Castellano, Valeria Silva-Alvarez, Elena Fernández-López, Verónica Mauris, Daniel Conijeski, Andrea Villarino, Ana María Ferreira Jun 2016

Aquaculture Of Russian Sturgeon In Uruguay: Decrease Of The Innate Defenses In Summer And Its Association With High Temperatures, Mauricio Castellano, Valeria Silva-Alvarez, Elena Fernández-López, Verónica Mauris, Daniel Conijeski, Andrea Villarino, Ana María Ferreira

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.