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Securities Law Commons

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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 225

Full-Text Articles in Securities Law

Securities -- Insiders' Liability Under Section 16(B) Of The Securities Exchange Act For Stock Transfer After Corporate Merger -- Kern County Land Co. V. Occidental Petroleum Corp., John Olson Dec 2015

Securities -- Insiders' Liability Under Section 16(B) Of The Securities Exchange Act For Stock Transfer After Corporate Merger -- Kern County Land Co. V. Occidental Petroleum Corp., John Olson

John Olson

No abstract provided.


Below Investment Grade And Above The Law: A Past, Present And Future Look At The Accountability Of Credit Rating Agencies, Marilyn Blumberg Cane, Adam Shamir, Tomas Jodar Dec 2015

Below Investment Grade And Above The Law: A Past, Present And Future Look At The Accountability Of Credit Rating Agencies, Marilyn Blumberg Cane, Adam Shamir, Tomas Jodar

Marilyn B. Cane

This article covers the evolution of the credit rating industry, in particular, the noteworthy shift from purchaser-subscriber to issuer pay model. It then describes the history of SEC CRA regulatory measures, most notably the adoption of SEC Rule 436(g), adopted in 1982, which specifically eliminated liability for the big CRAs (Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s, Fitch’s and Duff and Phelps) as “experts” under Sections 7 and 11 of the Securities Act of 1933. The article then covers the Credit Rating Agency Reform Act of 2006 and the adoption of SEC Rule 17g-5 in an attempt to control conflicts ...


Disruptive Technology And Securities Regulation, Chris Brummer Dec 2015

Disruptive Technology And Securities Regulation, Chris Brummer

Fordham Law Review

Nowhere has disruptive technology had a more profound impact than in financial services—and yet nowhere do academics and policymakers lack a coherent theory of the phenomenon more, much less a coherent set of regulatory prescriptions. Part of the challenge lies in the varied channels through which innovation upends market practices. Problems also lurk in the popular assumption that securities regulation operates against the backdrop of stable market gatekeepers like exchanges, broker-dealers, and clearing systems—a fact scenario increasingly out of sync in twenty-first-century capital markets.

This Article explains how technological innovation “disrupts” not only capital markets but also the ...


Behind Enemy Phone Lines: Insider Trading, Parallel Enforcement, And Sharing The Fruits Of Wiretaps, Alexandra N. Mogul Dec 2015

Behind Enemy Phone Lines: Insider Trading, Parallel Enforcement, And Sharing The Fruits Of Wiretaps, Alexandra N. Mogul

Fordham Law Review

Two key trends were present in the successful prosecution of Raj Rajaratnam and his coconspirators in one of the largest insider-trading conspiracies in history: the use of wiretaps to investigate and prosecute insider trading and a joint effort between the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) to conduct the investigation. Despite the close working relationship between the DOJ and the SEC, the DOJ never disclosed the fruits of the wiretaps to the SEC, presumably due to its belief that Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (as amended, the “Wiretap ...


Arbitration Agreement Arbitrage?: Statutory Discrepancy Leads To Third Circuit Victory For Dodd-Frank Whistleblower Defendants In Khazin V. Td Ameritrade Holding Corp., John K. Lisman Dec 2015

Arbitration Agreement Arbitrage?: Statutory Discrepancy Leads To Third Circuit Victory For Dodd-Frank Whistleblower Defendants In Khazin V. Td Ameritrade Holding Corp., John K. Lisman

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dodd-Frank’S Extension Of Criminal Corporate Liability Through The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Enabling Whistleblowers And Monitoring Conflict Minerals, Tim Bakken Nov 2015

Dodd-Frank’S Extension Of Criminal Corporate Liability Through The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Enabling Whistleblowers And Monitoring Conflict Minerals, Tim Bakken

Pace Law Review

In a sense, through its whistleblower provision, the Dodd-Frank Act has enabled the government to use corporate employee whistleblowers to support criminal prosecutions. That position finds agreement in this article, but the conclusion reached is that the results to be obtained from the whistleblower provision will be positive. Through an analysis of the Dodd-Frank Act, this article discusses further the new reach of the FCPA, particularly in light of the whistleblower and conflict-minerals provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act. Finally, this article concludes that although the new provisions can be costly, the provisions are beneficial. The traditional corporate model is now ...


Locked In: The Competitive Disadvantage Of Citizen Shareholders, Anne M. Tucker Nov 2015

Locked In: The Competitive Disadvantage Of Citizen Shareholders, Anne M. Tucker

Anne Tucker

In this Essay, I challenge the conventional corporate law wisdom that unhappy mutual fund investors paying high fees don’t need litigation or regulation to protect their interests because they should simply exit a fund and reinvest elsewhere. The exit solution, advanced by Professors John Morley and Quinn Curtis in Taking Exit Rights Seriously provided an elegantly simply solution to the problem of unhappy indirect investors (e.g., mutual fund investors) given that they are often low-dollar, low-incentive, rationally-apathetic investors facing enormous information asymmetries and collective action problems. According to their view, competition produced by exit, or the threat of ...


Locked In: The Competitive Disadvantage Of Citizen Shareholders, Anne M. Tucker Nov 2015

Locked In: The Competitive Disadvantage Of Citizen Shareholders, Anne M. Tucker

Faculty Publications By Year

In this Essay, I challenge the conventional corporate law wisdom that unhappy mutual fund investors paying high fees don’t need litigation or regulation to protect their interests because they should simply exit a fund and reinvest elsewhere. The exit solution, advanced by Professors John Morley and Quinn Curtis in Taking Exit Rights Seriously provided an elegantly simply solution to the problem of unhappy indirect investors (e.g., mutual fund investors) given that they are often low-dollar, low-incentive, rationally-apathetic investors facing enormous information asymmetries and collective action problems. According to their view, competition produced by exit, or the threat of ...


Broader Is Better: How Courts Should Determine Whether Or Not An Allegation Of Fraud Falls Under The Preemption Provision Of The Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act, Jennifer Rose Roeske Oct 2015

Broader Is Better: How Courts Should Determine Whether Or Not An Allegation Of Fraud Falls Under The Preemption Provision Of The Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act, Jennifer Rose Roeske

St. John's Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lawyers And Fools: Lawyer-Directors In Public Corporations, Lubomir P. Litov, Simone M. Sepe, Charles K. Whitehead Oct 2015

Lawyers And Fools: Lawyer-Directors In Public Corporations, Lubomir P. Litov, Simone M. Sepe, Charles K. Whitehead

Lubomir P. Litov

The accepted wisdom—that a lawyer who becomes a corporate director has a fool for a client—is outdated. The benefits of lawyer-directors in today’s world significantly outweigh the costs. Beyond monitoring, they help manage litigation and regulation, as well as structure compensation to align CEO and shareholder interests. The results have been an average 9.5% increase in firm value and an almost doubling in the percentage of public companies with lawyer-directors. This Article is the first to analyze the rise of lawyer-directors. It makes a variety of other empirical contributions, each of which is statistically significant and ...


Is Moderation The Highest Virtue? A Comparative Study Of A Middle Way Of Control Transaction Regimes, Yueh-Ping Yang, Pin-Hsien Lee Oct 2015

Is Moderation The Highest Virtue? A Comparative Study Of A Middle Way Of Control Transaction Regimes, Yueh-Ping Yang, Pin-Hsien Lee

Yueh-Ping Yang

Comparative studies of control transaction regimes mostly compare between the Market Rule as adopted in the U.S. and the General Offer Rule ad adopted in European Union, while paying less attention to the Partial Offer Rule, a middle way model adopted in many East Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, etc. In this paper, we attempt to fill this gap by highlighting the Partial Offer Rule adopted in these countries, analyzing this rule’s theoretical foundation and observing its implementation in practice. Our theoretical analyses of the Partial Offer Rule are comprised of two parts. First ...


Don’T Ask, Just Tell: Insider Trading After United States V. O’Hagan, Kimberly D. Krawiec, Richard W. Painter, Cynthia A. Williams Oct 2015

Don’T Ask, Just Tell: Insider Trading After United States V. O’Hagan, Kimberly D. Krawiec, Richard W. Painter, Cynthia A. Williams

Cynthia A. Williams

The United States Supreme Court validated the misappropriation theory in United States v. O'Hagan, but unfortunately rendered a confusing opinion that left many questions unresolved. In this article we discuss the history of the Supreme Court's Section 10(b) jurisprudence as it relates to insider trading, giving particular attention to the Court's insistence prior to O'Hagan that "a material misrepresentation or material failure to disclose," not merely a breach of fiduciary duty, must exist to impose liability under Section 10(b). We then discuss the pervasive inconsistencies among lower courts in interpreting the misappropriation theory, and ...


Developments In Financial Services Regulation: A Canadian Perspective, Poonam Puri, Andrew Nichol Oct 2015

Developments In Financial Services Regulation: A Canadian Perspective, Poonam Puri, Andrew Nichol

Poonam Puri

No abstract provided.


High Tech Lending: Maintaining Priority In An Intangible World, Richard Haigh, Marc R. Mercier Oct 2015

High Tech Lending: Maintaining Priority In An Intangible World, Richard Haigh, Marc R. Mercier

Richard Haigh

Financing intangible intellectual property in Canada presents some novel demands on lenders because of the interaction of provincial security schemes with federal intellectual property legislation. This article looks at the relative ease with which security interests in intangible property may be obtained under provincial personal property security regimes, and then at the various federal intellectual property statutes which exhibit more of a piecemeal approach to financing. In addition, a number of constitutional issues arise because of this jurisdictional split, and the article explores these issues, comparing the situation in Canada with that in the United States. The article suggests that ...


Making Disclosure: Ideas And Interests In Ontario Securities Regulations, Mary Condon Oct 2015

Making Disclosure: Ideas And Interests In Ontario Securities Regulations, Mary Condon

Mary Condon

No abstract provided.


Weather, Leather, And The Obligation To Disclose: Kerr V. Danier Leather Inc., Anita Anand, Mary Condon Oct 2015

Weather, Leather, And The Obligation To Disclose: Kerr V. Danier Leather Inc., Anita Anand, Mary Condon

Mary G. Condon

Is an issuer legally obliged to update its prospectus if a material event occurs following the receipt for the prospectus but prior to the closing of the offering? This is the crucial issue that is addressed in Kerr v. Danier Leather Inc., a case that has been heard at the trial and appeal levels in Ontario and that will be heard in 2007 by the Supreme Court of Canada. In this commentary, we argue that the Court of Appeal decision in the case overlooked crucial aspects of contemporary securities law and policy in holding that there is no obligation to ...


Tax Treatment Of Derivative Instruments, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo Oct 2015

Tax Treatment Of Derivative Instruments, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

The article provides an analysis of the various types of derivative instruments traded on the capital markets. As derivative instruments become frequently tradable in the Nigerian Financial market in the near projected future, it is expedient that the concerned companies plan adequately for the tax implications of such transactions and the appropriate tax authorities know how to treat the instrument of derivatives for the purpose of imposition of relevant taxes. This paper therefore dealt with the treatment of these instruments under the Capital Gains Tax Act (CGTA) and Companies Income Tax Act (CITA), though there are no specific rules for ...


Amending China's Insider Trading Prohibition - An Immodest Proposal, Nicholas C. Howson Oct 2015

Amending China's Insider Trading Prohibition - An Immodest Proposal, Nicholas C. Howson

Law & Economics Working Papers

Presented in China in conjunction with the proposed amendment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) Securities Law 2006, this paper critiques the form and application of the PRC's current insider trading prohibition and its misconceived fealty to Rule 10b-5-limiting U.S. Supreme Court-derived doctrines of fiduciary duty and misappropriation, and urges that China's amended statute and enforcement system look to the broader doctrinal formulations employed in the United Kingdom and the European Union, ironically already used by China's securities regulator pursuant to internal (and likely illegal) administrative "guidance" norms.


Regulating To Achieve Stability In The Domain Of High-Frequency Trading, Lindsey C. Crump Oct 2015

Regulating To Achieve Stability In The Domain Of High-Frequency Trading, Lindsey C. Crump

Michigan Telecommunications & Technology Law Review

High-frequency trading has become a darling of capital markets debate. This debate thrives because the true and long-lasting effects of high-frequency trading are still unknown. On one hand, high-frequency trading evidences recent and powerful advances in trading technology; on the other, it is said to harness speed at the expense of fairness, prudence, and stability. In part because of this duality, the regulation of high-frequency trading in the United States has been slow to develop. Other nations, however, have been quicker to react and to promulgate laws that directly, or indirectly, affect high-frequency trading. This Note explores the legal responses ...


Sec In-House Tribunals: A Call For Reform, Drew Thornley, Justin Blount Oct 2015

Sec In-House Tribunals: A Call For Reform, Drew Thornley, Justin Blount

Faculty Publications

I IN the aftermath of the 1929 crash of the stock market and during the height of the Great Depression, the federal government took steps to strengthen U.S. securities laws.1 To that end, via the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the U.S. Congress (Congress) created the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), whose “mission [is] to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation.”2 As “the primary overseer and regulator of the U.S. securities markets,” the SEC has the power to bring enforcement actions against parties it believes to be ...


Extraterritorial Criminal Enforcement Of Securities Fraud Regulations After United States V. Vilar, Edgardo Rotman Oct 2015

Extraterritorial Criminal Enforcement Of Securities Fraud Regulations After United States V. Vilar, Edgardo Rotman

University of Miami Law Review

In August 2013, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in the case of United States v. Vilar denied extraterritorial application of the criminal law antifraud provisions contained in the Securities Exchange Act. The specific object of this paper is to criticize this decision and negate its premises.

After delving in depth into the notion of extraterritoriality, the paper offers a dynamic interpretation of the 1922 Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Bowman, which is still the governing precedent on extraterritorial application of criminal laws. Furthermore, the paper criticizes the application of the 2010 Supreme Court’s ...


The Sum Of Its Parts: The Lawyer-Client Relationship In Initial Public Offerings, Jeremy R. Mcclane Oct 2015

The Sum Of Its Parts: The Lawyer-Client Relationship In Initial Public Offerings, Jeremy R. Mcclane

Fordham Law Review

This Article examines the impact of the quality of a lawyer's working relationship with his or her client on one of the most important types of capital markets deal in a company's existence: its initial public offering (IPO). Drawing on data from interviews with equity capital markets lawyers at major law firms, and analyzing data from IPOs in the United States registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission between June 1996 and December 2010, this study finds a strong association between several measures of IPO performance and the familiarity between the lead underwriter and its counsel, as measured ...


Limiting Frivolous Shareholder Lawsuits Via Fee-Shifting Bylaws: A Call For Delaware To Overturn And Revise Its Fee-Shifting Bylaw Statute, Gregory Diciancia Oct 2015

Limiting Frivolous Shareholder Lawsuits Via Fee-Shifting Bylaws: A Call For Delaware To Overturn And Revise Its Fee-Shifting Bylaw Statute, Gregory Diciancia

Boston College Law Review

Shareholder lawsuits have become an epidemic, with lawsuits being filed after almost every merger or acquisition, costing corporations and shareholders billions of dollars. With little substantive and successful reform measures at the federal and state level, corporations have begun to take matters into their own hands, including adopting corporate bylaws to deter these lawsuits. This Note examines the Delaware Supreme Court’s controversial decision in 2014, ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, in which the court approved the adoption of fee-shifting bylaws by corporations. It further examines the Delaware State Legislature’s subsequent prohibition of fee-shifting provisions and explores ...


The Vanishing Supervisor, James A. Fanto Oct 2015

The Vanishing Supervisor, James A. Fanto

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Keep Securities Reform Moving: Eliminate The Sec's Integration Doctrine, Stuart R. Cohn Oct 2015

Keep Securities Reform Moving: Eliminate The Sec's Integration Doctrine, Stuart R. Cohn

UF Law Faculty Publications

Small and developing companies raising capital under the federal securities laws often face the considerable barrier imposed by the SEC's integration doctrine. Despite recent reforms in registration exemptions the integration doctrine has remained untouched and continues to be a significant problem for many companies needing multiple infusions of capital. This article examines and recommends that the integration doctrine be eliminated nearly in its entirety.


Guide To Structuring Resales Of Restricted Securities Held By Control And Non-Control Holders Under Federal And Arkansas Law, John F. Griffee Oct 2015

Guide To Structuring Resales Of Restricted Securities Held By Control And Non-Control Holders Under Federal And Arkansas Law, John F. Griffee

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Article Iii And Seventh Amendment Challenges To Sec Administrative Proceedings After Dodd-Frank, Daniel P. Dwyer Esquire Sep 2015

Article Iii And Seventh Amendment Challenges To Sec Administrative Proceedings After Dodd-Frank, Daniel P. Dwyer Esquire

Daniel P. Dwyer Esquire

This article is a discussion of the evolution of enforcement remedies available to the United States Securities & Exchange Commission and the possibility that, with the enactment of the 2010 Dodd-Frank amendments to the securities laws, Congress encroached on Article III of and the Seventh Amendment to the Constitution. Section of 929P of Dodd-Frank, which allows the SEC to pursue monetary penalties and other forms of relief against unregulated persons in administrative proceedings, is a particular focus. The article relies on a chronological analysis of these areas of law and close case reading to reconcile the disparate and sometimes seemingly contradictory ...


Regulation Of Rule 506 Private Placements: The Teetering Balance Between Investor Protection And Capital Formation, Ilon Oliveira Sep 2015

Regulation Of Rule 506 Private Placements: The Teetering Balance Between Investor Protection And Capital Formation, Ilon Oliveira

Golden Gate University Law Review

This Comment aims to show that since the creation of Reg. D private placements, Congress and the SEC have promulgated a series of amendments and enactments that have collectively resulted in a heightened risk of fraud and inadequate safeguards for investors. Part I of this Comment will discuss private placements and the significant enactments and amendments that affect Rule 506 private placement offerings (“Rule 506 offerings”). The most notable amendments in this discussion will include the preemption of state blue-sky laws in 1996, the shortening of the holding period before resale in 2007, the exclusion of an investor’s primary ...


Drafting And Securitizing Participation Mortgages: A Re-Introduction, Spencer J. Coopchik, Yildiray Yildirim Sep 2015

Drafting And Securitizing Participation Mortgages: A Re-Introduction, Spencer J. Coopchik, Yildiray Yildirim

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This Paper will reintroduce, explore, and expand on the financing arrangement known as a Participation Mortgage. First, this Paper will cover the features, history, and policy purposes behind the mortgage. Second, the Paper will focus on legal mechanics and drafting considerations of Participation Mortgages, so they may later be securitized. Finally, the Paper will explore the possibility and legality of creating Participation Mortgaged Backed Securities to be sold in the secondary market.


Four Pillars To Build A New Corporate Law Federalism: Crowd Funding Exchanges, A Codified Internal Affairs Doctrine, City-Based Incorporation, And An Arbitrated Corporate Code, J.W. Verret Sep 2015

Four Pillars To Build A New Corporate Law Federalism: Crowd Funding Exchanges, A Codified Internal Affairs Doctrine, City-Based Incorporation, And An Arbitrated Corporate Code, J.W. Verret

John W Verret

This article examines the event window opened by the pending creation of new crowdfunding platforms, a new means of creating publicly traded equity for smaller, early stage firms than have ever been permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission to access the public securities markets. That event window could support a completely new paradigm for the development of corporation law and completely upend existing wisdom about interstate competition to develop corporate governance. This article considers the economics of crowdfunding precursors which share some of the attributes of equity crowdfunding, and also considers the expected attributes of equity crowdfunding, to demonstrate ...